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A Report from

Lesser Sundas and Bali. 9-30th Nov 2010 ,

Jan Vermeulen


In November 2010, we undertook a birding trip to the Lesser Sundas in Indonesia. Our main goal was to see as many different bird species as possible (especially the endemics) and to enjoy the nature in general. Vital van Gorp, Luc van Gompel, Staf Elzermans and Carl Grillet accompanied me.

The Lesser Sundas are a foremost destination for the international birdwatcher. The percentage of endemism of birds is most amazing for Islands in the middle of the Indonesian archipelago. The prime birding locations are being destroyed at the moment! If you’re a birdwatcher and you have not been there yet, then go there within the next few years!

Strung out to the east of Bali, Nusa Tenggara (meaning southeast islands), hold fewer species than an equivalent area of continental Asia, but many are endemic and often confined to a single island.

One of the great attractions of birding in Indonesia is the large number of species of birds, which are found nowhere else on earth and nowhere is this more marked than on the Lesser Sundas.


We booked our flight from Amsterdam via Singapore to Denpasar for €625 with KLM. The flying time was roughly 11¾ hours to Singapore, a one hour stop and then 2¾ hours on to Denpasar (Bali). The flights were punctual and trouble free. We used Batavia Air, Merpati, Aviastar, Lion Air for internal flights (air tax US$5). The time difference in Bali with the Netherlands was 7 hours.

A permit valid for a less than 31 days stay is issued free on arrival at the airport; otherwise you do need a visa for the Lesser Sundas. Visas valid for 30 days are available on arrival at Jakarta or Denpasar airport for US$5, 60 days is the maximum visa time. As few people speak English, it is very useful to take a phrase book.


If you plan to visit the Lesser Sundas you just need to contact Royke Mananta who has been running tours nowadays at very reasonable cost.


The official currency of Indonesia is the Indonesian rupiah. The exchange rate at the airport was 10.000 Rp to US$100 or 14.000 Rp to €100. In most of the hotels you can pay by credit card.

One can easily change US Dollars and Euros everywhere in the cities, although this is unnecessary, because there are many ATM machines in the main towns. The only trouble with most ATM machines is that they will not give you more than 1.000.000 Rp. So you may have to repeat the transaction which may cost you more transaction costs. Some ATM can make you a millionaire instantly (2.000.000 Rp.).


Accommodation varied from very basic to excellent and was in general clean. Guesthouses and hotels were arranged by Royke Mananta. All hotels had air-conditioning and hot showers in the rooms.


Many birdwatchers rule out third world destinations as options for holidays fearing strange food, language barriers, sickness, bugs and intense heat. They needn’t have any such reservations about the Lesser Sundas & Bali however. Bottled mineral water you can buy nearly everywhere; stick to this and bottled soft drinks or Bintang beer. The food is generally good and inexpensive.


Theft is really not a problem in the Lesser Sundas unless you are careless. We encountered no problems and met only friendly, helpful and hospitable people. They smile and greet you and almost without exception respond to a greeting or smile. They have no objection to birdwatchers on their land, just don’t trample crops and treat their land with respect.


For vaccinations consult your own doctor for up to date advice. Generally you should be immunised or “topped up” against hepatitis A and B, Tetanus, Typhoid and Polio. The Lesser Sundas have malaria (unlike some people will tell you) the risk is somewhat lower if you travel in the dry period but I would not take any chances if I were you. In addition to this you are recommended to take malaria tablets. We did not suffer much from the mosquitoes, only in our guesthouse rooms were sometimes a few mosquitoes. Unbelievably I did not see leeches for the entire trip! This is a first for me in Southeast Asia - it may have been due to the dryish conditions.


As English is not widely spoken, it would be helpful to learn some Indonesian (supposedly easy, though none of us managed any, except Luc) unless you intend to use guides most of the time, which is certainly possible on the Lesser Sundas.


The Lesser Sundas have a typically tropical climate and it is hot and humid year-around. We visited the country in the ‘dry’ season. Most days in the lowlands were very hot, dry and sunny and the humidity was often rather high. In montane areas temperature ranged from warm to cool and we had some heavy rain in Flores.


A small iPod and the bird call sets of the Lesser Sundas endemics are useful for drawing in birds. Our guide had tapes of the endemics and they are absolutely essential, without these some species will not be seen.

A good torch is a must. A telescope is useful at lakes and very useful for viewing canopy species especially from roadsides. Photography is NOT difficult, as birds are easy to approach and light conditions are good.


Many Indonesian birds have two or more English names, which stems from history. I have decided to follow the English names of James F. Clements (Birds of the World, A Check List, Sixth Edition, 2007), including July 2007 – December 2009).


The following list of birds we saw frequently and if you spend any sort of time in the right habitats you will too:

Cattle Egret, Spotted Dove, Barred Dove, Green Imperial-Pigeon, Lesser Coucal, Glossy Swiftlet, Collared Kingfisher, Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Striated Swallow, Tree Martin, Yellow Wagtail, Black-naped Oriole, Large-billed Crow, Lesser Wallacean Drongo, Pied Bushchat, Zitting Cisticola, Oriental White-eye, Ashy-bellied White-eye, Short-tailed Starling, Helmeted Friarbird, Zebra Finch, Black-faced Munia and Nutmeg Mannikin.

For a detailed report of species and numbers please refer to the systematic list at the end of this report.


I cannot praise Royke Mananta enough – it was an absolutely fabulous trip without any significant

difficulty. Royke tried his utmost to find all the birds in the areas that we were visiting. He is a very professional guide and his ability with voices must be amongst the best in this area and he has a deep knowledge of the birds and the birding scene. Having PT. Explore IsO Indonesia Tour and Travel arrange our trip was by far the best decision we could have made.



-   Brian J. Coates and K. David Bishop. A Guide to the Birds of Wallacea.
-   James F. Clements. Birds of the World. A Check List.
-   Paul Jepson. Birding Indonesia. A Bird-watcher’s Guide to the World’s Largest Archipelago. Published in 1997, some of its indications (at least for the areas we visited) are inevitably outdated.
-   Michael Walters. Complete Checklist. Vogels van de Wereld.
-   Nigel Wheatley. Where to watch birds in Asia.


-      Henk Hendriks. Lesser Sundas 23rd July – 20th August 2008.



I use this software to keep track of the birds I have seen and to make lists of any country, labelling endemics and birds previously seen in that country, outside it, or both. BirdArea can produce checklists of the birds of any country of Clements’ world birds.


Address: Jl. Jend. Sudirman No.16
Palu - Central Sulawesi
Ph: +62 451 4701918



November 9/10        Chaam * Amsterdam * Singapore * Denpasar (Bali)


November 11           Denpasar * Kupang (Timor) * Bipolo * Kupang


November 12           Kupang * Waingapu * Lewa
November 13           Langgiluru National Park
November 14           Manupeu -Tanah Daru National Park
November 15           Lewa * Yumbu grasslands * Waingapu * Kupang * Camplong        


November 16           Camplong * Bipolo * Camplong
November 17           Camplong * Bipolo * Muti National Reserve
November 18           Muti National Reserve* Kupang


November 19           Kupang * Danau Rana Mese * Kisol
November 20           Kisol * Danau Rana Mese * Ruteng
November 21           Ruteng * Ruteng Nature Recreation Park * Golo Lusang * Ruteng
November 22           Ruteng * Golo Lusang * Pagal * Ruteng
November 23           Ruteng * Labuan Bajo
November 24           Labuan Bajo * Puarlolo * Labuan Bajo


November 25           Labuan Bajo * Rinca * Komodo National Park
November 26           Komodo National Park * Labuan Bajo


November 27           Labuan Bajo * Denpasar * Bali Barat National Park
November 28           Bali Barat National Park
November 29           Bali Barat National Park * Benoa Harbour area * Denpasar
November 29/30      Denpasar * Singapore * Amsterdam * Chaam


Most of the sites are detailed in Jepson and on the Oriental Bird Club website.


