Visit your favourite destinations
Western Europe
North America
Eastern Europe
South America
Middle East
East Indies

A Report from

Western Bulgaria  4-26 September 2001,


Michael Frankis* & Tony Antonov

* 21 Jesmond Park West, Newcastle upon Tyne NE7 7BU

4 September

Flew from Newcastle to Sofia via Paris Charles de Gaulle (Air France).  Paris CDG is not a good airport to change at - for comfort, it requires at least 90 minutes change time, not the 50 minutes I had.  Arrived Sofia mid afternoon, met Tony at airport, minus my luggage which didn't make the connection.  Trip round Sofia city centre to Tony's swift study area, then out to Mladost-2 suburb for night at Tony's Uncle's flat.

Map of Bulgaria


Sofia city centre: 
Little Owl 1 (attempting to hunt Alpine Swifts at colony!),  Pallid Swift c.20 including  visiting nests (second broods) with eggs and young in loft space of two school buildings in Tony's study area,  Alpine Swift c.60-70 visiting nesting colony on office building in inner suburbs,  Syrian Woodpecker 1,  Great Tit,  Magpie,  Hooded Crow,  House Sparrow.

5 September

In Sofia city and suburbs; overnight again at Mladost-2 suburb.  Urban, suburban and parkland.  Missing luggage delivered late evening.

Around Sofia: 
Pallid Swift c.50-60 near National Palace of Culture (NDK) building, hunting insects above trees beside open sewer (some nest at NDK; 3 pairs at nearby school [3+2+2 chicks of second broods] and other local buildings),  also Common Swift 1-2 late birds in the flock.  Alpine Swift c.30 visiting colony at 'Bulbank' bank head office (city centre) and c.20 at colony on tower block in Mladost-2.

Forestry Institute gardens: 
Syrian Woodpecker
2,  Lesser Spotted Woodpecker 1 heard calling,  Whitethroat,  Great Tit,  House Sparrow,  Chaffinch,  Goldfinch,  Hawfinch c.10.

6 September

Early morning bus to Kozloduy (NW Bulgaria); afternoon walk along Danube south bank (late summer low water with wide mud margins); lift with Tony's father to Zlatia village (20km W of Kozloduy); Zlatia village (home of Tony's grandparents) & adjoining Zlatiata plateau (loess slope & plateau, mostly post-harvest stubble fields and overgrazed pasture; some shrubs & trees).

From bus: 
Marsh Harrier 1,  Common Buzzard 1,  Red-backed Shrike 1.

In Kozloduy: 
flock of 40-50,  Nightingale 1 (very obliging!).

Along Danube: 
Little Egret 1,  Grey Heron 1,  Spotted Redshank 1,  Marsh Sandpiper 1,  Green Sandpiper 8,  Common Sandpiper 3,  Black-headed Gull c.60,  Common Gull 1,  Bee-eater two flocks of 10-12,  Great Spotted Woodpecker,  White Wagtail,  Swallow,  Sand & House Martins,  Blackcap.

overlooking islands between Kozloduy & Zlatia:
  Cormorant c.300,  Mallard,  Gadwall,  Caspian Gull.  Also 101 Dalmatians in far distance on Lake Bistrets (in Romania,  c.12km distant across the Danube).

Zlatia & Zlatiata: 
Sparrowhawk 1,  Common Buzzard 3,  Kestrel 4,  Hobby 2 juv.,  Saker Falcon 1,  Bee-eater flock of 250-300 !,  Sky Lark,  Tree Pipit.

7 September

Zlatia village - Zlatiata plateau - Zlatia village (walk).  Visited bankside with Bulgaria's largest Bee-eater breeding colony (though nesting over for the season), also 2-3 pairs Roller nest there.

Zlatia & Zlatiata: 
Black Stork
1 flew over,  Montagu's Harrier 1,  Levant Sparrowhawk 1,  Long-legged Buzzard 1,  Common Buzzard 3,  Hobby 1 ad.,  Kestrel,  Wood Pigeon,  Collared Dove,  Bee-eater 100+,  Roller 2 (plus remains of dead bird below colony site),  Yellow Wagtail 5+ including feldegg race 1 adult male (others females & juveniles, unidentified races),  Whinchat 3,  Willow Warbler,  Spotted Flycatcher,  Lesser Grey Shrike 1 juv.,  Red-backed Shrike 4+,  House Sparrow,  Tree Sparrow.

