Visit your favourite destinations
Western Europe
North America
Eastern Europe
South America
Middle East
East Indies

A Report from

South-east Brazil, Minais Gerais and Mato Grosso from 24-07 to 12-08-2004,

Henk Hendriks


Itatiaia N.P.
Ubatuba Area
Serra de Canastra N.P.
Chapada de Guimares


This report covers the trip made by me and my brother Frans to Brazil in the summer of 2004.

It was our first visit to this huge country and our main goal was to observe a large percentage of the atlantic forest endemics in the area between São Paulo and Rio, to visit Canastra NP to find the Brazilian Merganser and the Pantanal region for the spectacular Hyacinth Macaw.

And in this we succeeded.Although the Hyacinth Macaw is practically garanteed when visiting The Pantanal, to observe these majestic creatures, was one of the highlights of the trip.

We were also lucky enough to find the Merganser on our first day in the lower section of Canastra NP.Fabulous scope views of a preening pair on a rock in the Sao Fransisco River.

And we saw a good selection of atlantic forest endemics , though inevitable we dipped species we were hoping for.We managed to observe 442 species.

Generally our itinerary was fine but in retrospect I would have liked an extra day at both Itatiaia and in the Ubatuba area.During our stay at Itatiaia birding was rather slow from time to time and especially the antbirds were not very vocal.We had nice sunny but also rather cold weather at this place.We encountered few identification problems on this trip with the exception of the flycatchers.We brougth with us an article published in Cotinga (Number 10 – autumn 1998): Field identification of Phylloscartes and Phyllomais tyrannulets in the Atlantic Forest region by Robert P.Clay, Joe Tobias, James Lowen and David Beadle and this proved to be extremely valuable during this trip.


We flew with Varig from Amsterdam via a short stop at Paris to Sao Paulo.
After 10 days we continued from São Paulo to Cuiabà.
Actually we booked a flight from Amsterdam to Cuiabà with a stop in São Paulo.We paid for a return ticket € 1040,- including airport tax.All flights were punctual ( once a 30 minute delay) and trouble free.


Twice we hired a car from Avis through the internet.
In São Paulo airport we picked up a 4-door Opel Corsa for a 10-day period and this car cost us including all taxes, insurances and with unlimited mileage € 368,-
The car was ok but we could have used a little extra power on uphill roads.
In Cuiabà we hired a 4-door VW Gol for another 8 days for which we paid € 295,-
Unfortunately we damaged our window on the Transpantaneira (hit by a small rock) and so we had to pay an extra € 60,- for this damage when we returned the car.
Most highways and through roads are reasonable to excellent.Some secondary roads are pretty bad. The upper part of the Agulhas Negras Road is terrible.
The first stretch of the Transpantaneira to Pixaim is ok but some of the bridges near Pixaim and especially towards the Jaguar Lodge and further to Porto Jofre are in a terrible state and you have to be very careful when crossing these bridges.I do not recommend to undertake this at night.
When you are out of the big cities , driving is generally easy but beware of overtaking cars on 2-lane roads.
Petrol is rather cheap.We paid between 2.42 BRL to 250 BRL for a litre.
Be sure to fill up your tank at Poconé before entering the Transpantaneira as there are no petrolstations at either Pixaim or Jofre. We did not and were lucky to buy some from the owner of Fazenda Teresa.


No visa is required for Brazil.


The currency used in Brazil is the Real.During our stay it was :
1 € = 3.45 BRL
1BRL = 0,27 €
We changed some traveller cheques at the airport when we arrived but you can easily obtain cash money at ATM machines if you use cards with the wellknown cirrus sign on it.
You find them at large petrol stations and places like Ubatuba, São Roque de Minas and Cuiabà.
Creditcards are widely accepted and can be used at hotels, restaurants and petrol stations.
A creditcard is absolutely essential for hiring a car.


Accomodation in Brazil is both good and cheap.

Some prices:

Hotel Simon , Itatiaia:   € 45,- for a double room including 3 meals a day for 2 persons.
Hotel Chapadão, São Roque de Minas: € 20,- for a double room including breakfast.
Hotel Panamby Airport Hotel, São Paulo:  € 27,- for a double room incl.breakfast.
Fazenda Santa Teresa, Pixaim: € 62,- for a double room including 3 meals and 1 boat trip a day.
Hotel Solar das Aguas Cantantes,Ubatuba;   € 27,- for a double room including breakfast.
Hotel Penhasco, Chapada dos Guimaräes:    € 25,- for a double room including breakfast


The food is generally cheap and ok.Keep in  mind that most of the time if you order something of the menu that this is ment for 2 persons.We made the mistake to order
A dish for 2 persons and it was far too much.
Beer is widely available but surprisingly wine is rather scarce.


This can be a problem.A basic knowledge of Portuguese comes in very handy and I recommend bringing a small dictionary along to help you out.
As I speak some Spanish and as most people in Brazil do understand Spanish we had little problems getting by on this trip.


Generally the weather during our trip was fine.We did not have any rain.
In Itatiaia it was sunny but rather cold especially early morning.
In the Ubatuba it was warm and sometimes even hot.
In Canastra nice warm and sunny.
In the Pantanal hot and sunny with the exception of the third day when it was windy, rather cold and with overcast weather conditions. A so-called Frio which normally last 2-3 days.
At Chapada dos Guimaräes again warm and sunny.
But I do recommend to bring some warm clothes (fleece) and rain gear with you , to be prepared for various weather conditions.


We did not have any real health problems during our stay.Only some problems with insect bites.Probably we contracted them in the Ubatuba area.They itched for many weeks after our return to the Netherlands.
As we avoided the big cities of São Paulo and Rio we had no safety problems.


We brought a small Leica telescope with us which was very useful for scoping canopy species and species in the open country side.
We also brought a small cassette player with us with a good microphone and this was very valuable for taping in species.In preparation we used the CD of Aves das montanhas do sudeste do Brasil, Aves do Pantanal and the 3 disks of Songs of the Antbirds.


We used the following map:Rodoviario de Brazil, which can be bought at the airport bookshops.



D.Souza. All birds of Brazil.
De La Pena & Rumboll   Birds of Southern South America & Antarctica. ( Collins) 
Ridgely & Tudor The Birds of South America. Vol.1 & 2.
Sibley & Monroe   Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World.


R.Clay,J.Tobias,et all.  Field Identification of Phylloscarthes and Phyllomais Tyrannulets in the Atlantic Forest Region. Cotinga 10 – 1998.
Luis F.Silveira   The birds of Serra de Canastra NP and adjacent areas, Minais Gerais, Brazil.


Garry George   Brazil-south-east.   22 august – 13 september 2001
Jon Hornbuckle  Birding in Eastern Brazil. 1995
Jeremy Minns   Detailed notes about birding sites in South-East and Central Brazil.
Jan Vermeulen South-eastern Brazil 14- 26 july 2001
John van der Woude Birding trip report South-East Brazil. October – November 2001
David van den Schoor  A report on the birds seen during a trip to South-East Brazil, 26-07-2002 to 17-08-2002.
Samuel Hansson Brazil Birding Trip Report.Notes from Chapada de Guimaräes.
Greg Roberts Brazil 29 May – 6 July 2002
Colin Bushell Atlantic Forests of Eastern Brazil 22 August – 9 Sept.2003
Simon Allen   South-East Brazil: 4 – 18 July 2003
Bruce Forrester  Birding Brazil . A Checklist & Site Guide.


Many thanks to Wiel Poelmans and especially David van den Schoor who provided us with good and up to date information about the sites visited by us.
David also mailed the colour plates he had collected and which were a nice supplement to our literature.


Hotel Simon:
Hotel Fazenda Sta. Tereza:
Access to Fazenda Angelim, owner Paul Tompson:


I will not provide a lot of detailed site info as this is already dealt with in many other reports.
( See references).In the Itinerary section I will from time to time give some additional info if I think this can be useful for birders visiting these sites in the future.


We spent most times on the Maromba and Tres Picos Trail.The Maromba Trail is the short , level trail which runs from the tenniscourt behind the hotel Simon to the main Jeep Trail just below hotel Do Ype. Though it is a short trail it was quite productive.After 100 meters on this Maromba Trail, the Tres Picos Trail branches of to the right.

We also birded around Hotel Simon, Hotel Do Ype ( both had excellent feeders) and the feeders next to the shop halfway up along the main entrance road.

We also checked the road between Hotel Do Ype and the Waterfall area.

Species seen by us:Rufous-thighed Kite, Dusky-legged Guan, Picazuro Pigeon, Plumbeous Pigeon, Ruddy Grouns-Dove, White-eyed Parakeet, Reddish-bellied Parakeet, Pileated Parrot, Scaly-headed parrot, Tawny-browed Owl, Gray-rumped Swift, Sick’s Swift, Scale-throated Hermit, Dusky-throated Hermit, Planalto Hermit, Black Jacobin, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, Frilled Coquette, Glittering-bellied Emerald, Violet-capped Hummingbird, White-throated Hummingbird, Brazilian Ruby, Glittering-throated Emerald, Brazilian (Surucua)Trogon, White-tailed Trogon, Saffron Toucanet, Red-breasted Toucan, White-barred Piculet, Yellow-fronted Woodpecker, White-spotted Woodpecker, Robust Woodpecker, Thrush-like Woodcreeper, Olivaceous Woodcreeper, White-throated Woodcreeper, Black-billed Scythebill, Planalto Woodcreeper, Buff-ronted Foliage-Gleaner, White-collared Foliage-Gleaner, Streaked Xenops, Spot-breasted Antvireo, Streak-backed Antvireo, White-shouldered Fire-eye, Bertoni’s Antbird, Ochre-rumped Antbird, Rio de Janeiro Antbird, Such’s Antthrush, Rufous Gnateater, Black-capped Piprites, Pin-tailed Manakin, Swallow-tailed Manakin, Greenish Manakin, Long-tailed Tyrant, Velvety Black Tyrant, Sirystes, Black-tailed Flycatcher, Bran-colored Flycatcher, Swallow Flycatcher, White-throated Spadebill, Yellow-olive Flycatcher, Eared Pygmy-Tyrant, Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant, Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet, Gray Elaenia, Planalto Tyrannulet, Rough-legged Tyrannulet, Sepia-capped Flycatcher, Gray-hooded Flycatcher, Gray-breasted Martin, Blue & White Swallow, Yellow-legged Thrush, Rufous-bellied Thrush, Pale-breasted Thrush, Red-rumped Cacique, Golden-winged Cacique, Bananaquit, Blue Dacnis, Fawn-breasted Tanager, Diademed Tanager, Green-headed Tanager, Gilt-edged Tanager, Brassy-breasted Tanager, Burnished Buff Tanager, Chestnut-bellied Euphonia, Sayaca Tanager, Golden-chevroned Tanager, Olive-Green Tanager, Ruby-crowned Tanager, Black-gogggled Tanager, Brown Tanager, Magpie Tanager, Green-winged Saltator, Blue-Black Grassquit and  White-bellied Seedeater.


We spent 1 afternoon and 1 morning along this excellent road.It takes roughly 1 hour from Hotel Simon to reach the beginning of this road on the pass between Engenheiro Passos and Itamonte.

Directions: Drive back from Hotel Simon to the main road (BR116) and turn west towards São Paulo.After 12 km.turn north to Itamonte.After some 25 reach the pass and here you turn right on the Agulhas Negras Road.Some parts of this road are in a very bad condition.Already the first 2-4 km.are very productive.After some 8 reach an open swampy area which is good for Itatiaia Thistletail.On the far side is a nice patch of Araucaria trees which gave us Araucaria Tit-Spinetail in the early morning.We stayed up on the mountain (very basic) in a small “lodge”along the right hand road.( from the swamp)

Apparently there is also a very nice hotel right at the junction at the start of the Agulhas Negras Road.

Although it was very cold in the early morning we still were able to find some good birds.

Species seen by us:Barred Forest-Falcon, Dusky-legged Guan, Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail, Picazuro Pigeon, Reddish-bellied Parakeet, Scaly-headed Parrot, Gray-rumped Swift, Plovercrest, Violet-capped Woodnymph,White-throated Hummingbird,White-throated Woodcreeper, Araucaria Tit-Spinetail, Itatiaia Spinetail,Rufous-capped Spinetail, Buff-fronted Foliage-Gleaner, Streaked Xenops, Variable Antshrike,Rufous-tailed Antbird, Rufous Gnateater, Mouse-coloured Tapaculo, Chestnut-crowned Becard, Black-capped Piprites, Serro Do Mar Tyrant-Manakin,Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant, Blue-billed Black Tyrant, White-throated Spadebill, Eared Pygmy-Tyrant, Serro Do Mar Tyrannulet, Sooty Tyrannulet, Greenish Tyrannulet,  Rufous-bellied Thrush, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Rufous-crowned Greenlet, White-rimmed Warbler, Diademed Tanager, Gilt-edged Tanager, Brassy-breasted Tanager, Blue-naped Chlorophonia, Black-goggled Tanager, Thick-billed Saltator, Bay-chested Warbling-Finch and  Red-rumped Warbling-Finch.



Directions: some 5 km.west of Ubatuba’s western tip (along the BR 101), just 1 km.after passing a double bridge, you turn right (Km 69).After 400 meter is the lefthand turn to Corcovado.

Continue to a Y-junction and keep left.Go under a straight power line untill you reach a disused quarry on your right.Park your car and start birding along the road further up and along the trail which branches of to the right after a few hunderd meters.This trail goes to a second quarry which is a good area for Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant, Spotted Bamboo-Wren and Tufted Antshrike.