Accommodation: Hary’s Homestay in Lewa.

The small village of Lewa lies in the centre of Sumba on the main east-west road, around one hour drive from Waingapu. It is famous for being close to some nice forest (Langgiluru National Park) and for having a birder-friendly guesthouse that can help arrange transport, guides and logistics. Around Lewa there are several good spots for birding, any one of which can get you all the endemics if you are lucky.
To the west of Lewa lies Manupeu -Tanah Daru National Park, the biggest national park on the island. The edge of the park begins around 10 km to the west of Lewa. Here the main road drops down through 2-3 km of nice forest situated between km markers 68-72. Birding is excellent along this road in the early morning, and all of the forest endemics can be seen here on a good day, plus non-endemic goodies like Elegant Pitta and Chestnut-backed Thrush. Simply get a ride from Lewa and get dropped at the top or bottom and work your way slowly along the road, exploring any side trails that look interesting.

Birds seen here during our trip:

Purple Heron, Javan Pond-Heron, Cattle Egret, Oriental Honey-Buzzard, Black-shouldered Kite, Black Kite, Brahminy Kite, Short-toed Eagle, Spotted Harrier, Chinese Goshawk, Japanese Sparrowhawk, Bonelli’s Eagle, Spotted Kestrel, Australian Hobby, Orange-footed Scrubfowl, Brown Quail, Green Junglefowl, Common Moorhen,  Metallic Pigeon, Spotted Dove, Little Cuckoo-Dove, Emerald Dove, Sumba Green-Pigeon, Red-naped Fruit-Dove, Black-naped Fruit-Dove, Green Imperial-Pigeon, Citron-crested Cockatoo, Marigold Lorikeet, Red-cheeked Parrot, Great-billed Parrot, Sunda Cuckoo, Asian Koel, Australian Koel, Lesser Coucal, Sumba Boobook, Little Sumba Hawk-Owl, Mees’s Nightjar, Glossy Swiftlet, Rufous-backed Kingfisher, Collared Kingfisher, Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher, Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Sumba Hornbill, Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker, Elegant Pitta, Barn Swallow, Striated Swallow, Tree Martin, Eastern Yellow Wagtail, Wallacean Cuckoo-Shrike, Sumba Cuckoo-Shrike, White-shouldered Triller, Chestnut-backed Thrush, Zitting Cisticola, Arctic Warbler, Flores Jungle-Flycatcher, Sumba Brown Flycatcher, Sumba Flycatcher, Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher, Pied Bushchat, Asian Paradise-Flycatcher, Broad-billed Flycatcher, Golden Whistler, Plain-throated Sunbird, Olive-backed Sunbird, Apricot-breasted Sunbird, Thick-billed Flowerpecker, Blood-breasted Flowerpecker, Ashy-bellied White-eye, Yellow-spectacled White-eye, Indonesian Honeyeater, Sumba Myzomela, Helmeted Friarbird, Black-naped Oriole, Lesser Wallacean Drongo, Large-billed Crow, Short-tailed Starling, Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Zebra Finch, Black-faced Munia.

The dry grassland in the Yumbu area is the habitat of the Sumba Buttonquail. A nearby freshwater wetland is good for shorebirds.

Birds seen here during our trip:

Purple Heron, Great Egret, Sumba Buttonquail, Pacific Golden-Plover, Javan Plover, Greater Sand-Plover, Oriental Plover, Common Sandpiper, Barred Dove, Australasian Bushlark, Striated Swallow, Tree Martin, Zitting Cisticola, Australian Reed-Warbler.


Accommodation: Hotel Sylvia in Kupang and Catholic Seminary in Camplong


This is the name given to a small degraded patch of lowland forest not far from Kupang. Despite the size of the forest patch, and its condition, Bipolo is an excellent site to visit and supports many of Timor’s endemic birds. Coming by road Kupang you will cross a bridge at the eastern end of the forest and the road then cuts through the trees for about 1.5 km, before emerging at a village on the far side. Around half way along the road bends to the right and there is a huge fig tree on the left at the bend. This is a great spot to start, as the tree invariably seems to hold many pigeons, including Black-backed Fruit-Dove and Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove, also Timor Figbird. Birding along the road, and on the many foot trails that enter the forest, should then start to get you birds such as Olive-shouldered Parrot, Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher, Timor Oriole, Timor Stubtail, Buff-banded Bushbird, Timor Blue-Flycatcher, Black-breasted Myzomela, Streak-breasted Honeyeater, Plain Gerygone and Red-chested Flowerpecker. The forest patch also supports one of Timor’s most wanted: Orange-banded Thrush.

Birds seen here during our trip:

Short-toed Eagle, Bonelli’s Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove, Pink-headed Imperial-Pigeon, Dark-backed Imperial -Pigeon, Marigold Lorikeet, Glossy Swiftlet, White-throated Needletail, Fork-tailed Swift, Rainbow Bee-eater, Dollarbird, Elegant Pitta, Tree Martin, White-shouldered Triller, Island Thrush, Sunda Bush-Warbler, Timor Leaf-Warbler, Buff-banded Bushbird, Timor Blue-Flycatcher, Pied Bushchat, Timor Bushchat, Northern Fantail, Arafura Fantail, Spectacled Monarch, Fawn-breasted Whistler, Thick-billed Flowerpecker, Red-chested Flowerpecker, Ashy-bellied White-eye, Indonesian Honeyeater, Black-breasted Myzomela, Streak-breasted Honeyeater, Helmeted Friarbird, Black-naped Oriole, Timor Figbird, Greater Wallacean Drongo, White-breasted Woodswallow, Large-billed Crow, Short-tailed Starling, Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Zebra Finch, Black-faced Munia.


By following the road through the forest to the village on the far side, then turning immediately left to follow a track south along the edge of the forest (by foot or car) you soon emerge onto the edge of a vast open area of wet rice paddy. Before you enter the rice paddy area proper, take a good look around the scrubby edges. This is one of the most reliable places to see Timor Sparrow, Zebra Finch, Five-coloured Munia (we dipped) and Brown Quail are also often seen. Scan the dead trees in this area to look for Black-faced Woodswallow and keep an eye on the sky above for raptors including Short-toed Eagle, Bonelli’s Eagle and Spotted and Australian Kestrel. Continuing into the rice paddy areas look out for Red Avadavat. By continuing south on the same trail, across the centre of the rice paddy area, you come to the end of the road at the edge of an area of fish ponds.

Birds seen here during our trip:

Little Grebe, Australian Pelican, Little Black Cormorant, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Great Egret, Intermediate Egret, White-faced Heron, Little Egret, Javan Pond-Heron, Cattle Egret, Striated Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron, Yellow Bittern, Cinnamon Bittern, Osprey, Pacific Baza, Black-shouldered Kite, Black Kite, Brahminy Kite, White-bellied Sea-Eagle, Brown Goshawk, Peregrine Falcon, Brown Quail, Red-backed Buttonquail , Buff-banded Rail, White-breasted Waterhen, Australian Pratincole, Whimbrel, Eurasian Curlew, Common Greenshank, Wood Sandpiper, Common Sandpiper, Gull-billed Tern, Whiskered Tern, Barred Dove, Lesser Coucal, Fork-tailed Swift, Common Kingfisher, Rainbow Bee-eater, Dollarbird, Tree Martin, Eastern Yellow Wagtail, White-shouldered Triller, Sooty-headed Bulbul, Zitting Cisticola, Golden-headed Cisticola, Sunda Bush-Warbler, Australian Reed-Warbler, Pied Bushchat, Plain Gerygone, Long-tailed Shrike, White-breasted Woodswallow, Black-faced Woodswallow, Large-billed Crow, Javan Myna, Red Avadavat, Zebra Finch, Nutmeg Mannikin, Timor Sparrow.


