i n t e r n a t i o n a l !



7-15 July 2002

Snaefellnes – Dave Pullan

Leaders:  Dave Pullan & Darren Rees

Guests:      Cyril & Chris Simmons, Sheila Bell, Gillian Taylor, Linda Ballard, John Duerden, Pam Vandermin, Ann Pym, Wendy Black, Michael Oliver & Nina Boulton, Alan Jefferson and Jacky Tonkin

Day 1            

We land at Keflavik and then take the Flybus to the domestic airport at Reykjavik.  It’s cloudy but clear and quite bright, and the ice cap of Snaefellsjokul is visible in the distance.  We’ve got some time to kill so we have a drink and a snack, and have a look at the map.  Alan spots a Ringed Plover on the edge of the runway and John (on his second visit to Iceland) gets the plant list up and running.

Soon it is time to take off but the cloud cover prevents us seeing anything other than tantalising glimpses of the edges of icecaps down below.  45 minutes later we are on the ground again, now at Akureyri, so we get the luggage, load up the minibuses and we’re off!  Back into the cloud!  As the road climbs the low cloud becomes denser and turns to fog, then suddenly as we drop down the other side, it clears and we get a taste of some of the magnificent scenery to come.  As we pass a large lake, the water is calm and a magnificent Great Northern Diver is reluctant to swim away from the roadside, so we stop and admire it.  What a fantastic start to the bird list!

Our first night is to be in Husavik and as we get closer we spot Whimbrel and Black-tailed Godwit on roadside fences.  We stop by a bridge and Jacky finds our first female Harlequin, there are also some distant Red-necked Phalaropes and a couple of Arctic Skuas fly over.  Another stop, at a roadside pool produces several female Long-tailed Ducks and a couple of ducklings.

Late in the evening, we arrive at our hotel and although it is still cloudy this is as dark as it is going to get (in fact some of the group are out looking across the bay around midnight and are able to pick out a Humpback Whale breaching in the far distance!)

Day 2            

After breakfast we leave Husavik and head off for Lake Myvatn.  Mike and Nina have already found a Redpoll feeding on dandelions outside the hotel, and before leaving altogether we decide to stop for a scanning session across the vast bay.  In the distance a Minke Whale surfaces a couple of times but it’s miles away.  Much closer, there’s a Glaucous Gull on the edge of the harbour and out to sea we can pick out, amongst large numbers of seabirds, a few Great Skuas and a few Arctic Skuas.  Down the road we get excellent views of a couple of colourful Black-tailed Godwit, and two Red-necked Phalaropes just below us are a big improvement on yesterday’s distant dots.

A few miles further on a female Harlequin on a small pool on one side of the track is very nice, but it is the stunning Golden Plover on the other side that gets most attention.  Breeding waders are everywhere and it’s hard not to keep stopping, although soon it’s time for another scanning session and we find Golden Plovers, Black-tailed Godwit, Whimbrel and three Dunlin.  Then, in the distance, on the ground near the top of a steep slope, our first Gyr Falcon comes into focus in the scopes and although it isn’t close, it’s a rare bird so it’s good policy to make the most of it just in case we don’t get a closer one (though as it turns out, we needn’t have worried).  Occasionally it moves, which helps, and as we get our eye in we can even make out a couple of Snow Bunting flitting about on the ground next to it.

Eventually, we get to Myvatn and check our luggage in at our new hotel.  Nina spots a Wheatear as we embark on an anti-clockwise circuit of the lake.  It is cool and cloudy with a light breeze, but this is not a bad thing as insect activity is practically zero.  The bays on the western side of the lake are packed full of wildfowl, especially Tufted Duck and Scaup, with also Wigeon, Long-tailed Duck and a few Pintail.  A stop to look at a pair of Red-throated Divers with two young takes a Snipe family by surprise and we get close views of the baby Snipelets, a Magic Moment for Linda and Alan.  Another Great Northern Driver poses at the lakeside before we stop for lunch and we find a large group of mainly male Barrows Goldeneye tucked away.  John continues to work hard on the plants, including some deep, vivid blue Alpine Gentians. 