Species seen by us: Mantled Hawk, Black Hawk-eagle, Saw-billed Hermit, Reddish Hermit, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, White-barred Piculet, Thrush-like Woodcreeper, Chicli Spinetail, Ochre-breasted Foliage-Gleaner, Buff-browed Foliage-Gleaner, Streaked Xenops, Tufted Antshrike, White-shouldered Fire-eye, Unicoloured Antwren, Ferruginous Antbird, Scaled Antbird, Spotted Bamboo-Wren, Slaty Bristlefront, Chestnut-crowned Becard, Bare-throated Bellbird, Swallow-tailed Manakin, Gray-hooded Attila, Tropical Pewee, Brown-crested Flycatcher, Eared Pygmy-Tyrant, Oustalet’s Tyrannulet, Sao Paulo Tyrannulet, White-necked Thrush, Crested Oropendola, Golden-crowned Warbler, Bananaquit, Red-necked Tanager, Gilt-edged tanager, Brassy-breasted Tanager, Palm Tanager, Brazilian Tanager, Red-crowned Ant-Tanager, Flame-crested Tanager, Rufous-headed Tanager and  White-bellied Seedeater.



Directions: Take the Corcovado turn off ( see Folha Seca) and continue along this small but surfaced road.Halfway a straight stretch turn sharp right and drive untill a bridge. Park your car at the bridge.

Some 50 meters after this bridge a track goes right.Follow this trail, cross a small stream and soon you reach a clearing.Good birding around this clearing and along the small trail, leading into the forest at the lefthand side of the clearing.

Salvadori’s Antwren and Rufous-winged Spadebill are frequently observed in this area but we dipped.This site was visited in the afternoon and was not particularly productive.We had excellent views though of 2 Brown Tinamou’s on the track.



From the central roundabout of Ubatuba go east on the Br 101 and turn inland at km.45.

For Capricornio go straight and for Angelim turn right after 100 meter or so.After a short distance you come to the gate where you park your car.Start birding along the track towards the clearing with a few houses.Buy you permit at one of the last houses (10 BRL) to get permission to bird on their land. We booked this through e-mail . ( see useful adresses)

Behind the clearing a nice trail goes into the forest.

We spent almost the entire day in this area.

Species seen by us:Blue-winged Parrotlet, Plain Parakeet, Pileated Parrot, Squirrel Cuckoo, Smooth-billed Ani, Sooty Swift, Gray-rumped Swift, Saw-billed Hermit, Festive Coquette, Glittering-bellied Emerald, Violet-capped Woodnymph, Sombre Hummingbird, Brazilian Ruby, Brazilian Trogon, Ringed Kingfisher, Blond-crested Woodpecker,Plain Xenops, Rufous-winged Antwren, Scaled Antbird, Squamate Antbird, Buff-throated Purpletuft, Chestnut-crowned Becard, Bare-throated Bellbird, Long-tailed Tyrant, Boat-billed Flycatcher, Social Flycatcher, Great Kiskadee, Gray-hooded Attila, Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher, Large-headed Flatbill, Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher, Hangnest Tody-Tyrant, Eared Pygmy-Tyrant, Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet, Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant, Gray-capped Tyrannulet, Blue & White Swallow, White-tighed Swallow, S.Roughwing Swallow, House Wren, Yellow-legged Thrush, Rufous-bellied Thrush, White-necked Thrush, Rufous-crowned Greenlet, Crested Oropendola, Red-rumped Cacique, Bananaquit, Green Honeycreeper, Blue Dacnis, Violaceous Euphonia, Chestnut-bellied Euphonia, Green-headed Tanager, Red-necked Tanager, Gilt-edged Tanager, Brassy-breasted Tanager, Sayaca Tanager, Palm Tanager, Brazilian Tanager, Red-crowned Ant-Tanager, Ruby-crowned Tanager, Flame-crested Tanager, Rufous-headed Tanager, Black-throated Grosbeak, Buffy-fronted Seedeater, White-bellied Seedeater and House Sparrow.


We birded for one day the lower section of the park, along the road to the Casca d’Anta waterfall.It is worthwhile to check the river to look for Brazilian Merganser at various spots along the river where one has a good overview of it.That is how we found a pair.

Another stake-out is at the river near the camp site of Boteco Rá.The marsh next of the small bar/restaurant had Streamer-tailed Tyrant.The gallery forest near the waterfall is also worth to explore and most people see Great Dusky Swift at the waterfall but we did not.

The second day + the early morning of the third day we birded the upper section of the park.We also visisted a small scrubby forest just before the entrance of the park ( At a sign at the right side of the road where a track branches of to the right – Capão Forro)

Just drive around on the plateau and stop from time to time.The small marshy areas just after the HQ (where the powerlines cross the road) are worth to spend some time.Brasilian Tapaculo, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper and Grey-backed Tachuri were found here.

Near Curral de Pedras we found Ochre-breasted Pipit.

We also checked the feeders of hotel Chapadão in São Roque de Minas.

Species seen by us: Red-winged Tinamou, Spotted Nothura, Greater Rhea, Great Egret, Buff-necked Ibis, Black Vulture, Brazilian Merganser, White-tailed Hawk, Roadside Hawk, Savannah Hawk, Yellow-headed Caracara, Southern Crested Caracara,Aplomado Falcon, American Kestrel, Red-legged Seriema, Southern Lapwing, Rock Dove, Picazuro Pigeon, Pale-vented Pigeon, Ruddy Ground-Dove, Scaled Dove, White-tipped Dove, Grey-fronted Dove, White-eyed Parakeet,Golden-capped Parakeet, Peach-fronted Parakeet, Blue-winged Parrotlet, Squirrel Cuckoo, Smooth-billed Ani, Guira Cuckoo, Striped Cuckoo, White-collared Swift, Planalto Hermit, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, White-vented Violetear, Stripe-breasted Starthroat, White-tailed Goldenthroat, Brazilian Trogon, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, White-eared Puffbird, White-barred Piculet, Campo Flicker, White Woodpecker, Brasilian Tapaculo, Rufous-winged Antshrike, Rufous Hornero, Pale-breasted Spinetail, Streaked Xenops, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, Yellow-bellied Elaenia, Highland Elaenia, Plain-crested Elaenia,Sooty Tyrannulet, Sharp-tailed Tyrant, Grey-backed Tachuri, Sepia-capped Flycatcher, White-throated Spadebill, White-rumped Monjita, Crested Black Tyrant,, Velvety Black Tyrant, Cock-tailed Tyrant, Streamer-tailed Tyrant, Swallow Flycatcher, Short-crested Flycatcher, Brown-crested Flycatcher, Great Kiskadee, Boat-billed Flycatcher, Social Flycatcher, Helmeted Manakin, Pin-tailed Manakin, White-rumped Swallow, Grey-brested Martin, Blue & White Swallow, Tawny-headed Swallow, S.Roughwing Swallow, Curl-crested Jay, Rufous-bellied Thrush, Pale-breasted Thrush, Chalk-browed Mockingbird, Ochre-breasted Pipit, White-rimmed Warbler, White-striped Warbler, Cinnamon Tanager, Rufous-headed Tanager, Black-goggled Tanager, Sayaca Tanager, Burnished Buff Tanager, Blue Dacnis, Rufous-collared Sparrow, Grassland Sparrow, Stripe-tailed Yellowfinch, Wedge-tailed Grass-finch, Great Pampa-Finch, Plumbeous Seedeater, Yellow-bellied Seedeater, Double-collared Seedeater, Black-masked Finch, Grey Pileated Finch, Green-winged Saltator, Black-throated Saltator, Crested Oropendola, Yellow-rumped Marshbird, Chopi Blackbird and Shiny Cowbird.


We birded the gallery forest and scrub near Fazenda Teresa, Pixaim. The trail starts along the river just behind the fazenda.Also the area around Pixaim in general, along the Tranpantaneira and the forest along the wide track which starts some 2 km. after the Jaguar Lodge at the right hand side of the Transpantaneira towards Porto Jofre.

Species seen by us:Undulated Tinamou, Greater Rhea,Neotropic Cormorant, Anhinga, Cocoi Heron, Great Egret, Snowy Egret, Little Blue Heron. Cattle Egret, Striated Heron, Whistling Heron, Capped Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron, Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Boat-billed Heron, Plumbeous Ibis, Buff-necked Ibis, Green Ibis, Bare-faced Ibis, White-faced Ibis(1), Roseate Spoonbill, American Woodstork, Maguari Stork, Jabiru, Black Vulture, Turkey Vulture, Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture, Brazilian Duck, Muskovy Duck, Southern Screamer, Snail Kite, Road-side Hawk, Black-collared Hawk, Savanna Hawk, Great Black Hawk, Crane Hawk, Laughing Falcon, Yellow-headed Caracara, Southern Crested Caracara, Bat Falcon, Chaco Chachalaca, Chestnut-bellied Guan, Red-throated Piping-Guan(1), Blue-throated Piping-Guan, Bare-faced Curassow, Limpkin, Gray-necked Wood-Rail, Sunbittern, Wattled Jacana, Southern Lapwing, White-backed Stilt, Large-billed Tern, Black Skimmer, Picazuro Pigeon, Pale-vented Pigeon, Plain-breasted Ground-Dove, Ruddy Ground-Dove, Picui Ground-Dove, Long-tailed Ground-Dove, Scaled Dove, White-tipped Dove, Hyacinth Macaw, Blue & Yellow Macaw, Golden-collared Macaw, Peach-fronted Parakeet, Nanday Parakeet, Monk Parakeet, Golden-chevroned Parakeet, Orange-winged Amazon,Scaly-headed Parrot, Blue-fronted Parrot, Squirrel Cuckoo, Smooth-billed Ani, Greater Ani, Guira Cuckoo, Great Horned Owl, Band-tailed Nighthawk, Nacunda Nighthawk, Pauraque, Buff-bellied Hermit, Glittering-bellied Emerald, Fork-tailed Woodnymph, Blue-crowned Trogon, Ringed Kingfisher, Amazon Kingfisher, Green Kingfisher, Green & Rufous Kingfisher, Blue-crowned Motmot, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Black-fronted Nunbird, Chestnut-eared Aracari, Toco Toucan, White-edged Piculet, Campo Flicker, Green-barred Woodpecker, Pale-crested Woodpecker, Lineated Woodpecker, Little woodpecker, Crimson-crested Woodpecker, Great Antshrike, Barred Antshrike, Planalto Slaty Antshrike, Plain Antvireo, Large-billed Antwren, Rusty-backed Antwren, Mato Grosso Antbird, Band-tailed Antbird, Rufous Hornero, Pale-legged Hornero, Chotoy Spinetail, White-lored Spinetail, Yellow-chinned Spinetail, Rufous-fronted Thornbird, Greater Thornbird, Gray-crested Cachalote, Streaked Xenops, Great Rufous Woodcreeper, Planalto Woodcreeper, Straight-billed Woodcreeper, Narrow-billed Woodcreeper, Red-billed Scythebill, Southern Beardless Tyrannulet, Mouse-coloured Tyrannulet, Southern Scrub Flycatcher, White-crested Tyrannulet, Plain Tyrannulet, Sepia-capped Flycatcher, Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant, Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant, Common Tody-Flycatcher, Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher, Fuscous Flycatcher, Vermillion Flycatcher, White-rumped Monjita, Black-backed Water-Tyrant, White-headed Marsh-Tyrant, Cattle Tyrant, Rufous Casiornis, Brown-crested Flycatcher, Great Kiskadee, Lesser Kiskadee, Boat-billed Flycatcher, Rusty-margined Flycatcher, Tropical Kingbird, White-throated Kingbird, Green-backed Becard, White-winged Becard, Helmeted Manakin,White-winged Swallow, Brown-chested Martin, Southern Rough-wing Swallow, Purplish Jay, Thrush-like Wren, Black-capped Donacobius, Buff-breasted Wren, Fawn-breasted Wren, House Wren, Masked Gnatcatcher, Rufous-bellied Thrush, Creamy-bellied Thrush, Chalk-browed Mockingbird, Yellowish Pipit, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Ashy-headed Greenlet, Tropical Parula, Flavescent Warbler, Hooded Tanager, Gray-headed Tanager, Silver-beaked Tanager, Sayaca Tanager, Palm Tanager, Chestnut-vented Conebill, Orange-fronted Yellow-Finch, Saffron Finch, Rusty-collared Seedeater, Lined Seedeater, Yellow-bellied Seedeater, Double-collared Seedeater, White-bellied Seedeater, Red-crested Cardinal,Yellow-billed Cardinal, Buff-throated Saltator, Grayish Saltator, Crested Oropendola, Solitary Black Cacique, Epaulet Oriole, Orange-backed Troupial, Unicoloured Blackbird, Scarlet-headed Blackbird, Chopi Blackbird, Bay-winged Cowbird, Shiny Cowbird and  Giant Cowbird.


We birded the gallery forest at Portão da Fe , along the Agua Fria Road, the Véu de Noiva Waterfall area and the forest below Hotel Penhasco.

The Agua Fria Road starts a few km. out of Chapada (towards Cuiaba) and is on the right hand side.It goes through excellent cerrado habitat.The first 3-4 km.can give you all the specialities.After about 10 km. a dirt road goes left to a lookout point called Cidade de Pedras ( another 12 km.). Astonishing views and a chance of Yellow-billed Blue Finch.

Continue about 1 km.from the beginning of the Agua Fria Road along the main road towards Cuiaba and turn left along a dirt road from the main road to a small patch of gallery forest.Just a few hunderd meters from the main road along a rolling track. The track goes down to a stream and at the other side is a religious center. (Portão da Fe)

The Véu de Noiva waterfall is well signposted and is a reliable stakeout in the late afternoon for Blue-winged Macaw.

