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|A Report from birdtours.co.uk|
Western Bulgaria 4-26 September 2001,
Michael Frankis* & Tony Antonov
* 21 Jesmond Park West, Newcastle upon Tyne NE7 7BU email@example.com
Flew from Newcastle to Sofia via Paris Charles de Gaulle (Air France). Paris CDG is not a good airport to change at - for comfort, it requires at least 90 minutes change time, not the 50 minutes I had. Arrived Sofia mid afternoon, met Tony at airport, minus my luggage which didn't make the connection. Trip round Sofia city centre to Tony's swift study area, then out to Mladost-2 suburb for night at Tony's Uncle's flat.
Map of Bulgaria
Sofia city centre:
Little Owl 1 (attempting to hunt Alpine Swifts at colony!), Pallid Swift c.20 including visiting nests (second broods) with eggs and young in loft space of two school buildings in Tony's study area, Alpine Swift c.60-70 visiting nesting colony on office building in inner suburbs, Syrian Woodpecker 1, Great Tit, Magpie, Hooded Crow, House Sparrow.
In Sofia city and suburbs; overnight again at Mladost-2 suburb. Urban, suburban and parkland. Missing luggage delivered late evening.
Pallid Swift c.50-60 near National Palace of Culture (NDK) building, hunting insects above trees beside open sewer (some nest at NDK; 3 pairs at nearby school [3+2+2 chicks of second broods] and other local buildings), also Common Swift 1-2 late birds in the flock. Alpine Swift c.30 visiting colony at 'Bulbank' bank head office (city centre) and c.20 at colony on tower block in Mladost-2.
Forestry Institute gardens:
Syrian Woodpecker 2, Lesser Spotted Woodpecker 1 heard calling, Whitethroat, Great Tit, House Sparrow, Chaffinch, Goldfinch, Hawfinch c.10.
Early morning bus to Kozloduy (NW Bulgaria); afternoon walk along Danube south bank (late summer low water with wide mud margins); lift with Tony's father to Zlatia village (20km W of Kozloduy); Zlatia village (home of Tony's grandparents) & adjoining Zlatiata plateau (loess slope & plateau, mostly post-harvest stubble fields and overgrazed pasture; some shrubs & trees).
Marsh Harrier 1, Common Buzzard 1, Red-backed Shrike 1.
Bee-eater flock of 40-50, Nightingale 1 (very obliging!).
Little Egret 1, Grey Heron 1, Spotted Redshank 1, Marsh Sandpiper 1, Green Sandpiper 8, Common Sandpiper 3, Black-headed Gull c.60, Common Gull 1, Bee-eater two flocks of 10-12, Great Spotted Woodpecker, White Wagtail, Swallow, Sand & House Martins, Blackcap.
overlooking islands between Kozloduy & Zlatia: Cormorant c.300, Mallard, Gadwall, Caspian Gull. Also 101 Dalmatians in far distance on Lake Bistrets (in Romania, c.12km distant across the Danube).
Zlatia & Zlatiata:
Sparrowhawk 1, Common Buzzard 3, Kestrel 4, Hobby 2 juv., Saker Falcon 1, Bee-eater flock of 250-300 !, Sky Lark, Tree Pipit.
Zlatia village - Zlatiata plateau - Zlatia village (walk). Visited bankside with Bulgaria's largest Bee-eater breeding colony (though nesting over for the season), also 2-3 pairs Roller nest there.
Zlatia & Zlatiata:
Black Stork 1 flew over, Montagu's Harrier 1, Levant Sparrowhawk 1, Long-legged Buzzard 1, Common Buzzard 3, Hobby 1 ad., Kestrel, Wood Pigeon, Collared Dove, Bee-eater 100+, Roller 2 (plus remains of dead bird below colony site), Yellow Wagtail 5+ including feldegg race 1 adult male (others females & juveniles, unidentified races), Whinchat 3, Willow Warbler, Spotted Flycatcher, Lesser Grey Shrike 1 juv., Red-backed Shrike 4+, House Sparrow, Tree Sparrow.
Zlatia village - roadside Danube overlook - Shishmanov Val reservoir - Danube Shore (lift with local villager). Farmland on loess plateau (about 80m above Danube), scattered hedges; medium size reservoir with mainly mud margins (no reedbed).
Dalmatian Pelican 4 on Bezimenen Island (see below), Pheasant, Common Swift 2.