8 September

Zlatia village - roadside Danube overlook - Shishmanov Val reservoir - Danube Shore (lift with local villager).  Farmland on loess plateau (about 80m above Danube), scattered hedges; medium size reservoir with mainly mud margins (no reedbed).

Danube overlook: 
Dalmatian Pelican
4 on Bezimenen Island (see below),  Pheasant,  Common Swift 2.

Walk from road to Shishmanov Val reservoir: 
Marsh Harrier 1,  Montagu's Harrier 1,  ringtail harrier (sp.) 1,  Common Buzzard 3,  Kestrel 2,  Skylark c.20,  Whinchat 5+,  Whitethroat 1,  Willow Warbler,  Lesser Grey Shrike 1 juv (plus 4-5 used nests),  Red-backed Shrike 10,  Starling 160+.

At Shishmanov Val reservoir: 
Little Grebe 2,  Cormorant 10,  Grey Heron 17,  Teal c.30,  Sparrowhawk 2,  Kestrel 3,  Lapwing 4,  Ruff 2,  Spotted Redshank 1,  Greenshank 10,  Wood Sandpiper 8,  Green Sandpiper 2,  Black-headed Gull c.20,  Caspian Gull c.30,  Caspian Tern 1,  Turtle Dove 1,  Yellow Wagtail c.20 including feldegg race 2+ ad. males,  Chiffchaff,  Willow Warbler,  Corn Bunting c.60.

Danube shore at Gorni Tsibar opposite Bezimenen ['Nameless'] Island: 
Dalmatian Pelican
now 50 on Bezimenen Island (a regular loafing point for birds from the c.250-strong Romanian Lake Bistrets flock),  dwarfing the c.20 Cormorants and Mallards; Little Egret 1,  Oystercatcher 1,  Caspian Gull 3.

9 September

Zlatia village to Ignatievo Reservoir and back (on foot).  Farmland, overgrown hedges, scattered trees, reed-filled ditches and small woods.  Small reservoir with reedbed and wet willow wood at upstream end.

Farmland & trees between Zlatia village & Ignatievo:
Levant Sparrowhawk 4+ (brill views!),  Common Buzzard 4+,  Long-legged Buzzard 1,  Kestrel,  Hobby 6 (4 ads,  2 juv),  Pheasant,  Turtle Dove c.20,  Bee-eater 30+,  Green Woodpecker 2,  Great Spotted Woodpecker 2,  Syrian Woodpecker 5+ (fledged brood with juvs still with red caps),  Lesser Spotted Woodpecker 1,  Crested Lark 12,  Tree Pipit,  Nightingale 2,  Stonechat 2,  Blackbird,  Song Thrush,  Great Reed Warbler 3,  Reed Warber 2,  Whitethroat 3+,  Wood Warbler 1,  Willow Warbler,  Spotted Flycatcher,  Long-tailed Tit,  Blue Tit,  Great Tit,  Red-backed Shrike 6+ (inc. 1 ad male),  Jay,  Jackdaw,  Hooded Crow,  Tree Sparrow,  House Sparrow,  Chaffinch,  Goldfinch,  Greenfinch,  Linnet,  Hawfinch 2.

At reservoir: 
Great Crested Grebe c.10,  Little Grebe c.10,  Little Bittern 2 heard,  Purple Heron 3 juvs,  Mallard c.20,  Ferruginous Duck 3,  Marsh Harrier 4,  Sparrowhawk,  Moorhen c.10,  Coot c.30,  Whiskered Tern 1,  Kingfisher 2,  Tree Sparrow & Spanish Sparrow mixed flock of c.150 (about 50:50 mix).