Species seen in Chapada dos Guimaräes Area: Cattle Egret, King Vulture, Black Vulture, Yellow-headed Caracara, Bat Falcon, American Kestrel, Red-legged Seriema, Southern Lapwing, Plain-breasted Ground-Dove, Ruddy Ground-Dove, Blue Ground-Dove, Red & Green Macaw, Blue-winged Macaw, White-eyed Parakeet, Blue-headed Parrot, Squirrel Cuckoo, Smooth-billed Ani, Guira Cuckoo, Burrowing Owl, White-collared Swift, Biscutate Swift, Cinnamon-throated Hermit, Glittering-bellied Emerald, Fork-tailed Woodnymph, Versicolored Emerald, Blue-crowned Trogon, Blue-crowned Motmot, Brown Jacamar, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, White-eared Pufbird, Black-fronted Nunbird, Yellow-ridged Toucan, White-edged Piculet, Yellow-tufted Woodpecker, White Woodpecker, Red-necked Woodpecker, Planalto Slaty Antshrike, Rufous-winged Antshrike, Large-billed Antwren, Rusty-backed Antwren, Rufous Hornero, Planalto Woodcreeper, Chapada Flycatcher, Forest Elaenia, Yellow-bellied Elaenia, White-crested Elaenia, Small-billed Elaenia, Plain-crested Elaenia, Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant, Sepia-capped Flycatcher, Southern Antpipit, Euler’s Flycatcher, Gray Monjita, Swallow Flycatcher, Rufous Casiornis, Great Kiskadee, Streaked Flycatcher, Crested Becard, Masked Tityra, Helmeted Manakin, Gray-breasted Martin, Blue & White Swallow, Purplish jay, Curl-crested jay, Thrush-like Wren, Buff-breasted Wren, House Wren, Rufous-bellied Thrush, Creamy-bellied Thrush, Chalk-browed Mockingbird, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Chivi Vireo, White-bellied Warbler, Bananaquit, White-banded Tanager, White-rumped Tanager, Guira Tanager, Gray-headed Tanager, White-lined Tanager, Hepatic Tanager, Silver-beaked Tanager, Sayaca Tanager, Palm Tanager, Violaceous Euphonia, Burnished-buff Tanager, Blue Dacnis, Swallow Tanager, Grassland Sparrow, Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch, Blue-black Grassquit, Plumbeous Seedeater, Double-collared Seedeater, Lesser Seedfinch, Pectoral Sparrow, Saffron-billed Sparrow, Coal-crested Finch, Red-crested Cardinal, Green-winged Saltator, Black-throated Saltator, Crested Oropendola and Yellow-rumped Cacique.   


July 24 We left Geldrop at 13.00 pm. We took the train from Eindhoven to Schiphol airport.At 20.00 pm.our flight took of and via Paris we flew to São Paulo.

July 25 We arrived at 5.15 a.m. at Garulhos Airport, São Paulo.After collecting our luggage we picked up our pre-booked rental car (Avis) and at 6.30 we left a rather foggy São Paulo for Itatiaia NP.We drove over an almost deserted highway (called Dutra) towards Itatiaia.During a short road stop we saw our first lifers, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird and Azure-shouldered Tanager.

In Itatiaia we paid a short visit to the small swampy area, just outside town. Here we saw our only Chestnut-capped Blackbirds of the trip.

When we entered Itatiaia NP we first visited the feeders at a shop halfway up the mountain.Within minutes we observed several hummingbird species: The endemic Brazilian Ruby, Violet-capped Woodnymph and  Black Jacobin. Highlight was the observation of a female Frilled Coquette.

At noon we checked in at our pre-booked room of Hotel Simon.The hotel seemed half empty.After the lunch buffet we started to bird around the hotel.

Quickly we added a whole array of new birds to our list, including quite a few Tanager species: Reddish-bellied Parakeet, White-eyed Parakeet, Yellow-fronted Woodpecker, Yellow-legged Thrush, Rufous-bellied Thrush, Pale-breasted Thrush, Red-rumped Cacique, Golden-winged Cacique, Fawn-breasted Tanager, Green-headed Tanager, Gilt-edged Tanager, Diademed Tanager, Sayaca Tanager, Golden-chevroned Tanager, Ruby-crowned Tanager, Black-goggled Tanager, Brown Tanager, Magpie Tanager and Hooded Siskin.We also looked for Black-legged Dacnis which was recently seen at the back of the hotel but we failed to find it.Only a lonely White-throated Hummingbird.

Late afternoon was spent on the Maromba Trail , which is the trail which leads from the back of the tenniscourt to the main jeep trail towards hotel Ype and the waterfall area. And we also birded the beginning of the Tres Picos Trail, which branches of to the right from the Maromba Trail after a few hunderd meters.We observed Dusky-legged Guan, Scaly-throated Hermit, Dusky-throated Hermit, White-tailed Trogon, White-spotted Woodpecker, Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Planalto Woodcreeper, White-shouldered Fire-eye,Greenisch Schiffornis, Black-tailed Flycatcher, Bran-colored Flycatcher,Eared Pygmy-Tyrant, Sepia-capped Flycatcher, Gray-hooded Flycatcher, White-necked Thrush, Gilt-edged Tanager and Brassy-breasted Tanager. After sunset ( 18.00 pm) we spotlighted a pair of very vocal Tawny- Browed Owls at the beginning of the Maromba Trail.Afterwards we took a well deserved shower and after dinner we went to bed early.

July 26 The first hour of daylight was spent at the feeders around Hotel Simon.It was a beautiful sunny, but rather cold morning. Then we birded extensively along the Maromba Trail and the Tres Picos Trail.

New birds included Rufous-tighed Hawk, Scaly-headed Parrot, Saffron Toucanet, Red-breasted Toucan, White-throated Woodcreeper, Chicli Spinetail, some very obliging White-collared Foliage-Gleaners, Buff-fronted Foliage-Gleaner,a Ochre-rumped Antbird skulking in the undergrowth which finally gave good and close views, a not expected pair of Rio the Janeiro Antbirds,a Such’s Antthrush which responded well to the tape, Swallow-tailed Manakin and the endemic Pin-tailed Manakin.  

After lunch we walked to Hotel Do Ype, checked their feeders and continued to the waterfall area.At the feeders we added Planalto Hermit and Olive-Green Tanager to our list.Near hotel Do Ype we found Robust Woodpecker, Velvety Black Tyrant and Black-billed Scythebill.The Waterfall Area was rather unproductive so we decided to walk the trails again.

We birded along the Maromba Trail and the beginning of the Tres Picos Trail.Observed Brazilian Trogon, Buff-browed Foliage-Gleaner, Streaked Xenops, Rufous Gnateater, a very showy pair of the sought after Black-capped Piprites, Sirystes near Hotel Simon and White-throated Spadebill.We heard Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant which unfortunately did not respond to the tape.  

July 27 Untill noon we continued birding along the Maromba and Tres Picos Trail.The upper part of the latter was rather unproductive so we decended again.Antbird species not very vocal but we managed to identify quite a few flycatcher species.

“New”species were Pileated Parrot, White-barred Piculet, another Black-billed Scythebill, Scalloped Woodcreeper, Bertoni’s Antbird, Yellow-olive Flycatcher,Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet, Gray Elaenia, Planalto Tyrannulet and Rough-legged Tyrannulet.  After lunch we left Itatiaia and drove to the Agulhas Negras Road.

We spent all afternoon along this road.Along this 8 km.stretch of road we found a different set of birds.We failed to find the Araucaria Tit-Spinetail at the back of the marsh but we easily found the Itatiaia Spinetail.Other species we saw this afternoon were: Barred Forest-Falcon,Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail, Rufous-capped Spinetail,Streaked Xenops, Variable Antshrike,another Greenish Schiffornis, Serro do Mar Tyrannulet, Greenish Tyrannulet, Rufous-crowned Greenlet and especially along the first stretch of the road we found Bay-chested Warbling-Finch, Red-rumped Warbling-Finch and Thick-billed Saltator(1). Late afternoon we decided to take our chances and we drove from the small marsh to a nearby small “lodge” at an altitude over 2000 meters.The road was terrible but the views were breathtaking.At this place people prepared a meal for us and we were given 2 beds in a kind of dormitory.It was a very cold night, below zero and with a cold wind blowing.

July 28 We were up very early and after a quick breakfast we drove back to the swampy area where we quickly taped in a pair of Araucaria Tit-Spinetails in the forest patch behind the  swamp.It was still very cold.Diademed Tanagers were abundant but no sigh of the Black & Gold Cotinga.Slowly we birded our way down the road towards the pass.

Some of the best species seen were: Plovercrest including 1 fine male,Rufous-tailed Antbird, Rufous Gnateater, another Black-capped Piprites, Serro do Mar Tyrant-Manakin, Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant, Blue-billed Black Tyrant, Sooty Tyrannulet, White-rimmed Warbler and Thick-billed Saltator.

At noon we left for the drive to Ubatuba.At 16.00 PM we checked a stake-out for the Black-hooded Antwren near Angra dos Reis but not a sniff. Just a lonely Striped Cuckoo , our first Brazilian Tanagers and Yellow Tyrannulet.

Disappointed we left at 17.00 for the uneventful 2 hour drive to Ubatuba. It took some time before we found the lovely hotel Solar das Aguas Cantantes , recommended by John van der Woude, at the far west side of Ubatuba.A very scenic place where we had a late but tasty dinner.

July 29 At dawn we started birding at the nearby Folha Seca.Excellent birding .

We heard Bare-throated Bellbirds from all sides but it took a while before we obtained satisfying views.We did see only one adult male.Along the main track we taped in a very responsive Slaty Bristleront which gave fabulous and close views.A small second trail led us to a second quarry where we had a soaring  Mantled Hawk as well as twice a Black Hawk-Eagle.In a patch of bamboo we found Spotted Bamboo-Wren but no sign of Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant.

Excellent views of noisy Scaled Antbirds, Ferruginous Antbird, Tufted Antshrike and the endemic Unicoloured Antwren.Other notable birds included Gray-hooded Attila, Oustalet’s Tyrannulet, São Paulo Tyrannulet and some good Tanager species.

At noon we had a short break for lunch and in the afternoon we visited Corcovado which was a bit disappointing.Best was the observation of 2 Brown Tinamous walking slowly and in full view on the trail

July 30 The whole morning was spent at Fazenda Angelim. Though we had to work hard we found some good birds.Behind the last house on some dead branches we scoped a perched male Buff-throated Purpletuft.At one time we observed no less than 4 birds!!!Other species found at Angelim included Plain Parakeet, Pileated Parrot,Violet-capped Woodnymph, Brazilian Trogon, Blond-crested Woodpecker, Plain Xenops, Rufous-winged Antwren, Scaled Antbird and after some effort good views of Squamate Antbird, Chestnut-crowned Becard, Bare-throated Bellbird,Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher, Large-headed Flatbill, Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher, Hangnest Tody-Tyrant, Eared Pygmy-Tyrant,Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet, Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant, Gray-capped Tyrannulet, Green Honeycreeper, Blue Dacnis, Violaceous Euphonia, Chestnut-bellied Euphonia, Green-headed Tanager, some beautiful Red-necked Tanagers, Gilt-edged Tanager, Brassy-breasted Tanager, Sayaca Tanager, Palm Tanager, Brazilian Tanager, Ruby-crowned Tanager, Flame-crested Tanager(common), Rufous-headed Tanager and Red-crowned Ant-Tanager  We also visited nearby Fazenda Capricornio for a short period where we found at some feeders Saw-billed Hermit (3),Festive Coquette (3), Glittering-bellied Emerald, Violet-capped Hummingbird, Sombre Hummingbird (1) and Brazilian Ruby.A stroll around this fazenda did not add much but we did see Gray-hooded Attila and identified some White-tighed Swallows. We ended the day again at Fazenda Angelim but the afternoon was not very productive compared with our early morning visit.We failed to find Fork-tailed Bamboo-Tyrant, Bay-ringed Tyrannulet and Salvadori’s Antwren to name a few.

In the evening we discussed the possibilty to spend the early morning hours again at either Folha Seca or Fazenda Angelim before travelling to Canastra the following day.We decided against that option as we thought we would need the whole day to drive to São Roque de Minas.And that turned out to be a good decision.

July 31 A travelling day.We drove from Ubatuba to São Roque de Minas near Canastra NP.We had some problems finding the right road from Piumhi to São Roque de Minas.A bit confusing and hardly any road signs.The last stretch of some 60 a very dusty dirt road.We arrived at dusk (18.00 PM) at São Roque de Minas and took a room in Hotel Chapadão.This hotel is recommended because they are used to birders and have feeders in their garden which have among others Planalto Hermit and especially Stripe-breasted Starthroat.

We met Peter Boesman and his wife and exchanged some info.

August 1 We left very early and started to bird along the Rio São Fransisco in the lower section of the park.From time to time we checked open areas for the Brazilian Merganser.At one point at a very obvious bend of the river with very good views from the main road on the river Frans discovered a pair of preening Brasilian Mergansers right below us on a rock in the river.We watched them for several minutes through the scope and had excellent views.Later we saw them “running”through the rapids where they disappeared behind a bend of the river.THE target species seen on our first day and before 8 am.We also photographed at the same spot some very obliging Red-legged Seriemas.We continued to Casca d’Ante and birded the gallery forest near the waterfall.