Red-necked Phalarope – Cyril Simmonds

We get close views of Red-necked Phalarope, start to get the hang of identifying the various female duck species, and we even get to hear Great Northern Diver calling.  Further round the lake, a Merlin dashes quickly across in front of the first mini-bus and we find a Gyr Falcon perched on a crag, although again it’s not close.  A slight detour along the river Laxá and we find ourselves watching at least three female Harlequins on the fast flowing water and sometimes sitting in the grass on the back, while behind our parking spot there’s a Ringed Plover with a chick.

Back onto the lake circuit, we stop at the southern end where there are more Phalaropes and Slavonian Grebe, as well as Gadwall, Teal and a much rarer male American Wigeon amongst the Eurasian Wigeon, although it unfortunately disappears before most people get a chance to see it.  We continue on and, suddenly, there’s a very white-looking Gyr Falcon sat on a lava outcrop close to the road, just as we are thinking “these are the kind of views we want” it disappears never to be seen again.  Further round we make a photo-stop and admire some more Barrows Goldeneye before entering the last leg back to the hotel, when, amazingly, our fourth Gyr Falcon of the day puts in an appearance.  This one behaves perfectly so that everyone can get very good telescope views, perched on a telegraph pole and then on the ground for a long period of time.  It’s Bird of the Trip for Jacky, and not a bad way to round off the day.

Day 3            

Today we drive east and then north in search of the giant waterfall known as Dettifoss.  We leave the tarmac road and start on a long, seemingly endless, track.  Along the way we get excellent views of Golden Plover and Whimbrel, both quite numerous though there seems to be little else apart from a single Purple Sandpiper and a few Snow Bunting.  Eventually we reach our goal and stand mesmerised by the immense volume of water and sheer power of this natural wonder, Place of the Trip for Jacky.

After a while we turn back the way we have come, stopping now and then for plants and fruitless Ptarmigan searches, they are out there somewhere!  But a cold northerly wind is blowing and it makes sense to push on, thankful that we had visited Dettifoss reasonably early before the many buses and 4-wheel drive vehicles that are now heading that way.

Namafjell – Cyril Simmonds

At Bjarnarflagsstod we stop for a unique combination of lunch and bubbling mud pools, before heading off in the afternoon we do the Lake Myvatn circuit again, but this time in a clockwise direction.  A sheltered bay harbours Pintail and Teal as well as the commoner Tufted Duck and Scaup and literally hundreds of ducklings, and a Redpoll flies over.  A few miles further on we pull in at a car park and get good views of 4 female Barrows Goldeneye, and at the southern end of the lake we even manage to re-locate the American Wigeon seen yesterday – but again it disappears before anyone has seen it.  On the whole though we’re getting good at ducks, sorting out female Long-tailed Duck and Scaup with newfound confidence.  Our first Gyr Falcon of the day flies across, pursued by 6 or 7 angry Phalaropes, but quickly disappears.  We get closer views of some Red-necked Phalaropes sheltering behind a bank of vegetation and in the same little corner there’s also Slavonian Grebe with young and a female Long-tailed Duck with young.

Finally, we drive along the west side of the lake and we get reasonable views of a couple of female Common Scoters as well as stunning views of 2 different Great Northern Divers, Birds of the Trip for Ann, Cyril and Jill.  Then, unbelievably, as we head back to the warmth of the hotel, a Gyr Falcon has to have the last word with yet another bird perching on a telegraph pole.

Day 4            

After breakfast and loading up the mini buses we get ready for the next leg of our trip.  There’s a slight delay waiting for the packed lunches, which gives us a chance to check out some Redpoll flying around the edge of the car park, occasionally giving perched views.  Once the lunches are safely on board we set off along the west side of Lake Myvatn for the last time.  Along the way we see some familiar birds, Great Northern Divers in their immaculate breeding plumage are again close to shore and there are large numbers of Scaup and Tufted Duck with equally large numbers of ducklings.  Long-tailed Ducks, Barrow’s Goldeneye, Red-throated Divers and Red-necked Phalaropes.  We even find a second American Wigeon, but one of the characteristics of this species seems to be that it flies away as soon as anyone tries to point it out!  There’s at least one female Harlequin still on the river Laxá and then we head off on a new stretch of road  leaving the Myvatn area (Ann’s Place of the Trip) behind us.

