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A Report from

The Lesser Antilles 5th - 18th Jan 2003,

Neil Money

A birding trip to Antigua, Dominica, St Lucia, St Vincent and Barbados


The timing of this trip was dictated by considerations other than birding, so our visit was not made at the optimum time for birding in the Lesser Antilles. This is probably in March and April when the presence of breeding seabirds and the possibility of neotropical migrants should greatly enhance the number of species to be found.

The destination was also something of a compromise dictated by self-imposed factors such as limiting the length of international flights, being in a non-malaria area and a suitably warm climate to escape from the northern winter. The Lesser Antilles met all our criteria and offered the challenge of finding single island endemics and regional endemics.

Our previous experience of Caribbean avifauna was limited to Barbados and Tobago. We had also birded in Trinidad which falls within the South American avifaunal zone, but which has some species and genera in common with the Caribbean.

We were able to purchase an 'open jaws' ticket from British Airways which allowed us to fly from London to Antigua and return to London from Barbados. This enabled us to island hop between Antigua and Barbados using the schedule operated by LIAT (Leeward Islands Air Transport).

Antigua has no endemics of its own and there are no Caribbean endemics found there that cannot be found on the other Lesser Antilles, so we decided to limit our stay there to two nights. We decided that we would write off, for birding purposes, each day that we travelled between two islands and, in most cases, this proved to be a wise precaution. Also, we wished to spend a few days at the end of the holiday in Barbados. These constraints meant that if we allowed two clear days birding on each island visited then we could visit three islands in addition to Antigua and Barbados. As time was limited we chose three Commonwealth countries, Dominica, St Lucia and St Vincent, because of the common English language, shared currency and cultural similarities.


All five islands visited are independent states within the Commonwealth and have their own laws and regulations. The practical effect of this is that visitors must pass through each country's immigration and customs formalities on arrival and they must be aware of possible differences in such matters as driving regulations. On leaving each island a departure tax is levied which must be paid in cash and varies in amount from country to country.

Antigua, Dominica, St Lucia and St Vincent share a common currency, the East Caribbean Dollar, while Barbados has its own currency, the Barbados Dollar. In all five countries US dollars are widely accepted and in many cases prices are quoted in local currency and US dollars.

In Antigua and Barbados major credit cards are widely accepted. However, in Dominica and St Lucia we experienced difficulty in using credit cards in some places (including hotels) away from the main centres. It is a well to asked at hotels when checking in whether or not they will accept payment by credit card and to carry a supply of cash or travellers cheques as a back up.



We booked internal flights in the UK and the 'open jaws' flights between London and Antigua returning via Barbados with British Airways through their website at

For inter island flights in the Caribbean we used Leeward Islands Air Transport (LIAT). Their web site at gives details of their schedules and price structure. Bookings cannot be made through the LIAT website so I e-mailed my requirements to their office in Antigua at  They confirmed the availability of flights and I arranged to collect and pay for the tickets on my arrival in Antigua.

The arrangements worked well except that instead of issuing us with tickets on the direct early morning flight from Dominica to St Lucia they routed us back through Antigua with a two hour lay over. This effectively cost us a day that could have been spent more constructively.

When booking flights to Dominica and St Lucia it is as well to remember that both islands have two airports in different parts of the island. Careful planning is required to ensure that one does not waste time and money on expensive taxis fares by using an airport distant from booked accommodation.

Cynics say that LIAT stands for Luggage In Another Territory and we came close to proving them right. Sitting on the plane for Dominica just prior to take off we looked out of the window to see the luggage trolley returning to the terminal with our cases clearly visible! In the event LIAT delivered the cases on a later flight but to the other airport. This cost us time that could have been spent birding.

The same cynics say that LIAT also stands for Leave Island Any Time, however, all our flights left promptly and there were no delays in published schedule times. The service we received was excellent, especially in St Lucia when we turned up at the wrong airport! The staff rescheduled our flights at very short notice and with the minimum of hassle.


