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A Report from

Spain, October 4-15,

Alex Kirschel

Oct 4

We arrived in the afternoon but by the time we got the car hire sorted (this took nearly two hours, and we booked it in advance!) there was no time to get anywhere to bird before it got dark. We therefore decided to drive all the way from Madrid to Trujillo, where we stayed the night

Oct 5

We both had some guide books which indicated to us where to look for the key species for us. We found ourselves cursing these books, in particular the two "Where to watch birds in SW and NE Spain" books, as they painted a picture of extreme over-optimism, which turns out to be the norm with some of these guides. According to these books, we should even be seeing Ruppell's Vultures fairly commonly! We didn't even bother checking the Griffons for that one. Some may say we just simply weren't good enough in finding the birds, but, we even found key species outside areas described, and we saw most of our targets in an 11 day dash around the country - we did ok.

The sun had barely risen when we added our first lifer of the trip: Great Bustard. We started off at one of the recommended sites in the Caceres - Trujillo Plains in the WTWB in SW Spain book. Several were seen flying over the general area. We basically drove from one recommended spot to another and birded. We soon added Azure-winged Magpie and through the corner of my eye while driving, some Black-bellied Sangrouse. Other notable birds included several Red Kite, Short-toed and Booted Eagles, Little Owls, Marsh Sandpiper, Calandra Lark, Crag Martin and abundant Corn Buntings. After lunch we started driving up towards Monfraque. While crossing a bridge we noticed some birds and drove down a track towards the stream. We saw our first Thekla Lark here. It soon started to rain. The couple of hours we spent up at Monfraque were completely washed out. No Eagles or Vultures up there then. Late afternoon and it started to dry. We tried the Belen Plains. There were some Great Bustards in the fields, but no Little ones. We listened hard, but no sign of the "farty" calls!

Oct 6

Early morning and it's still raining. We try a couple more spots in the Caceres-Trujillo Plains area. There were more Black-bellied Sandgrouse, but nothing else more interesting than Dartford Warbler, Red-legged Partridge and Lapwing. So we drive down towards Badajoz and cross over the border into Portugal. The first bird to greet us is indeed a lifer for me: Black-shouldered Kite. We're basically trying back-up sites for the Little Bustard but its not looking good.  On we go down to Seville and beyond to Isla Menor. This is a great site with lots of birds but the tracks can get quite muddy. Purple Swamphen was a lifer for us, and there were lots of them around. There were also abundant White Storks (perhaps 1000+) and a couple of Black Storks also. Other birds of note were Squacco Heron, lots of Cattle Egrets, Marsh Harrier, Common and Green Sandpiper, Cetti's Warbler and Zitting Cisticola (Fan-tailed Warbler). We thought about staying in Seville, but our failure to find a motel easily meant we ended up driving towards Huelva and stayed in a motel right next to Donana National Park, our destination the following day.

Oct 7

Up before dawn, hoping we might see nightjars. The road from La Rocina to the Palacio Del Acebron yielded three Red-necked Nightjars sitting in the road. We managed to sit and study them for 10-20 seconds in the headlights before they took off. Unfortunately still no European Nightjar for me then! At dawn we birded around the La Rocina area, and there were some migrant passerines around, including a Grasshopper Warbler which I somehow failed to identify even though I found it first. Stavros recognised it when I pointed it out to him, and then it disappeared before I could get another look. And it would have been a lifer too. Also here were Serin, Tree Sparrow, Hoopoe, Spotted and Pied Flycatchers, Sand Martin, Red-rumped Swallow, and Sardinian, Garden, Dartford, and Willow Warblers, while a presumed Chiffchaff did not seem to be the Iberian form. We guessed these had already moved on - the guides state they leave as early as August. In the reedy areas we saw Water Rail, Purple Swamphen and Snipe.

At around lunchtime we arranged to go on the arranged tour of the park, which takes you into the areas that are normally of restricted access. First it took us along the coast, which gave me another lifer, the Audouin's Gull. Also here were Slender-billed Gull and Black, Sandwich and Common Terns, as well as Oystercatcher, Kentish Plover and Sanderling. Then through the forested area, and we were constantly looking out of the bus windows for something interesting. Then Stavros says I think I see the Imperial Eagle. I have a look and it looks suspicious, so I shout to the driver "STOP, Imperial Eagle!"  Sightings on the tour are not that regular, so the driver immediately brought the bus to a halt. We looked at it carefully from inside the bus and made out the markings well as it circled around for a while. Yes, it was indeed the most important find on the trip, the Spanish Imperial Eagle. Till that point we had seen Buzzards, Red Kites and Griffons in Donana that day, but luckily Stavros managed to pick out this distant raptor from the back of a bus on a very bumpy track.The rest of the day was a bit of an anticlimax, but we did see some rather distant Greater Flamingos in the El Rocio area.

