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A Report from

Brazil, 2nd September- 27th September 04,

Trev Feltham

A full species list and where they were seen is at the end of this report.

2nd  Flew from Humberside 10.30 to Amsterdam, at 13.55 onto Sao Paulo, arriving 20.55 local time. Met up with our guide Juan Mazar Barnett. Overnight at the Best Western, Panamby Hotel.

3rd After picking up the hire car from Localiza at the airport we headed for the Itatiaia National Park, a two and a half to three hour drive along the BR116. This park was created in 1937, being the first national park in Brazil with an area of 13.000 hectares. In 1982 the area was enlarged to almost 30.000 hectares. It is situated in the Serra da Mantiqueira Mountains, the highest peak being Pico das Agulhas Negras that rises to 2787 metres. The habitat is very diverse, ranging from Atlantic Rainforest, Secondary Forests to Altitude Fields and Marsh. Arriving late morning we birded the road through the park heading towards our hotel, The Simon, where we planned to spend the next four nights. Half way along the road there are two or three shops with feeders outside, here we saw Black Jacobin, Frilled Coquette, White-throated Hummingbird, Violet-capped Woodnymph, Versicoloured Emerald and Chestnut-bellied Euphonia.

In the afternoon birded hotel grounds, where Dusky-legged Guan are common, and Cliff Flycatcher nest on the window ledges of the hotel. Some of the other birds in the garden were, Golden-chevroned, Palm, Sayaca, and Swallow Tanager, Chestnut-bellied, Pale-breasted and Yellow-legged Thrush. A feeder near the hotel had Scale-throated and Dusky-throated Hermit, Brazilian Ruby and Swallow-tailed Hummingbird. Later we went along the Moromba Trail, and the evening was spent looking for Tawny-browed Owl, without success.

4th Birded the Agulhas Negras road. To get there go back onto the BR116 heading for Sao Paulo after a short distance turn right onto the Itamonte road and follow that until you see the sign for Agulhas Negras. Along the way we had a Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail walking down the middle of the road in the Itatiaia Park and a few Raptors that included Savanna and Roadside Hawk, Yellow-headed Caracara and Laughing Falcon.  Upon reaching our destination we started birding virtually straight away, our first stop had us watching Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant, Blue-billed Black Tyrant and 4 Black and Gold Cotinga.  The brilliant flashes of blue from the Diademed Tanager were quite a common but memorable sight, and so were Black-breasted Plovercrest with up to eight birds. As we moved higher and having frequent stops, some of the birds were, Black-capped Manakin, Bay-chested Warbling Finch, Red-rumped Warbling Finch, and Bran-coloured Flycatcher. An area of damp long grass by the side of the road had Itatiaia Spinetail singing, and further along, a stand of Araucaria (Monkey Puzzle) Trees had a pair of Araucaria Tit Spinetail busily feeding. By the campsite near the top was a Serra do Mar Tyrannulet.   On our return journey we had, Brassy-breasted Tanager, White-rimmed Warbler, Rufous-Tailed Antbird, Velvety Black Tyrant, and Rufous-crowned Greenlet.

5th Spent the morning along the Jeep Trail, it is best to get there at first light, after that there is a guard on and sometimes won't let you by. At the start of the trail was a Rufous capped Motmot, walking along there were Star-throated Antwren, Streak-capped Antwren, Rufous Gnateater, Chestnut-crowned Becard, Sepia-capped Flycatcher, Greenish Manakin and Swallow-tailed Manakin. Where the trail splits and there is a gate to the right, a Drab-breasted Bamboo Tyrant was very easy to see there. Although the gate is fastened you can get around it. We walked up the trail for a short distance and had Grey-hooded Flycatcher, Euler's Flycatcher, White-throated Spadebill, Ochre-rumped Antwren, and Black-billed Scythebill, but the best bird was a Gaint Antshrike.  When we got back to the car, the guard was there, but said nothing. It was decided to have a look around the Hotel Ype. On the feeders were mostly Green-headed Tanager and Blue-naped Chlorophonia, the Hummers were same as those at the other feeders. A Lineated Woodpecker could be seen from the garden at the nest, while other birds around here were, just the one Red-capped Parrot, a couple of Gilt-edged Tanager, 2 Black-goggled Tanager and a Green-winged Saltator.

6th We walked up the lower half of the Tres Pecos Trail, on the way we had Black Hawk Eagle over the mountains, and Spix's Spinetail along with Amethyst Woodstar in vegetation by the side of the road, The trail itself didn't produce a lot of birds, but there were a few, like Bertoni's Antbird, Spot-billed Toucanet, Surucua Trogon, White-throated, Scaled and Lesser Woodcreeper and also a Black-capped Foliage Gleaner. We then went to have a look around the Hotel Donati area, birds seen here were, 4 White-barred Piculet, Rough-legged Tyrannulet, Yellow Tyrannulet, Large-headed Flatbill, Grey-hooded Attila and a lek of four dancing Swallow-tailed Manakin, plus a Bellbird that was heard but not seen. The afternoon was spent with the camera in the grounds of the Hotel Simon, there were two new birds however, Burnished-buff Tanager and Rufous-headed Tanager. But mostly relaxing taking photographs.

7th  Had a walk onto the Moromba Trail this morning before leaving, the only bird of note was a very nice Robust Woodpecker. So we departed for Ubatuba mid-morning, and without stopping arrived around lunchtime. Afternoon birded the Folha Seca Trail, just down from the beginning of this trail is a house with lots of feeders in the garden. The owner is only too willing and happy for you to go in, but please ask first. There was a constant flow of birds, the large Saw-billed Hermit and the tiny Festive Coquette, White-chinned Sapphire, Glittering-throated Emerald, Sombre Hummingbird, Brazilian Tanager, Violaceous Euphonia and Blue Dacnis, also the bird we saw just about every day for the whole trip, Palm Tanager.  Walking further along the trail there was Bare-throated Bellbird calling from both sides, eventually we managed to get a look at one. Four White-thighed Swallow were sat on a tree by the side of the trail, while in cover were Ferruginous Antbird, Rufous-winged Antwren, and White-bearded Manakin. Our last surprise was a Slaty Bristlefront that responded to the tape very well and sat in the open no more that three metres away for a good 3-4 minutes.

8th Ubatuba again, but this time at Fazenda Angelim until lunch. This area is slightly more open than Folha Seca at the start. One of the first birds was Plain Parakeet just before the gate, then Grey Elaenia and Guira Tanager. Another bird special to this area is Buff-throated Purpletuft and we had two of these along with a Blonde-crested Woodpecker on the way to where a few houses are situated in an open area, where incidentally you have to pay. As we carried on walking, the habitat had changed now to more woodland. This soon led to new birds, two Rufous-capped Antthrush,  Fork-tailed Tody Flycatcher, Yellow-lored Tody Flycatcher, Black-cheeked Gnatcatcher, and Scaled Antbird. As we walked up a slight incline we could see a Cresent-chested Puffbird sat out in the open in the distance, but it didn't let us get too close. On the way back we had two, Three Striped and one Piratic Flycatcher and the final new bird was a Sao Paulo Tyrannulet. It was an excellent place and I only wished we could have spent more time there. But it was time to head back to Sao Paulo to return the car, that done, it was time to say goodbye to Juan, who had been a marvellous guide and without him we would not have seen half as many birds. Night again at the Panamby Hotel.

9th Today was a day of travel, left Sao Paulo on the 09.30 flight to Cuiaba, arriving at 11.40. At the airport met by the hotel taxi and taken to the Diplomata Hotel for a day of relaxing.