On Antigua we stayed at Lashings Beach Hotel at Runaway Bay ( about twenty minutes drive from the airport. Although not very central it was close to one birding site, MacKinnon's Salt Pond, and as Antigua is a small island and easy to get around by car, the location caused no inconvenience.

We booked car rental in advance with Hertz through their excellent website at and collected the car at the airport. It is necessary to purchase a temporary driving licence at a cost of US$20. Hertz undertook the formalities and they issued the licence.


To arrange accommodation and a bird guide we used Nature Island Destinations through their website at They gave an excellent service.

As we expected to leave on an early morning flight from Melville Hall airport we elected to stay at the Floral Gardens Hotel in Concord, which is only a short drive from Melville Hall. This was a mistake as it is too far from the main Imperial Parrot sites. I recommend finding accommodation in the Portsmouth area.

Our very good guide for two days was Bertrand Baptiste who can be contacted in advance either through Nature Island Destinations or by e-mail at Bertrand works full time for the Forestry Department so may be available only at weekends so it essential that you contact him well in advance if you wish to use his services during the working week.

We took a taxi from Canefield Airport and can strongly recommend the services of Daniel Didier (e-mail who was helpful in the extreme. He offers full day and half day tours of the island.


Apart from White-breasted Thrasher which is rare in St Lucia and reportedly easier to see in Martinique, and Rufous Nightjar, most of the target species in St Lucia can be found in the Edmund Forest Reserve in the south of the island. Soufriere is the ideal location for this reserve.

We stayed at Talk-to-me Cool Spot, run by Michael and Andrea Abraham, situated on the north side of the town with spectacular views over the town and Petit Piton and excellent food. Michael arranged transport to the Edmund Forest Reserve. The e-mail address is

The St Lucia Tourist Board's web site is at


The St Vincent endemics can be found in the Vermont Forest Reserve which is easily accessed from Kingstown, which is also close to the airport. We stayed at the New Haddon Hotel in walking distance of the centre of town. The web site address is


Apart from being our gateway for the return flight to London, we wished to spend a few days in Barbados birding and relaxing. We stayed in St Lawrence at the Dover Beach Hotel, the hotel we used last year. The web site address is It is within walking distance of Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary ( a developing wetland site that is probably the only place in the world where one can be guaranteed to see Little Egret and Snowy Egret side by side as they both breed in the Sanctuary.

Barbados has an excellent and cheap public transport system, with bus fares set at B$1.50 for any distance travelled. There are three types of buses: large sized government operated public buses painted blue, intermediate sized private buses painted yellow and private minibuses painted white. The exact fare is required on government buses but the others give change.




Neither Antigua nor Barbados supports single island endemics, although since the split of Adelaide's Warbler, Antigua's neighbouring island of Barbuda now supports the Barbuda Warbler. It may be possible to arrange a day trip to Barbuda from Antigua, but this would involve flying and arranging transport on Barbuda so it could be an expensive day out.


Red-necked Parrot 
Imperial Parrot


St Lucia Parrot
St Lucia Pewee
Semper's Warbler  (possibly extinct)   
St Lucia Warbler   
St Lucia Black Finch (very rare)
St Lucia Oriole   


St Vincent Parrot
Whistling Warbler


In addition to single island endemics a further fourteen species are endemic to the Lesser Antilles and it is possible to see them all on the islands we visited.

Lesser Antillean Swift
Purple-throated Carib
Blue-headed Hummingbird
Grenada Flycatcher
Lesser Antillean Flycatcher
White-breasted Thrasher
Brown Trembler
Grey Trembler
Scaly-breasted Thrasher
Forest Thrush
Plumbeous Warbler
Lesser Antillean Tanager
Lesser Antillean Bullfinch
Lesser Antillean Saltator


In addition to those species listed above a further 8 species occur in the Lesser Antilles that are more widely distributed but still endemic to the Caribbean.

West Indian Whistling-Duck
Bridled Quail-Dove
Green-throated Carib
Antillean Crested Hummingbird
Lesser Antillean Pewee
Rufous-throated Solitaire
Red-legged Thrush
Antillean Euphonia


As in most island groups some species in the Lesser Antilles are widely distributed across a number of islands but are represented on each island by different sub species. In some cases, as with the all black Bananaquit on St Vincent, there are marked plumage differences.