This is the name of a village, behind which is some nice condition forest below a ridge. The altitude here is around 300m and the birds start to change in their general composition. Follow the main road through the village until you almost reach the other (eastern) side. There is then an unpaved track heading south, which after 200m comes to a T-junction. Turn left (east) here and after another 200m the track enters nice forest. Lots of paths head into the forest around here and are all worth exploring. The birding is great in all of these wooded areas with birds regularly seen here including Timor Black Pigeon, Timor White-eye, Buff-banded Bushbird, Island Monarch, Spectacled Monarch, Timor Stubtail, Timor Blue-Flycatcher, Orange-banded Thrush, Timor Bushchat and Plain Gerygone. It is also possible to see Black-banded Flycatcher and Yellow-eared Honeyeater here, but they are not so common. By night the tracks around Camplong are a good place to try for Streaked Boobook.

Birds seen here during our trip:

Island Collared-Dove, Green-winged Pigeon, Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove, Sunda Cuckoo, Channel-billed Cuckoo, Orange-banded Thrush, Black-banded Flycatcher, Elegant Pitta, Timor Leaf-Warbler, Timor Blue-Flycatcher, Timor Bushchat, Northern Fantail, Arafura Fantail, Island Monarch, Spectacled Monarch, Fawn-breasted Whistler, Plain Gerygone, Red-chested Flowerpecker, Ashy-bellied White-eye, Timor White-eye, Indonesian Honeyeater, Yellow-eared Honeyeater, Timor Oriole, Black-naped Oriole, Timor Figbird, Long-tailed Shrike.


Accommodation: A VERY basic “Guesthouse” in Fatumnasi

From the town of Soe roads head north towards West Timor’s highest point at Gunung Mutis. You will want to head this way too to complete the round up of endemics! From the village of Fatumnasi a track heads north and soon enters a bizarre park-like forest of big trees and grassy under-storey. This area lies above 1,500 m and the birds are distinctly different to those of the other sites mentioned above. If you are arriving early in the morning from Soe what will immediately hit you is the number of parrots flying around: Olive-headed Lorikeet is abundant here, and mixed in with them are a few Iris Lorikeet. The latter you can see anywhere up here, so just keep checking parrots until you meet one. Yellow-eared Honeyeater and Timor Leaf-Warbler are also pretty abundant up here. A good spot to aim for is about half way along the track at about the highest point. Look out for a pond and clearing on the right (north) of the road. The pond may be dry when you visit, but it should still be obvious enough. Park here and then look for a less distinct trail (an old logging track) that heads past the pond and continues east into nice condition forest with a much fuller under-storey. This trail continues for around 3 km, eventually coming out by a massive clearing (you can’t miss it!) and gives you nice views of Gunung Mutis itself. Where this side trail first enters more dense forest, just beyond the pond, is a great place to try for Chestnut-backed Thrush, and also the slightly strange Timor subspecies of Pygmy Wren-Babbler.

Birds seen here during our trip:
Dusky Cuckoo-Dove, Timor Imperial-Pigeon, Olive-headed Lorikeet, Iris Lorikeet, Olive-shouldered Parrot, Barn Owl, Streaked Boobook, Fork-tailed Swift, Collared Kingfisher, Grey Wagtail, White-shouldered Triller, Island Thrush, Sooty-headed Bulbul, Island Thrush, Snowy-browed Flycatcher, Little Pied Flycatcher, Timor Blue-Flycatcher, Pied Bushchat, Pygmy Wren-Babbler, Fawn-breasted Whistler, Mountain White-eye, Golden Whistler, Yellow-eared Honeyeater, Timor Friarbird, Black-naped Oriole, Long-tailed Shrike, Large-billed Crow, Common Hill Myna, Zebra Finch, Nutmeg Mannikin.


North of Timor, this long narrow island is one of the most beautiful of the Lesser Sundas. Many of the rugged mountains are still covered with humid rainforest.

Accommodation: Hotel Sylvia in Ruteng

Golo Lusang site lies around 8km south of Ruteng, where the road reaches an obvious pass before dropping steeply down through degraded forest in a series of hairpin bends. The best birding is usually had by starting at the pass and walking down through the hairpins for a few kilometres. You can then either walk back up, or plan ahead and get someone to pick you up down lower! Birds here are similar to those at Danau Rana Mese, but the views are more impressive and the dawn chorus of Bare-throated Whistlers is memorable, and Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch is also possible.

Birds seen here during our trip:

Bonelli’s Eagle, Dark-backed Imperial-Pigeon, Lesser Coucal, Glossy Swiftlet, White-rumped Kingfisher, Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker, Grey Wagtail, Wallacean Cuckoo-Shrike, Flores Minivet, Russet-capped Tesia, Mountain Tailorbird, Flores Leaf-Warbler, Yellow-breasted Warbler, Flores Jungle-Flycatcher, Little Pied Flycatcher, Brown-capped Fantail, Bare-throated Whistler, Golden-bellied Gerygone, Grey Tit, Oriental White-eye, Mountain White-eye, White-browed White-eye, Dark-crowned White-eye, Flores White-eye, Sunda Honeyeater, Helmeted Friarbird, Lesser Wallacean Drongo, White-breasted Woodswallow, Short-tailed Starling.


Around 20 km North of Ruteng, and at lower altitude, this patch of degraded roadside forest starts around 2-3km beyond the village of Pagal, and continues for 3-4km. Birding is from the roadside or from any interesting looking side-trail you can find.

Birds seen here during our trip:

Flores Green-Pigeon, Black-backed Fruit-Dove, Flores Lorikeet, Red-cheeked Parrot, Wallace’s Hanging-Parrot, Fork-tailed Swift, White-rumped Kingfisher, Collared Kingfisher, Helmeted Friarbird.

This small lake (Rana Mese) lies around 20km east of Ruteng on the main road to Bajawa. The lake is surrounded by good condition forest which can be accessed by either birding along the main road or from any number of smaller side trails that leave the main road.

Birds seen here during our trip:

Little Grebe, Pacific Black Duck, Oriental Honey-Buzzard, Bonelli’s Eagle, Edible-nest Swiftlet, Barred Cuckoo-Dove, Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker, Sumba Cuckoo-Shrike, Flores Minivet, Golden Whistler, Golden-bellied Gerygone, Grey Tit, Golden-rumped Flowerpecker, Oriental White-eye, Lesser Wallacean Drongo, Helmeted Friarbird.


Accommodation: Hotel Primadonna

The village of Kisol lies around 2-3 hours drive south-east of Ruteng and usually makes for the last stop on many birding itineraries (or the first, depending on which end you start!). The area has several remnant patches of lowland and hill forest, and it is for this reason that most people visit. By basing yourself in Kisol there are a number of local birding options, and some interesting areas to explore.