On the way to Akureyri we see some more Red-necked Phalaropes by the shore of a large lake and a Short-eared Owl flies across in front of the first minibus.  We stop for a leg stretch and photo opportunity at the waterfall known as Godafoss, but just to prove that we are no ordinary tourists, Alan spots a Ptarmigan fly across the left-hand side.  It settles on the steep bank allowing telescope views for a while.

Time is getting on so we have to carry on to Akureyri where we check-in for our Reykjavik flight and settle down for some lunch.  The flight itself is interesting because this time it is partly clear and those lucky enough to have a window seat get dramatic views of the edge of the Langjokull ice field.  Looking down, this amazing landscape is the Place of the Trip for Alan.

Reykjavik is full of surprises, it has been cold and cloudy at Myvatn, but here it is hot and sunny - 21°C!  The other surprise isn’t quite so pleasant as Hertz car rental announce a delay in the arrival of our minibuses, which eventually stretches to 3½ hours.  Some of us go into Reykjavik and explore the capital, while others stay around the airport and are rewarded by a Merlin.

Finally though, it’s a relief to get on the road and make for Olafsvik on the Snaefellsnes Peninsula.  It is clear and sunny all the way, giving us superb views of the magnificent scenery, including a clear Snaefellsjokul, the ice cap that sits above our destination.  Arctic Skuas regularly cross the road or patrol the fields on either side.  By mid-evening we settle into our new hotel.  Will the sea be calm enough for a boat trip tomorrow?

Day 5            

We start the day with an optional pre-breakfast foray along the coast to Rif.  There are good numbers of Glaucous Gulls and Mike is on the ball straight away when he picks out a first-summer Iceland Gull.  We also find our first male Harlequins, which are surprisingly difficult to see as their boldly patterned plumage blends in with the shingle and seaweed backdrop.  Nearby we get very close to large numbers of Red-necked Phalaropes (Birds of the Trip for Sheila and Chris), and there’s also a single Sanderling but it doesn’t hang about.

Back for breakfast and a phone call to the whalewatching boat company.  The good news is that the Blue Whale trip is on!  The weather is looking good and as the boat isn’t set to depart until 4.30pm there is time for the sea to calm down even more.

To fill the morning we drive out to the westernmost headland of Snaefellsnes, which is the place of the trip for Jill, Nina and Mike.  We plan to scan the sea but have to cross a stretch of large boulders to reach a good vantage point.  It’s a bit tricky but we all do really well and within minutes are rewarded by a shout from the advance party of Killer Whale!  Not very far out, there are a couple of dorsal fins slicing through the surface and we can see the white markings too.  Its all pretty good, but as we keep scanning more Killer Whales appear until there are probably 10 are 12 in the area including a big adult male with its 6 foot tall dorsal fin.  There are also several younger animals, including a very small, recently born calf with buff markings instead of white.  As we watch we are treated to displays of spy-hopping and tail-slapping, including 4 whales in a row tail-slapping at the same time (it is possible that they are feeding and trying to herd shoals of fish).  Meanwhile, in the foreground, there are a few birds as well.  A few Purple Sandpipers are scattered along the shoreline and male Harlequins in excellent plumage give us our best views, this is Bird of the Trip for Wendy and Magic Moment for Chris.

It’s hard to tear ourselves away but lunch is waiting back at the hotel and then we have an afternoon break before joining our whaleboat.  Conditions are becoming increasingly calm and it’s ideal for whalewatching.  Firstly, the boat heads round to the headland where we had spent the morning and about a dozen killer whales are still there.  We get pretty close and once again are treated to a superb performance, including a couple of full breaches with at least one animal leaping clear of the water (Magic Moment for Ann).

We continue out to sea, scanning in anticipation, and Nina spots a Minke Whale, but in typical Minke fashion, it only surfaces twice and then disappears completely.  We do a lot better with some White-beaked Dolphins, which actually join the boat, giving us a good opportunity to see their silver markings and even watch them under the clear water.  We continue even further out, in fact for 20 nautical miles.  Then the crew spot a large whale blowing, which turns out to be our first Blue Whale. 