Walk from road to Shishmanov Val reservoir:
Marsh Harrier 1, Montagu's Harrier 1, ringtail harrier (sp.) 1, Common Buzzard 3, Kestrel 2, Skylark c.20, Whinchat 5+, Whitethroat 1, Willow Warbler, Lesser Grey Shrike 1 juv (plus 4-5 used nests), Red-backed Shrike 10, Starling 160+.
At Shishmanov Val reservoir:
Little Grebe 2, Cormorant 10, Grey Heron 17, Teal c.30, Sparrowhawk 2, Kestrel 3, Lapwing 4, Ruff 2, Spotted Redshank 1, Greenshank 10, Wood Sandpiper 8, Green Sandpiper 2, Black-headed Gull c.20, Caspian Gull c.30, Caspian Tern 1, Turtle Dove 1, Yellow Wagtail c.20 including feldegg race 2+ ad. males, Chiffchaff, Willow Warbler, Corn Bunting c.60.
Danube shore at Gorni Tsibar opposite Bezimenen
Dalmatian Pelican now 50 on Bezimenen Island (a regular loafing point for birds from the c.250-strong Romanian Lake Bistrets flock), dwarfing the c.20 Cormorants and Mallards; Little Egret 1, Oystercatcher 1, Caspian Gull 3.
Zlatia village to Ignatievo Reservoir and back (on foot). Farmland, overgrown hedges, scattered trees, reed-filled ditches and small woods. Small reservoir with reedbed and wet willow wood at upstream end.
Farmland & trees between Zlatia village
Levant Sparrowhawk 4+ (brill views!), Common Buzzard 4+, Long-legged Buzzard 1, Kestrel, Hobby 6 (4 ads, 2 juv), Pheasant, Turtle Dove c.20, Bee-eater 30+, Green Woodpecker 2, Great Spotted Woodpecker 2, Syrian Woodpecker 5+ (fledged brood with juvs still with red caps), Lesser Spotted Woodpecker 1, Crested Lark 12, Tree Pipit, Nightingale 2, Stonechat 2, Blackbird, Song Thrush, Great Reed Warbler 3, Reed Warber 2, Whitethroat 3+, Wood Warbler 1, Willow Warbler, Spotted Flycatcher, Long-tailed Tit, Blue Tit, Great Tit, Red-backed Shrike 6+ (inc. 1 ad male), Jay, Jackdaw, Hooded Crow, Tree Sparrow, House Sparrow, Chaffinch, Goldfinch, Greenfinch, Linnet, Hawfinch 2.
Great Crested Grebe c.10, Little Grebe c.10, Little Bittern 2 heard, Purple Heron 3 juvs, Mallard c.20, Ferruginous Duck 3, Marsh Harrier 4, Sparrowhawk, Moorhen c.10, Coot c.30, Whiskered Tern 1, Kingfisher 2, Tree Sparrow & Spanish Sparrow mixed flock of c.150 (about 50:50 mix).
Morning: Zlatia village; driven to Dolni Tsibar on banks of Danube, walk 4km west along south bank of Danube. Poplar plantations along banks of Danube; wide mud margin with low water. Afternoon/evening: return visit to Ignatievo Reservoir by car.
Black Stork 6 flying slowly S.
Danube south shore mud:
Cormorant c.50, Oystercatcher 1, Little Ringed Plover 25, Ringed Plover 1, Sanderling 4 (local rarity!), Little Stint 7, Curlew Sandpiper 4, Dunlin 1, Redshank 1, Wood Sandpiper 15, Common Tern 3 juvs, Whiskered Tern 2 juvs.
As above plus: Little Bittern 1 seen briefly in flight, Goshawk 1 juv, Little Crake 1 seen briefly, Water Rail 2 heard.
Zlatia village; bus Zlatia west to Lom, taxi Lom to Orsoya; Orsoya fishponds (abandoned, mostly dried out but two pools with water); bus back to Zlatia road end, walk (2km) back to Zlatia. In evening, aghast at world news, but reassuring to guess that a rural Bulgarian village was not a priority target for Al Qaeda and I was safer here than at home.
Zlatia village at bus stop:
Goshawk 1 juv.
Pygmy Cormorant 6, Night Heron 75, Little Egret 25, Great White Egret 2, Grey Heron c.30, Black Stork 53, Spoonbill 55, Pintail 1, Garganey 2, Marsh Harrier 2, Water Rail 1, Ringed Plover 2, Little Stint 15, Temminck's Stint 1, Curlew Sandpiper 3, Dunlin 7, Snipe 8, Spotted Redshank 25, Wood Sandpiper 30.