Species seen in the lower section included: Blue-winged Parrotlet, Amethyst Woodstar, Brazilian Trogon, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Campo Flicker, White Woodpecker,White-barred Piculet, Pale-breasted Spinetail, Streaked Xenops, Yellow-bellied Elaenia, Sepia-capped Flycatcher, White-throated Spadebill, Short-crested Flycatcher,Helmeted manakin, Pin-tailed Manakin, White-rumped Swallow, White-rimmed Warbler, the endemic White-striped Warbler, Rufous-headed Tanager,, Black-goggled Tanager, Burnished Buff Tanager, Black-throated Saltator, Wedge-tailed Grassfinch, Grassland Sparrow and Yellow-rumped Marshbird..After a excellent lunch ( made by the people of hotel Chapadão) we drove back.We made an extensive stop at the campsite of Boteco Rá ( No Mergansers) and had a beer at the nearby small restaurant.The marshy area just next to the place gave us some nice Streamer-tailed Tyrants.

The last hour was spent around the feeders of hotel Chapadão.Great views of a male Stripe-breasted Starthroat.Also Planalto Hermit and Swallow-tailed Hummingbirds.We had a nice dinner together with Peter Boesman and his wife and of course we discussed  travelling, birds and birdwatching.

August 2 In the early morning we birded at a small forest-scrub patch a few km. outside São Roque along the road up to the plateau towards the entrance of the national park. It is at a junction with another track on the right and with a sign “Capão Forro”.We quickly found White-eared Puffbird, Rufous-winged Antshrike, Curl-crested Jay and Cinereous Warbling-Finch.

Just before the entrance we had good views of 2 perched Golden-capped Parakeets.Inside the national park we birded the area where powerlines cross the road.This is the stake-out for Brasilian Tapaculo.Though we heard a few we never saw one.We had excellent views of a patrolling Maned Wolf but unfortunately this animal carried a necklace with a transmitter.In the same area we had excellent views of Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, the endemic Gray-backed Tachuri and Black-masked Finch.

We spent all day up on the plateau.We were able to photograph a Giant Anteater which was cleaning a hill side of ants.Other notable birds seen by us were: Spotted Nothura, Red-winged Tinamou, Greater Rhea (uncommon ), Aplomado Falcon, Red-legged Seriema, Peach-fronted Parakeet, Highland Elaenia, Sharp-tailed Tyrant, Crested Black Tyrant, Cock-tailed Tyrant (1 male), Ochre-breasted Pipit, Cinnamon Tanager, Stripe-tailed Yellow-finch, Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch, Great Pampa-Finch and Grey Pileated Finch.

August 3 Before dawn we arrived again at the Brazilian Tapaculo stake-out but though the bird came very close it did not show itself to us.We had some displaying Ochre-breasted Pipits and added  Tawny-headed Swallow to our list.

We left Canastra at 10.00 am and drove straight to São Paulo where we arrived at the airport just before sunset.We delivered the car at the Avis office and took the shuttle bus to the nearby Panamby Hotel.

August 4 With the shuttle bus to the airport for our morning flight to Cuiaba.We left at 9.00 am and arrived at 11.10 at Cuiaba.An employee of Avis was waiting for us in the arrival hal and drove us to the nearby Avis office.We quickly filled out the necessary forms and at 13.00 we were on our way to the famous Pantanal.A few km.after Poconé we started to bird seriously.Unfortunately we forgot the fill up with petrol at Poconé because we thought petrol was available in Pixaim but this turned out not to be the case.

In the afternoon birding along the Tranpantaneira towards Pixaim gave us the first impression of this paradise of birds.Among the more common waterbirds and raptors we observed Capped Heron, Bare-faced Ibis, Green Ibis , a pair of very obliging Sunbitterns just beside the road and a small band of Greater Rheas.

Around dusk we arrived at Fazenda Tereza near Pixaim and we were warmly welcomed by the staff.Here we met Mark van Beirs and his Birdquest group.It is not the first time that I met him somewhere on the globe while birding.After dinner he gave us some up to date info about the area and we had some beers together.

August 5 A dawn we started to bird around the fazenda.At least 6 Nacunda Nighthawks were observed in the open area in front of the fazenda.We looked in vain for Long-tailed Ground-Dove which is sometimes seen in the area.After a quick breakfast we started to bird in the scrubby forest near the lodge and later we entered the gallery forest along the river.It was a very enjoyable morning and we observed among others Blue & Yellow Macaw, Peach-fronted Parakeet, Monk Parakeet, Chestnut-eared Aracari, Toco Toucan, Green-barred Woodpecker, Pale-crested Woodpecker, Little Woodpecker, Crimson-crested Woodpecker, Great Antshrike, Barred Antshrike, after some searching good views of Mato Grosso Antbird, White-lored Spinetail, Gray-crested Cachalote, Narrow-billed Woodcreeper, S.Beardless Tyrannulet, Mouse-coloured Tyrannulet, Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant, Common Tody-Flycatcher, Fuscous Flycatcher in the shady undergrowth,Rufous Casiornis, Masked Gnatcatcher, Ashy-headed Greenlet, Hooded Tanager, Chestnut-vented Conebill and Buff-throated saltator. Along the entrance road we observed a nesting Chotoy Spinetail (thanks Mark!)We also visited the area around Pixaim where we tried to lure out Cinereous-breasted Spinetail but we only found Yellow-chinned Spinetail.We did seen however a pair of Rusty-backed Antwrens and had good looks at a small flock of Nanday Parakeets.Further along the Tranpantaneira we observed a few Long-tailed Ground-Doves.

In the late afternoon we made a boat trip on the Pixaim River.During this trip we observed the endemic Chestnut-bellied Guan and one lonely Blue-throated Piping-Guan.Another notable observation was that of a pair of Band-tailed Antbirds in the scrub along the river and a few Boat-billed Herons.On our way back we observed many Band-tailed Nighthawks hunting over the river.

Some spotlighting after dark did not gave us much.

August 6 Well before dawn and with a packed breakfast and lunch we headed along the Transpantaneira towards the Jaguar Lodge where we wanted to be at dawn to observe our main target species the Hyacinth Macaw.

Just before the lodge we had excellent and close views of 2 pairs of Hyacinth Macaws which we were also able to photograph.

Satisfied we continued to the wide trail a few km.past the Jaguar Lodge.We had good views of several Southern Screamers from the main road and we also taped in a pair of Planalto Slaty Antshrikes.

We birded all morning along this trail.Observations included Chestnut-bellied Guan, Bare-faced Curassow, Bat Falcon, Blue-fronted Parrot, Blue-crowned Trogon, Lineated Woodpecker, Plain Antvireo, White-lored Spinetail, excellent views of a Red-billed Scythebill, Buff-breasted Wren and Fawn-breasted Wren which are best separated by voice and Purple-throated Euphonia.

We failed to find Great Rufous Woodcreeper for which this trail is said to be good.

Early afternoon we returned to the Fazenda Santa Teresa and on the way back we saw Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture, Rufous-fronted Thornbird, Greater Thornbird, Rusty-collared Seedeater, Black-backed Water-Tyrant, White-headed Marsh-Tyrant, Solitary Black cacique, Epaulet Oriole, Orange-backed Troupial, Unicoloured Blackbird and Scarlet-headed Blackbird.

Late afternoon we took another boat trip to a stake-out of Giant Otters.When we had nice and close views of a family of Giant Otters suddenly a Tapir came to the river and was observed at a distance of less than 10 meters, standing at the edge of the river.Identified at least one Red-throated Piping-Guan during this trip.

Spotlighting gave us a calling Great Horned Owl and Pauraque but no Spot-tailed Nightjar.

August 7 A very cold and windy morning.A so-called Frio , which normally last a couple of days, had arrived.We decided to bird the scrub and gallery forest again near the lodge and despite the weather conditions we found the area quite birdy.

New species seen by us were Buff-bellied Hermit, Green & Rufous Kingfisher, Blue-crowned Motmot, Black-fronted Nunbird, White-edged Piculet, Large-billed Antwren, Planalto Woodcreeper, White-crested Tyrannulet, Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant, a skulking Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher which showed itself finally very well, female Helmeted Manakin, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Flavescent Warbler and Gray-headed Warbler.Best bird was the Great Rufous Woodcreeper which was observed in the gallery forest.

The whole afternoon was spent birding along the Tranpantaneira towards Poconé.We were lucky to observe and identify 3 Golden-collared Macaws in flight.

August 8 We left Fazenda Teresa.It was still pretty cold.We slowly birded our way towards Poconé and further to Cuiaba.On our way out we met David van den Schoor and exchanged experiences and info.From Cuiaba we continued to Chapada dos Guimaräes and we spent the last hours of the day at the Véu de Noiva Waterfall.

It was quite crowded this afternoon (Sunday).We failed to find the Blue-winged Macaw.We drove the short distance to Chapada dos Guimaräes and took a small bungalow in a large and completely deserted complex at the outskirts of town.(100 BRL and less than a km.from the start of the Agua Fria Road. Drove to town for dinner.

August 9 After a pre-dawn breakfast we drove to the beginning of the Agua Fria Road and started to bird.The first stretch was very productive and gave us some good species within an hour.Species seen included Red & Green Macaw, Blue-tufted Starthroat ( a fine male between the females), White-eared Puffbird, Rusty-backed Antwren, the newly described Chapada Flycatcher, Gray Monjita, Wedge-tailed Grassfinch, Plumbeous Seedeater, the beautiful Coal-crested Tit which was surprisingly common in the area as were White-banded and White-rumped Tanagers.

We continued to km.3,5 which is supposed to be a stake-out of Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant but we failed to find the site ( and the bird)

We drove further to a look-out point, Cidade de Pedras which is a magnificent site with astonishing views of the surrounding landscape.When we arrived, it was already scoring hot and we did not see much and certainly not the Yellow-billed Blue Finch which is regularly seen at this point.

In the early afternoon we checked the gallery forest at Portão da Fé, checked out of our hotel and took a room at hotel Penhasco, which has a nice forest just below it.Late afternoon was spent again at the Waterfall of Véu de Noiva.We identified a small flock of Biscutate Swifts and fortunately we had also good views of a pair of perched Blue-winged Macaws.

August 10  The first hour was spent again at the first kilometer of the Agua Fria Road.

Astonishing views of a very obliging Collared Crescentchest.After this we drove to the gallery forest of Portao da Fé and had an excellent morning at this small forest patch.We observed Blue-crowned Trogon, Blue-crowned Motmot, Yellow-ridged Toucan,Black-fronted Nunbird, White-edged Piculet, Yellow-tufted Woodpecker, Red-necked Woodpecker, Planalto Slaty Antshrike, Rufous-winged Antshrike, Large-billed Antwren, Planalto Woodcreeper, Forest Elaenia, Small-billed Elaenia, Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant, we taped out a Southern Antpipit which gave excellent views, Crested Becard, Chivi Vireo, White-bellied Warbler, Black-faced Tanager, Guira Tanager, White-lined Tanager, Pectoral Sparrow, and Green-winged Saltator.

In the afternoon we birded the forest below Hotel Penhasco.Several Helmeted Manakins were observed.Also twice a Cinnamon-throated Hermit was located and a skulking Saffron-billed Sparrow.

August 11  My birthday and as usual I am not at home but somewhere else on the globe.

We birded all morning the forest below Hotel Penhasco.Nothing new.

At 13.00 we left for Cuiaba.We delivered the car and had to pay for the damaged window of the car.(Hit by a rock in the Pantanal)

Our plane left Cuiaba at 17.00 pm and we arrived at Sao Paulo at 21.00 pm. We had to rush as we had only 1 hour to change flights.We left São Paulo at 22.20 and arrived at Schiphol (Amsterdam) at 17.10 pm on August 12th. From Schiphol we took the train home where we arrived at 20.30 pm.

Our experience

Brazil is a huge country and we have only covered a small area.This country has the birder a lot to offer and we will certainly return in the near future to visit other parts of Brazil.

Our trip went smoothly.The infrastructure, accomodation and food are of a good standard, the weather was fine and the birding great.

Henk Hendriks   Geldrop oktober 2004


July 24  Flight from Amsterdam to São Paulo via Paris (Varig).
July 25 5.30 am.Arrival São Paulo.Drive to Itatiaia where we arrived around noon. Afternoon birding around Hotel Simon and the Maromba Trail.
July 26 All day on the Maromba and Tres Picos Trails.Visit to the Waterfall area.
July 27  Untill noon we birded along the Maromba and Tres Picos Trail. Afternoon drive to the Agulhas Negras road.Birded the upper part untill dusk.Stayed at a primitive hotel up the mountain.
July 28 Birded the Agulhas Negras Road untill noon.Drive to Angra dos Reis.Visited the Black-hooded Antwren site and continued to Ubatuba.
July 29  All morning at Folha Seca. Afternoon at Corcovado.
July 30  All day at Fazenda Angelim and Fazenda Capricornia.
July 31  Long drive from Ubatuba to São Roque de Minas, Canastra NP.
August 1   All day lower part of Canastra , including a visit to the gallery forest of Casca d’Anta.
August 2   All day upper part of Canastra, including a scrubby forest area before the real entrance of the park.
August 3   From 7.00 – 10.00 am. The first stretch of the upper part of Canastra NP. Long drive to São Paulo.
August 4   Flight from São Paulo to Cuiaba.Drive from Cuiaba to Fazenda Teresa near Pixaim in the Pantanal.
August 5      Morning in the scrub and gallery forest near Fazenda Teresa. Drive along the Tranpantaneira.Afternoon boat trip along the Pixaim River.
August 6   Early morning around the Jaguar Lodge and along the wide trail just south of the Lodge. Birding along the Tranpantaneira.Late afternoon boat trip.
August 7      All morning in the scrub and gallery forest near Fazenda Teresa. Afternoon birding along the Tranpantaneira.
August 8   Birding along the Tranpantaneira and drive to Cuiaba and to Chapada dos Guimaräes.Late afternoon visit to Véu de Noiva.
August 9   All morning along the Agua Fria Road , visit to Cidade de las Pedras. Afternoon short visit to gallery forest (Portão da Fe) and late afternoon again at Véu de Noiva.
August 10 All morning at gallery forest and afternoon at forest below Hotel Penhasco.
August 11    All morning at forest below Hotel Penhasco. Afternoon drive to Cuiaba and flight to São Paulo and on to Amsterdam via Paris.
August 12    Arrival at Amsterdam at 17.00 pm. Arrival Geldrop at 20.30 pm .