Birds seen here during our trip:

Flores Hawk-Eagle, Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove, Black-naped Fruit-Dove, Rusty-breasted Cuckoo, Moluccan Scops-Owl, Wallace’s Scops-Owl, White-rumped Kingfisher, Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Elegant Pitta, Asian Paradise-Flycatcher, Bare-throated Whistler, Golden Whistler, Flame-breasted Sunbird, Flores White-eye, Helmeted Friarbird, Black-naped Oriole, Lesser Wallacean Drongo, Short-tailed Starling, Black-faced Munia.


Accommodation: sleeping on the boat.

Essential to visit for the impressive dragons – we saw 20 - with guaranteed Yellow-crested Cockatoo and Green Junglefowl, difficult elsewhere. There are no flights so you must charter a boat from Labuan Bajo. It can be done as an early morning excursion, although I would recommend staying the night as we did. Despite much time at sea, we saw few seabirds of note except a single Matsudeira’s Storm-Petrel.

Birds seen here during our trip:

Matsudeira’s Storm-Petrel, Christmas Island Frigatebird, Great-billed Heron, Pacific Reef-Heron, Osprey, Brahminy Kite, White-bellied Sea-Eagle, Spotted Kestrel, Peregrine Falcon, Orange-footed Scrubfowl, Beach Thick-knee, Oriental Plover, Whimbrel, Common Sandpiper, Lesser Crested Tern Great Crested Tern, Common Tern, Barred Dove, Green Imperial-Pigeon, Pied Imperial-Pigeon, Yellow-crested Cockatoo, Sunda Cuckoo, Asian Koel, Collared Kingfisher, Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Striated Swallow, Arctic Warbler, Black-naped Monarch, Golden Whistler, Grey Tit, Flame-breasted Sunbird, Helmeted Friarbird, Yellow-bellied White-eye, Black-naped Oriole, Lesser Wallacean Drongo, White-breasted Woodswallow, Large-billed Crow, Zebra Finch, Black-faced Munia.


Accommodation: Hotel Adi Assri or another hotel.

The Bali Barat National Park, founded in the year 1941, was originally an initiative by the Dutch with the purpose to protect the endangered Bali Myna and the last remaining wild banteng, a native animal from which most of the Balinese cattle descend. The park can be found in the most western part of the island. Nowadays it has a total area of 19,000 ha. but at the beginning the park extended much further eastward than it does today, at that time covering a total area of about 77,000 ha.

Birds seen here during our trip:

Little Egret, Black-thighed Falconet, White-breasted Waterhen, Beach Thicknee, Australian Pratincole, Far Eastern Curlew, Common Sandpiper, Lesser Crested tern, Great Crested Tern, Black-naped Tern, Island Collared-Dove, Spotted Dove, Pink-necked Pigeon, Yellow-throated Hanging-Parrot, Greater Coucal, Savannah Nightjar, Cave Swiftlet, Fork-tailed Swift, Small Blue Kingfisher, Chestnut-headed Bee-eater, Lineated Barbet, Spot-breasted Pied Woodpecker, Barn Swallow, Pacific Swallow, Striated Swallow, Javan Cuckoo-Shrike, White-shouldered Triller, Small Minivet, Sooty-headed Bulbul, Yellow-vented Bulbul, Common Iora, Bar-winged Prinia, Pied Fantail, Golden-bellied Gerygone, Plain-throated Sunbird, Olive-backed Sunbird, Long-tailed Shrike, Black Drongo, Ashy Drongo, Short-tailed Starling, Black-winged Starling, Bali Myna.


Tuesday/Wednesday 9/10 November

Our trip started at 21.00 with a KLM flight from Amsterdam via Singapore to Denpasar on Bali. The flight arrived at 20.00 o’clock local time the next day in Bali. After purchasing the entry visa for €20 we went through and immediately we were engulfed in the thick humidity and warm air of the tropics. We met up with Royke Mananta, our guide during the trip. We left the airport and transferred towards the nearby Agung cottages in Kuta, where we all had a comfortable night after a tiring flight.

Thursday 11 November

Waking up the following morning we made a short stroll in Kuta along the coast. Amongst the birds seen were Cave Swiftlet, Savannah Nightjar, Great Crested Tern, Javan Myna & White-breasted Woodswallow and a real surprise a flying Wreathed Hornbill.

At 11.00 we left Bali with Batavia Air for a short flight to the ‘dry’ island of Timor. Despite a slight delay on take off, we arrived almost on time in Kupang. A car was waiting for us and we immediately headed to the small coastal forest patch at Bipolo. Though small, this forest patch still holds a remarkable number of birds. We had some trouble with the local people there, but Royke managed to solve the problems smoothly. Here a wealth of species were to vie for our attention. We had superb views of a soaring Bonelli’s Eagle, Dark-backed Imperial-Pigeon, Timor Figbird, Timor Bushchat, Timor Leaf-Warbler, Arafura Fantail, Streak-breasted Honeyeater, Indonesian Honeyeater, Black-chested Honeyeater and Red-chested Flowerpecker. We also scoped a White Cuscus, a rarely seen mammal here. Hereafter we headed back to Kupang, where we spent the night in Hotel Sylvia. My first full day birding was fantastic, with rare and endemic birds literally falling out of the trees and into my pockets.

Friday 12 November

Next morning found us at 6.00 at the airport. Amazingly for Indonesia the Merpati flight to Waingapu on Sumba left on time and at 7.30 we arrived on Sumba. Our first day in the field on Sumba started with a fairly long drive with two cars to Lewa. After ¾ hour we had engine-trouble with one of cars and we had to wait quite a while, before we got another car. En route we stopped a few times and amongst the birds seen were Oriental Hobby and our first Sumba endemics: Yellow-spectacled White-eye and Apricot-breasted Sunbird.

At noon we arrived at the small charming village of Lewa, our base for the next few days. We unpacked our bags at the very friendly, comfortable Hary’s Homestay. After lunch we headed to the nearby forest at Langgiluru National Park. We walked a loop through patches of forest. One of the first birds we saw was a Red-cheeked Parrot. Most noteworthy birds we encountered were Little Cuckoo-Dove, Sumba Green-Pigeon, Wallacean Cuckoo-Shrike, Lesser Wallacean Drongo, Sumba Myzomela and Blood-breasted Flowerpecker.

As the sky darkened, the recently described Mees’s Nightjar showed well in flight right in front of us and not much later we had excellent views of a Sumba Boobook in a dead tree.

Saturday 13 November

Most of our second day on Sumba was spent in the nearby forest patches west of Lewa. Birding from the road, through an extensive pocket of mid altitude forest was fairly easy. One of the first birds by the wayside was the beautiful endemic Red-naped Fruit-Dove. The second was, more surprisingly, Sumba Brown Flycatcher, one of the difficult endemics. Next were Sumba Cuckoo-Shrike and Sumba Jungle-Flycatcher, giving only average views. Amongst the highlights seen this morning was the beautiful Citron-crested Cockatoo scoped in the top of a tree. This cockatoo is a split from Yellow-crested and endemic to this small island with much less than 500 birds remaining. Other goodies included were Metallic Pigeon, Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher, Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker, Indonesian Honeyeater and our first striking Chestnut-backed Thrush. A random stroll into the forest produced good views of the endemic Sumba Flycatcher.

After a siesta in our homestay we made a quick walk out into the paddies. The walk brought us Spotted Harrier, a hunting Chinese Goshawk, Spotted Kestrel and Short-toed Eagle. We then again headed to the forest patch we did yesterday afternoon, searching for Little Sumba Hawk-Owl. Unfortunately the late afternoon produced an almighty downpour and curtailed almost the whole of the afternoon birding right up until dusk. When it stopped two Elegant Pittas couldn’t have been more obliging by sitting on an open branch perched at only 2 metres at eye-level. It took quite a while longer before we finally found the Little Sumba Hawk-Owl, a species only described in 2002.