Although a particular species may not be endangered or threatened a sub species may well be. For example, the Barbadian sub species of Yellow Warbler, which is threatened by habitat loss and brood parasitism by Shiny Cowbird.

Where possible in the species list I have designated sub species seen.


Birds of the West Indies Raffaele, Wiley, Garrido, Keith & Raffaele: Helm
Birds of the West Indies James Bond: Collins
Where to Watch Birds in Central America & the Caribbean  Nigel Wheatley & David Brewer: Helm
Eastern Caribbean Anglin, Bedford, Ingmanson, McKinnon & Schechter: Lonely Planet
Antigua & Barbuda Philpott; Landmark
Antigua & Barbuda Vaitilingam: Rough Guide
St Lucia Philpott: Landmark
St Lucia Luntta: Rough Guide
Dominica Isle of Adventure Honychurch: Caribbean


Lesser Antilles 1:2,500,00 Nelles Maps
St Vincent & the Grenadines 1:50,000 Ordnance Survey
Dominica (3 sheets) 1:25,000 Ordnance Survey
Maps were obtained from Stanfords, 12-14 Long Acre, London, WC2E 9LP; telephone: 0171 836 1321


4th January 2003
We flew from London Gatwick to St Johns Antigua with British Airways having flown down from Inverness the previous evening. We had stayed overnight at the Meridien at Gatwick, not cheap but very convenient. The web site is at We were a couple of hours late leaving because of de-icing problems on a lot of the aircraft parked at Gatwick. We collected the hire car at the airport in Antigua and drove to the hotel.

5th January 2003
Spent the day touring the island birding at MacKinnon's Salt Pond, Potswork Dam, Bathesda, English Harbour, Fig Tree Road, Darkwood Bay. We also took in the tourist spots around English Harbour and Shirley Heights.

6th January 2003
Early morning visit to MacKinnon's Salt Pond and then to the airport for the flight to Dominica, which touched down in Guadeloupe on the way.

We arrived at Canefield Airport and were advised that our bags would be delivered later in the day to Melville Hall Airport. Fortunately we were staying close to that airport so the inconvenience was not as great as it may have been. Even so any time we had hoped to have for birding in the late afternoon was lost.

7th January 2003
Collected by our guide Bertrand Baptiste and spent the day birding the east of the island south of Concord, visiting Bataka and then along Horse Riding Ridge, south to Castle Bruce, then southeast and then east to Rosalie. Return to Pont Casse then to Concord via Bells

8th January 2003
A second day spent with Bertrand Baptiste, visiting Bense Heights and the north east of the island.

9th January 2003
Spent the day flying to St Lucia via Antigua where we had a two hours lay over.

10th January 2003
Morning visit to Edmund Forest Reserve where we were fortunate to be guided by Pamela Alfred, one of the permanent guides at the Reserve, without whom we would probably have missed the St Lucia Parrot. With prior arrangement, the Reserve guides can provide early morning walks. Afternoon spent sightseeing in Soufriere

11th January 2003
The morning was spent in the Soufriere area including trips to the sulphur springs and Diamond Estate Botanic Gardens

12th January 2003
Spent the day flying to St Vincent via Barbados

13th January 2003
Morning visit to the Vermont Forest Reserve and the afternoon sightseeing in Kingstown.

14th January 2003
Earlier morning visit to the Vermont Forest Reserve followed by a visit to the Kingstown Botanic Gardens, where we found some good birds, including Grenada Flycatcher.

15th January 2003
Flew to Barbados in the morning and walked over to Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary in the afternoon.

16th January 2003
Morning visit to Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary and the rest of the day spent sightseeing in Bridgetown

17th January 2003
A non-birding day spent taking the bus up to Speightstown and spending some time in Bridgetown

18th January 2003
In the morning walked over to Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary and then prepared for the flight home in the afternoon.