Taxonomy, sequence and nomenclature follow “Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the Worldby Sibley & Monroe.Sometimes recent  taxonomic changes are included.

Species with asterix and in bold capitals are endemic species of Brazil.

Greater Rhea (Rhea Americana)  
On 2-08 1 ex. Canastra.A total of 17 exx.Pantanal with one family group of 10 exx.on 8-08.

Solitary Tinamou ((Tinamu solitarius)  
Only once shortly heard at It.

Brown Tinamou(Tinamou obsoletus)  
A few  heard at It.On 27-07 2 exx.observed at Corcovado.Heard at Fazenda Angelim.

Undulated Tinamou (Crypturellus undulates)
Common Pantanal and Chapada.

Red-winged Tinamou (Rhynchotus rufescens)  
On 2-08 1 ex.observed at Canastra.

Spotted Nothura (Nothura maculosa)
Twice observed at Canastra.

Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax olivaceus)  
Common Pantanal.

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga) 

Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens)  
Seen twice along the coast near Ubatuba.

White-necked Heron (Ardea cocoi)
Regularly observed Pantanal.

Great Egret (Casmerodius alba)
Single birds at Canastra and common Pantanal

Snowy Egret (Egretta thula)
Common Pantanal.

Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea) 
Only 1 bird seen along the Pixaim River,Pantanal.

Striated Heron (Butorides striatus)  
Common Pantanal.

Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) 
Rather scarce.A few on transit.Also near Ubatuba.

Whistling Heron (Syrigma sibilatrix) 
Scarce Pantanal.A total of 8 birds seen; mostly pairs.

Capped Heron (Pilherodius pileatus) 
Scarce in the Pantanal.A total of 5 birds; mostly single birds.

Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) 
Common especially near bridges,Pantanal.

Rufescent Tiger-Heron (Tigrisoma lineatum)  
Common Pantanal.

Boat-billed Heron (Cochlearius cochlearius) 
During boat trips along the Pixaim River 8 and 3 exx.seen.

Plumbeous Ibis (Theresticus caerulescens)
Up to 10 exx.daily in the Pantanal.

Buff-necked Ibis (Theresticus caudatus)  
On 1-08 2 Canastra.Small numbers at the Pantanal.

Green Ibis (Mesembrinibis cayennensis)  
1-3 exx.daily at the Pantanal.

Bare-faced Ibis (Phimosus infuscatus)  
2-4 most days in the Pantanal.

White-faced Ibis (Plegadis chihi)  
On 5-08 1 ex.Pantanal.Migratory species.

Roseate Spoonbill ( Ajaia ajaja)  
Surprisingly scarce.Only 5 exx.seen in the Pantanal.

American Wood Stork (Mycteria americana)
Common Pantanal.

Maguari Stork (Ciconia maguari)
A total of 12 exx.seen in the Pantanal.Mostly pairs.

Jabiru (Jabiru mycteria) 
Common in the Pantanal.

Southern Screamer (Chauna torquata)
On 6-08 3 exx.just south of the Jaguar Lodge, Pantanal.

Brazilian Teal. (Amazonetta brasiliensis) 
On 8-08 8 exx.on a pool along the Transpantaneira , Pantanal.

* BRAZILIAN MERGANSER (Mergus octosetaceus) 
On 1-08 fantastic views of a pair preening on a rock in the São Fransico River (lower part) in Canastra N.P.

Muscovy Duck (Cairina moschata)
On 7-08 1 pair Pantanal.

King Vulture (Sarcoramphus papa) 
On 10-11 1 ex.Chapada de Guimaräes.(Véu de Nova)

Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture (Cathartes melambrotos)
On 6-08 1 ex.Pantanal.

Rufous-thighed Kite ((Harpagus diodon)
Twice a bird seen.One Itatiaia and one Agulhas Negras road.

Snail Kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis)
Common in the Pantanal.

White-tailed Hawk (Buteo albicaudatus) 
Single birds observed at Canastra.

Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris)

Mantled Hawk (Leucopternis polionota) 
On 29-07 1 ex.near Ubatuba.Folha Seca.

Black-collared Hawk (Busarellus nigricollis) 
Common Pantanal

Savanna Hawk (Buteogallus meridionalis)
On 27-07 1 ex.near Itatiaia. A few along entrance road to Canastra.
Common Pantanal.

Great Black Hawk (Buteogallus urubitinga) 
A few observed at the Pantanal.

Black Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus tyrannus)  
On 29-07 twice a bird observed at Folha Seca,Ubatuba.

Crane Hawk (Geranospiza caerulescens) 
Twice a bird observed in the Pantanal.

Laughing Falcon (Herpetotheres cachinnans)
On 8-08 2 the Pantanal.

Barred Forest-Falcon (Micrastur ruficollis)
On 27 and 28-07 excellent views along the Agulhas Negras Road.

Yellow-headed Caracara (Milvago chimachima)

Southern Crested Caracara (Polyborus plancus)
Common Canastra and the Pantanal.

Bat Falcon (Falco rufigularis) 
On 5-08 1 ex.near the Fazenda Tereza and on 6-08 1 pair near the Jaguar Lodge,
Pantanal.On 9-08 another ex.Transpantaneira.

Aplomado Falcon (Falco femoralis) 
On 2-08 2 exx.Canastra.

American Kestrel (Falco sparverius) 
Uncommon.Observed on transit, Canastra and Pantanal.

Chaco Chachalaca (Ortalis canicollis)  
Common Pantanal.

Dusky-legged Guan(Penelope obscura)  
Daily around hotel Simon, Itatiaia.

* CHESTNUT-BELLIED GUAN (Penelope ochrogaster)  
On 5-08 2 exx.during boat trip Pixaim River,Pantanal
On 6-08 6 exx.along the track,just south of the Jaguar Lodge.

Blue-throated Piping-Guan (Pipile pipile)
On 5-08 1 ex.during boat trip Pixaim River, Pantanal.
On 6-08 5 exx.along the track, just south of the Jaguar Lodge.

Red-throated Piping-Guan (Pipile cujubi)
On 6-08 at least 1 ex.positively identified with a red throat.

Bare-faced Curassow (Craz fasciolata)
On 6-08 some great views along the track, south of the Jaguar Lodge, Pantanal.
A total of 8 exx.observed.

Limpkin (Aramus guarauna)
Common Pantanal.

Grey-necked Wood-Rail (Aramides cajanea)  
Daily observed Pantanal.Up to 10 exx.

Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail (Aramides saragura) 
On 27-07 great views of 1 ex.near the marsh ,upper part of the Agulhas Negras Road.

Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
A few at marshy area, Canastra.

Sunbittern (Eurypyga helias)
A total of 4 exx.Pantanal.Astonishing good views.

Red-legged Seriema (Cariama cristata)  
Up to 8 exx.daily at Canastra.
Also on 9-08 4 exx.Cerrado near Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Wattled Jacana (Jacana jacana)  
Common Pantanal.On 31-07 1 ex.near Canastra.

Southern Lapwing (Vanellus chilensis)  

White-backed Stilt (Himantopus melanurus) 
Observed on 2 dates in the Pantanal.

Kelp Gull (Larus domincanus)
A few along the coast near Ubatuba.

Large-billed Tern (Phaetusa simplex)
Locally common in the Pantanal.

Black Skimmer (Rynchopsm nigra)
On 5-08 2 exx.along the Pixaim River, Pantanal.

Picazuro Pigeon (Columba picazuro) 
Observed Itatiaia, Canastra and Pantanal.

Pale-vented Pigeon (Columba cayennensis)  
Small numbers Canastra and common Pantanal.

Plumbeous Pigeon (Columba plumbea)
A total of 5 exx.Itatiaia and 2 exx.near Ubatuba.

Eared Dove (Zenaida auriculataq)  
A few only at Canastra.

Plain-breasted Ground-Dove (Columbina minuta)
Observed Pantanal.

Ruddy-Ground-Dove (Columbina talpacoti) 
On 2 dates 2 exx.Itatiaia.Daily observed at Canastra.Small numbers Pantanal.

Picui Ground-Dove (Columbina picui)  
On 5-08 10 exx.,on 7-08 12 exx.and on 8-08 5 exx.Pantanal.

Blue Ground-Dove.(Claravis )  
On 10-08 1 pair on the track , Portão da Fe.

Long-tailed Ground-Dove (Uropelia campestris)
On 4 dates a total of 22 exx.observed in the Pantanal.
On 7-08 a group of 10 exx.Locally common.

Scaled Dove (Scardafella squammata) 
Observed Canastra and the Pantanal.

White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi) 
Small numbers Canastra and common Pantanal.

Grey-fronted Dove ( Leptotila rufaxilla) 
On 1-08 2 exx.lower part of Canastra.

Blue & Yellow Macaw (Ara ararauna) 
On 5-08 4 exx.near Pixaim, Pantanal.

Red & Green Macaw (Ara chloroptera) 
Daily up to 10 exx.seen around Chapada de Guimares.

Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)
On 3 dates in the Pantanal 7, 2 and 6 birds seen.
Excellent and close views near the Jaguar Lodge.Though this bird is practically garanteed along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal, one of the highlights of the trip.  

Golden-collared Macaw (Propyrrhura auricollis)
Scarce.On 2 dates 3 and 10 exx.observed in the Pantanal.

Blue-winged Macaw (Propyrrhura maracana) 
On 8-08 excellent views of 2 the waterfall of Véu de Noiva.
The birds flew in just before dusk.

White-eyed Parakeet ( Aratinga leucopthalmus)
6 Itatiaia.Common Canastra and Chapada de Guimaräes Area.

* GOLDEN-CAPPED PARAKEET ( Aratinga auricapilla)
On 2-08 2 exx.near São Roque de Minas.

Peach-fronted Parakeet ( Aratinga aurea) 
Twice a small group of 5 exx.on 2 dates seen at Canastra.
A few small groups in the Pantanal.

Black-hooded Parakeet (Nandayus nenday) or Nanday Parakeet. 
On 5-08 excellent and close views of a perched group (12 exx.) near Pixaim.
On 7 and 8-08 1 and 2 exx.along the Transpantaneira.

Monk Parakeet ( Myiopsitta monachus) 
Daily observed and locally common in the Pantanal.

Reddish-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura frontalis)
Daily and commonly seen Itatiaia.

Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius)
On 29-07 10 exx.near Ubatuba.On 1-08 3 exx. Canastra

* PLAIN PARAKEET ( Brotogeris tirica)     
On 30-07 common at Fazenda Angelim.

Yellow-chevroned Parakeet ( Brotogeris chiriri) 
Common in the Pantanal.

Pileated Parrot (Pionites pileata) or Red-capped Parrot
On 27-07 3 exx.Itatiaia.On 30-07 5 exx.Fazenda Angelim.

Blue-headed Parrot ( Pionus menstruus) 
Daily and regularly (20+) at Chapada de Guimaräes.

Scaly-headed Parrot ( Pionus maximiliani)
Up to 10 exx.daily at Itatiaia.Common around Ubatuba.
On 7-08 2 exx.Pantanal.

Orange-winged Parrot (Amazona amazonica)
On 6-08 good views of a perched bird along the track just south of the Jaguar Lodge,

Blue (Turquoise)-fronted Parrot ( Amazona aestiva)  
10+ daily in the Pantanal.

Striped Cuckoo ( Tapera naevia)  
On 28-07 1 ex.near Pereque.On 2-08 1 ex,Canastra.

Squirrel Cuckoo ( Piaya cayana)  
Single birds seen Fazenda Angelim , Canastra and a total of 13 exx.on 6 dates in the
Pantanal and Chapada de Guimaräes.

Smooth-billed Ani  ( Crotophaga ani)
Common Pantanal.Also observed near Ubatuba and on transit..

Greater Ani ( Crotophaga major)
A few observed Pantanal.

Guira Cuckoo ( Guira guira)  
A few observed Canastra and up to 10 exx.daily in the Pantanal.

Tawny-browed Owl ( Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana) 
On 25-07 1 pair spotlighted near hotel Simon, Itatiaia.

Great Horned Owl ( Bubo virgianus) 
On 7-08 1 ex.spotlighted near Fazenda Teresa, Pantanal.

Burrowing Owl ( Athene cunicularia) 
Twice a bird near Ubatuba and also twice 1 ex.Pantanal.

Band-tailed Nighthawk (Nyctiprogne leucopyga)
Common at dusk along the Pixaim river.

Nacunda Nighthawk (Podager nacunda) 
A roost of 3-6 Fazenda Teresa.

Pauraque ( Nyctidromus albicollis)  
1 ex.heard and briefly seen on 5-08 Fazenda Teresa.

White-collared Swift (Streptoprocne collaris)
 A few flocks near Ubatuba.On 1-08 3 exx.Canastra.
Small numbers seen near Chapada de Guimaräes.

Biscutate Swift ( Streptoprocne biscutata)  
Up to 20 dusk at the waterfall of Véu de Noiva,Chapada de Guimaräes.

Sooty Swift (Cypseloides fumigatus)
On 30-07 2 exx.near Ubatuba.

Gray-rumped Swift ( Chaetura cineiventris)  
Small numbers daily at Itatiaia.

Sick’s (Ashy-tailed) Swift (Chaetura Andrei)
On 29-07 5 exx.Itatiaia near Hotel Simon.