Oct 8

We stayed at the same motel, and the next morning we decided to drive along another part of Donana, with the target species being Pin-tailed Sandgrouse. We drove for several hours, with no luck. We did see some more Flamingos, along with Spoonbill, Red-crested Pochard among other ducks, some waders including Marsh Sandpiper, Avocet, Black-winged Stilt and Black-tailed Godwit and some of the passerines we had seen previously.

In the afternoon we headed off to Laguna de Medina, famous for breeding White-headed and Marbled Ducks. White-headed Duck was found easily, it is conspicuous and will often swim in the middle of the lake. Then came the major disappointment for me: Stavros has a scope, I do not. I couldn't see much from that distant with my bins, so wandered down the track to look for passerines while he studied the ducks. I soon found a Melodious Warbler, and shouted out to Stavros to come, as it would be a lifer for him. He seemed to look my way, so I turned to follow the bird. I look again, and he's not coming. I then lose the bird, and wander on. Stavros catches up 15 minutes later and is livid at missing out on the bird - he promises if he finds Marbled Duck he won't show it to me, and that's how it works out. So I miss out on one of the top three species of the region because of this pettiness. I did look hard with the scope after, but everything that looked anything like a Marbled Duck, near the reeds, turned out to be a female Red-crested Pochard. I did see my first Crested Coot, but that was little consolation. We ended up returning here on two other occasions because of this Marbled Duck business, but I couldn't find it. One begins to think about the whole point of going birding with someone else when things like this happen. Fortunately, future trips have not disintegrated into this kind of farce. There were Greater Flamingos here, along with Black-necked Grebe, Griffon Vulture, Booted Eagle, Osprey, Black Tern and Marsh Harrier to name but a few.

Oct 9

A pre-dawn start again, this time we are at the Rock of Gibraltar. We have driven in, which is not recommended, because of the huge delays to get out, but it is a fair distance from the border to the far side of the rock. We have driven right to the end and parked in a car park by the coast. We take a small trail up which ends with various no entry barriers, but looking around we see some partridges flying across and disappearing over a small wall. Barbary Partridge, they may have been, but what awful views. We waited a little longer but there was no more activity, so we went back to the car park to do a little sea-watching. I soon added Cory's Shearwater, of which there were loads, and they were coming very close in. There were also Gannet and Shag. Then we took the Cable Car up to the main part of the rock, hoping for the abundant migrants mentioned in the Southern & Western Spain guide. There was, like on my previous visit, very little activity, although Peregrine, Sparrowhawk and a flock of Black Storks was notable.

When we finally managed to get back through the border into Spain, we tried a migrant trap known as Montes de Tarifa, where there was little in the way of passerines, but we did see Short-toed and Booted Eagles, before driving along La Janda, which was just about our last chance at Little Bustard according to the guide. We were indeed fairly pessimistic - we missed this species in its stronghold in Extremadura, so finding a remnant population in Andalucia seemed like a tall order. We drove along for ages, saw Hen Harrier, White Stork, and finally came to a junction. I misread the map - this was the end of the site in actual fact, but we ended driving on, having turned left, for a couple more miles. Then I notice some birds in a field on the other side of the road and tell Stavros to stop so we can have a look. I can't make anything out through the car windows so get out. Before I can see, he says "it's the Little Bustards!" There were about two dozen of them, well camouflaged, in their winter plumage, foraging quietly. We watched for a good while, before heading back east, after a short stop at dusk at Sierra de la Plata, hoping for White-rumped Swift. We stayed the night in Fuengirola.

Oct 10

Another pre-dawn start, in fact we must have left just after 3am. We were heading out to the south-eastern tip, Capo de Gata. On arrival, it was raining. Ironic this, as the bird guide to SW Spain describes Almeria province as the driest region in Europe. Well we probably got its annual rainfall in this one day. Anyway, we tried another back-up site for Marbled Duck: Canada de las norias. Of note here were Greater Flamingo, White-headed Duck, Purple Swamphen, Black and Whiskered Terns, Bluethroat, Reed Warbler and Bearded Tit.