BESSP Barbados endemic sub species
CE    Caribbean endemic species
DE    Dominica endemic species
DESSP Dominica endemic sub species
LAE  Lesser Antilles endemic species
LAESSP   Lesser Antilles endemic sub species
STLE    St Lucia endemic species
STLESSP St Lucia endemic sub species
STVE   St Vincent endemic species
STVESSP St Vincent endemic sub species

1. Magnificent Frigatebird, Fregata magnificens
Widespread with 1 or 2 seen in various coastal locations in all islands

2.  Brown Booby, Sula leucogaster leucogaster
Seen only in Antigua with 12 in Runaway Bay and singles elsewhere on the coast

3. Brown Pelican Pelecanus, occidentalis occidentalis
Seen only in Antigua with singles in Runaway Bay and Falmouth Harbour

4.  Ruddy Duck,     Oxyura jamaicensis jamaicensis
1 Potswork Dam, Antigua

5.  White-cheeked Pintail        Anas bahamensis bahamensis
30+ Picarts Bay, Antigua

6.  Ring-necked Duck       Aythya collaris
6 Potswork Dam, Antigua

7. Tricolored Heron, Egretta tricolor ruficollis
1 Valley Church, Antigua; 1 Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

8. Little Blue Heron, Egretta caerulea
Singles seen in Dominica and St Lucia

9.  Little Egret      Egretta garzetta
3+ Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

10. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula brewsteri
Small numbers in Antigua and large colony at Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

11. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias occidentalis

Singles McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua and Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

12. Great Egret, Ardea alba Egretta
Singles McKinnon's Salt Pond and Valley Church, Antigua and Concord, Dominica

13. Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis ibis
Common in all islands except Dominica where it was not seen

14. Green Heron, Butorides virescens

2 Concord, Dominica; 2 Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

15. Yellow-crowned Night-Heron, Nyctanassa violacea bancrofti
Singles Concord & St David, Dominica; Kingstown, St Vincent and Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

16. Osprey Pandion, haliaetus ridgwayi
Singles Dominica and Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

17. Common Black-Hawk     Buteogallus anthracinus anthracinus
Singles on two days Vermont Forest Reserve, St Vincent

18. Broad-winged Hawk, Buteo platypterus

Dominica & St Lucia  B p rivierei
Common on both islands
St Vincent   B p antillaum
Antigua & Dominica   G c cerceris
One and twos in suitable habitat on both islands
Barbados  G c barbadensis
Near Threatened

19. American Kestrel, Falco sparverius caribaearum
2 Near McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua and common in the Soufriere area of St Lucia

20. Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus

Antigua & Dominica G c cerceris
One and twos in suitable habitat on both islands
Barbados G c barbadensis
40+ Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

21. Caribbean Coot, Fulica caribaea
Near Threatened
1 Potswork Dam & 10 Picarts Bay, Antigua; 2 Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

22. Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
3 McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua; 1 Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

23. Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
2 McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua; 3 Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

24. Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria

3 Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

25. Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia
6 McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua; up to 2 at various suitable sites on Dominica; 2 Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

26. Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres morinella
5+ McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua; 4 St David, Dominica; 12 Bridgetown, Barbados

27. Sanderling Calidris alba
14 St Lawrence, Barbados

28. Semipalmated Sandpiper      Calidris pusilla
3 McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua

29. Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus mexicanus
30 McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua

30. American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica
17 McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua

31. Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola

1 McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua

32. Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus
1 Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

33. Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
2 Runaway Bay & 2 Falmouth Harbour Antigua

34. Royal Tern Sterna maxima maxima
8 Falmouth Harbour & I Runaway Bay, Antigua; 1 Kingstown, St Vincent

35. Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis acuflavidus
16 Runaway Bay, Antigua

36. Rock Dove/Feral Pigeon Columba livia
Small flocks Soufriere, St Lucia, Kingstown St Vincent and Bridgetown, Barbados

37. White-crowned Pigeon Columba leucocephala
2 McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua

38. Scaly-naped Pigeon Columba squamosa
Poor flight views of forest birds in Edmund Forest Reserve, St Lucia and Vermont Forest Reserve, St Vincent but more confiding in gardens of Dover Beach Hotel, Barbados

