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|A Report from birdtours.co.uk|
South East Brazil, 26 July-17 Aug. 2002,
Other participant: Rosian Vanbrakel
For additional information, please contact:
David Van den Schoor
Vonckstraat 23 A
2270 Herenthout (Belgium)
Tel. + Fax : ++ 32-126.96.36.199
e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
This trip covers a 23 days trip to Southeast Brazil and was a combination of bird watching and holiday because I was accompanied by my girlfriend Rosian. Southeast Brazil is famous for its many endemic bird species in the remains of the Atlantic Rainforest belt. This broad zone consists of lowland, hills and mountains, and we visited sites in all of these sub zones (see itinerary). Neither did I have the intention to write a true “trip report’, as good descriptions has been made available by many others (see references).
Everything was cheap in Brazil, because the value of the Real has fallen considerably in the last year!
All in all, this is a rather ideal birding destination; the only two drawbacks are the language and the lack of a true field guide.
I managed to see 348 species in this rather short time, 60 species seen are endemic to Brazil and no less than 41 species seen are classified as threatened birds by Birdlife International!
FLIGHT AND VISA
We flew from Brussels to Sâo Paulo via Milan with Alitalia for €779,44 return, taxes included. The flights were punctual and trouble free. The departure tax was included in the ticket price.
Be sure to reconfirm your return flight at least 72 hours before departure.
No visa is required for EU-citizens.
The Brazilian currency is the Real.
During our stay, the exchange rate was as follows:
1 US$ = 2,85 R$ (Sâo Paulo Int. Airport).
All major credit cards are accepted.
Permits and/or permission to enter most parks are officially required .
All the National Parks charge an entry fee, we had to pay as follows: 5 R$ for the car and 3 R$ per person at Itatiaia NP. Same rate at Serra dos Orgâos NP. 3 R$ per person/day at Serra da Canastra NP.
Another good thing to know is when you want to call home cheaply; you can buy different international telephone cards. With the cheapest one of R$ 40 you can call about 15 minutes.
At Sâo Paulo International Airport, we rented a car (Fiat Palio Fire) from Localiza for R$ 1581,92 (€540,45) for 21 days (including all taxes, assurances and unlimited mileage). In general all the roads we travelled on, except at Serra de Canastra NP, were in good condition.
Cars drive on the right. Petrol was around R$ 1,95 per litre.
ACCOMMODATION AND FOOD
In most towns you will find a variety of restaurants, supermarkets and food-stalls. Food was excellent, generally fine and inexpensive. Drinks can be found anywhere. Accommodation can be find everywhere in all different price classes. For more details about the accommodation, see useful addresses.
Portuguese is almost all you’ll hear off the beaten path. With very few exceptions Brazil is a country were English is not spoken widely and very little Spanish, so at least a rudimentary command of Portuguese or a Portuguese dictionary will be helpful.
The best time to go to southeast Brazil is between September and November as this coincides with the Austral Spring and more birds are calling. But, July and August are also good months (normally cooler in the south-eastern coastline) and is probably the best time of the year to see Brazilian Mergansers at the lower parts of Serra de Canastra NP. Most of the time during our stay the weather was good, with temperatures of circa 25° C. on the coast and up to 30° C. more inland at Serra do Cipo and Canastra.
We hit some rain on the coast and at Itatiaca NP, but had great weather inland. Daylight hours were generally 06:15 – 17:45.
GMT minus 5 hours.
Recanto das Toninhas
Praia das Toninhas s/n
CEP 11680-000 – Ubatuba
Price: 155 R$/room/night incl. BF plus 10% tax.
Angra Inn Hotel
Estrada do Contorno 2629
CEP 23900-000 Angra dos Reis
Price: 90$/room/night incl. BF plus 10% tax.
Hotel do Ypê
Caixa postal 83647
CEP 27580-000 Itatiaia
Price: 170 R$ /chalet/night incl. 3 meals and tax.
Av. Atlantica, Copacabana, 1020
CEP 22010-000 Rio de Janeiro
Telephone: 021-3873 8888
Fax: 021-3873 8777
Price: 225R$/room/night incl. BF plus 15% tax.Pousada Chamonix
Rua Conçalo de Castro 735
Telephone: 021-2642 3230
Fax: 021-2642 3260
Price: 80R$/room/night incl. BF plus tax.
Pousada Châo da Serra
Rodovia MG-10, Km 99.5
Serra do Cipo
Telephone: 031-3718 7040
Fax: 031-3272 2600
Price: 80R$/room/night incl. BF plus tax.