10th After meeting Braulio Carlos of The Pantanal Bird Club in the hotel who was to be the guide for the next part of the tour, at 06.00 we had an early start from Cuiaba, going through the town of Pocone and into the Pantanal. We spent the day driving to our next destination, but with many stops for birding. Although the Pantanal was quite dry, there were a few pools along the way. Birds seen during these stops, several Sunbittern, hundreds of Heron and Egrets including Great, Snowy, and Cattle Egret, also Cocoi, Striated, and Whistling Heron, Rufescent Tiger Heron and the large Jabiru. Others were Plumbeous, Green, and Buff-necked Ibis, Roseate Spoonbill, American Wood Stork and Maguari Stork. Raptors were always around, Turkey & Black were the common two, with the occasional Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture, as well as Plumbeous, Snail, and Grey-headed Kite, along with Savanna & Great Black Hawk. We arrived at the Hotel Santa Tereza on the Pixaim River at lunchtime, then spent a little time looking around the area before going on a boat trip. Some of the birds seen 2 Agami Heron were followed by 6 Boat-billed Heron, Gray-necked Wood Rail, Pied Lapwing, Brazilian Duck, Amazon, and Ringed Kingfisher, Wattled Jacana, Band-tailed Nighthawk and Pauraque. Also Capybara and Spectacled Cayman. Night in Santa Tereza Hotel.

11th Spent the morning birding a dry woodland close by the hotel, the Pixaim River Trail. Birds in the immediate vicinity of the hotel, Saffron Finch, Yellow-billed Cardinal, Purplish Jay, Grayish Saltator, Gray-crested Cacholote, White-winged Swallow also Red-crested Cardinal during the walk to the trail. Blue-throated Piping Guan seen in some open woodland, also lots of ticks, they were seen later. Into the wood proper and a selection of the bird seen Ferruginous Pygmy Owl, Blue-crowned Trogon, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Black-fronted Nunbird, Little Woodpecker, Great Antshrike, Planalto Slaty Antshrike, Mato Grosso Antbird, Band-tailed Antbird, Plain Antvireo, Large-billed Antwren, but the best bird for me were a pair of Helmeted Manakin.

After lunch again we took a boat trip, this was the first time we saw all five Kingfishers of the region in a day, Ringed, Amazon, Green, Green and Rufous, American Pygmy.

But the highlight of this trip was to have 4 Gaint Otter swimming and playing alongside the boat. It was dark as we made our way back and a Great Potoo was caught briefly in the beam of the lamp. Departing the boat at a different place we got into the Minibus, no sooner had we started than a Brazilian Tapir was spotted, shortly after we saw our first Great-horned Owl of the trip. As we approached the gate to the hotel a Snake was seen in the road, it belonged to the Fer-de-lance family, and to give its full name Jararaca Pit Trygon Viper, after having a look we carried on to the hotel. Spent the night at Santa Tereza.

12th  Today we were heading for Porto Jofre, which is as far as the road takes you, from Pocone to Porto Jofre it is a dirt road of around 100 kilometres, along this stretch there are also around 100 wooden bridges, some in better state of repair than others. It was to be another day of stop/start birding. We were driving through the grounds of the hotel when we had our first new bird of the day a White-rumped Monjita, but our first actual stop was about a mile down the road by a pond, Black-backed Water Tyrant and White-headed Marsh Tyrant were easy to see here. While a little further along and we saw Greater Thornbird, Rufous-fronted Thornbird, and several Chestnut-bellied Guan. Other stops produced the usual array of heron and egret as well as Large-billed Tern, Black Skimmer, Chestnut-vented Conebill, Chotoy Spinetail, Yellow-chinned Spinetail, and Chaco Chacalaca. We turned off the road briefly and went into a grove of Palm Trees, no sooner had we got out of the bus than we were surrounded by 40-50 Hyacinth Macaw all squawking and squabbling as they came into land. Our next stop also produced an impressive sight as 10 Nacunda Nighthawk were feeding by a marsh.

Toco Toucan, Bare-faced Currasow, Golden-collared Macaw, Peach-fronted Parakeet, Monk Parakeet, Golden-chevroned Parakeet, Scaly-headed Parrot, and Turquoise-fronted Amazon, were all seen during the days drive. Spent the night at Porto Jofre Hotel.

13th Early morning was spent birding along the road close by the hotel, some of the birds seen, Chestnut-eared Aracari, Little Cuckoo, White-wedged Piculet, Cream-coloured Woodpecker, Pale-crested Woodpecker, Barred Antshrike, Forest Elaenia, Plain Tyrannulet, Common Tody Flycatcher, Pearly-vented Tody Tyrant, Moustached Wren, and Solitary Black Cacque.

Back at the hotel we had time to go birding before we had to leave, close by was an area where a few waders were feeding, 4 Pied Plover, Southern Lapwing, Stilt SandpiperSolitary Sandpiper, Greater and Lesser Yellowlegs, White-rumped Sandpiper, and Pectoral Sandpiper. Also in the area were 2 Nacunda Nighthawk sat very close by, around a dozen Hyacinth Macaw were drinking from a water tower and a few Bay-winged Cowbird were feeding in a garden just behind us.

The few stops along the way back to Santa Tereza produced Yellow-billed Tern, Picui Gound Dove, White-tipped Dove, Gray-fronted Dove, and Scarlet-headed Blackbird. An Ocelot walking down the road provided an added piece of excitement. Spent the night at the Santa Tereza Hotel.

14th Early morning walk along the Pixaim River Trail produced Undulated Tinamou, Narrow-billed Woodcreeper, Plain-crested Elaenia and Tawny-crowned Pygmy Tyrant. Then it was a long drive to Chapada dos Guimaraes, we didn't have many birding stops, but for one notable exception just outside of Pocone when two marvellous Streamer-tailed Tyrant were seen by the side of the road. Seven Greater Rhea were also seen around the same area. Had lunch in Cuiaba before going on to Chapada, which was just over an hours drive. Booked into the Laura Vicuna Hotel, while walking around the grounds had 2 Yellow-tufted Woodpecker and a pair of Burrowing Owl. Then it was head to the Chapada National Park. The first bird was Crested Black Tyrant in the car park, walking down the path other birds were Green-backed Becard, Rusty-margined Flycatcher, Black-tailed and Masked Tityra. Reaching the bottom of the path we were actually stood on the top edge of a huge rock face, where the view was truly spectacular. Lots of Biscutate Swift were flying around, while in the distance sat a Blue-winged Macaw.

Walking around the edge to the other side where a Waterfall was, the Swifts could be seen more clearly, they were coming into roost behind the Waterfall itself. This is not mentioned in any of the books I have. A Bat Falcon perched very close to where we were standing, but by now it was getting late, time to head back, on the way we did have an American Kestrel. Night spent at the Laura Vicuna Hotel.

15th This morning was spent on the Agua Fria Road, this is all Cerrado habitat. Getting out of the bus onto dry dusty road with bird song coming from both sides sounded really pleasant, the down side was having to put up with a few annoying flies that pestered constantly. There was Rusty-backed Antwren, then our first hummingbird for a while, White-vented Violetear. One bird that was singing, although difficult to see was the Collared Crescentchest, but after finding the first one we then had three. Going further down the road two Red-winged Tinamou flew by, other birds seen were Pale-breasted Spinetail, White-eared Puffbird, Chapada Flycatcher, lots of Curl-crested Jay, and another small hummer the Horned Sungem. Having just set off in the bus, we had a Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch sat at the side of the road, and further along, one of those strange looking Red-legged Seriema also at the side of the road, after that it was lunchtime.