Blue Whale tail – Bill Rowlands

It lifts its tail flukes high and begins a deep dive, giving us time to get closer.  It turns out that there are actually 2 Blue Whales in that area and also a Humpback!  What we witness is really special, the height of the Blue Whales blow, the sound of the blow when one surfaces, the huge blowhole, the breadth of the head, the broad back, the tiny dorsal fin, the colouration and the mottling.  It’s fantastic to be there, so close, and soak it all up … then do it all again with the Humpback!  Obligingly, it lifts its tail before diving and we can see the patterning on the underside, which makes individual animals recognisable.

All too soon we have to turn back towards Snaefellsjokul and are perhaps halfway back to the headland when the boat suddenly performs a sharp U-turn.  It’s another Blue Whale and again we are treated to some tremendous viewing, but this time with the added bonus of White-beaked Dolphins accompanying the Whale!  White-beaked are some of the bigger Dolphins, but are completely dwarfed alongside this huge Blue Whale.  The sea by now is very calm and the sun starts to appear, our last view of a Blue Whale is as it dives into a patch of reflected sunlight, it couldn’t be scripted better!  This Whale/Dolphin moment is the Magic Moment for Wendy, Pam, Jacky, Nina and Mike, and just being out at sea like this, the Place of the Trip for Cyril.

It isn’t quite over yet though and as we continue back we see more White-beaked Dolphins and, briefly, the Killer Whales again.  Some time after 10.00pm we get back to Olafsvik, some of the spoons are missing, but what a fantastic day it has been.

Day 6            

Inevitably yesterday’s cetacean extravaganza is going to be hard to follow but we embark on a circuit of the tip of Snaefellsnes.  Just out of Olafsvik there is an Iceland Gull on the beach, then on the sea.  A few miles further along there are 3 Great Northern Divers on the sea, 2 adults and an immature.  The mountain road is blanketed by low cloud, but we break out of it on the south side and it’s clear enough to make a photo stop.  At Anarstapi we make our traditional hot chocolate stop and then, suitably fortified, we walk along the cliff-tops round from the harbour.  A few Red-necked Phalaropes are on a small freshwater pool, and large numbers of Kittiwake are nesting on the unusual basalt cliffs.  We can’t help ourselves scanning for cetaceans, resulting in at least 4 White-beaked Dolphins and a Minke Whale (all a bit distant though).  It’s sunny, warm and calm, and is Sheila’s place of the trip.  Down below us, 2 male Harlequins are sleeping on the rocks, Eiders are drifting in and out of view, and a Glaucous Gull puzzles out what to do with a starfish.

We drive further on to Malarrif, where we have lunch on the cliff tops looking across to the giant formations known as “the Christian and the Heathen”.  It’s a bit breezy and cooler now but we get excellent views of Brünnich’s Guillemot (and their tomium stripes) hugging the cliffs.  There are also Common Guillemots alongside for comparison, including some of the “bridled” form.  Looking the opposite way, Sheila, our spoons monitor, finds both Puffin and Razorbill perched quite close.  Down below a Minke whale passes by, there’s also a Grey Seal and Chris spots 6 male Harlequins as they fly in and land.  This is the Place of the Trip for Chris.

After lunch we continue on our clockwise journey round Snaefellsjokul, unfortunately the cloud stays down obscuring the ice cap but there’s plenty to look at and this is Place of the Trip for John.

At Rif, huge numbers of Arctic Terns are nesting and several hundred Red-necked Phalaropes are busy feeding or sheltering from the wind.  In amongst one group, Darren finds a very nice male Grey Phalarope in breeding plumage, which is Bird of the Trip for Mike.  A flock of Dunlin flies in and there’s a red, breeding plumage, Knot amongst them.  Heading back to Olafsvik we stop to see Oyster Plant but no one wants to get out of the mini-buses!  The wind is getting up and we’re all glad that we did the boat trip yesterday.  There are some more Harlequins and a couple of Red-throated Divers and then it’s time to go back to the hotel where freshly baked gluten-free bread awaits us.