Hotel Capadâo da Canastra
Rua Benjamin Constant 10
CEP 37928-000 Sâo Roque de Minas
Telephone: 037-3433 1267
Fax: 037-3433 1440
Price: 40R$/room/night incl. BF plus tax. (50R$ in the weekend)
Rodovia Hélio Smidt s/n, Base Aérea
CEP 07143-970 Sâo Paulo
Telephone: 055-3491 4300
Fax: 055-3491 4321
Price: 171R$/room/night incl. BF plus 5% tax.
Flight Brussels-Milan and Milan-Sâo Paulo with Alitalia. Arrived after a long flight (circa 11 hrs) and collecting luggage, hired a car at Localiza and did the 3 hour drive to Ubatuba. After a little searching we booked a room for 5 nights in the Recanto das Toninhas.
Ubatuba-Cordovado trail (7:00 till 9:30) and Folha Seca (11:00 till 14:30).
Ubatuba-Folha Seca (7:30 till 11:30) and Farenda Capricornio (14:30 till 16:00).
Farenda Capricornio (7:30 till 11:30) and Folha Seca (15:20 till 17:30).
Again Folha Seca (7:15 till 11:00) and a second visit in the afternoon (16:00 till 17:00)
Last visit to Folha Seca (7:30 till 10:50). Leave early afternoon for Angra dos Reis with a quick and successful stop at the Black-hooded Antwrensite (16:00 till 16:40). Night in the Angra Inn at Angra das Reis.
Another visit to the Antwrensite (7:30 till 9:10). After breakfast start to Itatiaia NP with a few roadside stops. Check-in at the nice Hotel do Ypê for a 3 nights stay. Rest of the afternoon birding around the hotel with some good flocks! (14:30 till 17:00).
Itatiaia NP – start birding around the hotel and later the feeders at Hotel Sima (7:00 till 9:00), then the lower parts of the Tres Picos trail (9:00 till 13:00), a brief visit to the feeders at the chocolate store and finally the Maromba trail (15:00 till 17:00). Not a very productive day because rain and foggy till 15:30!
Again a foggy morning, birding on the Tres Picos trail up till the waterfall (7:15 till 15:15) and also the “bamboo” trail to Hotel Conopuô. Heavy rains from 16:00 on!
Get up early for a visit to the Alguas Negras Road on the higher parts of the National Park (7:30 till 15:00) luckily enough good weather today! Towards Rio de Janeiro where we stayed in Le Meridien at the Copacabane beach. A few days of rest for my girlfriend Rosian!
A non-birding day at the Copacabana.
I drove along to the North for Restinga Antwren at the well-known Macambaba road (7:30 till 10:00). In the afternoon we visited the Corcovado.
Leave Rio around noon for a 2 hours drive inland to Teresépolis. Night at Pousada Chamonix.
Birding on the Pedro do Sino trail (8:00 till 16:00) at Serra dos Orgãos NP.
Today we had a long journey to Serra do Cipo NP with stops at the Sumidouro Road (9:30 till 11:00) and at Carmo (11:30 till 13:00). We arrived around 21:00. A 2 nights stay at the pleasant Pousada Chão da Serra.
Birdlife International (2000): Threatened Birds of the World.
Carol Foil. Brazil-Rio de Janeiro: Day trip, mid-June 2001.
Field Guides (Bred Whitney & John Coons) Birds recorded on the South-eastern Brazil Tour, October 13-6 November, 2000.
Field Guides (Bred Whitney & John Rowlett) Birds recorded on the South-eastern Brazil Tour, September 26-19 October, 1991.
Field Guides (John Rowlett & Rose Ann Rowlett) Birds recorded on the South-eastern Brazil Tour, October 22 to 15 November, 1999.
Garry George. Brazil-Southeast: 22 August-13 September 2001.
Ian Hornbuchle. Birding in Eastern Brazil 1995.
James F. Clements: Birds of the world. A check list, (Fifth Edition 2000)
Jan Vermeulen. South-eastern Brazil 14-26 July 2001.
Jeremy Minns: Detailed notes about birding sites in South-East and Central Brazil.
John van der Woude. Birding trip report South-East Brazil, October/November 2001.
Larry Cardella. South-eastern Brazil: 18-31 October 2001.
Luciano M. Lima. Checklist of the Birds of Itatiaia.
Mark Lockwood. Brazil-Southeast: 10-16 November 2001.
Martin R. de La Pêna and Maurice Rumboll. Birds of Southern South America and Antarctica (Collins Illustrated Checklist).
Robert S. Ridgely and Guy Tudor. The Birds of South America, Volume I. The Oscine Passerines.