Zlatia road end to village:
Short-toed Eagle 1, Common Buzzard 4, Long-legged Buzzard 1, Roller 1, Bee-eater c.20.
Zlatia village, walk to road end, bus 10km east to Shishmanov, walk back along Danube south bank and bluffs (60-80m high loess cliffs)
Walk to bus stop:
Short-toed Eagle 1-2, Hobby 2, Wood Lark 4.
Along Danube shore & bluffs:
Short-toed Eagle 1-2, Common Buzzard c.6, Spotted Eagle 1 adult (gliding W along bluff at c.50m range!), distant unidentified eagle (possibly Lesser Spotted) 2, [Eagle Owl] old pellets found at small cave entrance, but none seen.
Zlatia village to Ignatievo Reservoir (on foot); back by car.
Farmland & trees between Zlatia village
As 9 September except: Black Stork 1 over WSW, Short-toed Eagle 1, Green Sandpiper 1, Stock Dove 3, Wryneck 1, Lesser Whitethroat 2, Blackcap 3, Wood Warbler 6+, Chiffchaff 2+, Willow Warbler 1 of greyish race acredula (plus numerous normal), Red-backed Shrike 2 adult males (plus numerous juveniles), Spanish Sparrow 10+.
Little Bittern 1 juv (prolonged views feeding at edge of rushes), Purple Heron 1 juv, Ferruginous Duck 3, Marsh Harrier 2.
Bus Kozloduy - Sofia, Sofia - Bansko.
From bus to Sofia:
Red-rumped Swallow 1, Robin, Coal Tit.
From bus to Bansko:
Levant Sparrowhawk 1 (c.5km S of Blagoevgrad), Golden Eagle 1 (c.5km W of Razlog), Pallid Swift 2 in Dupnitsa; 6 in Blagoevgrad, Crag Martin 5+, Red-rumped Swallow 10+ near Razlog.
Bansko town park:
Pallid Swift 2, Sand Martin 5+, Crag Martin 4, Swallow c.30, Red-rumped Swallow 2, House Martin c.40, Icterine Warbler 1, Whitethroat 2, Blackcap 4, Wood Warbler 2+, Chiffchaff, Willow Warbler, Spotted Flycatcher, Chaffinch, Serin 2.
Bansko; taxi to Vihren Lodge (1900m) in Pirin Mts; treeline forest of Macedonian Pine, Bosnian Pine, some Norway Spruce; higher up Mountain Pine - Alpine Juniper scrub forest and alpine meadows.
Vihren Lodge & surrounds:
Crag Martin 5+, House Martin, Dunnock, Robin, Black Redstart 6+, Ring Ouzel (alpestris race), Willow Tit (montanus race) 5+, Coal Tit, Nutcracker 10+ (actively harvesting Macedonian Pine seeds; attempts to locate any Nutcracker pine seed caches failed), Alpine Chough flock of c.30, Raven 4, Chaffinch, Siskin, Crossbill (sp.; distant views only, q.v. below).
Bansko; taxi to middle slopes (1650m) of Pirin Mts, and walk back to Bansko; dense forest of Norway Spruce, Bulgarian Fir, Black Pine, Scots Pine, scattered Common Juniper, Bosnian Pine and Macedonian Pine; meadows and pine seedlings on cleared ski runs.
Bansko, at hotel:
Middle Spotted Woodpecker 1 (on telephone pole 25m from balcony for 20 mins!).
Honey Buzzard 2 migrating S high over, Black Woodpecker 1 heard, Grey-headed Woodpecker 1 female, Green Woodpecker, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Grey Wagtail, Blackbird, Mistle Thrush, Icterine Warbler 1, Goldcrest, Firecrest 3+, Willow Tit (montanus race), Crested Tit 4, Coal Tit, Blue Tit, Great Tit, Nuthatch, Treecreeper, Nutcracker, Raven 2, Chaffinch, Crossbill (sp.; distant views only), Yellowhammer, Cirl Bunting 2-3 on outskirts of Bansko.
Bansko; by taxi to Vihren Lodge area again. Met four Belgian birders at Vihren Chalet, arranged to meet them for next day.