Day 7            

Leaving Olafsvik behind us, we drive along the north coast of the Snaefellsnes peninsula.  The weather is poor, breezy with some rain, so we see little along the way but once we reach Stykkisholmur things start to improve and we join the boat that will take us on a cruise round some of the islands for a couple of hours.  At the first island the boat is skillfully manoeuvred close in to the low cliffs where Kittiwake are nesting and Puffins stand along the top.  At the next island there is an adult White-tailed Eagle perched.  It flies out, low over the sea, so that it’s white tail can be clearly seen (Cyril’s Magic Moment).  We then notice the nest containing 2 large chicks and the first adult returns to its lookout, before a second adult flies in carrying a large fish and lands on the nest.  This is the Magic Moment for John and Jill.  We are quite close but the Eagles seem unfazed by our presence and we get spectacular views of this Bird of the Trip for Alan, Pam, Linda and Nina.

We tour round some of the other islands and see a variety of seabirds at close range.  Hundreds of Puffins, close views of Shags on the nest, Black Guillemots and some Purple Sandpipers.  The basalt rock formations are amazing and we witness the currents of the strongest tide-race in Iceland, where many Arctic Terns are feeding.

Back at Stykkisholmur we have our lunch and then drive through the mountains to join up with the road to Reykjavik.  The weather has deteriorated again, with heavy rain, but we stop to have a last look for Ptarmigan and are rewarded with some reasonable views of a male.

By the time we reach Borgarnes the wind is definitely gale force and for a few miles strong gusts buffet the minibuses around.  We reach Reykjavik for our two-night stay but the sea is looking extremely rough.  Will the Dolphin boat be sailing tomorrow?

Day 8            

An early phone call brings some good news, the dolphin boat will be leaving Keflavik at 10.00am.  The sea is a little bit choppy but not too bad and we are soon scanning in all directions as we leave the harbour.  A few distant Manx Shearwaters pass by but we get closer views of Storm Petrels (Bird of the Trip for John), perhaps 12 or more, one or two of which fly very close to the boat.  There are also Gannets, Great Skuas and Arctic Skuas amongst the large numbers of Kittiwake and Arctic Terns, but it’s cetaceans that we are primarily looking for and it’s not long before we see our first group of White-beaked Dolphins.  This, and a second group, gives us a superb show, jumping clear of the water all around the boat.  Also a Minke Whale (possibly 2) repeatedly surfaces in more or less the same area, giving everyone a chance to catch up with this species.

Back on dry land, we drive out to the Reykjanes peninsula for a late lunch.  This can be a good place for spotting Whales but the sea is probably too rough now.  The sun is shining though and Cyril spots a Purple Sandpiper on the edge of a puddle directly in front of our minibuses.  Out to sea many Auks and a single Manx Shearwater fly by.  There are Gannets on the rock stack off to our right, and much further out on the horizon we can see Eldey (Iceland’s equivalent to the Bass Rock).

After lunch we drive back through the large Arctic Tern colony, avoiding adults and chicks sat on the road and finish off at the famous Blue Lagoon.  Here, Cyril, Chris and Linda make their nepenthean way into this uniquely Icelandic experience, which by all accounts is well worth it.

Finally on our way back to Reykjavik, John spots a Northern Dock from the speeding minibus, his 100th plant species for the trip.

Day 9            

A morning visit to the lake in Reykjavik centre doesn’t produce anything unusual despite careful scrutiny.  Some very tame female Eiders, some Tufted Duck and a Red-breasted Merganser are about all that’s on offer so we drive west beyond Keflavik to the lighthouse at Gardur.  Yesterday we could see this lighthouse from our dolphin boat and today we can see the same boat from land, but it’s too far and too choppy to make out if any Dolphins are accompanying it today.  It is windy, but we find some shelter by huddling round the side of the small lighthouse on the point.  Good numbers of seabirds are moving and apart from the common ones we manage to see Manx Shearwater, Storm Petrel (unusual to see from land) and one or two “Blue” Fulmar. There is also Grey Seal here and Oyster Plant.  Some beach exploration produces a single breeding-plumaged Knot, 28 breeding plumaged Sanderling, about 10 Turnstone and a few Purple Sandpipers. 