* SAW-BILLED HERMIT ( Ramphodon naevius)  
On 29-07 1 ex.Folha Seca, Ubatuba.
On 30-07 3 exx.Fazenda Angelim and 1 ex.Fazenda Capricornio.

Scaly-throated Hermit ( Phaethornis eurynome) 
Twice a single bird at Itatiaia, Tres Picos and Maromba Trail.

Dusky-throated Hermit (Phaethornis squalidus)
A total of 4 birds on 4 dates at Itatiaia.Maromba Trail.

Planalto Hermit ( Phaethornis pretrei)  
On 26-07 1 ex.on the feeders of Hotel Do Ype, Itatiaia.
On 1-08 2/3 the feeders of hotel Chapadão, São Roque de Minas, Canastra.

Buff-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis subochraceous)
On 7-08 1 ex.near Fazenda Teresa, Pantanal.

Cinnamon-throated Hermit (Phaethornis nattereri) 
On 10-08 2 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes,hotel Penhasco.

Reddish Hermit ( Phaethornis rubber) 
On 29-07 4 exx.Folha Seca, Ubatuba.
On 10-08 1 ex.near Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Black Jacobin ( Melanotrochilus fuscus)  
Daily up to 5 exx.Itatiaia.

White-vented Violetear ( Colibri serrirostris)  
On 2-08 3 exx.( 2 males) Curral de Pedras, Canastra.

Swallow-tailed Hummingbird (Eupetomera macroura)
A total of 3 exx.Itatiaia.2 exx. Fazenda Caprocornia.

(Black-breasted) Plovercrest ( Stephanoxis lalandi)
On 28-07 3 exx.including 2 splendid males along the Algulhas Negras Road.

* FRILLED COQUETTE (Lophornis magnifica)
On 27-07 1 female at the feeders of the shop, Itatiaia.

Festive Coquette (Lophornis chalybea)
On 30-07 3 exx.(1 male) at the feeders of Fazenda Capricornia.

Glittering-bellied Emerald ( Chlorostibon aureoventris)
A total of 3 exx.Itatiaia. 2 exx.Ubatuba area.
On 4-08 1 ex.Pixaim.On 10-08 1 ex.Chapada.

Fork-tailed  Woodnymph (Thalurania furcata)
On 5-08 1 ex.Pixaim and 3 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Violet-capped Woodnymph ( Thalurania glaucopsis)  
Up to 5 exx.daily at Itatiaia.
A total of 6 exx.Ubatuba area.
4 exx.on the feeders of hotel Chapad  ão, São Roque de Minas, Canastra..

White-throated Hummingbird ( Leucochloris albicollis)
Daily up to 3 exx.Itatiaia.

White-tailed Goldenthroat ( Polytmus guainumbi)
On 1-08 1 ex.lower part of Canastra.

* SOMBRE HUMMINGBIRD ( Aphantochroa cirrhochloris)
On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Capricornia.

* BRAZILIAN RUBY ( clytolaema rubricauda)
Up to 4 exx.daily at the feeders of Itatiaia.
On 30-07 2 exx.Fazenda Capricornia.

Versicolored Emerald ( Amazalia versicolor)
2 single birds at Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Glittering-throated Emerald ( Amazalia fimbriata)
On 26-07 2 exx.Itatiaia.

* STRIPE-BREASTED STARTHROAT ( Heliomaster squamosus)
On 2-08 a superb male on the feeders of hotel Chapadão, São Roque de Minas, Canastra.

Blue-tufted Starthroat ( Heliomaster furcifer)
On 9 and 10-11 up to 3 exx. Including a fine male along the Agua Fria Road, Chapada dos

Brazilian Trogon (Trogon surrucura) 
A total of 3 exx.seen at Itatiaia.More heard.
Also 3 exx.Ubatuba area.Heard at Serra de Canastra.

White-tailed Trogon  (Trogon viridis)
2 single birds at Itatiaia.

Blue-crowned Trogon (Trogon curucui)
2 single birds Pantanal and 3 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes

Ringed Kingfisher ( Ceryle torquata)
Common Pantanal On 30-07 2 exx.Ubatuba area.

Amazon Kingfisher (Chloroceryle amazona) 
Common Pantanal.

Green Kingfisher ( Chloroceryle americana)
Small numbers Pantanal On 28-07 1 ex.near Pereque.

Green & Rufous Kingfisher ( Chloroceryle inda)
Twice seen Pantanal.

Blue-crowned Motmot ( Momotus momota) 
Twice seen Pantanal and 4 exx.near Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Brown Jacamar (Brachygalba lugubris)
On 9-08 1 ex.small waterfall, Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Rufous-tailed Jacamar ( Galbula ruficauda) 
On 29-07 1 ex.Ubatuba.
On 1-08 2 exx.lower part of Canastra.
Single birds Pantanal,  on 7-08 10+ near Fazenda Teresa..

White-eared Puffbird ( Nystalus chacuru)  
On 2 and 3-08 2 and 3 exx.upper part of Canastra.
On 9-08 2 exx.Agua Fria Road,Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Black-fronted Nunbird ( Monasa nigrifrons) 
A total of 5 exx.Gallery Forest, Pixaim.
On 9-08 5 exx.Portão da Fe, Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Chestnut-eared Aracari ( Pteroglossus castanotis)
Daily small numbers near Pixaim.On 6-08 20 +.

Saffron Toucanet ( Baillonius bailloni) 
Up to 10 exx.daily at Itatiaia.

Red-breasted Toucan ( Ramphastos dicolorus)
On 26-07 10 and 27-08 4 exx.Itatiaia.

Yellow-ridged Toucan ( Ramphastos culminates)
On 10-08 1 ex.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Toco Toucan ( Ramphastos toco) 
A total of 16 exx.on 2 dates Canastra.
Small numbers daily in the Pantanal.

White-barred Piculet ( Picumnus cirratus) 
A total of 3 exx.Itatiaia.
On 29-07 3 exx. Folha Seca, Ubatuba.

Ochre-collared Piculet ( Picumnus temmickii)
On 28-07 1 ex.near Pereque.

White-edged Piculet ( Picumnus albosquamatus)  
On 7-08 2 exx.near Pixaim.On 10-08 1 ex.Chapada.

Campo Flicker ( Colaptes campestris)  
Common Canastra.A few Pantanal.

Green-barred Woodpecker ( Colaptesw melanochloris)
On 5-08 1 ex.near Pixaim.

Blond-crested Woodpecker ( Celeus flavescens)
On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

Pale-crested Woodpecker ( Celeus lugubris)
On 5-08 1 ex.near Pixaim.

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker ( Melanerpes cruentatus)  
On 10-08 5 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Yellow-fronted Woodpecker ( Melanerpes flavifrons) 
A total of 5 exx.observed around hotel Simon and Do Ype,Itatiaia.

White Woodpecker ( Melanerpes candidus)  
On 1-08 1 ex,in flight, Canastra.
On 9-08 1 ex.Véu de Noiva waterfall, Chapada.

White-spotted Woodpecker ( Venilornis spilogaster)  
On 25-07 2 exx.Itatiaia.

Little Woodpecker ( Veniliornis passerinus)  
Daily 1-2 exx.around Pixaim.

Lineated Woodpecker ( Dryocopus lineatus)
On 6-08 1 ex.near the Jaguar Lodge.

Crimson-crested Woodpecker ( Campephilus melanoleucos) 
On 5-08 1 ex.near Pixaim.

Red-necked Woodpecker ( Campephilus rubricollis)  
On 10-08 1 pair Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Robust Woodpecker ( Campephilus robustus) 
On 27-07 1 ex.Hotel do Ype, Itatiaia.

Thrush-like Woodcreeper ( Dendrocincla turdina)
On 26-07 1 ex.Maromba Trail, Itatiaia.
On 29-07 1 ex.Folha Seca.

Olivaceous Woodcreeper ( Sittasomus griseicapillus) 
Rather common Itatiaia.
On 29-07 1 ex.Corcovado.

White-throated Woodcreeper ( Xiphocolaptes albicollis)
A total of 3 exx.Itatiaia.

Great Rufous Woodcreeper ( Xiphocolaptes major)
On 7-08 1 the gallery forest near Fazenda Tereza, Pixaim.

Black-billed Scythebill ( Campylorhamphus falcularius)
On 26 and 27-07 superb views along the Maromba Trail, Itatiaia.

Red-billed Scythebill ( Campylorhamphus trochilirostris)
On 6-08 1 pair along the track, south of the Jaguar Lodge, Pantanal.

Planalto Woodcreeper ( Dendrocolaptes platyrostris) 
A total of 5 exx.on 3 dates Itatiaia.
On 7-08 2 exx.Pixaim,Pantanal.
On 10-08 2 exx.Portão da Fe,Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Straight-billed Woodcreeper ( Xiphorhynchus picus)  
On 7-08 1 ex.Pixaim area.

Narrow-billed Woodcreeper ( Lepidocolaptes angustirostris) 
A total of 3 exx.on 2 dates, Pantanal.

Scaloped Woodcreeper ( Lepidocolaptes falcinellus)  
On 27-07 1 ex.Itatiaia.
On 29-07 2 exx.Fazenda Angelim.

Rufous Hornero ( Furnarius rufus)  
A few on transit and common Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Pale-legged Hornero ( Furnarius leucopus)
Up to 10 exx.along the Pixaim River during boat trips

Araucaria Tit-Spinetail ( Leptasthenura setaria) 
In the early morning of  28-07 2 the Araucaria trees at the edge of the marsh, upper
part of the Agulhas Negras Road.Nothing in the afternoon of 27-07.

* ITATIAIA SPINETAIL ( Schizoeaca moreirae)
Rather common around the marsh, upper part of the Agulhas Negras Road, Itatiaia.

Yellow-throated Spinetail ( Certhiaxis cinnamomea).  
On 29-07 2 exx.Corcovado.Common Pantanal.

Chotoy Spinetail ( Schoeniophylax phryganophila)
On 5-08 excellent views at a nest site near Fazenda Teresa, Pantanal.

Rufous-capped Spinetail ( Synallaxis ruficapilla)
On 27-07 3 exx.Agulhas Negras Road, Itatiaia.

Chicli Spinetail (Synallaxis spixi)  
On 26-07 1 ex.Itatiaia.
On 29-07 1 ex.Folha Seca.

Pale-breasted Spinetail ( Synallaxis albescens)
A total of 4 exx.on 2 dates, Canastra.

White-lored Spinetail ( Synallaxis albilora)
Up to 4 exx.daily gallery forest near Fazenda Teresa and track, south of the Jaguar Lodge.

Rufous-fronted Thornbird ( Phacellodomus rufufrons)  
Up to 4 exx.daily in the Pantanal.

Greater Thornbird ( Phacellodomus ruber)
See previous species.

Gray-crested Cacholote ( Pseudooeisura unirufa)
A total of 7 exx.on 2 dates near Fazenda Teresa.

Ochre-breasted Foliage-Gleaner ( Philydor lichtensteini) 
On 29-07 1 ex.Folha Seca.

Buff-fronted Foliage-Gleaner (Philydor rufus) 
A total of 4 exx. on 3 dates Itatiaia.

A total of 4 exx. on 2 dates Itatiaia.

Buff-browed Foliage-Gleaner ( Syndactyla rufosuperciliata)  
On 29-07 1 ex.Folha Seca.

Streaked Xenops ( Xenops rutilans)
3 exx.on 2 dates, Itatiaia.
On 29-07 2 exx.Folha Seca.
On 1-08 2 exx. lower part, Canastra.

Great Antshrike ( Taraba major) 
A total of 3 exx.near Pixaim, Pantanal.

Plain Xenops ( Xenops minutes) 
On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper ( Lochmias nematura)  
Single birds seen upper part, Canastra.

Tufted Antshrike ( Mackenziana severa) 
On 29-07 excellent views of a male Folha Seca.Another bird heard also.

Barred Antshrike ( Thamnophilus doliatus)  
2-3 exx.daily Pantanal.

Planalto Slaty AntShrike ( Thamnophilus pelzelni)
On 6-08 1 pair Pixaim, Pantanal
On 10-08 3 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Variable Antshrike (Thamnophilus caerulescens)  
On 27 and 28-07 2 exx.Itatiaia.Agulhas Negras Road.

Rufous-winged Antshrike ( Thamnophilus torquatus) 
On 2-08 2 exx.just before the entrance of Canastra N.P.
On 10-08 2 forest, Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Spot-breasted Antvireo ( Dysithamnus stictothorax)
On 29-07 1 ex.Maromba Trail, Itatiaia.

Plain Antvireo ( Dysithamnus mentalis)
On 6-08 1 pair near the Jaguar Lodge,Pantanal.

Rusty-backed Antwren ( Formicivora rufa)  
On 5-07 2 exx.near Pixaim, Pantanal
On 9 and 10-08 4-6 exx. Agua Fria road, Chapada.

White-shouldered Fire-eye ( Pyriglema leucoptera) 
Common Itatiaia and 4 exx.Folha Seca,Ubatuba

* UNICOLOURED ANTWREN ( Myrmotherula unicolor)
On 29-07 1 pair at Folha Seca.

* FERRUGINOUS ANTBIRD ( Drymophila ferruginea)
Rather common Folha Seca, Ubatuba.

Bertoni’s Antbird (Drymophila rubricollis) 
Regularly seen along the Maromba Trail, Itatiaia.

* RUFOUS-TAILED ANTBIRD ( Drymophila genei)
On 28-07 2 exx. Agulhas Negras Road.

* OCHRE-RUMPED ANTBIRD ( Drymophila ochropyga)  
On 26-07 2 exx.along the Maromba Trail, Itatiaia.