It eventually started to dry out, and this got the mosquitoes going. We headed on to the Sierra de Capo de Gata. Here, at the most intensely arid area in Europe with rainfall of 120mm per year, it also started to rain before long. We parked at the lighthouse and walked along the road east and before long found the key species: Black Wheatear. This is THE best place to find this species. Stavros said he saw one on our last day further north, but otherwise, they are quite scarce elsewhere. We saw several here, first at a distance, flying, showing off the contrasting plumage, then closer, sitting on telephone wires and other prominent perches. There were also some Northern Wheatears here.

We drove back through Grenada province to the Sierra de Camarolo in the Malaga area. It started to get foggy soon after our arrival, and Stavros wasn't happy with the views of Chough to add them to his life list. There were better views of Black Redstart, Coal Tit, Short-toed Treecreeper, Azure-winged Magpie and Cirl Bunting among others. A Merlin flew over the car on our way back down. We drove further north and stayed the night at a place recommended in THAT guide. Needless to say, there was a problem with the hot water at that place, but other than that, it was pleasant enough.

Oct 11

Back to Sierra Camarolo, according to the guide THE best place for Rock Sparrow. No sign of them. It was very windy on this day, and we saw cars overturned - one knocked down a post on one side, and a tree on the other before ending upside down in a field. Back to the birds, and I did manage a lifer at Camarolo. A couple of Rock Buntings obliged as we were leaving. We also saw Tree Pipit, Thekla Lark, Cirl Bunting and Sparrowhawk among others. In the afternoon, the gales continued and our last visit to Laguna De Medina failed to yield the Marbled Duck.

Oct 12

This day was spent mainly in the car, as we headed up right through the Castille La Mancha province. We did see some good birds along the way though. We stopped early at Los Cabaneros (from now on the sites are mainly from the NE Spain guide book). Here it didn't take long to see lots of Black Vultures, a lifer for Stavros. There were also some Black-shouldered Kites here.

It took nearly three hours to get out of Madrid, as we got stuck in the mass exodus that is the Spanish National Day (we think). All routes out of Madrid were jammed. WE headed towards Zaragoza, and our destination for the afternoon was Las Esteppas de Belchite.

We got there with perhaps an hour or two of sunlight left, and started looking for a particular area shown in the guides. We couldn't find it, but saw a Golden Eagle, and soon after Chough, Southern Grey Shrike,  Hoopoe, Calandra Lark, Lesser Short-toed Lark and amongst a dozen or so Black-bellied Sandgrouse, we saw three Pin-tailed Sandgrouse. Couldn't find any Dupont's Lark in the recommended area (which we weren't sure we were in anyway) and the mozzies started getting bad. WE headed off toward Zaragoza.

Zaragoza is perhaps the worst town to try and get through ever. Well we have been to lots of places and this one stands in the memory. Ok it was a festival occasion but not only was the traffic shocking, but the road signs were either non-existent or completely misleading. Eventually we did manage to head up into the Pyrenees. We failed to find any available room at perhaps two dozen motels at towns and villages on the way up. Like I said, the whole of Madrid had already filled every last room. By 1am we gave up. Already in the Pyrenees, we sneaked into a campground and slept in the car.

Oct 13

Having slept in the car, we were damn cold in the morning, and didn't last long at the supposed Wallcreeper site. So on to Ordesa National Park, a beautiful place with sheer cliffs and Lammergeiers! It wasn't long before we spotted them and saw at least 5 in all, juveniles and adults. There were also good numbers of Golden Eagles and in the forests we saw things like Goldcrest and Firecrest, Crested Tit and Treecreeper, and there were also Red Kite and Chough about. A Dipper was a welcome addition to our Spain list.

Oct 14

We tried a few more sites in the Pyrenees, hoping for a few more lifers, perhaps something like Citril or Snow Finch, Capercaillie or Ptarmigan. No such luck. Cleaning up in the Pyrenees needs a lot longer than one and a half days. The sites we visited included Hecho Valley and Valley de Roncal and the most notable birds were one Lammergeier, Blue Rock Thrush, Alpine Chough, Meadow and Water Pipit, Grey Wagtail, Yellowhammer, Crag Martin and also lots of Northern Wheatears. I was hoping for Black Woodpecker, and we may have heard one (Stavros thought he recognised the call). Before it got dark we tried birding San Juan De la Pena, on the way back down south. We got there fairly late, having underestimated the time it would take on the windy road, but did see Mistle Thrush, Buzzard, Red Kite, Great Spotted Woodpecker and Raven.