Vihren Lodge & surrounds:
Water Pipit 2-3, Rock Bunting 2-3, Raven 3, Alpine Dunnock 1, Dunnock 10-15, Nutcracker c.15 (again failed to locate any food caches despite several hours searching!), Large-billed Crossbill species 15-20 feeding mainly on cones of Balkan endemic Bosnian Pine and (to a lesser extent) on Mountain Pine and Scots Pine: bills stout, heavy, as Parrot Crossbill, with same depressed lower mandible base; heavy head; males strongly deep pink-red plumage (pinker, less orange, than male Parrot Crossbill); main call a very deep 'tyoop'. Samples of 'crossbilled' cones (20 of each species used) collected for D Jardine (Inverness), one with a pink breast feather (suitable for DNA analysis!) stuck on.
Bansko; in town park (mixed planted woodland & grass) with Belgian birders and then by car to Bajuvi Dupki Reserve in NE Pirin Mts, where footpath soon petered out in narrow forested gorge with old landslips (difficult walking & birding!), then back to Vihren Lodge area again.
Bansko town park:
Collared Flycatcher 1, Pied Flycatcher 1 (+1-2 more Ficedula sp.), Middle Spotted Woodpecker 1 (probably same bird as on 16th), Treecreeper 1.
Golden Eagle 1 juvenile soaring high over; fresh Brown Bear droppings.
Vihren Lodge & surrounds:
As previous day; large-billed Crossbills still present.
Bansko; lift with Belgian birders to Rilski Manastir [Rila Monastery], via Razlog and Blagoevgrad.
Pallid Swift 2, Crag Martin 2.
Wetland south of Blagoevgrad, from car:
Great White Egret 1, Osprey 1 (flying over road).
Pallid Swift 10+; counted 31 nest sites, several still occupied by second broods; one was caught by a Sparrowhawk on leaving its nest; the hawk took it to a perch, where the swift succeeded in fighting back and escaping (!). Having experience of their sharp claws and aggressive behaviour in the hand, Tony was not surprised at its escape.
Rilski Manastir; bus to Dupnitsa, 4 hours in Dupnitsa exploring wooded hillside (youngish Black Pine plantation with patches of abandoned farmland) just outside the town; bus to Borovets (Rila Mts).
Pallid Swift c. 10+; Great Spotted Woodpecker 2, Crag Martin c. 15 (several pairs nesting on hotel balconies), Marsh Tit, Willow Tit (montanus race), Treecreeper, Common Crossbill 7-8 (much slenderer bills than those on 17th-18th; males brick-red; 'normal' crossbill calls; feeding on Norway Spruce cones), Hawfinch 5.
Woods above Dupnitsa:
Lesser Kestrel 1 male, Bee-eater, Green, Great, Middle (1) & Lesser Spotted Woodpeckers.
Borovets: Hobby 3 fledged juvs.
Borovets; cable car to Yastrebets (2370m); walk to Musala Chalet (2400m) on middle slopes of Musala (2925m; highest summit in SE Europe).
Pallid Swift 4.
Pallid Swift 2 feeding second brood at nest site in chalet roof, Water Pipit 10+, Wren, Dunnock, Robin, Black Redstart 8+, Whinchat, Ring Ouzel 4+ (alpestris race), Goldcrest, Coal Tit, Wallcreeper 2 (watched for 15 mins on block scree ½km S of chalet, then one flew to chalet where watched again for 10 mins at 5m!), Linnet.
Borovets in morning; bus to Sofia, train (international to Belgrade) from Sofia to Dragoman. Spent half the train journey trying to explain to the border guards that we were getting off at Dragoman and no, we didn't want to go on to Serbia - hate to think what it would have been like without a native speaker with me. Walk to Dragoman marsh, 2km NW of town, and adjacent limestone hills & crags; reedbeds, pasture, arable fields, patchy mixed oak scrub and young Black Pine plantations.
Hobby 2 juvs, Black Woodpecker 1 calling repeatedly but not seen, Great Spot Woodpecker, Goldcrest, Nuthatch, Jay, Nutcracker, House Sparrow, Tree Sparrow, Siskin, Bullfinch.
Dragoman marsh & hills:
Common Buzzard 3, Long-legged Buzzard 2 (plus two old nests), Water Rail 3 seen, 3-4 more heard, Snipe 2 (this is Bulgaria's only Snipe breeding site), Whimbrel 3 (over on passage), Common Swift 2, Wood Lark 3-4, Sky Lark (50+), Tree Pipit, Wheatear 1, Song Thrush, Mistle Thrush, Savi's Warbler 1, Sedge Warbler 10+, Reed Warbler 5+, Great Reed Warbler 2-3, Willow Warbler, Sombre Tit 5, Great Tit 2, Jay, Yellowhammer 30+, Cirl Bunting 4-5, Rock Bunting 4, Corn Bunting 300++ (nice to see these so abundant!).