10 September

Morning:  Zlatia village; driven to Dolni Tsibar on banks of Danube, walk 4km west along south bank of Danube.  Poplar plantations along banks of Danube; wide mud margin with low water.  Afternoon/evening:  return visit to Ignatievo Reservoir by car.

Dolni Tsibar: 
Black Stork
6 flying slowly S.

Danube south shore mud: 
Cormorant c.50,  Oystercatcher 1,  Little Ringed Plover 25,  Ringed Plover 1,  Sanderling 4 (local rarity!),  Little Stint 7,  Curlew Sandpiper 4,  Dunlin 1,  Redshank 1,  Wood Sandpiper 15,  Common Tern 3 juvs,  Whiskered Tern 2 juvs.

Ignatievo reservoir: 
As above plus:  Little Bittern 1 seen briefly in flight,  Goshawk 1 juv,  Little Crake 1 seen briefly,  Water Rail 2 heard.

11 September

Zlatia village; bus Zlatia west to Lom, taxi Lom to Orsoya; Orsoya fishponds (abandoned, mostly dried out but two pools with water); bus back to Zlatia road end, walk (2km) back to Zlatia.  In evening, aghast at world news, but reassuring to guess that a rural Bulgarian village was not a priority target for Al Qaeda and I was safer here than at home.

Zlatia village at bus stop: 
Goshawk 1 juv.

Orsoya fishponds: 
Pygmy Cormorant
6,  Night Heron 75,  Little Egret 25,  Great White Egret 2,  Grey Heron c.30,  Black Stork 53,  Spoonbill 55,  Pintail 1,  Garganey 2,  Marsh Harrier 2,  Water Rail 1,  Ringed Plover 2,  Little Stint 15,  Temminck's Stint 1,  Curlew Sandpiper 3,  Dunlin 7,  Snipe 8,  Spotted Redshank 25,  Wood Sandpiper 30.

Zlatia road end to village: 
Short-toed Eagle
1,  Common Buzzard 4,  Long-legged Buzzard 1,  Roller 1,  Bee-eater c.20.

12 September

Zlatia village, walk to road end, bus 10km east to Shishmanov, walk back along Danube south bank and bluffs (60-80m high loess cliffs)

Walk to bus stop: 
Short-toed Eagle
1-2,  Hobby 2,  Wood Lark 4.

Along Danube shore & bluffs: 
Short-toed Eagle
1-2,  Common Buzzard c.6,  Spotted Eagle 1 adult (gliding W along bluff at c.50m range!),  distant unidentified eagle (possibly Lesser Spotted) 2,  [Eagle Owl] old pellets found at small cave entrance,  but none seen.

13 September

Zlatia village to Ignatievo Reservoir (on foot); back by car.

Farmland & trees between Zlatia village & Ignatievo: 
As 9 September except:  Black Stork 1 over WSW,  Short-toed Eagle 1,  Green Sandpiper 1,  Stock Dove 3,  Wryneck 1,  Lesser Whitethroat 2,  Blackcap 3,  Wood Warbler 6+,  Chiffchaff 2+,  Willow Warbler 1 of greyish race acredula (plus numerous normal),  Red-backed Shrike 2 adult males (plus numerous juveniles),  Spanish Sparrow 10+.

At reservoir: 
Little Bittern 1 juv (prolonged views feeding at edge of rushes),  Purple Heron 1 juv,  Ferruginous Duck 3,  Marsh Harrier 2.

14 September

Bus Kozloduy - Sofia, Sofia - Bansko.

From bus to Sofia: 
Red-rumped Swallow
1,  Robin,  Coal Tit.

From bus to Bansko: 
Levant Sparrowhawk
1 (c.5km S of Blagoevgrad),  Golden Eagle 1 (c.5km W of Razlog),  Pallid Swift 2 in Dupnitsa; 6 in Blagoevgrad,  Crag Martin 5+,  Red-rumped Swallow 10+ near Razlog.

Bansko town park: 
Pallid Swift
2,  Sand Martin 5+,  Crag Martin 4,  Swallow c.30,  Red-rumped Swallow 2,  House Martin c.40,  Icterine Warbler 1,  Whitethroat 2,  Blackcap 4,  Wood Warbler 2+,  Chiffchaff,  Willow Warbler,  Spotted Flycatcher,  Chaffinch,  Serin 2.