39. Eared Dove   Zenaida auriculata rubripes
Quite common in Kingstown and Kingstown Botanic Gardens St Vincent

40. Zenaida Dove, Zenaida aurita aurita
Common Antigua, Dominica, St Lucia and Barbados but not seen in St Vincent where it appeared to be replaced by Eared Dove

41. Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina

Antigua & Dominica C p nigrirostris
1 Shirley Heights, Antigua and 1s & 2s Bense Heights Dominica
St Lucia, St Vincent & Barbados C p antillarum
Common Soufriere, St Lucia; Kingstown, St Vincent and Barbados

42. Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana martinica
1 Vermont Forest Reserve, St Vincent

43. St Lucia Parrot    (STLE)     Amazona versicolor
1 Edmund Forest Reserve, St Lucia

44. Red-necked Parrot   (DE)    Amazona arausiaca
5 Bense Heights, Dominica

45. St Vincent Parrot   (STVE)  Amazona guildingii
15 Vermont Forest Reserve, St Vincent

46. Mangrove Cuckoo      Coccyzus minor
Singles St David & Concord Dominica and Kingstown Botanic Gardens, St Vincent

47. Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
Only seen on Dominica where several small parties were recorded

48. Lesser Antillean Swift (LAE) Chaetura martinica
Small numbers in Dominica and Edmund Forest Reserve, St Lucia

49. Purple-throated Carib (LAE) Eulampis jugularis

Recorded in Antigua, Dominica, St Lucia and St Vincent generally at higher altitudes except in Antigua

50. Green-throated Carib (CE) Eulampis holosericeus holosericeus

Recorded on all islands

51. Antillean Crested Hummingbird (CE) Orthorhyncus cristatus
Antigua, Dominica & St Lucia O c exilis
St Vincent O c ornatus (STVESSP)
Barbados O c cristatus (BESSP)

52. Blue-headed Hummingbird (LAE) Cyanophaia bicolor

1 St David, Dominica

53. Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon alcyon
1 McKinnon's Salt Pond, Antigua; single seen in three locations on Dominica

54. Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata stictipennis

1 Concord & 1 near Melville Hall, Dominica

55. Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica
Dominica & St Vincent E m martinica
1 St David, Dominica; 1 Vermont Forest Reserve, St Vincent
Barbados E m barbadensis (BESSP)
1 St Lawrence Gap, Barbados

56. Yellow-bellied Elaenia  Elaenia flavogaster flavogaster
1 Vermont Forest Reserve, St Vincent

57. Lesser Antillean Pewee (CE) Contopus latirostris brunneicapillus
1 St David's, Dominica

58. St Lucia Pewee    (STLE)   Contopus oberi

1 Edmund Forest Reserve, St Lucia

59. Grenada Flycatcher  (LAE)     Myiarchus nugatory
2 Kingstown Botanic Garden, St Vincent

60. Lesser Antillean Flycatcher (LAE) Myiarchus oberi
Dominica M o oberi
Singles St David's and Bense Heights, Dominica
St Lucia M o sanctaeluciae (STLESSP)
1 Edmund Forest Reserve, St Lucia

61. Grey Kingbird     Tyrannus dominicensis vorax
Common and widespread on all islands

61. Grey Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis vorax
Common and widespread on all islands

62. Black-whiskered Vireo Vireo altiloquus

Common Vermont Forest Reserve, St Lucia
Barbados V a barbadensis
1 Speightstown, Barbados

63. Rufous-throated Solitaire (CE) Myadestes genibarbis

St Lucia M g sanctaeluciae (STLESSP)
Fairly common Edmund Forest Reserve, St Lucia
St Vincent M g sibilans (STVESSP)
Fairly common Vermont Forest reserve, St Vincent

64. Cocoa Thrush     Turdus fumigatus personus
Fairly common Vermont Forest reserve, St Vincent

65. Bare-eyed Thrush  Turdus nudigenis nudigenis
2 Vermont Forest reserve, St Vincent

66. Tropical Mockingbird Mimus gilvus antillarum
2 Kingstown, St Vincent

67. Brown Trembler (LAE) Cinclocerthia ruficauda

Dominica C r ruficauda (DESSP)
2 St David's & 1 Bense Heights, Dominica
St Vincent C r tenebrosa (STVESSP)
3 Vermont Forest Reserve, St Vincent