23, 24 & 25 September
Exploring Dragoman marsh & hills. An attempt to visit a nearby flat dry plain (a Calandra Lark site) on 23rd was thwarted by a military exercise on the plain - we didn't want to approach 30 tanks and a crowd of soldiers with binoculars and telescopes . . .
Dragoman marsh & hills:
As above plus: Marsh Harrier 8 over migrating S (5 on 23rd, 1 on 24th, 2 on 25th), Goshawk 1, Sparrowhawk 5+, Spotted Crake 2-3 (stunning close views from 3m!) with Water Rail 3-4, interesting to note Spotted Crakes were dominant over Water Rails in encounters, and also less furtive, more confident in the open; Little Owl, Syrian Woodpecker, Crested Lark 4, [Tawny Pipit 1 possible], Red-throated Pipit 1 flew over calling (25th), Yellow Wagtail 4 (including ad male feldegg race), Water Pipit 2, Whinchat 12, Savi's Warbler 3, Marsh Warbler 1 (with Reed Warbler adjacent!), Red-backed Shrike, Raven 2, Hawfinch 5-6.
Train to Sofia; morning in Borisova Gradina Park (dense mixed broadleaf woodland), afternoon flight back to Newcastle via Paris. Luggage delayed in Paris again, perhaps not least because of increased security following 11/9.
Borisova Gradina Park:
Alpine Swift 40-50, Green Woodpecker, Syrian Woodpecker 3, Nuthatch, Short-toed Treecreeper 2, Hawfinch 5+.
Species present but not counted (mostly common species)
Species rare or not found in Britain highlighted bold.
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus
Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus
Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Great White Egret Egretta alba
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Gadwall Anas strepera
Teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus
Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus
Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus
Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus
Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumannii
Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Hobby Falco subbuteo
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix
Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana
Little Crake Porzana parva
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Coot Fulica atra
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Sanderling Calidris alba
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Common Gull Larus canus
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus
Rock Dove (feral) Columba livia
Stock Dove Columba oenas
Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus
Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur
Little Owl Athene noctua
Common Swift Apus apus
Pallid Swift Apus pallidus
Alpine Swift Apus melba
Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Bee-eater Merops apiaster
Roller Coracias garrulus
Wryneck Jynx torquilla
Green Woodpecker Picus viridis
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius
Great Spot. Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus
Middle Spot. Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius
Lesser Spot. Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor
Crested Lark Galerida cristata
Wood Lark Lullula arborea
Sky Lark Alauda arvensis
Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Swallow Hirundo rustica
Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica
House Martin Delichon urbica
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
(Black-head. Wagtail) Motacilla flava feldegg
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
Pied (White) Wagtail Motacilla alba alba
Dipper Cinclus cinclus
Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Dunnock Prunella modularis
Alpine Dunnock Prunella collaris
Robin Erithacus rubecula
Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
Stonechat Saxicola (torquata) rubicola
Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus
Blackbird Turdus merula
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris
Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
Whitethroat Sylvia communis
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Firecrest Regulus ignicapillus
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus
Marsh Tit Parus palustris
Sombre Tit Parus lugubris
Willow Tit Parus montanus
Crested Tit Parus cristatus
Coal Tit Parus ater
Blue Tit Parus caeruleus
Great Tit Parus major
Nuthatch Sitta europaea
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muralis
Treecreeper Certhia familiaris
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla
Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor
Jay Garrulus glandarius
Magpie Pica pica
Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes
Alpine Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus
Jackdaw Corvus monedula
Rook Corvus frugilegus
Hooded Crow Corvus cornix
Raven Corvus corax
Starling Sturnus vulgaris
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Serin Serinus serinus
Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Siskin Carduelis spinus
Linnet Carduelis cannabina
Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
Crossbill (sp) Loxia sp.
Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothruastes
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus
Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra
Total seen 174 species.
English Latin Bulgarian
Macedonian Pine Pinus peuce Bela
Bosnian Pine Pinus heldreichii Cherna Mura
Mountain Pine Pinus mugo Klek
Black Pine Pinus nigra Cheren Bor
Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris Bel Bor
Norway Spruce Picea abies Smarch
King Boris' Fir Abies borisiiregis Ela
Common Juniper Juniperus communis subsp. communis Hvoina
Alpine Juniper Juniperus communis subsp. alpina Hvoina
Turkey Oak Quercus cerris Tser
Sessile Oak Quercus petraea Dup