Late afternoon went for a walking down a road with woodland on both sides. Southern Antpipit was one of the first new birds. There was another strange looking bird sat on a branch overlooking the road right above our heads, a Common Potoo, it just sat very still pretending it wasn't there. There was some activity in the wood when a Pheasant Cuckoo landed, but things soon got back to normal. Another pretty bird was the Band-tailed Manakin that we all had good views of. It was getting dark as we made our way back, but there was enough light to see a couple of Little Nightjar, one landing on the hedge alongside us, also a Tropical Screech Owl which flew across the road landing close by, and with the aid of torches we had a good view.  Spent the night at Laura Vicuna Hotel.

16th An early start back to where we were the previous afternoon/evening. A nice start to the day was a Rusty-margined Guan sat on a low branch. Then a Tataupa Tinamou was heard from in the wood; eventually it was spotted and then promptly ran across the road for all to see.  We went further along the road today, which went downhill to a stream at the bottom. On the way Blue-crowned Motmot, Streaked Xenops and Eastern Sirystes were seen. Reaching the stream we left the road to walk long the bank, a pair of White-backed Fire-eye were foraging in the undergrowth and a Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper worked its way along the edge of the water, heading back towards the road a White-bellied Warbler was also briefly seen. Back on the road and checking the opposite side a Crested Becard sat on the edge of the wood, and just before we left a Saffron-billed Sparrow came for a drink. Driving back for lunch we had our last new bird of the morning a Bi-coloured Hawk.

Now it was time to start heading back to Cuiaba, we were going to spend some time at a place called Coxipo d ouro. This was like the cerrado habitat we had seen on Agua Fria Road but with a few more trees.  Birds seen here were Grassland Sparrow, Crowned Slaty Flycatcher, Swainson's Flycatcher, Campos Flycatcher, and Sepia-capped Flycatcher. Spent the night at the Diplomata Hotel, Cuiaba.

17th Today, caught the morning flight from Cuiaba to Alta Floresta, after a brief stop at Sinop, we arrived at our destination in time for lunch at the Floresta Amazonica Hotel. After lunch we started the final leg of our journey, using first a Land Rover Jeep and finally a small boat to take us on the Cristalino River to the Jungle Lodge. The Cristalino Jungle Lodge is a fantastic place for bird watching; with excellent food and good accommodation it is a must for Birders visiting Brazil.  During our drive en-route we had a couple of stops. The first was alongside a grove of Palm Trees that had Fork-tailed Palm Swift flying overhead, but the prize was seeing a Point-tailed Palm Creeper. While just down the road sat a Crane Hawk very quietly watching what was happening. The second stop was by the side of a road that was being used by lorries for transporting huge trees from the rainforest. Birds here were Magpie Tanager and Striolated Puffbird. Night at Cristalino.

18th An early start and the first trail we visited was up the river, the Dr Haffer Trail.  This was our first taste of the Brazilian Rainforest and there was so much to see. We got a quick but good view of a White-throated Tinamou, as well as Red-throated Piping Guan. Walking on there were Glossy Antshrike, Amazonian Antshrike, Amazonian Tyrannulet, and another new Hummingbird Rufous-breasted Hermit. We came to a clearing in the trees and looking up we were lucky enough to see a King Vulture circling overhead. While back on the ground and more difficult to see was White-shouldered Fire-eye.

A Brazil Nut Tree was pointed out to us; I was surprised to learn just what they look like while on the tree. They actually look like a Coconut, and just as hard, but when broken open the nuts as we know them are packed neatly in four, just like segments in an orange. The birds in this area were Blue-backed Manakin, Ochre-bellied Flycatcher, Dusky-tailed Flatbill, Thrush-like Mourner. As we neared the boat Black-eared Fairy, Dwarf-Tyrant Manakin, White-shouldered Tanager, and finally Red-capped Cardinal were all new. One last surprise were four Giant Otter playing on a rock just around the corner from where the boat was moored. Now it was time for lunch.

After our afternoon break, next we were going on a river trip. It is a pleasant way to bird watch, with White-winged Swallow and White-banded Swallow always somewhere around the boat. A Gould's Toucanet was sat in a tree as we passed, lots of  Swallow-wing Puffbird, unmistakable with their broad wings and short tail. We had White-browed Hawk and Kawall's Amazon fly over, but not together of course. It was starting to get dark as we made our way back, around 80 Greater Ani flew along with the boat for a while going to their roost, and as we neared the end we had our last new bird a Ladder-tailed Nightjar. Night at Cristalino

19th Up early again and we were making our way just after dawn to the 50.4 metre tower that had been built to overlook the rainforest. After the climb you need a head for heights, but the view is brilliant. A pair of Yellow-tufted Woodpecker had taken up residence in a nearby tree; 2 Long-tailed Tyrant was also using the same tree. As the insects came out, so did the Swifts, with Gray-rumped, Pale-rumped, and Short-tailed, all circling around. There seemed to be some movement of Swallow-tailed Kite with around 10 going by. A Pompadour Cotinga could be seen on the very pinnacle of a distant tree in one direction, while the opposite way a Spangled Cotinga was doing exactly the same. Red-necked Aracari, and Lettered Aracari visited a tree very close to the tower.

Other birds seen were Scarlet Macaw, Chestnut-fronted Macaw, Hellmayr's Parakeet, White-bellied Parrot, Yellow-crowned Amazon, Blue-necked Jacamar, Curl-crested Aracari, Cuvier's Toucan, White-tailed Trogon and Black-bellied Cuckoo. After coming down we had a short walk along the Rocky Trail, our first Spix's Guan, followed by Gray Elaenia and Large-headed Flatbill. After a search for a Striated Antbird we in the end saw two. A pretty Rose-breasted Chat was found, and finally a Black-faced Dacnis. Now it was time to head back.

Afternoon break over, it was time for another boat trip. These trips were great, after being hot and sweaty all day, it was nice to cool down and still be birding. The usual White-winged Swallow, Southern Rough-winged Swallow, Gray-breasted Martin and White-banded Swallow were around the boat. Then an unexpected sight of an Osprey flying up and down the river, just never thought I would have seen one of these in Amazonia. A Paradise Jacamar, was sat high on top of a tree, and a little further down river a Ringed Woodpecker was also high on a tree. On the return trip there were 4 Semi-collared Nighthawk feeding over the river, but then it start rain, and did it rain, as we had no raingear with us we were absolutely soaked. It was dark, and the rain had stopped as we neared the lodge, Braulio was using the lamp to flash through the trees, he saw something reflect and we went towards it, there not a couple of metres away sat 2 Zig Zag Heron we watched them for a while before heading back. What a way to finish the day. Night at Cristalino.

20th It seemed the norm that while at Cristalino we would be having a 05.30 breakfast. So today we were heading for the Bamboo Trail, with the different habitat came new birds.

Some birds seen on this walk were, Collared Trogon, Gray-cheeked Nunlet, Plain-winged Antshrike, Cinereous Antshrike, White-flanked Antwren, Long-winged Antwren, Ornate Antwren, Dot-winged Antwren, Manu Antbird, Warbling Antbird, Southern Nightingale Wren, Rufous-bellied Euphonia and Little Hermit. We flushed an Ocellated Poorwill from beside the path that flew around for a couple of minutes.  When we got back to our bungalow there were two Blackish Nightjar sat on the roof of the one opposite. After lunch we went back up the tower for the rest of the afternoon. It was a little quiet at first, but as time went on birds were starting to look for roosting spots. Three Red-throated Caracara came in, then a Red-throated Piping Guan, 2 Scarlet Macaw flew by, followed by 4 Chestnut-fronted Macaw. In the distance 3 Red-fan Parrot dropped in, as we got the scope on them they flew even closer with one opening its fan just after landing. Red-billed Pied Tanager was always around, and a Tooth-billed Wren came onto the tree at the side of the tower. Just before we left, a Red-necked Woodpecker landed on a tree about 100 metres away, as we watched, another joined it. And finally a lone Olive Oropendula flew by.