68. Grey Trembler  (LAE)     Cinclocerthia gutturalis
St Lucia  C g macrorhyncha  (STLESSP)
Fairly common Edmund Forest reserve and Soufriere Area, St Lucia

69. Scaly-breasted Thrasher (LAE) Allenia fuscus
Dominica A f fuscus
1 Concord and fairly common Bense Heights, Dominica
St Lucia A f schwartzi (STLESSP)
Fairly common Edmund Forest Reserve and Soufriere Area, St Lucia
St Vincent A f vincenti (STVESSP)
Fairly common Vermont Forest Reserve, St Vincent

70. Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus densirostris
Singles St David's and Bense Heights, Dominica

71. House Wren Troglodytes aedon
Dominica T a rufescens (DESSP)
Fairly common in suitable habitat on Dominica
St Vincent T a musicus (STVESSP)
Common Vermont Forest Reserve, St Vincent

72. Caribbean Martin, Progne dominicensis
3 Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

73. Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica erythrogaster

10 Bathesda, Antigua; 2 near Castries, St Lucia

74. Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia
Dominica D p melanoptera
2 Concord, Dominica
Barbados D p petechia (BESSP)
2 Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

75. St Lucia Warbler  (STLE)    Dendroica delicata
1 Edmund Forest Reserve and 1 Diamond Botanical Garden, Soufriere, St Lucia

76. Plumbeous Warbler (LAE) Dendroica plumbea
1 St David, Dominica

77. Whistling Warbler (STVE) Catharopeza bishopi

1 Vermont Forest Reserve, St Lucia

78. Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis

1 Diamond Botanical Garden, Soufriere, St Lucia

79. Bananaquit Coereba flaveola

Antigua & Dominica C f bartholemica
Common and very confiding on both Antigua and Dominica
St Lucia C f martinicana
Common and confiding on St Lucia
St Vincent C f atrata (STVESSP)
The all black subspecies of St Vincent. Commoner at higher altitudes in the forest and less confiding than other subspecies
Barbados C f barbadensis ( BESSP)
Common and confiding on Barbados

80. Antillean Euphonia (CE) Euphonia musica flavirons

1 Bense Heights, Dominica

81. Lesser Antillean Tanager (LAE) Tangara cucullata versicolor
10 Vermont Forest Reserve, St Vincent

82. Black-faced Grassquit Tiaris bicolor
Widespread and fairly common on all islands in suitable habitat

83. Lesser Antillean Bullfinch (LAE) Loxigilla noctis
Antigua L n ridgwayi
Small numbers McKinnon's Salt Pond area, Antigua
Dominica L n dominicana
Common and confiding on Dominica
St Lucia L n sclateri (STESSP)
Common and confiding on St Lucia
St Vincent L n crissalis (STVESS)
Small numbers in Kingstown, St Vincent
Barbados L n barbadensis (BESSP)
Small numbers at Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

84. Lesser Antillean Saltator (LAE) Saltator albicollis guadelupensis
2 Bense Heights, Dominica

85. St Lucia Oriole  (STLE)   Icterus laudabilis
Near Threatened
2 Edmund Forest Reserve and 1 Diamond Botanical Gardens, Soufriere, St Lucia

86. Carib Grackle Quiscalus lugubris
Antigua & Barbados Q l fortirostris
Common and widespread
St Lucia Q l inflexirostris (STLESSP)
Common in Soufriere area St Lucia
St Vincent Q l contrusus (STVESSP)
Common in Kingstown, St Vincent

87. Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis minimus
1 near Castries, St Lucia; 1 Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, Barbados

Antigua 37
Dominica 37 1 island endemic
St Lucia 29 4 island endemics
St Vincent 34 2 island endemics
Barbados 34

Total 87
7 island endemics, 12 Lesser Antillean endemics, 5 Caribbean endemics

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