Robert S. Ridgely and Guy Tudor. The Birds of South America, Volume II. The Suboscine Passerines.
Ron Hoff. Brazil-Southeast: 21 October-11 November 2000.
Many thanks to Mark Van Beirs for providing some good tapes and information. Without his help this trip was surely less productive!
ANNOTATED BIRD LIST
AN = Algulhas Negras Road (Itatiaia National Park)
AR = Argro dos Reis area.
Ca = Carmo site.
ITA = Itanhaém site.
It = Itatiaia National Park.
Ma = Maçambaba Road.
SCa = Serra da Canastra National Park.
SCi = Serra do Cipo National Park.
SO = Serra dos Orgaos National Park.
SR = Sumidouro Road.
Ub = Ubatuba area (Serra do Mar).
This list follows the taxonomy, names and sequence of James F. Clements (Birds of the World, A Checklist, Fifth Edition 2000) with a few exceptions of recent taxonomy decisions and name changes (see www.ibispub.com/updates.html)
Notes of threatened species on the IUCN Red List were taken of “Threatened Birds of the World” – Birdlife International (2000). See also www.birdlife.net/species/species_search_results.cfm.
Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus
Ub – seen twice, more birds were heard.
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
SCa – a pair on the Rio Sâo Francisco.
Sâo Paulo – several on the ponds around Ibérica’s Praia Hotel.
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
Ub – Rio de Janeiro – Praia Grande: many splendid observations, especially at Rio where up to 60 birds a day were counted.
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Ub-AR-SCi-Sâo Paulo-Belo Horizonte: regularly seen in good numbers.
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
Ub-AR-Rio de Janeiro-Ma-Praia Grande-Cst: A common bird along the Brazilian coast, up to 100 birds a day.
Whistling Heron Syrigma sibilatrix
ITA – two birds flew over.
Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi
Rio de Janeiro – A single observation at the Guanabara Bay.
Great Egret Ardea alba
Fairly common, regularly seen on route.
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Ub- a single bird.
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Fairly common throughout.
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
A common and widespread species.
Buff-necked Ibis Theristicus caudatus
SCa – respectively two, seven and four birds were counted.
Roseate Spoonbill Ajaia ajaja
AR-Rio de Janeiro – both single.
White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata
A group of circa 20 birds en route to Sâo Paulo on 14/8.
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
SCa – a total of eight birds on the Rio Sâo Francisco.
Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis
Two birds on a pond just outside Rio de Janeiro on 4/8.
Brazilian Merganser Mergus octosetaceus
SCa – fabulous views of a pair at close range on the Rio Sâo Francisco at the campsite Buteco Ra on 13/8.
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
A very common species, daily seen in good numbers.
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Less common than previous species, but also daily up to 20 birds.
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa
SCi- SCa – respectively a single and three birds were seen.
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
Two birds at Sâo Paulo airport on 25/7.
Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon
Ub – a single observation.
Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor
Ub – nice views of an adult bird at Folha Seca.
Harris' Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus
SCa – a single on the upper plateau.
Crowned Eagle Harpyhaliaetus coronatus
Ca – a pair with juvenile soaring over the hills was a nice bonus!
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
Almost daily seen in small numbers.
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus
SCa – a total of seven count on the plateau, three more seen on road to Sâo Paulo.
Southern Caracara Caracara plancus
Daily seen at all visited places with max. 10 birds on the Serra da Canastra plateau.
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima
AR-Ma-SCi-SCa-ITA – small numbers.
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
SCa – splendid observations of four birds in total, not shy!
Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis
It – a single, only heard.
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
SCa – four birds seen, four more seen on route.
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis
SCi – a single observation.
Dusky-legged Guan Penelope obscura
It – easy seen around Hotel do Ypê a few more on the trails, more than 20 birds on 2/8.
AN – a pair flushed at the roadside scrub.
Spot-winged Wood-Quail Odontophorus capueira
It – three seen, a few more heard.
SO – two and a single bird were extremely good seen on the Pedro do Sino trail.
Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea
It – a total of five birds were counted.
Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides saracura
SCa – a single bird along the Rio Sâo Francisco.
Red-legged Seriema Cariama cristata
SCi – a single observation.
SCa – no less than eight birds were seen in total.
Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana
SR – seven birds at the marsh, one more seen en route.
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
Fairly common, most seen en route in cultivated landscape.
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus
Small numbers throughout the coastline, nice views at UB.
Cayenne Tern Sterna (sandvicensis) eurignatha
Ub-Ma – small numbers were counted, maximum 20 a day.
Rock Dove Columba livia
Fairly common in cities and villages.