Oct 15

Last day and we had two absolute musts to find. We started out at Las Esteppas de Belchite once again. We targeted the spot recommended and started flushing some larks. What were those ones running around? Dupont's Lark at last, we saw a few well. There were also Calandra, Lesser short-toed and of course Crested Larks also. 15 Stone Curlew were also around, and the mozzies were really biting hard! We saw more Black-bellied and Pin-tailed Sandgrouse but failed once again to find Rock Sparrow, perhaps the most noticeable absentee from our list - shouldn't it be common?

Early afternoon and while heading back to Madrid, we try a place recommended in a trip report for Citril Finch. This is Sierra de Guidarama, in the Navacerrada area. We find the place, see a Black Vulture as soon as we get out of the car, and, within five minutes I see some small finches flying by. I tell Stavros I think I've found them and we go back towards where they went. Before long we find them feeding on the ground. Crippling views of a European endemic, the Citril Finch. We birded a little more in the area before heading back to Madrid to find a hotel near the airport, and then go out on the town and celebrate. We did that a little too hard, and missed our flights early the next morning!

Systematic List (Sibley & Monroe format)

1 Alectoris rufa

Red-legged Partridge Widespread
2 Oxyura leucocephala

White-headed Duck Laguna de Medina and Canada de las Norias
3 Cygnus olor Mute Swan Laguna de Medina
4 Anser anser

Greylag Goose Donana and Laguna de Medina
5 Anas strepera

Gadwall Donana, Laguna de Medina and Canada de las Norias
6 Anas penelope

Eurasian Wigeon Donana and Canada de las Norias
7 Anas platyrhynchos

Mallard Widespread
8 Anas clypeata

Northern Shoveler Donana, Laguna de Medina and Canada de las Norias
9 Anas crecca

Common Teal Donana and Laguna de Medina
10 Netta rufina

Red-crested Pochard Widespread
11 Aythya ferina

Common Pochard Widespread
12 Dendrocopos major

Great Spotted Woodpecker One at San Juan de la Pena, the only woodpecker on the trip
13 Upupa epops

Eurasian Hoopoe Widespread
14 Alcedo atthis

Common Kingfisher Caceres-Trujillo Plains and Canada de las Norias
15 Tachymarptis melba

Alpine Swift From the road on the Caceres - Badajoz route
16 Apus apus

Common Swift Laguna de Medina
17 Athene noctua

Little Owl common at Caceres-trujillo plains
18 Caprimulgus ruficollis

Red-necked Nightjar Donana NP on the road from La Rocina to Palacio del Acebron
19 Columba livia

Rock Pigeon Feral birds widespread
20 Columba oenas

Stock Pigeon seen in the caceres-trujillo plains
21 Columba palumbus

Common Wood-Pigeon Widespread
22 Streptopelia decaocto

Eurasian Collared-Dove Widespread
23 Tetrax tetrax

Little Bustard La Janda area
24 Otis tarda Great Bustard a couple of dozen seen at the Caceres-Trujillo Plains
25 Rallus aquaticus

Water Rail one at Donana NP (La Rocina)
26 Porphyrio porphyrio

Purple Swamphen Many at Isla Menor, but fairly widespread in South
27 Gallinula chloropus

Common Moorhen common and widespread
28 Fulica cristata

Red-knobbed Coot one at Laguna de Medina
29 Fulica atra

Common Coot common and widespread
30 Pterocles alchata

Pin-tailed Sandgrouse a few at Las Esteppas de Belchite
31 Pterocles orientalis

Black-bellied Sandgrouse more common than above in suitable habitat
32 Gallinago gallinago

Common Snipe a few seen in suitable areas
33 Limosa limosa

Black-tailed Godwit Donana NP
34 Numenius arquata

Eurasian Curlew Donana NP
35 Tringa totanus

Common Redshank Donana NP
36 Tringa stagnatilis

Marsh Sandpiper Donana NP and Caceres-Trujillo Plains
37 Tringa nebularia

Common Greenshank Donana NP
38 Tringa ochropus

Green Sandpiper Donana NP, Caceres-Trujillo Plains and Canada de las Norias
39 Tringa hypoleucos

Common Sandpiper Donana NP, Caceres-Trujillo Plains and Canada de las Norias
40 Calidris alba