Sunday 14 November

The next day we were up early for the 2½ hours drive to Manupeu-Tanah Daru National Park. In the company of a ranger we spent a long time in the forest. Fortunately, logging companies were no longer active here and birders can easily gain access to this forest. We birded a few tracks from early morning to lunch. Fairly easy now was one of Sumba’s star attractions, the rare Sumba Hornbill. Along the track were a host of other goodies seen. Pigeons were much in evidence and amongst the pigeons seen were Emerald Dove, Red-naped & Black-naped Fruit-Dove and Green Imperial-Pigeon. Memorable other birds included Great-billed Parrot, Australian Koel, Rufous-backed Kingfisher, Citron-crested Cockatoo and Broad-billed Flycatcher.

However the ultimate bird had to be the Sumba Green-Pigeon. We did not find the bird in the forest, but on our way back to Lewa we spotted 12 Sumba Green-Pigeons in a tree along the road. A few kilometres further we had excellent views of a pair of Green Junglefowls with 7 chicks!

As dusk fell we made a stop near Lewa, hoping to see a few owls. We did not find any owls, but got (too) good views of two White-lipped Island Vipers, a venomous Pitviper subspecies found in Indonesia.

We again spent the night at Hary’s Homestay.

Monday 15 November

The next morning we headed back to Waingapu. En route we stopped a few times and amongst the birds encountered were Collared Kingfisher, Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Black-naped Oriole and Pied Bushchat.

Near Waingapu we drove to the Yumbu grasslands. It was very hot at the site, but despite the heat we spread out and walked a line through the grassland. It was not too long before we flushed out our first Sumba Buttonquail. We found a few others and all-in-all had good flight views. Other birds we encountered were lots of Australian Bushlarks, Pied Bushchats, Zitting Cisticolas and 5 Barred Doves.

We then headed to Menggitimbe, a near-bye freshwater wetland and here we scoped amongst others Pacific Golden-Plover, Javan Plover, Greater Sand-Plover and Oriental Plover.

At 15.00 we took an afternoon flight with Batavia Air to Kupang, the capital of West Timor. Our car was waiting and we headed to Camplong village, where we checked in the Catholic Seminary (Oc Mat Honés).

Tuesday 16 November

Next morning found us in the splendid forest above Camplong. We birded along the road and trails running through the forest. We found most of our target birds during the morning. We tracked down a female Black-banded Flycatcher, 3 never-stands-still Spot-breasted Dark-eyes, Fawn-breasted Whistler, great prolonged views of Orange-banded Thrush, a couple of Island Monarchs and Timor Oriole.

However Timor Stubtail eluded us and although we searched the area thoroughly, we failed miserably.

After lunch we headed to the paddy-fields near Bipolo. It was blisteringly hot when we entered the fields. The paddies and shrimp-ponds did us wonder whether we really were in Asia or Australia – 14 Australian Pelicans, Black-shouldered Kites, Zebra Finches and Black-faced Woodswallows filled the sky.

The paddies themselves were full of White-faced Herons, Barred Doves, White-shouldered Trillers and huge flocks of Nutmeg Mannikins and a large group of Timor Sparrows.

Further into the paddies we flushed a Brown Quail and a few Red-backed Buttonquails. Continuing on to the salt works at Pan Muti we had a good look around for waders, but saw only a few Whimbrels, Eurasian Curlews, Common Greenshanks, Wood Sandpipers and Common Sandpipers. Other birds of note we saw were Cinnamon Bittern, Yellow Bittern, Buff-banded Rail and Sunda Bush-Warbler.

The night we again spent at the Catholic Seminary.

Wednesday 17 November

An early start the following day ensured that we were very early at Bipolo Forest. Having been here a few days ago we did not expect to see many new birds. A stroll into the forest on a ‘logging’ track provided some good birding including sights of Pink-headed Imperial-Pigeon, Marigold Lorikeet, Timor Figbird, Greater Wallacean Drongo, Timor Leaf-Warbler, Arafura Fantail, Black-banded Flycatcher and the elusive Buff-banded Bushbird.

Leaving Camplong behind, we headed inland and uphill to Guning Mutis, Timor’s highest mountain. Via an unbelievably bad road we arrived in Fatumnasi, a very small village at the start of the trail to Guning Mutis. Here we checked into a very basic hut (owner Mateos Anin), where we would stay one night.

At dusk we did some spotlighting on the mountain and as soon as darkness fell, a few Streaked Boobooks began calling and we managed to obtain a string of good views of at least 6 Streak Boobooks and we also saw a Barn Owl.

Thursday 18 November

We spent all morning on Guning Mutis and were greeted by wind, fog and light rain. Despite the windy conditions we were able to find quite a few birds. Olive-headed Lorikeets were very common, we scoped Timor Imperial-Pigeon and we had great looks at a couple of Iris Lorikeets. Island Thrushes were seen and we also added Olive-shouldered Parrot and Dusky Cuckoo-Dove to the trip list. Yellow-eared Honeyeaters and Mountain White-eyes were everywhere and although we heard the Pygmy Wren-Babbler we could not find the bird. At midday we returned to the village and here we finally saw a few Timor Friarbirds, but Tricoloured Parrotfinch eluded us.

Reluctantly we had to leave and with time not on our side we headed back to our car and drove back to Kupang in terrible weather. Torrential rain fell and we had to stop at some point. When the rain stopped we had to ask local people for help at a steep hill, because our car got stuck in the mud on the hill. In the late evening we arrived in Kupang and again checked into Hotel Sylvia.

Friday 19 November

An early start was necessary for our flight to Flores. The Aviastar flight to Ruteng left on time and at 7.00 we arrived in the green highlands of Flores. A car and a guide was waiting for us at the airport and after a short stop in Ruteng we headed to Danau Rana Mese. Walking near Lake Rana Mese we found our first Flores Minivet, Barred Cuckoo-Dove, Sumba Cuckoo-Shrike and a few Golden-bellied Gerygones.

Mid-afternoon we booked rooms in the Primadonna Hotel near Kisol. After lunch we made our first birding sortie to the nearby forest. There was hardly any activity in the forest, but after 45 minutes we had great views of a magnificent soaring Flores Hawk-Eagle. Other birds we encountered were Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove, Rusty-breasted Cuckoo, Flame-breasted Sunbird and our first Flores White-eyes.

After nightfall we heard a Moluccan Scops-Owl and although we had a brief flight view we could not get the bird in the scope. Alas we only heard a distant calling Wallace’s Scops-Owl and although we tried to find the bird, we could not find it.

Saturday 20 November

The next morning at Kisol was very hot and humid, and fairly slow on the bird-front. Long periods were spent without seeing birds, although Flores Green-Pigeons were seen and within minutes a White-rumped Kingfisher was heard next to the trail and it took us more than 30 minutes before we located the bird. Other noteworthy birds encountered were Black-naped Fruit-Dove, a beautiful Bare-throated Whistler and a few Asian Paradise-Flycatchers. Our search for the Flores Crow failed miserably!

In the afternoon we headed back to Ruteng and made another stop at Danau Rana Mese. Amongst the birds seen here were Oriental Honey-Buzzard, Flores Minivet, Grey Tit and an obliging Golden-rumped Flowerpecker.

In the late afternoon we arrived in Ruteng, where we checked into Hotel Sindha.