* SCALED ANTBIRD ( Drymophila squamatus) 
On 29-07 3 exx.Folha Seca.
On 30-07 2 exx.Fazenda Angelim.

Rufous-winged Antwren ( Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus)
On 30-07 1 ex. Fazenda Angelim.

Large-billed Antwren ( Herpsilochmus longirostris) 
On 7-08 5 exx.Pixaim.
On 10-08 4 exx.Portao de Fe.

* RIO DE JANEIRO ANTBIRD ( Cercomacra brasiliana)  
On 26-07 1 pair along the Tres Picos Trail.

Mato Grosso Antbird ( Cercomacra melanaria) 
On 5-08 1 pair near Pixaim.Heard on 7-08.

Band-tailed antbird ( Hypocnemoides maculicauda) 
On 5-08 1 pair along the Pixaim River.

* SQUAMATE ANTBIRD( Myrmeciza squamosa) 
On 30-07 2 exx.Fazenda Angelim.

* SUCH’S ANTTHRUSH ( Chamaeza meruloides) 
Regularly heard along the Maroma Trail, Itatiaia.On 26-07 1 ex.briefly seen.

Rufous Gnateater ( Conopophaga lineate) 
On 26-07 1 ex.along the Maromba Trail and on 28-07 1 ex.along the Agulhas Negras Road.

Collared Crescentchest ( Melanopareia torquata)
On 9 and 10-08 regularly heard along the Agua Fria Road.
On 10-08 excellent views of a taped in bird.

Spotted Bamboo-Wren (Psylorhamphus guttatus) 
On 29-07 1 ex.seen at Folha Seca after playback.

* SLATY BRISTLEFRONT ( Merulaxis ater)
On 29-07 excellent views( a few meters) of 1 Folha Seca. 2 more birds were heard.

Mouse-colored Tapaculo ( Scytalopus speluncae)  
On 28-07 twice heard but not seen along the Agulhas Negras Road.

* BRASILIA TAPACULO( scytalopus novacapitalis)
On 2 and 3-08 2-3 exx.heard at Canastra.Despite a lot of effort we never obtained views of a
bird.Rather frustrating.

* BUFF-THROATED PURPLETUFT ( Iodopleura pipra)  
On 30-07 4 exx.Fazenda Angelim.We scoped the birds on dead branches just behind the last house of the clearing.One of the birds was a fine male.

Green-backed Becard ( Pachyramphus viridis)  
On 5-07 4 exx.near Pixaim, Pantanal.

Chestnut-crowned Becard ( Pachyramphus castaneus)  
A total of 5 exx.on 2 dates, Itatiaia.
Single birds seen at Folha Seca and Corcovado.

White-winged Becard ( Pachyramphus polychopterus)  
On 5 and 6-07 2-3 exx.Pixaim.

Crested Becard ( Pachyramphus validus)  
On 10-08 1 pair at Portão da Fe, Chapada.

Masked Tityra ( Tityra semifasciata)
On 10-08 3 exx.Portão da Fe, Chapada.

Bare-throated Bellbird ( Procnias nudicollis)
Commonly heard and seen at Folha Seca and Fazenda Angelim.Only 1 adult bird seen.

Black-capped Piprites ( Piprites pileatus)
On 26-07 1 pair along the Maromba Trail, Itatiaia.On 28-07 1 male Agulhas Negras Road.

Helmeted Manakin ( Antilophia galeata)
On 1-08 1 male Waterfall area, Canastra.On 7-08 1 female near Fazenda Teresa.
Up to 3 exx.seen below Hotel Penhasco, Chapada dos Guimaräes on 10 and 11-08.

* PIN-TAILED MANAKIN ( Ilicura militaris)  
On 1-08 1 male Waterfall area, lower part of Canastra.On 26-07 1 female, Tres Picos Trail.

Swallow-tailed Manakin ( Chiroxiphia caudate) 
Common along the Tres Picos and Maromba Trail, Itatiaia NP.
On 29-07 3 exx.Folha Seca and 1 Corcovado. 

Greenish Manakin ( schiffornis virescens) Also: Greenish Mourner/Schiffornis.
On 25 and 27-07 1 ex.Tres Picos Trail, Itatiaia.

* SERRO DO MAR TYRANT-MANAKIN( Neopelma chrysolophum)   
On 28-07 seen twice along the Agulhas Negras Road, Itatiaia.
Split from Wied’s Tyrant-Manakin.

Gray Monjita ( Xolmis cinerea)  
On 9-08 3 exx.along the Agua Fria Road, Chapada dos Guimaräes.

White-rumped Monjita ( Xolmis velata)  
Common Pantanal and Canastra.

Long-tailed Tyrant ( Colonia colonus)  
Single birds seen at Itatiaia and Ubatuba area.

Streamer-tailed Tyrant ( Gubernetes yetapa)
On 1-08 3 marshy area, lower part of Canastra.

Cock-tailed Tyrant ( Alectrurus tricolour)  
Only 1 ex.seen on 2-08 upper part of Canastra.

Black-backed Water-Tyrant ( Fluvicola albiventer)
Single birds seen Pantanal.

Masked Water-Tyrant ( Fluvicola nengeata)  
On 25-07 3 exx.village of Itatiaia.

White-headed Marsh-Tyrant ( Arundinicola leucocephala) 
1 ex.near Ubatuba.Single birds seen Pantanal.

Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant ( Muscipipra vetula)
On 28-07 2 exx.along the Agulhas Negras Road.

Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus rubinus)  
Small numbers Pantanal.

Crested Black Tyrant ( Knipolegus lophotes)  
Daily a few observed Canastra.

* VELVETY BLACK TYRANT ( Knipolegus nigerrimus)  
Daily observed at Itatiaia.

Blue-billed Black Tyrant ( Knipolegus cyanirostris) 
Twice observed Agulhas Negras Road.

Cattle Tyrant ( Machetornis rixosus) 
A few observed Pantanal.

Sirystes ( Sirystes sibilator)  
Twice a single bird near hotel Simon,Itatiaia.

Tropical Kingbird ( Tyrannus melancholicus)
Common Pantanal.

White-throated Kingbird ( Tyrannus albogularis)
Twice a bird near Pixaim.

Streaked Flycatcher ( Myiodinastes maculates)  
A single bird Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Boat-billed Flycatcher ( Megarhynchus pitangua)  
Commonly observed.

Rusty-margined Flycatcher ( Myiozetetes cayanensis)
A few only observed Pantanal.

Social Flycatcher ( Myiozetetes similes)
Commonly observed.

Great Kiskadee ( Pitangus sulphuratus) 
Commonly observed.

Lesser Kiskadee ( philohydor lector)
Observed Pantanal.

* GRAY-HOODED ATTILA ( Attila rufus) 
Single birds seen at Folha Seca and Fazenda Capricornia, Ubatuba.

Rufous Casiornis ( Casiornis rufa)  
Single birds seen near Pixaim and on 10-08 1 ex.near Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Euler’s Flycatcher (Lathrotriccus euleri) 
On 10 and 11-08 1 ex.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Fuscous Flycatcher ( Cnemotriccus fuscatus)
On 5-08 3 exx.Pixaim.On 6-08 2 exx.near the Jaguar Lodge,Pantanal.

Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher ( Myiobius barbatus)  
On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

Black-tailed Flycatcher ( Myiobius africaudus)
On 25-07 1 ex.Tres Picos Trail, Itatiaia.

Bran-colored Flycatcher ( Myiophobus fasciatus)  
Daily a few near hotel Simon, Itatiaia.

Swallow Flycatcher ( Hirundinea  bellicosa ) 
Daily 1 ex.near hotel Simon, Itatiaia.On 1-08 1 ex.lower part of Canastra.
On 10 and 11-08 2 exx.waterfall and hotel at Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Short-crested Flycatcher ( Myiarchus ferox) 
A single bird at Canastra.

Brown-crested Flycatcher ( Myiarchus tyrannulus)
Twice seen at Canastra.Daily a few near Pixaim, Pantanal.

Tropical Pewee ( Contopus cinereus) 
A few at Itatiaia and Folha Seca.

White-throated Spadebill ( Platyrinchus mystaceus)
A total of 4 exx.on 2 dates, Itatiaia.
On 1-08 1 ex.lower part of Canastra,Waterfall area.

Yellow-olive Flycatcher ( Tolmomyias sulphurescens) 
A single bird only at Itatiaia.

Large-headed Flatbill ( Ramphotrigon megacephala)  
On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

Eared Pygmy-Tyrant ( Myiornis auricularis) 
A total of 11 exx.on 3 dates Itatiaia.1 ex.Folha Seca and 3 exx.Fazenda Angelim.

* YELLOW-LORED TODY-FLYCATCHER ( Todirostrum poliocephalum)  
On 30-07 5 exx.Fazenda Angelim.

Common Tody-Flycatcher ( Todirostrum cinereum) 
On 5-08 2 exx.Pixaim.

Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher ( Todirostrum latirostre)
On 7-08 excellent views of this skulker near Fazenda Teresa,Pixaim.

Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant ( Hemitriccus striaticollis)  
On 7-08 1 ex.near Fazenda Teresa, Pixaim.

* HANGNEST TODY-TYRANT ( Hemitriccus nidipendulus)  
On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant ( Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer) 
Single birds seen near Fazenda Teresa and the Jaguar Lodge, Pantanal.

Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant ( Hemitriccus diops)  
Heard twice along the Maromba Trail,Itatiaia.

Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant ( Euscarthmus meloryphus)
On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

Sharp-tailed Tyrant ( Culivora caudacuta) 
On 2-08 4 exx.upper part of Canastra.

Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet ( Phylloscartes ventralis)
1 ex. seen at Itatiaia and 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

* OUSTALET’S TYRANNULET ( Phylloscartes oustaleti)
On 29-07 2 exx.identified at Folha Seca.

* SERRA DO MAR TYRANNULET ( Phylloscartes difficilis)
On 27-07 1 ex.Agulhas Negras Road.On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim?

Sao Paulo Tyrannulet ( Phylloscartes paulistes)  
On 29-07 1 ex.Folha Seca.

Yellow Tyrannulet (Phylloscartes flaveolus)  
On 28-07 1 ex.near Pereque.

* GRAY-BACKED TACHURI ( Polystictus superciliarus) 
On 2-08 1 ex.upper part of Canastra.

White-crested Tyrannulet ( Serpophaga subcristata)  
On 7-08 up to 10 near Fazenda Teresa,Pixaim.

Sooty Tyrannulet ( Serpophaga nigricans) 
On 28-07 3 marsh, upper part of the Agulhas Negras road.On 2-08 1 ex.Canastra.

Yellow-bellied Elaenia (Elaenia flaveolus)  
A few daily at Canastra.A single bird at Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Small-billed Elaenia ( Elaenia parvirostris)
On 9 and 10-08 1-2 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Plain-crested Elaenia ( Elaenia cristata) 
On 3-08 1 ex.upper part of Canastra.
On 9-08 2 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Highland Elaenia (Elaenia obscura) 
On 2-08 2 exx.along the Rio São Fransisco, upper part of Canastra.

White-crested Elaenia ( Elaenia albiceps)  
On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.
On 9-08 3-4 3 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Plain Tyrannulet ( Inezia inornata)  
On 6-08 1 ex.near Jaguar Lodge and on 7-08 2 exx.near Pixaim.

Forest Elaenia ( Myiopagis gaimardii)  
On 10-08 1 ex.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Gray Elaenia ( Myiopagis caniceps) 
On 27-07 1 ex.Itatiaia.

Chapada Flycatcher ( Suiriri islerorum)
On 8 and 9-08 up to 7 exx.along the Agua Fria Road, Chapada dos Guimaräes.
Recent split from Campo Flycatcher.

Southern Scrub-Flycatcher ( Sublegatus modestus)  
On 8-08 1 ex.along the Transpantaneira.

Southern Bearless Tyrannulet ( Camptostoma obsoletum) 
A total of 8 exx.on 3 dates in the Pantanal.
On 5-08 5-6 exx.near Fazenda Teresa,Pixaim.

Mouse-colored Tyrannulet ( phaeomyias murina)
On 5-08 2 exx.near Pixaim.

Greenish Tyrannulet ( Phyllomyias virescens) 
On 27-07 1 ex.Agulhas Negras Road..

Planalto Tyrannulet ( Phyllomyias fasciatus) 
On 27-07 1 ex.Tres Picos Trail, Itatiaia.

Rough-legged Tyrannulet ( Phyllomyias burmeisteri) 
On 27-07 seen twice Maromba Trail,Itatiaia.

* GRAY-CAPPED TYRANNULET ( Phyllomyias griseocapilla)
On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

Sepia-capped Flycatcher ( Leptopogon amaurocephalus)
A total of 4 exx.on 2 dates, Itatiaia.On 1-08 1 ex.lower part of Canastra.
On 7-08 1 ex.near Pixaim.On 11-08 1 ex.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

* GRAY-HOODED FLYCATCHER ( Mionectes rufiventris)
On 25-07 2 and on 26-07 1 ex.Itatiaia

Southern Antpipit ( Corythops delalandi)
On 10-08 excellent and close views of a taped in bird at Portão da Fe, Chapada
Dos Guimaräes.

White-winged Swallow ( Tachycineta albiventer)
Common Pantanal.

White-rumped Swallow ( Tachycineta leucorrhoa) 
Up to 10 exx.upper part of Canastra.

Brown-chested Martin ( Phaeoprogne tapera)
Observed Canastra and a few on 8-08 Pantanal.

Gray-breasted Martin ( Progne chalybea) 
Observed Itatiaia, Ubatuba and Pantanal..

Blue & White Swallow ( Notiochelidon cyanoleuca) 
Observed Itatiaia, Ubatuba, Canastra  and Pantanal.