Picazuro Pigeon Columba picazuro
Seen on most visited places in small numbers
Pale-vented Pigeon Columba cayennensis
Ub-AN – both single observations.
SCa – fairly common, up to 30 birds a day.
Plumbeous Pigeon Columba plumbea
It-So – one and two birds respectively seen.
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata
SCa – circa 40 birds seen in total.
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti
A fairly common lowland species.
Picui Ground-Dove Columbina picui
SCa – circa 10 birds were counted.
Scaled Dove Columbina squammata
SCi – two seen.
SCa – up to 20 birds a day.
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
Ub –So – singles at both places.
Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla
It – a single observation;
Violaceous Quail-Dove Geotrygon violacea
It – nice views of a male on the Très Picos trail.
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana
Ub – a male on the trail at Seca Folha.
Blue-winged Macaw Propyrrhura maracana
Ca – a small group, unfortunately only heard.
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus
SR-SCa – small numbers, circa 50 birds in total.
Golden-capped Parakeet Aratinga auricapilla
SCa – a single observation near Casca d’Anta.
Peach-fronted Parakeet Aratinga aurea
SCi –Sca – fairly common at both places.
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis
Ub-It-AN-SO-SCa – seen in good numbers.
Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus crassirostris
Ub-SCi-SCa – 13, 2 and circa 34 birds were counted.
Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica
Ub-It – fairly common, circa 60 birds in total.
Yellow-chevroned Parakeet Brotogeris chiriri
SCa – a group of 7 birds flew over the Rio Sâo Francisco.
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata
Ub-It – 3 and 9 birds respectively.
Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani
Ub – regularly seen in small groups, circa 30 birds in total.
It-SCi-SCa – 4, 3 and 3 birds seen.
Red-tailed Parrot Amazona brasiliensis
ITA – five birds on the well know roosting place on the evening of 15/8.
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
It-SR-SCa – four birds seen in total.
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
Fairly common throughout, most observations en route.
Guira Cuckoo Guira guira
AR-Ma-SR-Ca-SCI-SCa – small groups up to 10 birds, also regularly seen en route.
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia
Ub-SR – two and a single seen, four more birds en route tot Rio on 4/8.
Rufous Nightjar Caprimulgus rufus
SCi – splendid observation of a single on a daytime roost.
Sooty Swift Cypseloides fumigatus
Ub-It-SCa – a few singles seen, excluded a group of circa 50 birds at Ub on 28/7.
Great Dusky Swift Cypseloides senex
SCa – circa 30 birds at Casca d’Anta.
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
A common species, seen on most visited places.
Biscutate Swift Streptoprocne biscutata
AN-SCi – circa 25 and 10 birds respectively identified at close range.
Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris
Ub – fairly common.
Ashy-tailed Swift Chaetura andrei
It – circa 10 birds seen over Hotel do Ypê on 2/8.
Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius
Ub – circa 10 birds seen, most at Folha Seca.
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome
It-AN-SO-SCi-SCa – a few at each site.
Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretrei
Ub-AR-It-SO-SCa : all singles.
Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber
Ub –daily small numbers.
Sombre Hummingbird Campylopterus cirrochloris
Ub – a single on the feeders at Farenda Capricornio on 28/7.
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macrourus
Ub-AR-It-SR-SCi-SCa – small numbers.
Black Jacobin Florisuga fuscus
It-AN – circa 15 birds seen.
White-vented Violet-ear Colibri serrirostris
SR-SCa – two and a single bird observed.
Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis
SCa – a male at the feeder at Hotel Chapadâo da Canastra.
Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi
AN-SO – respectively four and three birds seen.
Frilled Coquette Lophornis magnificus
It – six birds counted.
Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybeus
Ub – at least four birds seen, all at Fazenda Capricornio.
Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon aureoventris
It –Sci-SCa – small numbers seen.
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata
SCi – circa 10 birds were seen.
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis
Ub-AR-It-AN-Rio de Janeiro-SO-SR – fairly common species.
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis
It – circa 5 birds daily on the feeders at Hotel do Ypê.
White-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus guainumbi
SCI-SCa – 6+ and 3 respectively.
Versicolored Emerald Agyrtria versicolor
It – three birds seen.
Sapphire-spangled Emerald Polyerata lactea
It-AN-SO – a few observations at each site.
Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda
It-SO – small numbers.
Hyacinth Visorbearer Augastes scutatus
SCi – 10+ and 3 birds were counted.
Horned Sungem Heliactin bilopha
SCi – six birds seen.
Stripe-breasted Starthroat Heliomaster squamosus
SCa – a male on two days on the feeders at Hotel Chapadâo da Canastra.
Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina
SCi – 5+ birds were seen.
White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis
Ub – a pair seen at Folha Seca.
SO – one male.
Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus
It – a male at the Maromba trail.
Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura
It – one male and three females, all of the yellow-bellied form aurantius.
AN – a single observation of the red-bellied form surrucura.
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata
Ub-AR – both singles.
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona
SCa – two birds on the Rio Sâo Francisco.
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
Ub-SCa – three observations of one single bird.
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus
Ub – nice views of a bird at Folha Seca.
Three-toed Jacamar Jacamaralcyon tridactyla
SR – six birds seen in total.
Ca – four seen, two more heard.
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda
AR-SCa – seen twice very well.
Buff-bellied Puffbird Notharchus swainsoni
Ub – a single observation.
Recently split from White-necked Puffbird – N.macrorhynehos and now endemic for SE Brazil (Ibis 15 june 2002 p. 236).
White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru
SCi-SCa – singles at both places.
Crescent-chested Puffbird Malacoptila striata
Ub – good but briefly seen at Folha Seca.
Chestnut-eared Aracari Pteroglossus castanotis
SR – a pair flew over.
Saffron Toucanet Baillonius bailloni
At – super views aourd Hotel do Ypê and on the feeders.
Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus
Ub-It – circa 10 and 3 birds respectively seen.
Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco
SCa – five seen in total, three more en route to Sâo Paulo on 14/8.
White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus
Ub-It-SR – respectively two, one and one bird seen.
Ochre-collared Piculet Picumnus temminckii
Ub –five birds observed in total.
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons
Ub-It – regularly seen.
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster
It – a female on 3/8.
Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus
It – a male in the clearing around Hotel Do Ypê on 1/8.
Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros
It-SCa – two and one bird seen.
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris
AN-SR-Ca-SCi-SCa – good numbers, also regularly en route.
Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens
Ub – three seen, more heard.
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus
It – a male at Hotel do Ypê on 1/8.
Tail-banded Hornero Furnarius figulus
SCa – a male singing on wire along the track, a few hundred meters before the campsite Buteco Rà.
Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus
Fairly common inland.
Sooty-fronted Spinetail Synallaxis frontalis
SCi – only one seen in the higher scrub.
Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens
SCa – a single in the forest near Casca d’Anta.
Chicli Spinetail Synallaxis spixi
It-SoO – circa 5 birds seen on both places.
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla
Ub-It-SO – small numbers.
Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida
Ub-AN – a few at each location.
Itatiaia Thistletail Oreophylax moreirae
AN – three birds were found.
Cipo Canastero Asthenes luizae
SCi – two birds seen very well, one more heard.
Red-eyed Thornbird Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus
AR – a single observation.
Firewood-gatherer Anumbius annumbi
SCi–Sca –only three birds in total.
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans
It – seen twice.
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus
It-AN-SO – one, one and circa 5 birds seen respectively.
White-browed Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia amaurotis
It-SO – a single and two birds were counted.
Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata
It – a single observation.
Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus
Ub – one bird in a mixed flock.
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus
Ub-It-AN-SO – small numbers.
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini
It – one on the Tres Picos trail.
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus
Ub-It-So – two, one and two observations.
White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus
It – good numbers.
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura
SO- three birds seen well, more heard.
SCa – a single above Casca d’Anta.
Thrush-like Woodcreeper Dendrocincla turdina
Ub – seen twice.
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus
It-AN – circa 20 birds in total.
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus
SO – circa 8 birds were seen.
White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis
Ub-SO – singles at both locations.
Planalto Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes platyrostris
It – three birds seen.
Narrow-billed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes angustirostris
SCa – a single in the scrub along the Rio Sâo Francisco.
Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus
Ub-It-AN-SO –small numbers.
Lesser Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes fuscus
Ub – only one seen at Fazenda Capricornia.
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius
SO – heard at the beginning of the Pedro do Sino trail.
Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus
Ub – at least three times heard but no response to the playback.
Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea
SO – female seen and male heard at the beginning of the Pedro do Sino trail.
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa
Ub – two males seen and one more heard at Folha Seca.
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii
AN – a male taped-out, a second one only heard.
Planalto Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus pelzelni
It – a pair at the Tres Picos trail.
Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus caerulescens
It – two heard.
SO –seen twice, three more heard.
Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax
Ub – a total of five were seen, a few more heard.
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis
Ub-It-SO-SCa – regularly seen, in total 30+ birds.
Rufous-backed Antvireo Dysithamnus xanthopterus
It-SO – two and four birds seen.
Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis
Ub-It-SO – small numbers.
Salvadori's Antwren Myrmotherula minor
Ub – a male at the Concovado trail on 27/7.
Unicolored Antwren Myrmotherula unicolor
Ub – four males and two females in total.
Restinga Antwren Formicivora littoralis
Ma – two males, a female seen and one more male heard within 10 minutes after enter the dunes. Respond very quickly and heavy on tape recorder!
Black-hooded Antwren Formicivora erythronotos
AR – a pair on 31/7 and the same female on 1/8 gave some nice looks in the scrub along the Rio Florescâo.
Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea
Ub-It –four birds seen at both places.
Bertoni's Antbird Drymophila rubricollis
It –six birds seen on the Tres Picos trail.
So – a single seen and heard.
Rufous-tailed Antbird Drymophila genei
AN – three birds seen, more were heard.
Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga
It – only heard twice at the Tres Picos trail.
Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata
Ub – quit easy to see, circa 15 birds in total.
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata
Ub-AR – respectively two and a single observation.
Rio de Janeiro Antbird Cercomacra brasiliana
Ca – one seen, extremely skulking! A second bird heard.
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera
Ub-AR-It-AN-SO – at least six seen, more heard. Some very nice views.
White-bibbed Antbird Myrmeciza loricata
It – three seen and nine more heard in total, easy to tape in.
Brazilian Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda
It-AN-SO – only one seen, eight others heard.
Such's Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides
It-SO – splendid observation on the Tres Picos trail. Three more heard.
Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia
It –SO – three heard, one seen too briefly to write in!
Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri
It – unfortunately only heard twice.
Black-cheeked Gnateater Conopophaga melanops
Ub – males seen twice very well.
Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus
Ub – super observation at Folha Seca, same bird heard on more dates.
Slaty Bristlefront Merulaxis ater
Ub – after several heard, one crossing the trail very slow on a distance of 5 feet, superb!
Mouse-colored Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae
SO – one seen well, three more were heard.
Shrike-like Cotinga Laniisoma elegans
SCa – a female probably on migration in the vegetation of the Rio Sâo Francisco above Casca d’Anta was a real surprise!
Black-and-gold Cotinga Tijuca atra
It-AN-SO – three males and a female seen well on the Pedro do Sino trail, in total 20+ birds heard.
Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullatus
SO – easy to tape-in, three seen and 10+ heard only.
Buff-throated Purpletuft Iodopleura pipra
Ub – a male at Fazenda Capricornio in het dead tree opposite the last house.
AR – a male in a fig tree along the Rio Florescâo.
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis
Ub – super views of a male and no less than four females at Fazenda Capricornio.
IT – A female at the Tres Picos trail.
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus
Ub-AR-It-Ca – regularly seen in small number.
Blue Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata
Ub-It-SO – fairly common.
Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris
SO – a female on the Pedro do Sino trail.
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum
Ub-SCi – seven birds in total were counted.
Gray Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps
AN – a single observation.
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
SCa – two birds along the Rio Sâo Francisco.
Plain-crested Elaenia Elaenia cristata
SCi – four birds in total seen.
Highland Elaenia Elaenia obscura
SCa – four birds in total.
Sooty Tyrannulet Serpophaga nigricans
SCi-SCa –a single and circa 10 birds respectively seen.
White-crested Tyrannulet Serpophaga subcristata
AN – three birds seen.
Gray-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris
Ub-AR-SO – two, one and three birds observed.
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Ub-It-SO-SR-Ca –small numbers.
Sao Paulo Tyrannulet Phylloscartes paulistus
Ub – a single at Folha Seca.
Oustalet's Tyrannulet Phylloscartes oustaleti
Ub-AR – three different birds in total.
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis
AN – twice seen.
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis
SO – two along the Pedro do Sino trail.
Bay-ringed Tyrannulet Phylloscartes sylviolus
Ub – at least three birds were counted.
Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus
It-SR – respectively one and two birds seen.
Gray-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla
Ub – seen twice, maybe same individual.
Sharp-tailed Tyrant Culicivora caudacuta
SCa – 10+ birds, most were seen in the grasslands just above Casca d’Anta.
Gray-backed Tachuri Polystictus superciliaris
SCa – seen very well inside the park where the power line crosses the road.
Eared Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis auricularis
It-So – two and one single bird.
Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops
It – two seen and three heard along the Tres Picos Trail.
Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus orbitatus
UB – one bird at Folha Seca.
Hangnest Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus nidipendulus
SR – a single observation.
Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus furcatus
Ub – one and the day after two birds at the same spot in Folha Seca, used tape recorder!
Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum
Ub – daily seen, max. 6 birds on 28/7.
SR – a single observation.
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
SCa – twice seen.
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens
Ub – a single bird.
Gray-crowned Flycatcher Tolmomyias poliocephalus
Ub-It – four birds in total.
White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus
SO – seen well at the Pedro do Sino trail.
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus
Ub – another single observation.
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius mastacalis
Ub – spotted in the Cocoa plantations of Fazenda Capriconio.
Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea
Ub-AR-SCa – 10 birds were counted.
Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus
Ub-It-SCa – only five birds in total identified.
Gray Monjita Xolmis cinerea
SCi-SCa – one and two birds respectively.
White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velata
SR-SCi-SCa – regularly seen, up tot 10 birds a day.
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris
It-AN-So-Ca-SCa – three, five, one, four and circa 20 birds respectively.
Velvety Black-Tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus
It-AN-SR-Ca-SCa – three, five, one, four and circa 20 birds respectively.
Crested-Black-Tyrant Knipolegus lophotes
SCi-SCa – fairly common.
Masked Water-Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta
Ub-AN-Rio de Janeiro-SCa – small numbers.
Cock-tailed Tyrant Alectrurus tricolor
SCa – two males and a female on the upper plateau was unexpected this time of the year.
Streamer-tailed Tyrant Gubernetes yetapa
A pair on the power line along the BR393 road near Sapucaia.
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus
Ub-AR-It-AN-SCi-SCa-ITA – small numbers.
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus
Ub-AR-SCi-SCa – regularly seen, also enroute.
Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant Muscipipra vetula
AN – a single bird at the marsh.
Sirystes Sirystes sibilator
It – three birds around Hotel do Ypê, leading a big mixed flock!
Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex
SO – a single observation.
Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni
Ma-SR-Ca – regularly seen.
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox
SCi-SCa – a single and two birds seen.
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus
SCa – twice seen.
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
Like previous species, a common bird.
Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis
A common lowland species.
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
It_SCa – only a few observations.
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Ub-Rio de Janeiro-Ma-SCa – regularly seen.
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
SCa – three birds between Sâo Roque de Minas and Vargem Bonita.
Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus
Ub-It – respectively five and four birds.
Crested Becard Pachyramphus validus
Ub – a female at Fazenda Capricornio.
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor
Ub – a male in de Cocoa plantations of Fazenda Capricornio.
Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus
It-AN-SO – five birds were only heard.
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera
Ma-Ca-SCa – small numbers
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
Ub – daily seen, also a few en route.
White-rumped Swallow Tachycineta leucorrhoa
SCa – four and one bird seen on the plateau.
Blue-and-white Swallow Pygochelidon cyanoleuca
A common species throughout.
White-thighed Swallow Neochelidon tibialis
Ub – daily seen, max. 15 birds on 28/7.
Tawny-headed Swallow Stelgidopteryx fucata
AR-SR – seen twice.
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
Ub-AR-SR-Ca-SCI-SCa – a common species.
Hellmayr's Pipit Anthus hellmayri
SCi – a single seen and heard.
SCa – 10+ birds seen on the plateau.
Ochre-breasted Pipit Anthus nattereri
SCa – splendid observation of two birds on the plateau.
Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapillus
SCa – a single at the pond near the campsite Buteco Ra.
Southern house Wren Troglodytes aedon
Small numbers at most visited places.
Tropical Mockingbird Mimus gilvus
SR-Ca-SCi – a few at each location.
Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus
SR-Ca-SCi-SCa – fairly common.
Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes
Ub-AR-It-AN-Rio de Janeiro-Ma-So – small numbers, up to 10 birds a day.
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris
Ub-AR-It-AN-SO-SR – small numbers.
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas
Ub-It-SCa – regularly seen.
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus
Ub-AR-It-SO-ITA – less common than previous species.
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis
Ub – seen twice.
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild
SO – two birds in the garden of Pousada Chamonix.
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Ub – the resident form V.o.chivi also called ‘Chivi Vireo’ and sometimes given specific status, was four times noted.
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis
Ut-AN-SO – one, three and three birds were seen.
Lemon-chested Greenlet Hylophilus thoracicus
Ub – a single observation.
Ashy-headed Greenlet Hylophilus pectoralis
SR – like previous species, one bird seen.
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
AN – only heard.
Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica
Ub – a group of ten birds on the track to Folha Seca.
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi
Ub – dialy small numbers.
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
It-SO-Ca – circa 25 birds in total.
White-rimmed Warbler Basileuterus leucoblepharus
AN – three heard.
SO – four birds seen.