15 September

Bansko; taxi to Vihren Lodge (1900m) in Pirin Mts; treeline forest of Macedonian Pine, Bosnian Pine, some Norway Spruce; higher up Mountain Pine - Alpine Juniper scrub forest and alpine meadows.

Vihren Lodge & surrounds: 
Crag Martin
5+,  House Martin,  Dunnock,  Robin,  Black Redstart 6+,  Ring Ouzel (alpestris race),  Willow Tit (montanus race) 5+,  Coal Tit,  Nutcracker 10+ (actively harvesting Macedonian Pine seeds; attempts to locate any Nutcracker pine seed caches failed),  Alpine Chough flock of c.30,  Raven 4,  Chaffinch,  Siskin,  Crossbill (sp.; distant views only, q.v. below).

16 September

Bansko; taxi to middle slopes (1650m) of Pirin Mts, and walk back to Bansko; dense forest of Norway Spruce, Bulgarian Fir, Black Pine, Scots Pine, scattered Common Juniper, Bosnian Pine and Macedonian Pine; meadows and pine seedlings on cleared ski runs.

Bansko, at hotel: 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker
1 (on telephone pole 25m from balcony for 20 mins!).

In forest: 
Honey Buzzard
2 migrating S high over,  Black Woodpecker 1 heard,  Grey-headed Woodpecker 1 female,  Green Woodpecker,  Great Spotted Woodpecker,  Grey Wagtail,  Blackbird,  Mistle Thrush,  Icterine Warbler 1,  Goldcrest,  Firecrest 3+,  Willow Tit (montanus race),  Crested Tit 4,  Coal Tit,  Blue Tit,  Great Tit,  Nuthatch,  Treecreeper,  Nutcracker,  Raven 2,  Chaffinch,  Crossbill (sp.; distant views only),  Yellowhammer,  Cirl Bunting 2-3 on outskirts of Bansko.

17 September

Bansko; by taxi to Vihren Lodge area again.  Met four Belgian birders at Vihren Chalet, arranged to meet them for next day.

Vihren Lodge & surrounds: 
Water Pipit 2-3,  Rock Bunting 2-3,  Raven 3, Alpine Dunnock 1,  Dunnock 10-15,  Nutcracker  c.15 (again failed to locate any food caches despite several hours searching!),  Large-billed Crossbill species 15-20 feeding mainly on cones of Balkan endemic Bosnian Pine and (to a lesser extent) on Mountain Pine and Scots Pine: bills stout, heavy, as Parrot Crossbill, with same depressed lower mandible base; heavy head; males strongly deep pink-red plumage (pinker, less orange, than male Parrot Crossbill); main call a very deep 'tyoop'.  Samples of  'crossbilled' cones (20 of each species used) collected for D Jardine (Inverness), one with a pink breast feather (suitable for DNA analysis!) stuck on.

18 September

Bansko; in town park (mixed planted woodland & grass) with Belgian birders and then by car to Bajuvi Dupki Reserve in NE Pirin Mts, where footpath soon petered out in narrow forested gorge with old landslips (difficult walking & birding!), then back to Vihren Lodge area again.

Bansko town park: 
Collared Flycatcher
1,  Pied Flycatcher 1 (+1-2 more Ficedula sp.),  Middle Spotted Woodpecker 1 (probably same bird as on 16th),  Treecreeper 1.

Golden Eagle
1 juvenile soaring high over;  fresh Brown Bear droppings.

Vihren Lodge & surrounds: 
As previous day; large-billed Crossbills still present.

19 September

Bansko; lift with Belgian birders to Rilski Manastir [Rila Monastery], via Razlog and Blagoevgrad.

Pallid Swift
2,  Crag Martin 2.

Wetland south of Blagoevgrad, from car: 
Great White Egret
1,  Osprey 1 (flying over road).