White-tighed Swallow (Neochelidon tibialis)  
On 30-07 a few at Fazenda Capricornia.

Tawny-headed Swallow ( Alopochelidon fucata) 
On 3-08 4 exx.upper part of Canastra.

Rough-winged Swallow ( Stelgydopteryx ruficollis)
Observed throughout.

Purplish Jay ( Cyanocorax cyanomelas)  
Common Pantanal and Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Curl-crested Jay ( Cyanocorax cristatellus)  
On 2-08 5 exx.Canastra.Daily a few observed Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Black-capped Donacobius ( Donacobius atricapillus) 
Common Pantanal.

Thrush-like Wren ( Campylorhynchus turdinus) 
Common pantanal and a few near Chapada.

Buff-breasted Wren ( Thryothorus leucotis)  
Locally common Pantanal.On 10-08 2 exx.Chapada.

Fawn-breasted Wren ( Thryothorus guarayanus)
On 6-08 5 exx.along track,south of the Jaguar Lodge, Pantanal.

House Wren ( Troglodytes aedon)

Chalk-browed Mockingbird ( Mimus saturninus)

Yellow-legged Thrush ( Platycichla flavipes) 
Common Itatiaia.On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

Rufous-bellied Thrush ( Turdus rufuventris) 
Commonly observed at Itatiaia,Canastra,Ubatuba, Pantanal and Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Pale-breasted Thrush ( Turdus leucomelas)  
Small numbers Itatiaia.Daily Canastra.

Creamy-bellied Thrush ( Turdus amaurochalinus) 
Common Pantanal.

White-necked Thrush ( Turdus albicollis)
On 29-07 4 exx.Folha Seca.On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

Masked Gnatcatcher ( Polioptila dumicola) 
Up to 10 exx.daily Pantanal.

Rufous-browed Peppershrike ( Cyclarhis gujanensis) 
On 28-07 2 exx.Agulhas Negras Road.On 29-07 1 ex.Corcovado.
On 7-08 1 ex.Pixaim.On 10-08 2 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Chivi Vireo ( Vireo chivi)
On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.On 10-08 1 ex.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Rufous-crowned Greenlet ( Hylophilus poicilotis)
On 27-07 4 exx.lower part Agulhas Negras Road.

Ashy-headed Greenlet ( Hylophilus pectoralis)
On 5 and 7-08 2-6 exx.near Fazenda Teresa.

Yellowish Pipit ( Anthus lutescens)
On 4-08 3 exx.Tranpantaneira.

Ochre-breasted Pipit ( Anthus nattereri) 
On 2-08 we flushed 2 birds upper part of Canastra.1 bird flushed several times and observed
well.On 3-08 1 displaying/singing bird Canastra.

Shiny Cowbird ( Molothrus bonariensis)  
Common Pantanal.On 2-08 10+ Canastra.

Bay-winged Cowbird ( Molothrus badius)
Locally common Pantanal.

Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) 
On 6 and 7-08 a few near Fazenda Teresa.

Crested Oropendola ( psarocolius decumanus)
A few Folha Seca and Fazenda Angelim.On 1-08 3 forest, Canastra.
Common Pantanal and a few Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Yellow-rumped Cacique ( Cacicus cela)
On 10-08 2 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Red-rumped Cacique ( Cacicus haemorrhous) 
Common Itatiaia and Fazenda Angelim

Golden-winged Cacique ( Cacicus chrysopterus) 
A few birds present around Hotel Simon, Itatiaia.

Solitary Black Cacique ( Cacicus solitarius) 
Singles and pairs Pantanal.

Chopi Blackbird ( Gnorimopsar chopi) 
A few lower part of Canastra.Common Pantanal.

Chestnut-capped Blackbird ( Agelais ruficapillus) 
On 25-07 3 small marsh, Itatiaia.

Unicolored Blackbird ( Agelaius cyanopus)
On 6-08 2 exx.near Pixaim.

Scarlet-headed Blackbird ( Amblyrhamphus holosericeus)  
On 6-08 3 exx.and 8-07 2 exx.Tranpantaneira.

Epaulet Oriole ( Icterius cayanensis)
A total of 23 exx.on 5 dates along the Tranpantaneira.

Orange-backed Troupial ( Icterus croconotus) 
On 5 and 6-07 1 and 2 exx.along the Transpantaneira.

Yellow-rumped Marshbird ( Pseudoleistes guirahuro) 
On 1-08 10+ lower part of Canastra.

Tropical Parula ( Parula pitiayumi)  
On 5-07 2 exx.Pixaim.

Flavescent Warbler ( Basileuterus flaveolus)
On 7-08 forest, Pixaim.On 10 and 11-08 1 forest, Chapada.

Golden-crowned Warbler ( Basileuterus culicivorus)
On 29-07 4 exx.Folha Seca.

White-bellied Warbler ( Basileuterus hypoleucus)
On 10-08 2 forest, Chapada dos Guimaräes.

* WHITE-STRIPED WARBLER ( Basileuterus leucophrys) 
On 1-08 2 exx.and 2-08 1 ex.Canastra,

White-rimmed Warbler ( Basileuterus leucoblepharus)  
On 28-07 3 exx.observed Agulhas Negras Road.More birds were heard singing.
On 1-08 3 forest Casca d’Ante, Canastra.

Bananaquit ( Coereba flaveola) 
Single birds Itatiaia, Ubatuba and Pantanal.

Chestnut-vented Conebill ( Conirostrum speciosum)  
On 5-07 2 exx.and 7-07 10 exx.Fazenda Teresa.

Blue Dacnis ( Dacnis cayana) 
Single Birds Itatiaia,On 30-07 6 exx.Fazenda Angelim.
A total of 6 exx.on 2 dates Canastra.On 10-08 2 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Swallow-Tanager ( Tersina viridis)
Common around Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Green Honeycreeper ( Chlorophanes spiza) 
On 30-07 3 exx.Fazenda Capricornia.

Fawn-breasted Tanager ( Pipraeidea melanonota)
On 25-07 2 exx.Hotel Simon, Itatiaia.

Diademed Tanager ( Stephanophorus diadematus)
Daily a few around Hotel Simon, Itatiaia.
Very common (100+) upper part of the Agulhas Negras Road.

Green-headed Tanager ( Tangara seledon)
A total of 5 exx.Itatiaia.

Red-necked Tanager ( Tangara cyanocephala)  
A total of 11 exx.on 2 dates Ubatuba area,

* GILT-EDGED TANAGER( Tangara cyanoventris)
Up to 10 exx.daily Itatiaia.Up to 4 exx.daily Ubatuba area.

* BRASSY-BREASTED TANAGER ( Tangara desmaresti) 
Up to 10 exx.daily Itatiaia.Up to 6 exx.daily Ubatuba area.

Burnished-buff Tanager  ( Tangara cayana) 
On 26-07 1 ex.Itatiaia.A total of 6 exx.on 2 dates, Canastra.
A total of 3 exx.on 2 dates, Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Blue-naped Chlorophonia ( Chlorophonia cyanea)
On 28-07 1 ex.Agulhas Negras Road.

Violaceous Euphonia ( Euphonia violacea)
A total of 5 exx.on 2 dates , Ubatuba Area.On 10-08 2 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Chestnut-bellied Euphonia ( Euphonia pectoralis) 
Up to 4 exx.daily Itatiaia.

Sayaca Tanager ( Thraupis sayaca) 

* AZURE-SHOULDERED TANAGER ( Thraupis cyanoptera)  
On 25-07 1 ex,just before Itatiaia.A total of 5 the Ubatuba area.

* GOLDEN-CHEVRONED TANAGER ( Thraupis ornate) 
Common Itatiaia.

Palm Tanager ( Thraupis palmarum) 
Up to 5 exx.daily, Ubatuba Area.

Brazilian Tanager ( Ramphocelus bresilius)
Up to 4 exx.daily , Ubatuba Area. 

Silver-beaked Tanager ( Ramphocelus carbo) 
Common Pantanal and Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Hepatic Tanager ( Piranga flava) 
On 8-08 3 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

* OLIVE-GREEN TANAGER ( Orthogonys chloricterus)  
On 26-07 5 exx.on the feeders of hotel Do Ype.

Red-crowned Ant-Tanager ( Habia rubica)
On 29-07 3 exx.Folha Seca.On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

White-lined Tanager ( Lanio rufus) 
On 10-08 2 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Ruby-crowned Tanager ( Tachyphonus coronatus)
Daily 1-3 exx.Hotel Simon garden,Itatiaia.
On 30-07 1 ex.Fazenda Angelim.

Flame-crested Tanager ( Tachyphonus cristatus)  
Common Ubatuba area.

Gray-headed Tanager ( Eucometis penicillata)
On 7-08 3 forest, Pixaim.
On 10-08 1 ex.Chapada de Guimares.

Black-goggled Tanager ( Trichothraupis melanops) 
Common Itatiaia.On 1-08 4 forest Casca d’Ante, Canastra NP.

White-rumped Tanager ( Cypsnagra hirundinacea) 
Common in the cerrado along the Agua Fria Road.

Hooded Tanager ( Nemosia pileata)
On 5-07 1 male near Fazenda Teresa.

* RUFOUS-HEADED TANAGER ( Hemithraupis ruficapilla) 
2 exx.Folha Seca en 2 exx.Fazenda Angelim.

Guira Tanager ( Hemithraupis guira)
On 10-08 3 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

White-banded Tanager ( Neothraupis fasciata)  
Common in the cerrado along the Agua Fria Road.

* BROWN TANAGER ( Orchesticus abeillei) 
A total of 4 exx.on 3 dates, Itatiaia.

Black-faced Tanager ( Schistochlamys melanops) 
On 10-08 1 ex.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

* CINNAMON TANAGER ( Schistochlamys ruficapillus) 
On 2-08 2 exx.Canastra.

Magpie Tanager ( Cissops leveriana)
Up to 10 exx.daily Itatiaia.Especially around Hotel Simon.

Green-winged Saltator ( Saltator similes)
Op 26-07 2 exx.Itatiaia.Op 1-08 2 exx.forest Casca ‘d Ante, Canastra.
Op 10-08 1 ex.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Grayish Saltator ( Saltator caerulescens)
On 7-08 2 exx.near Pixaim, Pantanal.

Buff-throated Saltator ( Saltator maximus)
Up to 6 exx.daily in the Pantanal.

Thick-billed Saltator ( Saltator maxillosus)
Single birds seen upper part of the Agulhas Negras Road.

Black-throated Saltator ( Saltator atricollis) 
On 1-08 6 exx.near São Roque de Minas.10+ along the Agua Fria Road.

Blue-Black Grassquit ( Volatina jacarina) 
Observed Itatiaia.A few Pantanal and observed Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Red-crested Cardinal ( Paroaria coronata)  
Daily a  few near Pixaim, Pantanal.

Yellow-billed Cardinal ( Paroaria capitata)
Common Pantanal

Lesser Seed-Finch ( Oryzoborus angolensis) 
On 10-08 1 male, Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Buffy-fronted Seedeater ( Sporophila frontalis)  
On 30-07 common Fazenda Angelim.

Plumbeous Seedeater ( Sporophila plumbea)
On 1-08 1 ex.Canastra.On 10 and 11-08 2-1 exx.Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Rusty-collared Seedeater ( Sporophila collaris) 
A total of 6 exx.on 3 dates, Pantanal.

Lined seedeater ( Sporophila lineola)
On 5-07 6 exx.along the Transpantaneira.

Yellow-bellied Seedeater ( Sporophila nigricollis)
Common Canastra and Pantanal.

Double-colared Seedeater ( Sporophila caerulescens)
Common lower part of Canastra.On 5-07 2 exx.Pixaim.On 10-08 3 exx.Chapada.

White-bellied Seedeater ( Sporophila leucoptera) 
On 27-07 1 ex.Itatiaia.Common Ubatuba Area.A few birds daily, Pantanal.

Coal-crested Finch ( Charitospiza eucosma) 
On 9 and 10-08 15-20 exx.Agua Fria Road.

Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch ( Sicalis citrina)
Small numbers upper part of Canastra NP.

Saffron Finch ( Sicalis flaveola)
A few near Fazenda Capricornio and a few near São Roque de Minas.
Observed Pantanal

Pileated Finch ( Coryphospingus pileatus)  
On 2-08 1 ex..upper Canastra.

Red-crested Finch ( Coryphospingus cucullatus)
Daily a few Pantanal.

Pectoral Sparrow ( Arremon taciturnus)  
On 9-08 1 forest, Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Saffron-billed Sparrow ( Arremon flavirostris) 
On 10-08 1 ex.hotel Penhasco,Chapada dos Guimaräes.

Grassland Sparrow ( Ammodramus humeralis)
Observed Canastra NP and Agua Fria road.

Rufous-collared Sparrow ( Zonotrichia capensis)

Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch ( Emberizoides herbicola)
Up to 10 exx.daily at Canastra NP. On 9-08 2 exx.Agua Fria road.

Black-masked Finch ( Coryphaspiza melanotis)  
On 2-08 1 ex.upper Canastra.

* BAY-CHESTED WARBLING-FINCH ( Poospiza thoracica)  
10+ Agulhas Negras Road.

Cinereous Warbling-Finch ( Poospiza cinerea)
On 2-08 2 exx.scrub near entrance of Canastra NP.

Red-rumped Warbling-Finch Poospiza lateralis) 
10+ Agulhas Negras Road.

Great Pampa-Finch ( Embernagra platensis) 
On 2-08 2 exx. Upper Canastra.

Hooded Siskin ( Carduelis magellanicus)
On 25-07 2 exx.hotel Simon, Itatiaia.

House Sparrow ( Passer domesticus)

442 species observed


Why not send us a report, or an update to one of your current reports?