White-striped Warbler Basileuterus leucophrys
SCa – a single birds in the forest to Casca d’Anta.
Neotropical River Warbler Basileuterus rivularis
AR – one bird responded very well to the tape, nice views.
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
Common species throughout.
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum
SR – 2+ birds were noted.
Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei
It – daily seen, up to 10 birds.
SO – seen twice.
Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus
It – a single bird at the feeders.
SCa – a few birds.
White-rumped Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea
SCi – two birds were notated.
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana
It – circa 20 birds in total.
SCa – a few birds.
Chestnut-headed Tanager Pyrrhocoma ruficeps
SO-SCa – two single males of this skulking species were seen.
Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida
Ub – a single observation at Folha Seca.
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla
Ub-It – good numbers, less common at later places.
Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata
SR – a group of 5 birds.
Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus
Ub-AR-It – fairly common, max. count of 25 at Fazende Capricornio.
Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus
Ub-Rio de Janeiro – daily seen, circa 35 birds in total.
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus
Ub-AR-It-SO – regularly observed in small groups.
Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops
Ub-It-SO-SCa – small numbers, circa 50 birds in total.
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica
Ub-Rio de Janeiro-SO – a few observations max. day count 5 birds.
Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava
Ub – three birds at Folha Seca.
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius
Ub-AR-Rio de Janeiro-Ma – daily seen, circa 25 birds in total.
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca
Ub-AR-It-SR-Ca-SCi-SCa – fairly common species.
Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera
Ub – a group of at least five birds at Folha Seca.
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata
Ub-It-SO – small numbers, more common at latter place.
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Ub-AR-It-SCi – good numbers were seen.
Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus
AN – circa 20 birds were noted.
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota
Ub-AR-SO – a few observations, mostly singles.
Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica
SCi – a single observation.
Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea
Ub-AR – respectively five and one bird.
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis
Ub-It – small numbers, 20+ birds in total.
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea
It – a male and max. three females on the feeders at Hotel do Ypê.
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon
Ub-It-AN – commonest Tanger, up to 40 birds a day.
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala
Ub – daily seen in good numbers.
Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti
It-AN-SO-SCa – a few observations, only common seen at SO with +50 birds.
Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris
It – days with circa 30 and 10 birds were noted.
Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana
SO-SR-SCi-SCa – a few observations at each site.
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
Ub-AR-It-Ca-SCa – small numbers, one day up to 20 birds at Ub.
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
Ub-SCa – 10 birds in total.
Swallow-Tanager Tersina viridis
Ub-It-SR-SCa – three males and four females were noted.
Pileated Finch Coryphospingus pileatus
SCa – four birds along the Rio Francisco.
Bay-chested Warbling-Finch Poospiza thoracica
AN – circa 25 birds were counted.
Red-rumped Warbling-Finch Poospiza lateralis
AN – seen twice.
Cinereous Warbling-Finch Poospiza cinerea
SCi – a pair seen well.
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
SR-SCa – small numbers.
Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea
SCa – a single bird.
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis
SCa – regularly seen.
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens
Ub-AN-Ma-Ca-SCa – fairly common in suitable habitat.
White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera
SCa – circa 30 birds in total.
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor
Ub – a male seen, two more heard at It.
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola
SR-SCa – small numbers.
Grassland Yellow-Finch Sicalis luteola
SCa – a single observation.
Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch Sicalis citrina
SCa – respectively five and two birds observed.
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Emberizoides herbicola
SCa – 20+ birds were noted.
Pale-throated Serra-Finch Embernagra longicauda
SCi – a group of three was seen.
Great Pampa-Finch Embernagra platensis
SCa – a single observation.
Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis
SCi-SCa – small numbers.
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
Ub-It-AN-Ma-SCi-SCa – small numbers at each site.
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
SCi – a single observation.
Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis
Ub – seen twice.
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus
It-SO – six and a single observation respectively.
Black-throated Saltator Saltator atricollis
SCa – a total of six birds seen.
Yellow-billed Blue Finch Porphyrospiza caerulescens
SCi – a nice male was seen.
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
Ub-It-SR-SCi-SCa – fairly common.
Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus
SCa – a few observations.
Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous
Ub-It – up to 20 birds a day, very vocal!
Golden-winged Cacique Cacicus chrysopterus
It-AN – small numbers.
Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus
Ub-SR-Ca-SCa – regularly seen.
Yellow-rumped Marshbird Pseudoleistes guirahuro
SCi-SCa – small numbers.
Chopi Blackbird Gnorimopsar chopi
Ub-SCa – circa 30 birds seen in total.