21st Yet another different trail today, the Sierra Trail. This one was another boat ride to reach the beginning. Getting off the boat the trail was like any other forest trail. A Black-spotted Bare-eye was our first bird, then a Gray Antbird. As the trail twists and turns it gradually rises, sometimes so steeply that a rope can be used to help you get up. Stopping halfway we had a Varzea Mourner, and a Black-tailed Trogon. When eventually we reached near the top there were huge boulders to walk on, a few trees surrounded these. These trees had attracted some birds, Masked Tanager, Turquoise Tanager, Opal-rumped Tanager, Green Honeycreeper, Thick-billed Euphonia, and White-lored Euphonia.

A little higher the wood was denser, this had 2 Black-throated Antbird in it. There were a few strange looking flowers that had enticed a Black-throated Mango and a Great-billed Hermit to come and feed. As we sat for a minute; it wasn't long before we had a Striped Woodpecker and 2 Paradise Jacamar. Just as we started back, a couple of Dusky-billed Parrotlet dropped in and several Golden-winged Parakeet flew over. Making our way down into the forest there were a few more birds about than before.

Plain-throated Antwren, Gray Antwren, and Rufous-winged Antwren were all seen quite quickly. One of the common sounds in the Amazonian rainforest is the call of the Screaming Piha, but I had never seen one, as they usually sit high just under the canopy.

But one was spotted sitting quietly on a branch, so I was happy.

Onto the river again after lunch, this time heading for Lago Cigana. Just after setting off we flushed 7 Muscovy Duck off the river, then a Greater Yellow-headed Vulture slowly flew over us. We had not been going very long when the boatman headed for the bank; he went ashore climbing over the low scrub. Then he beckoned us to come and look, there was not a lot of room so we took it in turns to go to where he was standing, when we got there he held us to stop us losing our balance as we were stood on lose vegetation, peering around the bush, there was a huge Amazonian Anaconda curled up. The guy that had found it we were told said it was 6-7 metres long, and we could see the diameter of its body was around 40 centimetres. After that it was back on the river, and birding. There seemed to be more Capped Heron than usual today, and Sunbittern. The boat flushed two Black Caracara as we made our way down river. Then, spotted in the distance quite close to the bank was a Sungrebe, we made our way across as it sat there, allowing us to get quite close before slowly walking up the bank and out of sight. We eventually reached the lake; this is where we should see Hoatzin. Sure enough there were four sat in one of the trees, but these were being rather shy. By now the sky had turned rather black, with flashes of lightning and rumbles of thunder it was decided to make our way back as we had a long way to go. Only one different bird was seen a Yellow-ridged Toucan. Night at Cristalino.

22nd This was to be our last morning, so we elected for a quick walk on the Sierra Trail again. We did not have time to go to the top, so we stayed in the forest. A Plain Xenops was running along a branch, while in the undergrowth was a White-browed Antbird with a Plain Antvireo close by. Then a colourful Black-girdled Barbet was a surprise. In hardly what seemed anytime at all it was time to make our way back. A few birds on the way were Chestnut-throated Spinetail, Yellow-backed Tanager, Glittering-bellied Emerald and this time 2 Screaming Piha. We had just got in the boat when a Dot-backed Antbird was heard calling from the trees a little further down river.

Immediately we headed for the spot, clambering ashore we waited for a minute, then there were a pair dashing up and down, the male singing regularly. After that it was back to Cristalino to pack up and leave. Going back along the river all the usual birds were seen, we did have one quick stop to look on an island, this produced a Bar-breasted Piculet. We got into the Land Rover and headed for the Floresta Amazonica Hotel for lunch, while in the garden waiting, a Reddish Hermit was coming to feed on the flowers.

After a very nice lunch we left to catch our afternoon flight to Cuiaba. Night in the Diplomata Hotel.

23rd We had an early start again as we had a drive to the Serra das Araras area.

Here we would stay in a lodge called Currupira das Araras, this is on farming area where the Harpy Eagle can be found. After we had been given our room we were eager to go birding, and of course there was only one place we wanted to go. We set off heading towards the nest. Passing a few Southern Lapwing, and a pond that had 5 Least Grebe on, and going through a couple of gates, we came into an area that looked as though recently had a lot of the vegetation cleared. There, was a juvenile Harpy Eagle sat in a tree about 150 metres away, it was quite large being 10/11 months old, and very impressive.

Other birds around were Gray Hawk, Blue-crowned Trogon, Red-shouldered Macaw, Dusky-headed Parakeet and Scaled Pigeon. We had spent so much time photographing that it was time for lunch.

After a rest, during which time I had a walk and saw a Xenopsaris, and 3 White Woodpecker, we were now going around the other side on a different track. Just down the hill from the lodge was another pond, on this were 20 Brazilian Duck, 2 Rosy-billed Pochard, 10 Muscovy Duck, 2 White-cheeked Pintail, and a Snowy Egret. Just after that there was a lone tree, which had a Boat-billed Heron sat in it, along with 2 Fork-tailed Flycatcher. We had left the open area and now was near woodland, getting out of the bus 3 Bare-necked Fruitcrow were near the top of a tree, and in a bush in front of us was a Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant, walking up the road there were Purple-throated Euphonia and Blue-black Grassquit. It was nearly dusk, so we waited for a while, it didn't take long before we had 2 Little Nightjar sat on the road, and as we were driving back a Rufous Nightjar gave extremely good views as it sat in the beam of our headlight. Night at Araras.

24th We spent all day today in and around the farming area. First we went back to where we had been the previous night, only this time we were going into the forest. Passing the pond, only birds different from yesterday was 8 White-backed Stilt.  As we started to enter the forest, first the vegetation was of dense bushes and undergrowth; here we saw Black-throated Antbird and Pavonine Cuckoo. Walking on, there was a Buff-throated Woodcreeper, and Thrush-like Wren. Just around a corner, a Pied Puffbird sat on the branch of a dead tree, and a Cocoa Thrush was singing from high on a treetop. Another bird sitting high was a Black-crowned Tityra, and the very next tree a White-eyed Attila was feeding. We were about to head back when a Sharpbill was seen briefly, it flew away from us but we could see the tree where it had landed, making our way quickly, luckily it was still sat there, it was not what I expected it to look like, but apparently the races vary. Making our way back we had a Striolated Puffbird, and just before the road a Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant.

While waiting for lunch I had a walk around the lodge Rufous Hornero were everywhere. Three Campo Flicker were hopping around, and one came to a leaking tap for a drink. Other birds around were Cinnamon-throated Hermit, Streaked Flycatcher, Boat-billed Flycatcher, and as we were actually having lunch 5 Guira Cuckoo were running up and down in the field.

After lunch it was decided to go and spend the rest of the day at the Harpy Eagle nest in the hope of seeing an adult. We didn't manage to see the adult, but the juvenile was still there. We weren't disappointed as there was plenty to see, a White Hawk circled overhead, and an Ornate Hawk Eagle came and perched up in a tree, that gave good views through the scope. On the way back Roadside Hawk, Laughing Falcon, Crane Hawk and American Kestrel were all noted, as well as 12 Ruddy-ground Dove. The evening drive produced one new bird, Scissor-tailed Nightjar. Night at Araras.