After lunch we drive round to Sandgerdi and check some roadside pools.  There are thousands of Lesser Black-backed Gulls here and a Red-breasted Merganser with young but we fail to push our bird list any higher before our afternoon flight home.  It has been an exceptionally successful trip, 69 species of bird, species of cetacean and 104 species of plant (courtesy of John) – but more important than the numbers, what an experience!


Red-throated Diver
Great Northern Diver
Slavonian Grebe
Manx Shearwater
Storm Petrel
Whooper Swan
Greylag Goose
American Wigeon
Tufted Duck
Common Eider
Harlequin Duck
Long-tailed Duck
Common Scoter
Barrow's Goldeneye
Red-breasted Merganser
White-tailed Sea Eagle
Gyr Falcon
Ringed Plover
Golden Plover
Purple Sandpiper
Common Snipe
Black-tailed Godwit
Common Redshank
Red-necked Phalarope
Arctic Skua
Great Skua
Black-headed Gull
Common Gull
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Herring Gull
Iceland Gull
Glaucous Gull
Great Black-backed Gull
Arctic Tern
Brünnich's Guillemot
Black Guillemot
Short-eared Owl
Meadow Pipit
White Wagtail
Northern Wheatear
‘Icelandic’ Redpoll
Snow Bunting


Minke Whale
Blue Whale
Humpback Whale
Killer Whale
White-beaked Dolphin


Juniper, Juniperus comminus,   M
Dwarf Willow, Salix herbacea, M
Bluish Willow, S. Glauca,   M
Woolly Willow, S. Lanata,    M
Tea-leaved Willow,   S. Phylicifolia,   M
Downy Birch, Betula Pubescens, M,    Local
Dwarf Birch, B. Nana,     M
Iceland Purslane, Koenigia Islandica, M
Pale Persicaria,   P. Lapathifolium,     M
Alpine Bistort,   P. Viviparium,   M
Mountain Sorrel, Oxyria Digyna, M
Sheep’s Sorrel,   Rumex Acetosella,    B (Akranes),
Common Sorrel, R. Acetosa,   M
Northern Dock, Rumex Longifolius,    R
Babington’s Orache, Atriplex Glabriscula,   S
Arctic Sandwort, Arenaria Norvegica,   M
Sea Sandwort, Honkenya Peploides,   S
Alpine Mouse-ear,    C. Alpinum,   M
Procumbent Pearlwort,   S. Procumbens,     S
Alpine Catchfly,   Lychnis Alpina, M
Sea Campion, S. Uniflora, M
Moss Campion, S. Acaulis, M
Red Campion, S. Dioca,     M,    Alien
Marsh Marigold, Caltha Palustris,     M,   
Creeping Buttercup, Ranunculus Repens, M
Meadow Buttercup,   R. Acris,     M
Alpine Buttercup, R. Hyperboreus,    M (Husavik Road)
Alpine Meadow-rue, Thalictrum Alpinum,    S
Arctic Poppy,   Papaver Radicatum, M
Hawkweed-leaved Treacle Mustard,      Erysimum Hieraciifolium,   M,    Local
Cuckoo Flower, Cardamine Pratensis,   MG
Sea Rocket,   Cakile Arctica, S
Northern Rockcress,    Cardaminopsis Petraea,    M
Twisted Whitlow-grass,   D. Incana,   M
Common Whitlow-grass,     Erophila Verna, M
Shepherd’s Purse,    Capsella Bursa-pastorilis, Reykjavik
Biting Stonecrop, Sedum Acre, MS
Hairy Stonecrop, S. Villosum,   M
Roseroot ,      Rhodiola Rosea,     S
Arctic Saxifrage, S. Nivalis,   M
Starry Saxifrage, S. Stellaris, M
Tufted Saxifrage, S. Caespitosa, M
Mossy Saxifrage,     S. Hypnoides, M
Grass of Parnassus,    Parnassia Palustris,   M