Rilski Manastir: 
Pallid Swift
10+; counted 31 nest sites, several still occupied by second broods; one was caught by a Sparrowhawk on leaving its nest; the hawk took it to a perch, where the swift succeeded in fighting back and escaping (!).  Having experience of their sharp claws and aggressive behaviour in the hand, Tony was not surprised at its escape.

20 September

Rilski Manastir; bus to Dupnitsa, 4 hours in Dupnitsa exploring wooded hillside (youngish Black Pine plantation with patches of abandoned farmland) just outside the town; bus to Borovets (Rila Mts).

Rilski Manastir: 
Pallid Swift
c. 10+;  Great Spotted Woodpecker 2,  Crag Martin c. 15 (several pairs nesting on hotel balconies),  Marsh Tit,  Willow Tit (montanus race),  Treecreeper,  Common Crossbill 7-8 (much slenderer bills than those on 17th-18th; males brick-red; 'normal' crossbill calls; feeding on Norway Spruce cones),  Hawfinch 5.

Woods above Dupnitsa: 
Lesser Kestrel
1 male,  Bee-eater,  Green,  Great,  Middle (1) &  Lesser Spotted Woodpeckers.

Borovets:  Hobby 3 fledged juvs.

21 September

Borovets; cable car to Yastrebets (2370m); walk to Musala Chalet (2400m) on middle slopes of Musala (2925m; highest summit in SE Europe).

Pallid Swift 4.

Musala Chalet: 
Pallid Swift
2 feeding second brood at nest site in chalet roof,  Water Pipit 10+,  Wren,  Dunnock,  Robin,  Black Redstart 8+,  Whinchat,  Ring Ouzel 4+ (alpestris race),  Goldcrest,  Coal Tit,  Wallcreeper 2 (watched for 15 mins on block scree ½km S of chalet, then one flew to chalet where watched again for 10 mins at 5m!),  Linnet.

22 September

Borovets in morning; bus to Sofia, train (international to Belgrade) from Sofia to Dragoman.  Spent half the train journey trying to explain to the border guards that we were getting off at Dragoman and no, we didn't want to go on to Serbia - hate to think what it would have been like without a native speaker with me.  Walk to Dragoman marsh, 2km NW of town, and adjacent limestone hills & crags; reedbeds, pasture, arable fields, patchy mixed oak scrub and young Black Pine plantations.

Hobby 2 juvs,  Black Woodpecker 1 calling repeatedly but not seen,  Great Spot Woodpecker,  Goldcrest,  Nuthatch,  Jay,  Nutcracker,  House Sparrow,  Tree Sparrow,  Siskin,  Bullfinch.

From train: 
Grey Partridge.

Dragoman marsh & hills: 
Common Buzzard 3,  Long-legged Buzzard 2 (plus two old nests),  Water Rail 3 seen, 3-4 more heard,  Snipe 2 (this is Bulgaria's only Snipe breeding site),  Whimbrel 3 (over on passage),  Common Swift 2,  Wood Lark 3-4,  Sky Lark (50+),  Tree Pipit,  Wheatear 1,  Song Thrush,  Mistle Thrush,  Savi's Warbler 1,  Sedge Warbler 10+,  Reed Warbler 5+,  Great Reed Warbler 2-3,  Willow Warbler,  Sombre Tit 5,  Great Tit 2,  Jay,  Yellowhammer 30+,  Cirl Bunting 4-5,  Rock Bunting 4,  Corn Bunting 300++ (nice to see these so abundant!).

23, 24 & 25 September

Exploring Dragoman marsh & hills.  An attempt to visit a nearby flat dry plain (a Calandra Lark site) on 23rd was thwarted by a military exercise on the plain - we didn't want to approach 30 tanks and a crowd of soldiers with binoculars and telescopes . . .