25th This was our last day of birding, so we decided to spend the morning in the Cerrado area a few miles away. The birds were similar to the ones at Chapada dos Guimaraes with a couple of notable exceptions. Firstly 4 Black-faced Tanager, White-necked Thrush, and the brightly coloured Yellow-billed Blue-Finch, were all new birds. Other birds, 2 Rufous-sided Pygmy Tyrant, Rufous Casiornis, Piratic Flycatcher, Curl-crested Jay, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, and another Red-legged Seriema, but this one was walking across an open field. It was now time to go for lunch, after that we would drive back to Cuiaba. Night in Diplomata Hotel.

26th & 27th Returned home after a most memorable trip.

I would like to thank Juan Mazar Barnett who was our guide for the first 6 days. Juan is an excellent birder and certainly knows his calls, and without whose expertise we would have struggled. Also Braulio Carlos, another excellent birder, who answered all of our questions for 16 days. He had everything well organised so there were no problems. When it came to finding and identifying birds he was brilliant, he would hear something call and with playback it would be in view seconds. He would also make time to explain the subtle differences between similar species. I don't think we could have been better looked after or had a better guide.

Scroll down for full list of species seen :-

This list follows the book:  Birds of Brazil (by Deodato Souza)

Greater Rhea Rhea americana (En-route Cuiaba-Pocone)
White-throated Tinamou Tinamous guttatus (Cristalino)
Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulatus (Pixaim River Trail in Pantanal)
Tataupa Tinamou Crypturellus tataupa (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Red-winged Tinamou Rhynchotus rufescent (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Least Grebe Podiceps dominicus (Serra das Araras)
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax olivaceus   (Common on most waters)
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga (Common on most waters)
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens (Ubatuba)
Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi   (Common in Pantanal and most rivers)
Great Egret Egretta alba   (Common in Pantanal)
Snowy Egret Egretta thula   (Common in Pantanal)
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea  (Pantanal)
Striated Heron Butorides striatus  (Common in Pantanal and most rivers)
Agami Heron Agamia agami  (Pixaim River)
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis   (Common in Pantanal)
Whistling Heron Syrigma sibilatrix (Pantanal)
Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus (Small numbers on most rivers)
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax (Common in Pantanal)
Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum (Common in Pantanal)
Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus (Cristalino river)
Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius (Pixaim & Cristalino rivers)
American Wood Stork Mycteria americana (Common in Pantanal)
Maguari Stork Ciconia maguari  (Common in Pantanal)
Jabiru Jabiru mycteria  (Common in Pantanal)
Plumbeous Ibis Theristictus caerulescens   (Common in Pantanal)
Buff-necked Ibis Theristictus caudatus  (Pantanal)
Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis (Seen in a number of areas around water)
Bare-faced Ibis Phimosus infuscatus (Porto Jofre in Pantanal)
Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja (Common in Pantanal)
Southern Screamer Chauna torquata (Common in Pantanal)
White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata ( Pixaim river & Serrs das Araras)
Brazilian Duck Amazonetta brasiliensis ( Pantanal & Serrs das Araras)
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata   ( Serrs das Araras)
Rosy-billed Pochard Netta peposaca  ( Serrs das Araras)
Bahama Pintail Anas Bahamensis  ( Serrs das Araras)
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa (Cristalino)
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura (Common throughout)
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus  (Pantanal)
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotos  (Cristalino)
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus  (Common throughout)
Swallow-tailed Kite elanoides forficatus (Chapada & Cristalino)
Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis  (Pantanal)
Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii   (Pantanal)
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis  (Commo in Pantanal)
Plumbeous Kite ictinia plumbea (Small number in dryer areas)
Bicoloured Hawk Accipiter bicolor  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus  (Chapada dos Guimaraes & Serrs das Araras)
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris  (Seen regular throughout)
Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus  (Serrs das Araras)
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus ( Itatiaia)
White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis    (Serrs das Araras)
White-browed Hawk Leucopternis kuhli   (Cristalino)
Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis    (Pantanal)
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis   (Pantanal)
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga  (Pantanal)
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja   (Serrs das Araras)
Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus     (Serrs das Araras)
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens    (Pantanal, Cristalino & Serrs das Araras,)
Osprey Pandion haliaetus (Cristalino river)
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Black Caracara Daptrius ater   (Cristalino)
Red-throated Caracara Daptrius americanus  (Cristalino)
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima (Itatiaia & Pantanal)
Southern Caracara Polyborus plancus (Common in Pantanal)
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis (Pantanal, Cristalino & Serrs das Araras,)
American Kestrel Falco sparverius (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Chaco Chachalaca Ortalis canicollis (Common in Pantanal)
Rusty-margined Guan Penelope superciliaris (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Dusky-legged Guan Penelope obscura (Itatiaia)
Spix's Guan Penelope jacquacu  (Cristalino)
Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster (Pantanal)
Blue-throated Piping-Guan Pipile cumanensis (Pantanal)
Red-throated Piping-Guan Pipile cujubi (Cristalino)
Bare-faced Curassow Crax fasciolata (Pantanal)
Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin (Cristalino)
Limpkin Aramus guarauna guarauna (Common in Pantanal)
Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea (Pantanal)
Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides saracura  (Itatiaia)
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus (Alta Floresta)
Sungrebe Heliornis fulica (Cristalino river)
Sunbittern Eurypyga helias  (Pantanal & Cristalino river)
Red-legged Seriema Cariama cristata (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana (Common in Pantanal)
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Pied Lapwing Vanellus chilensis  (Pantanal & Cristalino river)
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes  (Porto Jofre in Pantanal)
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca  (Porto Jofre in Pantanal)
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria   (Pantanal)
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis  (Porto Jofre in Pantanal)
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos   (Porto Jofre in Pantanal)
Stilt Sandpiper Micropalama himantopus   (Porto Jofre in Pantanal)
White-backed Stilt Himantopus himantopus  (Pantanal)
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus   (Ubatuba)
Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex    (Pantanal)
Yellow-billed Tern Sturna superciliaris  (Pantanal)
Black Skimmer Rynchops nigra   (Pantanal)
Scaled Pigeon Columba speciosa  (Serra das Araras)
Picazuro Pigeon Columba picazuro (Common in Pantanal)
Pale-vented Pigeon Columbia cayennensis  (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Plumbeous Pigeon Columba plumbea  (Itatiaia)
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti  (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Picui Ground-Dove Columbina picui  (Pantanal)
Scaled Dove Scardafella squammata  (Pantanal)
Long-tailed Ground-Dove Uropelia campestris  (Pantanal)
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi  (Pantanal)
Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla   (Pantanal)
Blue and Yellow Macaw Ara ararauna  (Cristalino)
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao   (Cristalino)
Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloroptera  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus   (Pantanal)
Golden-collared Macaw Propyrrhura auricollis  (Pantanal)
Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severa  (Cristalino)
Red-bellied Macaw Orthopsittaca manilata   (Serra das Araras)
Blue-winged Macaw Propyrrhura macarana   (Pantanal)
Red-shouldered Macaw Diopsittaca nobilis    (Serra das Araras)
Blue-crowned Parakeet Aratinga acuticaudata  (Pantanal)
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus (Pantanal & Cristalino)
Dusky-headed Parakeet Aratinga weddellii  (Serra das Araras)
Peach-fronted Parakeet Aratinga aurea   (Pantanal)
Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus   (Pantanal)
Reddish-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis  (Itatiaia & Ubatuba)
Hellmayr's Parakeet Pyrrhura amazonun  (Cristalino)
Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus crassirostris  (Itatiaia)
Dusky-billed Parrotlet Forpus sclateri  (Cristalino)
Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica  (Ubatuba)
Golden-chevroned Parakeet Brotogeris chiriri (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Golden-winged Parakeet Brotogeris chrysopterus  (Cristalino)
White-bellied Parrot Pionites leucogaster (Cristalino)
Red-capped Parrot Pionopsitta pileata  (Itatiaia)
Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus  (Pantanal, Cristalino & Serra das Araras)
Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani (Pantanal)
Red-fan Parrot Derioptyus accipitrinus   (Cristalino)
Turquoise-fronted Amazon Amazona aestiva  (Pantanal)