Sunday 21 November

Off for another early start found us in the forest (Ruteng National Recreation Park) not far from Ruteng. This area still had good patches of forest along an easily accessible logging track. Birding in the forest was quite successful. Flores Leaf-Warbler showed well, there were many sightings of Brown-capped Fantail and White-browed White-eye, Flores Jungle-Flycatcher was a catch-up for several of us and Streak-breasted Honeyeater was fairly common.

The afternoon we spent at Golung Lusang, but when we arrived heavens opened. Frequent and prolonged rain sabotaged our afternoon and wet and disappointed we returned to our hotel in Ruteng.

Monday 22 November

On waking at 3.00 a.m. we could hear the ominous noise of rain, but when we drove to Golo Lusang the morning offered clear skies and excellent birding. In the early morning, the incredible chorus of Bare-throated Whistlers was amazing and within minutes we had good looks at this beautiful bird. Russet-capped Tesias bounced around us in the undergrowth, belting out their impressively powerful song for such a tiny bird. Other nice birds during the morning included Bonelli’s Eagle, another White-rumped Kingfisher, numerous Lesser Wallacean Drongos, Crested Dark-eyes and White-browed White-eyes.

In the afternoon it was foggy and rainy. From Ruteng we headed towards Pagal. Despite the bad conditions we managed to see quite a few lifers (thank you Royke). We scoped Flores Green-Pigeon, Black-backed Fruit-Dove, Flores Lorikeet and 3 White-rumped Kingfishers. We also saw a few tiny Wallace’s Hanging-Parrots flying like bullets low overhead and fortunately landing in a fruiting tree, granting nice scope views. When we returned in Ruteng we saw a few cages with Chestnut-capped & Chestnut-backed Thrushes!

Tuesday 23 November

Our next port of call was Labuan Bajo at the western end of Flores. A few stops on the drive in patches of forest. yielded a large group of Flores Lorikeets, Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker, Grey Wagtail, Little Pied Flycatcher, Arctic Warbler, Mountain Tailorbird, Dark-crowned White-eye, Thick-billed & Black-fronted Flowerpecker and we had great scope views of a Besra Sparrowhawk.

In the late afternoon we arrived in the port-town of Labuan Bajo and checked into Hotel Bayview Gardens. The hotel was situated on a hill, overlooking the bay. I enjoy veranda birding and in the hotel garden the fruiting and flowering trees attracted Flame-breasted Sunbird and Black-fronted Flowerpecker and in the bay we saw at least 3 White-bellied Sea-Eagles.

Wednesday 24 November

After an early breakfast we visited Puarlolo, home to one of Flores most desired endemics, Flores Monarch. The monarch was new to science in 1971 and is still only known from a handful of localities. We arrived soon after first light as the dawn chorus rang through the forest. The first bird we saw was a White-rumped Kingfisher sitting motionless on a branch. Though it took some time and hearing a Flores Monarch, we eventually found one of these striking birds as it came in to inspect us at close range.

Inside the forest we spent much time slowly working the bad network of trails in search of the shyer inhabitants. We quickly amassed an impressive list of goodies. A Barred Cuckoo-Dove shot past at speed, however Red-cheeked Parrot, Flores Leaf-Warbler, Russet-capped Tesia, Flame-breasted Sunbird and Elegant Pitta were more amenable to lengthy looks. During our searches we found a few other nice species to keep us occupied, a noisy Flores Crow finally allowed a brief perched look and a beautiful Chestnut-capped Thrush flashed some colour in the undergrowth every time it turned around.

In the afternoon consistent heavy rain sabotaged further birding.

Thursday 25 November

Our next day was a relatively relaxing one, with a visit to Komodo National Park. We boarded our boat at dawn and on the way to the island across the Flores Sea we enjoyed some bow-riding Indo-pacific Bottle Nosed Dolphins and also spotted a few Pilot Whales. Also seen were Great-billed Herons, Pacific Egrets and Christmas Island Frigatebirds and a few large Green Sea Turtles loafing on the surface.

The short loop trail on Rinca was pleasant after being allotted our park guide, we were soon staring at several huge Komodo Dragons and, later on, we even saw a few ‘in their natural habitat’. A walk through the dry woodlands brought 2 superb male Green Junglefowls, Orange-footed Scrubfowls and near the beach scope views of 2 Oriental Plovers.

On Komodo we made a short stroll around the headquarters and of course we saw a few Komodo Dragons.

Memorable birds seen were Green Imperial-Pigeon, Pied Imperial Pigeon and a Beach Thicknee. Back in 1991,

I missed the Beach Thick-knee on a 4 weeks hard-core birding trip to Australia and now 20 years later I finally saw the bird! We spent the night on the boat, watching large number of Flying Foxes coming out of the mangroves.

Friday 26 November

In the company of a ranger we made a walk into the woodlands of Komodo. This walk brought us amongst others many Green Junglefowls, the critically endangered Yellow-crested Cockatoo (20), Short-toed Eagle, a perched Peregrine Falcon, Sunda Cuckoo, Black-naped Monarch, Yellow-bellied White-eye and Flame-breasted Sunbird.

After a cold drink we headed back to Labuan Bajo. Our cruise back was almost as enjoyable as we anchored up offshore for a spot of snorkelling over a beautiful coral reef.

On our way back to Labuan Bajo with our eyes glued to the sea, we added Matsudeira’s Storm-Petrel to our list, but little else. We again checked into Hotel Bayview Gardens.

Saturday 27 November
Today was predominately a travelling day. It was time to bid farewell to ‘Nusa Tenggara’.

Internal flight schedules are always a worry within Indonesia, but our Lion Air flight to Denpasar was only one hour late. At 10.45 we arrived in Denpasar, where we met Martijn Boot, who would company us the rest of the trip. En route to Bali Barat NP we made some fortuitous roadside stops needed in order to stretch limbs. At a marshy area with a small lake Grey-cheeked Green-Pigeon, Black-capped Kingfisher, Scarlet Minivet, Grey-cheeked Bulbul and Bar-winged Prinia were added to the trip list.

In the late afternoon we arrived at Bali Barat and checked into the very luxurious Hotel Adi Assri to be greeted by several Savannah Nightjars.

Sunday 28 November

In the early morning we made a boat trip with a park ranger to the peninsula of Bali Barat NP, which is home to two highly sought-after specialities. It was a 30 minutes boat journey from the jetty at Labuhan Lalang. Key species here included the scarce and mobile Black-winged Starling, which we eventually saw very well indeed and, of course, Bali Myna. There are currently around 30 of these, the vast majority being birds released (or offspring of released birds) in the last couple of years. We spent a lot of time seeking out, and eventually seeing well three birds feeding in a tall tree; pairs around the release cage were much more approachable.

Walking a track through the open forest brought in a flurry of activity and among the wide variety of birds we found Black-thighed Falconet, Yellow-throated Hanging-Parrot, Pink-necked Green-Pigeon, Spot-breasted Pied Woodpecker, Lineated Barbet, Common Iora and Javan Cuckoo-Shrike. Along the shore we scoped a Beach Thick-knee and a Far Eastern Curlew. The elegant Black-naped Tern was seen in large numbers on the boat trip back to Labuhan Lalang. In the afternoon we searched the mangroves for Small Blue Kingfisher and finally found one and had excellent scope views.

Monday/Tuesday 29/30 November

Next morning we made a leisurely stroll in the vicinity of the hotel and added Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker to the trip list. Hereafter we bade farewell to Bali Barat NP and headed back to Denpasar. We said goodbye to Martijn and we then had time to do some birding in the Benoa Harbour area. It was still quite a high tide when we arrived, but soon began to fall, exposing shorebird habitats at relatively close range. A very large

congregation of Javan Plovers was impressive. There were also good numbers of Great & Lesser Sand-Plovers, Rufous-necked Stints, Ruddy Turnstones, Curlew Sandpipers, Sharp-tailed Sandpipers, Great Knots and a single Little Curlew.