Dragoman marsh & hills: 
As above plus:  Marsh Harrier 8 over migrating S (5 on 23rd, 1 on 24th, 2 on 25th),  Goshawk 1,  Sparrowhawk 5+,  Spotted Crake 2-3 (stunning close views from 3m!) with Water Rail 3-4, interesting to note Spotted Crakes were dominant over Water Rails in encounters, and also less furtive, more confident in the open;  Little Owl,  Syrian WoodpeckerCrested Lark 4,  [Tawny Pipit 1 possible],  Red-throated Pipit 1 flew over calling (25th),  Yellow Wagtail 4 (including ad male feldegg race),  Water Pipit 2,  Whinchat 12,  Savi's Warbler 3,  Marsh Warbler 1 (with Reed Warbler adjacent!),  Red-backed Shrike,  Raven 2,  Hawfinch 5-6.

26 September

Train to Sofia; morning in Borisova Gradina Park (dense mixed broadleaf woodland), afternoon flight back to Newcastle via Paris.  Luggage delayed in Paris again, perhaps not least because of increased security following 11/9.

Borisova Gradina Park: 
Alpine Swift
40-50,  Green Woodpecker,  Syrian Woodpecker 3,  Nuthatch,  Short-toed Treecreeper 2,  Hawfinch 5+.


Species present but not counted (mostly common species) just listed.
Species rare or not found in Britain highlighted bold.