Yellow-crowned Amazon Amazona ochrocephala  (Cristalino)
Orange-winged Amazon  Amazona amazinica  (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Kawall's Amazon Amazona kawalli   (Cristalino)
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana  (Seen in most suitable habitat)
Black-bellied Cuckoo Piaya melanogaster (Cristalino)
Little Cuckoo Piaya minuta  (Pantanal)
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani (Common throughout)
Greater Ani Crotophaga major (Common around Cristalino river)
Guira Cuckoo Guira guira  (Common throughout)
Pavonine  Cuckoo Dromococcyx pavoninus  (Serra das Araras)
Pheasant Cuckoo Dromococcyx phasianellus  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Tropical Screech-Owl Otus choliba  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus  (Pantanal)
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum  (Pantanal)
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis  (Pantanal & Cristalino)
Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Semi-collared Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus (Cristalino)
Least Nighthawk Chordeiles pusillus  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Band-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne leucopyga  (Pantanal)
Nacunda Nighthawk Podager nacunda   (Pantanal)
Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis  (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrymus ocellatus  (Cristalino)
Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca  (Cristalino)
Scissor-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis brasiliana  (Serra das Araras)
Rufous Nightjar Caprimulgus rufus  (Serra das Araras)
Little Nightjar Caprimulgus parvulus  (Chapada dos Guimaraes & Serra das Araras)
Blackish Nightjar  Caprimulgus nigrescens  (Cristalino)
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris   (Common at Itatiaia)
Biscutate Swift Streptoprocne biscutata  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Sooty Swift Cypseloides fumigatus  (Itatiaia, beginning of Jeep Trail)
Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris (Cristalino)
Pale-rumped Swift Chaetura egregia (Cristalino)
Sick's Swift Chaetura meridionalis   (Itatiaia)
Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura  (Cristalino)
Fork-tailed Palm Swift Tachornis squamata  (Alta Floresta & Cristalino)
Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius  (Ubatuba)
Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsuta  (Cristalino)
Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca  (Itatiaia & Ubatuba)
White-vented Violetear Colibri serrirostris  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Great-billed Hermit  Phaethornis malaris  (Cristalino)
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome  (Itatiaia)
Dusky-throated Hermit Phaethornis squalidus  (Itatiaia)
Cinnamon-throated Hermit Phaethornis nattereri   (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber (Alta Floresta)
Little Hermit Phaethornis longuemareus (Cristalino)
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Campylopterus macrourus(Itatiaia,Ubatuba &Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis   (Cristalino)
Black-breasted Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi lalandi  (Itatiaia along Agulhas Negras road)
Frilled Coquette Lophornis magnificus  (Itatiaia)
Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybea  (Ubatuba)
White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus   (Ubatuba)
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis  (Itatiaia)
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata  ( Chapada dos Guimaraes & Cristalino)
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis  (Itatiaia)
Sombre Hummingbird Campylopterus cirrochloris  (Ubatuba)
Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda   (Itatiaia)
Versicolored Emerald Agyrtria versicolor versicolor (Itatiaia & Cristalino)
Glittering-throated Emerald Polyerata fimbriata (Ubatuba & Pantanal)
Black-eared Fairy Heliothrix aurita  (Cristalino)
Horned Sungem Heliactin bilophum  (Chapada dos Guimaraes & Serra das Araras)
Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina  (Itatiaia & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Black-tailed Trogon Trogon malanurus  (Cristalino & Serra das Araras)
White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis (Cristalino & Serra das Araras)
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris  (Cristalino)
Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura  (Itatiaia)
Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui  (Pantanal, Cristalino & Serra das Araras)
Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata  (Common, seen on most waters)
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona (Common, seen on most waters)
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana  (Pantanal & Cristalino)
Green and Rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda  (Pixaim & Cristalino rivers)
American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea  (Pantanal)
Rufous-capped Motmot Barypthengus ruficapillus  (Itatiaia)
Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota  (Chapada dos Guimaraes & Cristalino)
Blue-necked Jacamar Galbula cyanicollis  (Cristalino)
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda   (Pantanal, Chapada dos Guimaraes & Cristalino)
Paradise Jacamar Galbula dea   (Cristalino)
Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus  (Serra das Araras)
White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Striolated Puffbird Nystalus striolatus  (Alta Floresta & Serra das Araras)
Swallow-wing  Chelidoptera tenebrosa  (Cristalino)
Crescent-chested Puffbird Malacoptila striata  (Ubatuba)
Gray-cheeked Nunlet Nonnula ruficapilla  (Cristalino)
Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons  (Common, seen in all suitable woodland habitat)
White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus  (Cristalino)
Black-girdled Barbet Capito dayi  (Cristalino)
Chestnut-eared Aracari Pteroglossus castanotis  (Pantanal, Cristalino & Serra das Araras)
Lettered Aracari Pteroglossus incriptus  (Cristalino)
Red-necked Aracari Pteroglossus bitorquatus  (Cristalino)
Curl-crested Aracari Pteroglossus beauharnaesii   (Cristalino)
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris   (Itatiaia)
Gould's Toucanet Selenidera gouldii   (Cristalino)
Saffron Toucanet Baillonius bailloni  (Itatiaia)
Yellow-ridged Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus / culminatus ( Chapada dos Guimaraes & Cristalino)
Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus  (Itatiaia)
Cuvier's Toucan Ramphastos tucanus cuvieri  (Cristalino)
Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco (Pantanal, Chapada dos Guimaraes & Serra das Araras)
White-edged Piculet Picumnus minutissimus (Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirrhatus (Itatiaia)
Gold-fronted Piculet Picumnus aurifrons (Cristalino)
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros (Pantanal)
Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens (Ubatuba)
Pale-crested Woodpecker Celeus lugubris  (Pantanal)
Cream-colored Woodpecker Celeus flavus (Pantanal)
Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus   (Cristalino)
White-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus  (Itatiaia)
Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros (Pantanal)
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus  (Chapada, Cristalino & Serra das Araras)
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons  (Itatiaia)
White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus   (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster  (Itatiaia)
Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus   (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus  (Itatiaia)
Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis (Cristalino)
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus (Itatiaia)
Plain-winged Woodcreeper Dendrocincla turdina (Itatiaia)
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus (Itatiaia, Ubatuba & Pantanal)
White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis  (Itatiaia & Ubatuba)
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius  (Itatiaia)
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorhynchus spirurus  (Cristalino)
Planalto Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes platyrostris  (Itatiaia & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Straight-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus picus  (Pantanal & Cristalino)
Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatus (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Striped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus obsoletus  (Cristalino)
Narrow-billed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes angustirostris  (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus (Itatiaia)
Lesser Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes fuscus (Itatiaia)
Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus  (Common throughout, but not seen at Cristalino)
Pale-legged Hornero Furnarius leucopus (Pantanal)
Araucaria Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura setaria (Itatiaia, along Agulhas Negras road)
Itatiaia Spinetail Oreophylax moreirae (Itatiaia, along Agulhas Negras road)
Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomea (Pantanal)
Chotoy Spinetail Schoeniophylax phryganophila  (Pantanal)
Spix's Spinetail Synallaxis spixi  (Itatiaia)
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla  (Itatiaia)
Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
White-lored Spinetail Synallaxis albilora  (Pantanal)
Cinereous-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis hypospodia  (Pantanal)
Chestnut-throated Spinetail Synallaxis cherriei (Cristalino)
Rufous-fronted Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons  (Pantanal)
Greater Thornbird Phacellodomus ruber  (Pantanal)
Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida  (Itatiaia)
Rusty-backed Spinetail Cranioleuca vulpina (Pantanal & Cristalino)
Point-tailed Palmcreeper Berlepschia rikeri  (Alta Floresta)
Gray-crested Cacholote Pseudoseisura unirufa (Pantanal)
Striped Woodhauter  Hyloctistes subulatus  (Cristalino)
White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus   (Ubatuba)