The daily rush of birds was over and a very good trip had come to a close and after a leisurely diner we set a course for home. We left Bali at 21.30 after a short stopover at Singapore and arrived the next day at 8.00 a.m. in Amsterdam.

The Lesser Sundas & Bali had certainly been everything I had expected and more. We had seen a wonderful array of almost all-possible endemics and only dipped very few species. The final total for the 3 weeks trip was 261 species of birds. With the rate of habitat destruction in this part of the world, we should feel blessed to have seen as many birds as we did. This has to be one of the world’s most threatened regions and go now before it’s all gone! Mention must be made at this stage of Royke Mananta our trip leader, whose intimate knowledge of the birds never failed to amaze.

With such a vast bird list picking out my ten best birds of the trip is almost meaningless, but here they are anyway:

Flores Hawk-Eagle, Red-naped Fruit-Dove, Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher, Sumba Hornbill, Chestnut-backed Thrush, Russet-capped Tesia, Buff-banded Bushbird, Timor Bushchat, Flores Monarch and Bare-throated Whistler.

Chaam, 31 August 2011,                                                                                                                               

If you need any help or further information, contact me at the following address and I'll try and help if I can!

Jan Vermeulen
Bredaseweg 14
4861 AH Chaam
The Netherlands
Telephone: (031) – 161 – 491327


This list follows the taxonomy, names and sequence of James F. Clements (Birds of the World, A Check List, Sixth Edition, 2007, including updates July 2007 – August 2011), with some recent taxonomic additions, some of which are not (yet) fully acknowledged officially. This sixth edition is based primarily on the higher taxonomic sequence outlined in the “Handbook of the Birds of the World” series published by Lynx Edicions.

Species in brackets are the English names in "A Field Guide to the Birds of Wallacea” by Brian J. Coates and K. David Bishop, but only mentioned when these differ substantially from the Clements Check List.

The Dutch names follow the translated "Complete Checklist of Birds of the World" (Complete Checklist van Vogels van de Wereld) of Michael Walters.

Numbers quoted are estimates of the minimum numbers seen.

The following abbreviations are used:
(B) = Bali
(S) = Sumba
(F) = Flores
(T) = West Timor
NP   = National Park
NRP = National Recreational Park
15+  = a minimum of 15 birds
*   = endemic to the Lesser Sundas.

1.     (RED-THROATED) Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis, Dodaars
1 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T) and 3 at Danau Rana Mese (F).

2.     MATSUDEIRA’S STORM-PETREL, Oceanodroma matsudairae, Japans Stormvogeltje
A single bird seen on the way from Komodo to Flores.

3.     AUSTRALIAN PELICAN, Pelecanus conspicillatus, Australische Pelikaan
14 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

4.     LITTLE BLACK CORMORANT, Phalacrocorax sulcirostris, Zwarte Aalscholver
22 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

5.     LITTLE PIED CORMORANT, Phalacrocorax melanoleucos, Kleine Bonte Aalscholver
10+ at Benoa (B).

6.     CHRISTMAS ISLAND FRIGATEBIRD, Fregata andrewsi, Kleine Fregatvogel
10+ on the way from Flores to Komodo.

7.     GREY HERON, Ardea cinerea, Blauwe Reiger
4 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

8.     GREAT-BILLED HERON, Ardea sumatrana, Sumatraanse Reiger
8 on the way from Flores to Komodo.

9.     Purple Heron, Ardea purpurea, Purperreiger
Scattered sightings on Sumba and Timor.

10.  Great Egret, Ardea alba, Grote Zilverreiger
1 at Menggitimbe (S) and 20+ at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

11.  Intermediate Egret, Mesophoyx intermedia, Middelste Zilverreiger
10+ at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

12.  white-faced heron, Egretta novaehollandiae, Witwangreiger
4 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

13.  Little Egret, Egretta garzetta, Kleine Zilverreiger
Small numbers at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T) and 1 at Bali Barat NP.

14.  PACIFIC REEF-HERON (PACIFIC REEF-EGRET), Egretta sacra, Oostelijke Rifreiger
8 on the way from Flores to Komodo.

15.  JAVAN Pond-Heron, Ardeola speciosa, Javaanse Ralreiger
Regularly observations, especially at Benoa (B) and at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

16.  Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis, Koereiger
A rather common and widespread species.

17.  Striated Heron (LITTLE HERON), Butorides striatus, Mangrovereiger
3 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T) and 1 at the mudflats near Benoa (B).

18.  BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON, Nycticorax nycticorax, Kwak
20+ at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

19.  YELLOW BITTERN, Ixobrychus sinensis, Chinese Woudaap
Jan flushed one at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

20.  CINNAMON Bittern, Ixobrychus cinnamomeus, Rossig Woudaapje
A single sighting at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

21.  ROYAL SPOONBILl, Platalea regia, Koningslepelaar
4 near the airport of Waigapu (S).

22.  pacific black duck, Anas superciliosa, Wenkbrauweend
9 at Danau Rana Mese (F) and 2 at Labuan Bajo (F).

23.  Osprey, Pandion haliaetus, Visarend
2 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T) and 1 on the way from Komodo to Flores.

24.  PACIFIC BAZA, Aviceda subcristata, Australische Koekoekswouw
A single one at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

25.  ORIENTAL HONEY-BUZZARD, Pernis ptilorhynchus, Aziatische Wespendief
2 on Sumba and 1 near Danau Rana Mese (F).

26.  BLACK-SHOULDERED (-WINGED) KITE, Elanus caeruleus, Grijze Wouw
3 on Sumba and 1 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

27.  Black Kite, Milvus migrans, Zwarte Wouw
2 on Sumba and up to 6 a day at Timor.

28.  Brahminy Kite, Haliastur indus, Brahmaanse Wouw
Regularly seen on all islands.

29.  White-bellied Sea-Eagle, Haliaeetus leucogaster, Witbuikzeearend
1 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T), 3 at Labuan Bajo (F) and 4 on the way from Flores - Komodo – Flores.

30.  SHORT-TOED EAGLE, Circaetus gallicus, Slangenarend
1 at Bipolo Forest (T), 2 en route on Sumba and 1 at Komodo.

31.  SPOTTED Harrier, Circus assimilis, Gevlekte Kiekendief
1 near Lewa (S).

32.  CHINESE GOSHAWK, Accipiter soloensis, Chinese Sperwer
Single ones at Langgiluru NP (S) and Manupeu -Tanah Daru NP (S).

33.  variable GOSHAWK, Accipiter hiogaster, Variabele Havik
A splendid sighting at Puarlolo (F), The race here is sylvestris.

34.  BROWN Goshawk, Accipiter fasciatus, Australische Havik
1 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T). The race here is hellmayri.

35.  JAPANESE SPARROWHAWK, Accipiter gularis, Kleine Sperwer
A single sighting at Langgiluru NP (S).

36.  BESRA (SPARROWHAWK), Accipiter virgatus, Besrasperwer
A single one near Labuan Bajo (F).

37.  BONELLI’S Eagle, Aquila fasciatus, Havikarend
Singles en route on Sumba and at Bipolo Forest (T), 2 at Danau Rana Mese (F), 2 at Golo Lusang (F) and also 2 at at Puarlolo (F). On Flores the race is sylvestris.

38.  * FLORES HAWK- Eagle, Spizaetus floris, Flores Kuifarend
A splendid sighting at Kisol (F).