Mountain Avens, Dryas Octopetala,   M
Water Avens,   Geum Rivale,   M
Silverweed,   P. Anserina, S
Alpine Cinquefoil, P. Crantzii, M
Sibbaldia,      S. Procumbens,     S (leaves only)
Alpine Lady’s-mantle,   Alchemilla Alpina,   M
Lady’s Mantle, A. Glabra,   R,     Introduced
Rowan, Sorbus Acuparia,    M
Tufted Vetch, Vicia Cracca, R (poss.)
Kidney Vetch, Anthyllis Vulneraria,   R
Nootka Lupin,   Lupinus Nootkatensis, M,    Introduced
White Clover,   Trifolium Repens,    S
Red Clover,   T. Pratense,   R,     Local
Wood Cranesbill, Geranium Sylvaticum,      M
Heath Dog Violet,     Viola Caninia,   M
Wild Pansy,   V. Tricolor,   M (Godafoss)
River Beauty, Epilobium Latifolium,   Reykjavik,   Endemic
Alpine Willowherb,    E. Anagallioifolium,    M
Marestail,      Hippuris Vulgaris,   M
Cow Parsley, Anthriscus Sylvestris, S (Olafsvik), Alien
Sweet Cicely, Myrrhis Odorata,    S (Olafsvik), Alien
Caraway,      Carum Carvi,   R,     Casual
Scots Lovage, Ligusticum Scoticum,   S,     W Coast
Garden Angelica, A. Archangelica,     M
Alpine Bearberry,     Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi,   M
Heather,        Calluna Vulgaris,    M (no flowers)
Crowberry,    Empetrum Nigrum,    M (no flowers)
Northern Bilberry,     V. Uliginosum, M
Thrift,      Armeria Maritima,   M
Bogbean,       Menyanthes Trifoliata,   M
Alpine Gentian, Gentiana Nivalis,    M
Northern Bedstraw,   Galium Boreale,     M
Lady’s Bedstraw,     G. Verum,   M
Slender Bedstraw,    G. Pumilum, M
Common Scurvy Grass,     Cochlearia Officinalis,   S (small mountain form M)
Field Forgetmenot,    M. Arvensis, M
Oyster Plant,   Mertensia Maritima,   S
Thyme, Thymus Praecox,   M
Rock Speedwell, V. Fruticans, M
Eyebright,      Euphrasia Frigida,   S
Alpine Bartsia, Bartsia Alpina,   M
Yellow Rattle,   R. Minor,     M
Common Butterwort,    Pinguicula Vulgaris,   M
Sea Plantain,   Plantago Maritima, S
Alpine Fleabane, Erigeron Borealis,   M
One-flowered Fleabane, E. Uniflora, M (Godafoss), North East
Dwarf Cudweed, G. Supinum, M
Yarrow, Achillea Millefolium,   M,    Local
Sea Mayweed,   Tripleurospermum Maritimum              S
Ox-eye Daisy, Leucanthemum Vulgare,    S,     Alien
Groundsell,    Senecio Vulgaris,   S (Olafsvik), Local
Creeping Thistle, Cirsium Arvense,   R,     Local
Red-veined Dandelion,   T. Spectabilia,   M
Marsh Arrow-grass, T. Palustre, M
Moonwart,     Botrychium Lunaria,   M
Scottish Asphode, Tofieldia Pusilla, M
Heath Spotted Orchid, Dactylorhiza, S
Small White Orchid, Leucorchis Albida, M
Frog Orchid, Coeloglossum Viride,   M
Northern Green Orchid, Platanthera Hyperborea,    MS, Endemic


Common Cottongrass,   Eriophorum Angustifolium, M
Scheuchzer’s Cottongrass, Eriophorum Scheuchzeri,   M
Viviparous Fescue,   Festuca Vivipara,   M (Godafoss)
Green Spleenwort,    Asplenium Viride,   R (Blue Lagoon)
Brittle Bladder-fern,    Cystopteris Fragilis,   R (Blue Lagoon)


G = General
M = Myvatn
B =  Borganes
S =  Snaefellsnes
R =  Reykjanes