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus  (Itatiaia)
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini  (Itatiaia)
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus (Itatiaia)
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus   (Cristalino)
White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops  fuscus  (Itatiaia)
Bamboo Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops dorsalis   (Cristalino)
Chestnut-winged Hookbill Ancistrops strigilatus  (Cristalino)
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus minutus  (Cristalino)
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans  (Itatiaia & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura nematura  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea (Itatiaia)
Great Antshrike Taraba major (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctosus  (Cristalino)
Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Planalto Slaty Antshrike Thamnophilus pelzelni  (Pantanal)
Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus caerulescens  (Itatiaia)
Rufous-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus torquatus  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Plain-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus schistaceus   (Cristalino)
Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus   (Cristalino)
Cinereous Antshrike Thamnomanes caesius caesius (Cristalino)
Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax  (Itatiaia)
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis (Itatiaia)
Rufous-backed Antvireo Dysithamnus xanthopterus   (Itatiaia)
Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis  (Cristalino)
Rusty-backed Antwren Formicivora rufa   (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
White-fringed Antwren Formicivora grisea   (Cristalino)
White-backed Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera (Itatiaia)
Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis  (Itatiaia)
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris luctuosus (Cristalino)
Ornate Antwren Myrmotherula ornata   (Cristalino)
Long-winged Antwren Myrmotherula longipennis  (Cristalino)
Gray Antwren Myrmotherula menetriesii  (Cristalino)
Plain-throated Antwren Myrmotherula hauxwelli (Cristalino)
Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea   (Itatiaia & Ubatuba)
Bertoni's Antbird Drymophila rubricollis  (Itatiaia)
Rufous-tailed Antbird Drymophila genei   (Itatiaia)
Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga  (Itatiaia)
Striated Antbird Drymophila devellei (Cristalino)
Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata  (Ubatuba)
Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus (Itatiaia & Ubatuba)
Large-billed Antwren Herpsilochmus longirostris  (Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata (Itatiaia)
White-browed Antbird Myrmoborus leucophrys  (Cristalino)
Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis cantator  (Cristalino)
Gray Antbird  Cercomacra cinerascens  (Cristalino)
Mato Grosso Antbird Cercomacra melanaria  (Pantanal)
Manu Antbird Cercomacra manu (Cristalino)
Band-tailed Antbird Hypocnemoides maculicauda  (Pantanal)
Dot-backed Antbird Hylophylax punctulata   (Cristalino)
Black-throated Antbird Myrmeciza atrothorax (Cristalino & Serra das Araras)
Black-spotted Bare-eye Phlegopsis nigromaculata (Cristalino)
Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma  (Ubatuba)
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata (Itatiaia)
Black-cheeked Gnateater Conopophaga melanops (Ubatuba)
Collared Crescentchest  Melanopareia torquata (Chapada dos Guimaraes & Serra das Araras)
Slaty Bristlefront Merulaxis ater (Ubatuba)
Black-and-gold Cotinga Tijuca atra (Itatiaia, along Agulas Negras road)
Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana (Cristalino)
Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea (Cristalino)
Buff-throated Purpletuft Iodopleura pipra (Ubatuba)
Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans (Cristalino)
Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis (Pantanal)
Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus (Itatiaia)
White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus  (Cristalino)
Crested Becard Pachyramphus validus (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus  (Serra das Araras)
Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata  (Chapada dos Guimaraes  & Cristalino)
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor (Serra das Araras)
Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana  (Pantanal)
Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus (Cristalino & Serra das Araras)
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis   (Ubatuba)
Black-capped Manakin Piprites pileatus  (Itatiaia)
Red-headed Manakin Pipra rubrocapilla  (Cristalino)
Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fasciicauda  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Helmeted Manakin Antilophia galeata (Pantanal)
Blue-backed Manakin Chiroxiphia pareola  (Cristalino)
Swallow-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata  (Itatiaia)
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus gutturotus (Ubatuba)
Greenish Mourner Schiffornis virescens  (Itatiaia)
Thrush-like Mourner Schiffornis turdinus turdinus  (Cristalino)
Varzea Mourner Schiffornis major (Cristalino)
Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni (Cristalino)
White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velata (Pantanal)
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus (Itatiaia, Ubatuba & Cristalino)
Streamer-tailed Tyrant Gubernetes yetapa (En-route Cuiaba-Pocone)
Black-backed Water-Tyrant Fluvicola albiventer  (Pantanal)
Masked Water-Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta nengeta  (Itatiaia)
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala  (Pantanal)
Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant Muscipipra vetula (Itatiaia, Agulas Negras road)
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus (Pantanal)
Crested Black-Tyrant Knipolegus lophotes (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Velvety Black-Tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus (Itatiaia, Agulas Negras road)
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris (Itatiaia, Agulas Negras road)
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus (Itatiaia & Pantanal)
Sirystes Sirystes sibilator (Cristalino)
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana (Chapada dos Guimaraes & Serra das Araras)
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholic    (Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
White-throated Kingbird Tyrannus albogularis (Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Varigated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius  (Cristalino)
Crowned Slaty Flycatcher Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus  (Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus (Itatiaia & Serra das Araras)
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua (Pantanal)
Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis  (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis  (Itatiaia)
Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius  (Ubatuba & Serra das Araras)
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus (Itatiaia, Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor (Pantanal & Cristalino)
Three-striped Flycatcher Conopias trivirgata trivirgata (Ubatuba)
Gray-hooded Attila Attila rufus (Itatiaia)
White-eyed Attila Attila boliviansus  (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Rufous Casiornis Casiornis rufa (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Cinereous Mourner Laniocera hypopyrrha (Cristalino)
Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex simplex (Cristalino)
Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri (Itatiaia)
Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus (Pantanal)
Black-tailed Flycatcher Myiobius atricaudus ridgwayi (Ubatuba)
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus (Itatiaia)
Cliff (Southern) Flycatcher Hirundinea (ferruginea) bellicosa/pallidior (Itatiaia)
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox (Pantanal)
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus (Pantanal)
Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus (Itatiaia & Ubatuba)
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens  (Itatiaia, Ubatuba & Pantanal)
Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephala megacephala (Itatiaia)
Dusky-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon fuscicauda  (Cristalino)
Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus gateatus (Cristalino)
Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis ecaudatus (Serra das Araras)
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum  (Pantanal)
Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher Ramphotrigon poliocephalum (Ubatuba)
Rusty-fronted Tody Flycatcher Ramphotrigon latirostre  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus furcatus  (Ubatuba)
Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer  (Pantanal & Serra das Araras )
Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops (Itatiaia)
Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus meloryphus (Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus rufomarginatus  (Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis (Itatiaia)
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis (Itatiaia)
Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempsis flaveola   (Itatiaia)
White-crested Tyrannulet Serpophaga subcristata (Itatiaia & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster (Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Plain-crested Elaenia Elaenia cristata  (Chapada & Serra das Araras)
White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps   (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Pale-tipped Tyrannulet Inezia subflava (Cristalino)
Plain Tyrannulet Inezia inornata (Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii  (Pantanal)
Gray Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps  (Cristalino)
Campo Flycatcher Suiriri affinis   (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Chapada Flycatcher Suiriri islerorum   (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Mouse-colored Tyrannulet Phaeomyias murina (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum  (Seen at most places)
Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus (Itatiaia)
Rough-legged Tyrannulet Phyllomyias burmeisteri  (Itatiaia)
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus  (Itatiaia)
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus   (Cristalino)
Gray-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris (Itatiaia)
Southern Anpipit Corythopis delandii (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Xenopsaris Xenopsaris albinucha (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer (Pantanal, Cristalino & Serra das Araras)
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera (Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Gray-breasted Martin Progne modesta (Itatiaia, Pantanal & Cristalino)
Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleua (Itatiaia)
White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata (Cristalino)
White-thighed Swallow Neochelidon tibialis (Ubatuba)
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis (Common in most areas)
Purplish Jay Cyanocorax cyanomelas (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Curl-crested Jay Cyanocorax cristatellus  (Chapada dos Guimaraes & Serra das Araras)
Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapillus (Pantanal)
Thrush-like Wren Campylorhynchus turdinus (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Tooth-billed Wren Odontorchilus cinereus (Cristalino)
Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis (Pantanal)
Buff-breasted Wren Thryothorus leucotis (Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Fawn-breasted Wren Thryothorus guarayamus (Pantanal)
House Wren Troglodytes aedon (Itatiaia & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Southern Nightingale Wren Microcerculus marginatus (Cristalino)
Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus (Seen in most open habitat)
Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes (Itatiaia & Ubatuba)
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris (Itatiaia, Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas (Itatiaia & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus (Itatiaia & Pantanal)
Cocoa Thrush Turdus fumigatus (Serra das Araras)
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis  (Itatiaia & Serra das Araras)
Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus melanurus  (Cristalino)
Masked Gnatcatcher Polioptila dumicola berlepschi (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis  (Itatiaia, Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Chivi (Red-eyed) Vireo Vireo chivi (olivaceus)  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poecilotis (Itatiaia)
Ashy-headed Greenlet Hylophilus pectoralis  (Pantanal)
Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens  (Pantanal)
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis (Seen in most open habitat)
Bay-winged Cowbird Molothrus badius  (Pantanal)
Screaming Cowbird Molothrus rufoaxillaris (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Giant Cowbird Scaphidura oryzivora (Pantanal, Alta Floresta & Serra das Araras)
Crested Orependola Psarocolius decumanus (Ubatuba, Pantanal & Cristalino)
Para Orependola Psarocolius bifasciatus (Cristalino)
Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela (Pantanal, Chapada, Cristalino & Serra das Araras)
Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous (Itatiaia)
Golden-winged Cacique Cacicus chrysopterus (Itatiaia)
Solitary Black Cacique Cacicus solitarius (Pantanal)
Chopi Blackbird Gnorimopsar chopi (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Unicolored Blackbird Agelaius cyanopus (Pantanal)
Scarlet-headed Blackbird Amblyramphus holosericeus  (Pantanal)
Epaulet Oriole Icterus cayanensis  (Pantanal)
Troupial Icterus icterus (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi (Pantanal)
Flavescent Warbler Basileuterus flaveolus (Pantanal)
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus  (Itatiaia)
White-bellied Warbler Basileuterus hypoleucus (Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
White-rimmed Warbler Basileuterus leucoblepharus (Itatiaia)
Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzeni (Cristalino)
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola (Itatiaia & Pantanal)
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum (Itatiaia & Pantanal)
Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus (Cristalino)
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza (Itatiaia)
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana (Itatiaia & Ubatuba)
Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata (Cristalino)
Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis (Itatiaia & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota (Itatiaia)
Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus  (Itatiaia)
Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia  (Cristalino)
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon (Itatiaia & Ubatuba)
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala  (Ubatuba)
Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris (Itatiaia)
Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti (Itatiaia)
Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta  (Cristalino)
Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana  (Cristalino)
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola   (Cristalino)
Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana (Itatiaia)
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea (Itatiaia)
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris (Cristalino & Serra das Araras))
Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica (Serra das Araras)
Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea (Ubatuba)
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis (Itatiaia)
White-lored Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta (Cristalino)
Rufous-bellied Euphonia Euphonia rufiventris (Cristalino)
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca (Itatiaia, Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata (Itatiaia)
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum (Common, seen in every habitat)
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius (Ubatuba)
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Lowland Hepatic-Tanager Piranga (flava) flava (Chapada dos Guimaraes & Serra das Araras)
Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus (Itatiaia & Ubatuba)
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica  (Itatiaia)
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus  (Itatiaia & Ubatuba)
White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus (Chapada dos Guimaraes & Cristalino)
Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata  (Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops (Itatiaia)
White-rumped Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea    (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla  (Itatiaia)
Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira  (Ubatuba)
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis melanoxantha (Cristalino)
White-banded Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Red-billed Pied Tanager Lamprospiza melanoleuca  (Cristalino)
Black-faced Tanager Schistochlamys melanopis (Serra das Araras)
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana  (Cristalino & Serra das Araras)
Slate-coloured Grosbeak Pitylus grossus (Cristalino)
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens (Pantanal)
Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis   (Itatiaia & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus (Itatiaia)
Black-throated Saltator Saltator atricollis (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Blue Finch Porphyrospiza caerulescens (Serra das Araras)
Blue-black Grassquit Volatiania jacarina (Pantanal, Chapada & Serra das Araras)
Sooty Grassquit Tiaris fuliginosa (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Red-crested Cardinal Paroaria coronata (Pantanal)
Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis (Cristalino)
Yellow-billed Cardinal Paroaria capitata (Pantanal)
Lesser Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis (Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea (Serra das Araras)
Rusty-collared Seedeater Sporophila collaris (Pantanal)
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens (Itatiaia, Pantanal & Serra das Araras)
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola (Pantanal)
Red Pileated-Finch Coryphospingus cucullatus (Pantanal & Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Pectoral Sparrow Arremon flavirostris  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Saffron-billed Sparrow Arremon flavirostris  (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis (Chapada dos Guimaraes & Serra das Araras)
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis (Itatiaia)
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Emberizoides herbicola (Chapada dos Guimaraes)
Bay-chested Warbling-Finch Poospiza thoracica (Itatiaia, along Agulhas Negras road)
Red-rumped Warbling Finch Poospiza lateralis (Itatiaia, along Agulhas Negras road)
Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica (Itatiaia)
House Sparrow Passer domesticus (Itatiaia & Pantanal)

Total bird species seen, 567


Greater bulldog Bat Noctilio leporinus
Lesser bulldog Bat Noctilio albiventris
Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis
Ocelot Leopardus pardalis
Brazilian Tapir Tapirus terrestris
White-lipped Peccary Tayassu tajacu
Pampas Deer Ozotoceros bezoarticus
Marsh Deer Blastocerus dichotomus
Southern Amazonian Red Squirrel Sciurus spadiceus
Capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris
Azara's Agouti Dasyprocta azarae
Cavie Cavia aperea
Brazilian Rabbit Silvilagus brasiliansis
Brown River Turtle Phrynops geoffroanus
Yellow-footed Tortoises Chelonoides denticolata
Iguana Iguana iguana
Ameiva Lizard Ameiva ameiva
Cayman Lizard Dracaena paraguayensis
Amazonian Anaconda Eunectes murinus
Jararaca Piy Trygon Viper Bothrops neuwiedi
Spectacled Cayman Caiman crocodilus
Schneider's Dwarf-Cayman Paleosuchus trigonatus
Bull Toad Bufo paracnemis
Poison Dart Frog Dendrobatidae sp


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