Sanderling Donana NP
41 Calidris minuta

Little Stint Caceres-Trujillo Plains
42 Burhinus oedicnemus

Eurasian Thick-knee Las Esteppas de Belchite
43 Haematopus ostralegus

Eurasian Oystercatcher Donana NP
44 Himantopus himantopus

Black-winged Stilt Donana NP and Isla Menor
45 Recurvirostra avosetta

Pied Avocet Donana NP
46 Charadrius hiaticula

Common Ringed Plover Donana NP
47 Charadrius alexandrinus

Kentish Plover Donana NP
48 Vanellus vanellus

Northern Lapwing Donana NP and Caceres-Trujillo Plains
49 Larus audouinii

Audouin's Gull Donana NP
50 Larus cachinnans

Yellow-legged Gull widespread in the south
51 Larus fuscus

Lesser Black-backed Gull widespread
52 Larus ridibundus

Common Black-headed Gull widespread
53 Larus genei

Slender-billed Gull Donana NP
54 Sterna sandvicensis Sandwich Tern Donana NP
55 Sterna hirundo Common Tern Donana NP
56 Chlidonias hybridus

Whiskered Tern Canada de las Norias
57 Chlidonias niger

Black Tern seen at a few wetland sites
58 Pandion haliaetus

Osprey Laguna de Medina
59 Elanus caeruleus

Black-winged Kite Los Cabaneros and at the Portugal border from Badajoz
60 Milvus milvus

Red Kite widespread
61 Gypaetus barbatus

Lammergeier Ordesa NP and Valley de Roncal
62 Gyps fulvus Eurasian Griffon widespread
63 Aegypius monachus

Cinereous Vulture Los Cabaneros and Sierra de Guidarama
64 Circaetus gallicus

Short-toed Snake-Eagle a few in scattered locations
65 Circus aeruginosus Western Marsh-Harrier widespread
66 Circus cyaneus Northern Harrier La Janda area
67 Accipiter nisus Eurasian Sparrowhawk widespread
68 Buteo buteo

Common Buzzard widespread
69 Aquila adalberti Adalbert's Eagle Donana NP
70 Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle Ordesa NP and Las Esteppas De Belchite
71 Hieraaetus pennatus

Booted Eagle a few in scattered locations
72 Falco tinnunculus

Common Kestrel widespread
73 Falco columbarius

Merlin one at Sierra de Camarolo
74 Falco peregrinus

Peregrine Falcon one in Gibraltar
75 Tachybaptus ruficollis

Little Grebe several in suitable habitat
76 Podiceps cristatus

Great Crested Grebe several in suitable habitat
77 Podiceps nigricollis

Black-necked Grebe Laguna de Medina and Canada de las Norias
78 Morus bassanus

Northern Gannet Gibraltar
79 Phalacrocorax carbo

Great Cormorant widespread
80 Phalacrocorax aristotelis

European Shag Gibraltar
81 Egretta garzetta Little Egret common and widespread
82 Ardea cinerea

Grey Heron widespread
83 Bubulcus ibis

Cattle Egret very common and widespread
84 Ardeola ralloides

Squacco Heron Isla Menor
85 Phoenicopterus ruber

Greater Flamingo at most wetlands
86 Platalea leucorodia

Eurasian Spoonbill Donana NP
87 Ciconia nigra

Black Stork Isla Menor and Gibraltar
88 Ciconia ciconia

White Stork locally abundant at Isla Menor, also seen elsewhere
89 Calonectris diomedea

Cory's Shearwater Gibraltar
90 Lanius meridionalis

Southern Grey Shrike a few in suitable areas (fields etc)
91 Garrulus glandarius

Eurasian Jay in the pyrenees
92 Cyanopica cyana

Azure-winged Magpie widespread
93 Pica pica Black-billed Magpie widespread
94 Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Red-billed Chough Sierra de Camarolo, Las Esteppas de Belchite and Ordesa
95 Pyrrhocorax graculus

Yellow-billed Chough Common at Valley de Roncal and either side of french border
96 Corvus monedula

Eurasian Jackdaw at La Janda and common in Trujillo
97 Corvus corone

Carrion Crow seen occasionally
98 Corvus corax

Common Raven Seen on most days
99 Cinclus cinclus

White-throated Dipper one at Ordesa NP
100 Monticola solitarius

Blue Rock-Thrush Hecho Valley
101 Turdus merula

Eurasian Blackbird widespread
102 Turdus viscivorus

Mistle Thrush seen at San Juan de la Pena and Caceres-Trujillo plains
103 Muscicapa striata