Species list

Little Grebe 
Tachybaptus ruficollis 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 
Cormorant    Phalacrocorax carbo   
Pygmy Cormorant    Phalacrocorax pygmeus
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus  
Little Bittern   Ixobrychus minutus  
Night Heron   Nycticorax nycticorax 
Little Egret   Egretta garzetta 
Great White Egret Egretta alba 
Grey Heron  Ardea cinerea  
Purple Heron  Ardea purpurea  
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 
Black Stork  Ciconia nigra  
Gadwall    Anas strepera   
Teal Anas crecca  
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos  
Pintail   Anas acuta   
Garganey Anas querquedula 
Ferruginous Duck    Aythya nyroca 
Honey Buzzard  Pernis apivorus  
Short-toed Eagle   Circaetus gallicus 
Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus  
Montagu's Harrier    Circus pygargus 
Goshawk  Accipiter gentilis   
Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus 
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes  
Common Buzzard  Buteo buteo  
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus   
Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga  
Golden Eagle  Aquila chrysaetos  
Osprey Pandion haliaetus 
Lesser Kestrel    Falco naumannii   
Kestrel  Falco tinnunculus 
Hobby  Falco subbuteo  
Saker Falcon   Falco cherrug  
Grey Partridge    Perdix perdix   
Pheasant  Phasianus colchicus
Water Rail    Rallus aquaticus
Spotted Crake    Porzana porzana   
Little Crake  Porzana parva 
Moorhen  Gallinula chloropus 
Coot  Fulica atra   
Oystercatcher    Haematopus ostralegus 
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Ringed Plover    Charadrius hiaticula   
Lapwing   Vanellus vanellus  
Sanderling   Calidris alba   
Little Stint    Calidris minuta  
Temminck's Stint  Calidris temminckii  
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Dunlin  Calidris alpina
Ruff Philomachus pugnax   
Snipe    Gallinago gallinago
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 
Spotted Redshank    Tringa erythropus  
Redshank Tringa totanus 
Marsh Sandpiper  Tringa stagnatilis  
Greenshank Tringa nebularia   
Green Sandpiper   Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper  Tringa glareola  
Common Sandpiper  Actitis hypoleucos 
Black-headed Gull    Larus ridibundus   
Common Gull  Larus canus  
Caspian Gull   Larus cachinnans  
Caspian Tern  Sterna caspia   
Common Tern    Sterna hirundo
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus
Rock Dove (feral) Columba livia  
Stock Dove  Columba oenas  
Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus  
Collared Dove    Streptopelia decaocto 
Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur
Little Owl Athene noctua 
Common Swift    Apus apus 
Pallid Swift   Apus pallidus   
Alpine Swift   Apus melba   
Kingfisher    Alcedo atthis
Bee-eater  Merops apiaster 
Roller    Coracias garrulus 
Wryneck  Jynx torquilla  
Green Woodpecker  Picus viridis 
Grey-headed Woodpecker    Picus canus  
Black Woodpecker   Dryocopus martius
Great Spot. Woodpecker   Dendrocopos major  
Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus 
Middle Spot. Woodpecker   Dendrocopos medius
Lesser Spot. Woodpecker    Dendrocopos minor  
Crested Lark   Galerida cristata   
Wood Lark  Lullula arborea  
Sky Lark   Alauda arvensis 
Sand Martin   Riparia riparia
Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris 
Swallow    Hirundo rustica  
Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica
House Martin Delichon urbica 
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
Red-throated Pipit    Anthus cervinus  
Water Pipit  Anthus spinoletta   
Yellow Wagtail  Motacilla flava
(Black-head. Wagtail)  Motacilla flava feldegg 
Grey Wagtail  Motacilla cinerea  
Pied (White) Wagtail Motacilla alba alba 
Dipper  Cinclus cinclus
Wren    Troglodytes troglodytes
Dunnock  Prunella modularis  
Alpine Dunnock   Prunella collaris
Robin    Erithacus rubecula
Nightingale  Luscinia megarhynchos 
Black Redstart    Phoenicurus ochruros 
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus 
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
Stonechat    Saxicola (torquata) rubicola   
Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe  
Ring Ouzel   Turdus torquatus   
Blackbird  Turdus merula 
Song Thrush  Turdus philomelos 
Mistle Thrush    Turdus viscivorus   
Savi's Warbler    Locustella luscinioides
Sedge Warbler   Acrocephalus schoenobaenus  
Marsh Warbler  Acrocephalus palustris
Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus  
Great Reed Warbler  Acrocephalus arundinaceus 
Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina 
Lesser Whitethroat  Sylvia curruca 
Whitethroat Sylvia communis
Blackcap  Sylvia atricapilla   
Wood Warbler   Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Goldcrest Regulus regulus 
Firecrest   Regulus ignicapillus
Spotted Flycatcher   Muscicapa striata  
Collared Flycatcher  Ficedula albicollis
Pied Flycatcher  Ficedula hypoleuca 
Long-tailed Tit   Aegithalos caudatus
Marsh Tit Parus palustris
Sombre Tit   Parus lugubris 
Willow Tit    Parus montanus 
Crested Tit   Parus cristatus
Coal Tit    Parus ater 
Blue Tit    Parus caeruleus 
Great Tit   Parus major  
Nuthatch  Sitta europaea 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muralis 
Treecreeper Certhia familiaris  
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla
Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
Red-backed Shrike   Lanius collurio
Lesser Grey Shrike   Lanius minor
Jay  Garrulus glandarius
Magpie Pica pica  
Nutcracker   Nucifraga caryocatactes   
Alpine Chough  Pyrrhocorax graculus  
Jackdaw   Corvus monedula   
Rook Corvus frugilegus  
Hooded Crow Corvus cornix  
Raven   Corvus corax   
Starling Sturnus vulgaris 
House Sparrow  Passer domesticus  
Spanish Sparrow  Passer hispaniolensis  
Tree Sparrow  Passer montanus
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs   
Serin Serinus serinus
Greenfinch   Carduelis chloris   
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis  
Siskin    Carduelis spinus
Linnet   Carduelis cannabina   
Common Crossbill    Loxia curvirostra   
Crossbill (sp)  Loxia sp.   
Bullfinch  Pyrrhula pyrrhula 
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothruastes
Yellowhammer    Emberiza citrinella
Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus  
Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra  

Total seen 174 species.

Tree names

Latin  Bulgarian

Macedonian Pine Pinus peuce Bela Mura
Bosnian Pine  Pinus heldreichii  Cherna Mura
Mountain Pine   Pinus mugo  Klek
Black Pine    Pinus nigra  Cheren Bor
Scots Pine    Pinus sylvestris  Bel Bor
Norway Spruce  Picea abies  Smarch
King Boris' Fir    Abies borisiiregis Ela
Common Juniper   Juniperus communis subsp. communis  Hvoina
Alpine Juniper   Juniperus communis subsp. alpina  Hvoina
Turkey Oak  Quercus cerris    Tser
Sessile Oak  Quercus petraea   Dup


Why not send us a report, or an update to one of your current reports?