Spotted Flycatcher fairly widespread
104 Ficedula hypoleuca

European Pied Flycatcher fairly widespread
105 Erithacus rubecula

European Robin seen on several days but fairly uncommon
106 Luscinia svecica

Bluethroat seen at Canada de las Norias
107 Phoenicurus ochruros

Black Redstart common in mountainous areas
108 Saxicola rubetra

Whinchat fairly widespread
109 Saxicola torquata

Common Stonechat fairly widespread
110 Oenanthe leucura

Black Wheatear Capo de Gata
111 Oenanthe oenanthe

Northern Wheatear widespread
112 Sturnus vulgaris

Common Starling Las Esteppas de Belchite
113 Sturnus unicolor

Spotless Starling common and widespread
114 Sitta europaea

Wood Nuthatch Valley de Roncal
115 Certhia familiaris

Eurasian Tree-Creeper in the pyrenees
116 Certhia brachydactyla

Short-toed Tree-Creeper more widespread than above species
117 Troglodytes troglodytes Winter Wren Hecho Valley, Donana NP and Gibraltar
118 Parus ater

Coal Tit common in Pyrenees
119 Parus cristatus

Crested Tit common in Pyrenees
120 Parus major

Great Tit widespread
121 Parus caeruleus

Blue Tit widespread
122 Aegithalos caudatus

Long-tailed Tit Pyrenees
123 Riparia riparia

Sand Martin widespread
124 Hirundo rupestris

Eurasian Crag-Martin widespread
125 Hirundo rustica

Barn Swallow widespread in the south
126 Hirundo daurica

Red-rumped Swallow fairly common in the southwest
127 Delichon urbica

Northern House-Martin only seen at Laguna de Medina
128 Regulus regulus

Goldcrest a few in the Pyrenees
129 Regulus ignicapillus

Firecrest more common and widespread than above
130 Cisticola juncidis

Zitting Cisticola fairly common in the southwest
131 Cettia cetti

Cetti's Warbler Donana and Isla Menor
132 Acrocephalus scirpaceus

Eurasian Reed-Warbler Donana and Canada de las Norias
133 Hippolais polyglotta

Melodious Warbler one at Laguna de Medina
134 Phylloscopus trochilus

Willow Warbler widespread
135 Phylloscopus collybita

Common Chiffchaff nominate type widespread
136 Panurus biarmicus

Bearded Parrotbill one at canada de las norias
137 Sylvia atricapilla Blackcap widespread
138 Sylvia borin Garden Warbler Donana and Laguna de Medina
139 Sylvia communis Common Whitethroat one at sierra de la plata
140 Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian Warbler characteristic and widespread species
141 Sylvia undata Dartford Warbler fairly common in the southwest
142 Melanocorypha calandra

Calandra Lark fairly common
143 Calandrella rufescens

Lesser Short-toed Lark Las Esteppas de Belchite
144 Chersophilus duponti

Dupont's Lark Las Esteppas de Belchite
145 Galerida cristata

Crested Lark abundant
146 Galerida theklae

Thekla Lark fairly common and widespread
147 Lullula arborea

Wood Lark a few seen at sierra de camarolo
148 Passer domesticus House Sparrow very common and widespread
149 Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow Donana NP
150 Motacilla alba

White Wagtail a few in scattered locations
151 Motacilla flava

Yellow Wagtail seen at Isla Menor and Canada de las Norias
152 Motacilla cinerea

Grey Wagtail Hecho Valley
153 Anthus trivialis

Tree Pipit One at Sierra de Camarolo
154 Anthus pratensis

Meadow Pipit Fairly common in the pyrenees
155 Anthus spinoletta

Water Pipit Fairly common in the pyrenees
156 Prunella modularis

Hedge Accentor Hecho Valley
157 Fringilla coelebs

Chaffinch Fairly common in the mountains, also Donana
158 Serinus serinus

European Serin Donana, Laguna de Medina and Las Esteppas de Belchite
159 Serinus citrinella

Citril Finch Sierra de Guidarama
160 Carduelis chloris

European Greenfinch Donana and Gibraltar
161 Carduelis carduelis

European Goldfinch very common and widespread
162 Carduelis cannabina

Eurasian Linnet Las Esteppas de Belchite and Embalse de Navacerrada area
163 Emberiza citrinella

Yellowhammer Hecho Valley
164 Emberiza cirlus

Cirl Bunting Sierra de Camarolo
165 Emberiza cia

Rock Bunting Sierra de Camarolo
166 Miliaria calandra

Corn Bunting locally abundant in suitable habitat


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