39.  BLACK-THIGHED FALCONET, Microhierax fringillarius, Musvalk
A pair at Bali Barat NP.

40.  SPOTTED KESTREL, Falco moluccensis, Molukkentorenvalk
Many observations of this widespread species.

41.  EURASIAN (NORTHERN) HOBBY, Falco subbuteo, Boomvalk
A single one at Labuan Bajo (F).

42.  AUSTRALIAN HOBBY, Falco longipennis, Australische Boomvalk
A single sighting near Lewa (S).

43.  PEREGRINE FALCON, Falco peregrinus, Slechtvalk
Single ones near Bipolo Forest (T), at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T) and at Komodo.

44.  ORANGE-FOOTED Scrubfowl, Megapodius reinwardt, Rood Boshoen
2 at Manupeu -Tanah Daru NP (S), 2 on Rinca and also 2 on Komodo.

45.  BROWN QUAIL, Coturnix ypsilophora, Tasmaanse Bruine Kwartel
Single ones in the fields near Lewa (S) and at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

46.  GREEN JUNGLEFOWL, Gallus varius, Vorkstaarthoen
A few heard each day on Sumba and on the 14th seen a pair with 7 chicks, 1 at Rinca, 6 at Komodo and a single one at Bali Barat NP.

47.  RED-BACKED BUTTONQUAIL, Turnix maculosa, Roodrugvechtkwartel
A few at Pan Muti near Bipolo Forest (T).

48.  * SUMBA BUTTONQUAIL, Turnix everetti, Soembavechtkwartel
At least 5 in the Yumbu grasslands near Waingapu (S).

49.  BUFF-BANDED RAIL, Gallirallus philippensis, Geelbandral
Singles at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T) and near Labuan Bajo (F).

50.  White-breasted Waterhen, Amaurornis phoenicurus, Witborstwaterhoen
1 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T), 2 at Labuan Bajo (F) and 2 near Bali Barat NP.

51.  Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus, Waterhoen
A single sighting en route on Sumba.

52.  BLACK-WINGED Stilt, Himantopus himantopus, Steltkluut
10 at Labuan Bajo (F).

53.  BEACH THICK-KNEE, Limosa lapponica, Rifgriel
Single ones at Komodo and Bali Barat NP.

54.  AUSTRALIAN PRATINCOLE, Stiltia Isabella, Steltvorkstaartplevier
50+ at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T), 2 at Kuta at the airport (B).

55.  PACIFIC GOLDEN-PLOVER, Pluvialis fulva, Kleine Goudplevier
8 at Menggitimbe (S).

56.  JAVAN PLOVER, Charadrius javanicus, Javaanse Strandplevier
3 at Menggitimbe (S) and common at the mudflats near Benoa (B)..

57.  LESSER SAND-PLOVER, Charadrius mongolus, Mongoolse Plevier
Fairly common at the mudflats near Benoa (B).

58.  GREATER SAND-PLOVER, Charadrius leschenaultia, Woestijnplevier
2 at Menggitimbe (S) and fairly common at the mudflats near Benoa (B).

59.  ORIENTAL PLOVER, Charadrius veredus, Steppenplevier
A single one at Menggitimbe (S) and 2 at Rinca.

60.  LITTLE CURLEW, Numenius minutus, Kleine Regenwulp
A single sighting at the mudflats near Benoa (B).

61.  Whimbrel, Burhinus giganteus, Regenwulp
3 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T), 1 at Rinca, 1 at Barat Bali NP and 25+ at the mudflats near Benoa (B).

62.  EURASIAN CURLEW, Numenius arquata, Wulp
2 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

63.  FAR EASTERN CURLEW, Numenius madagascariensis, Siberische Wulp
A single one of this magnificent wader at Bali Barat NP.

64.  Common Greenshank, Tringa nebularia, Groenpootruiter
4 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

65.  Wood Sandpiper, Tringa glareola, Bosruiter
4 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

66.  Common Sandpiper, Actites hypoleucos, Oeverloper
2 at Menggitimbe (S), 4 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T), 1 at Komodo and 4 at Bali Barati NP.

67.  RUDDY TURNSTONE, Arenaria interpres, Steenloper
A single one near Labuan Bajo (F) and 3 at the mudflats near Benoa (B).

68.  GREAT KNOT, Calidris tenuirostris, Grote Kanoet
10+ at the mudflats near Benoa (B).

69.  RED- (RUFOUS-) NECKED STINT, Calidris ruficollis, Roodkeelstrandloper
Very common at the mudflats near Benoa (B).

70.  SHARP-TAILED SANDPIPER, Calidris acuminata, Siberische Strandloper
A few at the mudflats near Benoa (B).

71.  CURLEW SANDPIPER, Calidris ferruginea, Krombekstrandloper
Fairly common at the mudflats near Benoa (B).

72.  GULL-BILLED TERN, Sterna nilotica, Lachstern
A single one at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

73.  LESSER CRESTED TERN, Sterna bengalensis, Bengaalse Stern
Fairly common on the way from Flores – Komodo – Flores and 4 near Bali Barat NP.

74.  GREAT CRESTED TERN, Sterna bergii, Grote Kuifstern
4 at Kota (B), common on the way Flores – Komodo – Flores and 4 near Bali Barat NP.

75.  BLACK-NAPED TERN, Sterna sumatrana, Zwartnekstern
Common near Barat Bali NP.

76.  COMMON TERN, Sterna hirundo, Visdief
A single sighting on the way from Komodo to Flores.

77.  WHISKERED TERN, Chlidonias hybridus, Witwangstern
2 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

78.  Rock Dove, Columba livia, Rotsduif/Stadsduif
Surprisingly scarce and only noted occasionally.

79.  METALLIC PIGEON, Columba vitiensis, Witkeelduif
A single one at Menggitimbe (S).

80.  ISLAND COLLARED-DOVE, Streptopelia bitorquata, Javaanse Tortel
A single one at Camplong (T) and fairly common at Bali Barat NP.

81.  Spotted Dove, Streptopelia chinensis, Parelhalstortel
A fairly widespread and common species throughout.

82.  BARRED CUCKOO-DOVE, Macropygia unchall, Gestreepte Koekoeksduif
Single ones at Danau Rana Mese (F) and Puarlolo (F).

83.  * DUSKY (BARRED-NECKED) CUCKOO-DOVE, Macropygia magna, Grote Koekoeksduif
3 at Gunung Mutis (T).

84.  RUDDY CUCKOO-DOVE, Macropygia emiliana, Bruine Koekoeksduif
A single bird at Kisol (F).

85.  LITTLE CUCKOO-DOVE, Macropygia ruficeps, Kleine Koekoeksduif
3 at Langgiluru NP (S).

86.  GREEN-WINGED PIGEON, Chalcophaps timorensis, Groenvleugelduif
A single sighting at Camplong (T). Formerly lumped in Emerald Dove.

87.  EMERALD DOVE, Chalcophaps indica, Smaragdduif
3 at Langgiluru NP (S).

88.  * BARRED DOVE, Geopelia maugeus, Temmincks Zebraduif
Regular sightings on Timor & Sumba and especially common on Rinca and Komodo.

89.  PINK-NECKED (GREEN) PIGEON, Treron vernans, Maleise Papegaaiduif
Fairly common at Bali Barat NP.

90.  Grey-cheeked (GREEN) Pigeon, Treron griseicauda, Bonapartes Papegaaiduif
A single sighting en route Denpasar - Bali Barat NP.

91.  * SUMBA GREEN PIGEON, Treron teysmannii, Soembapapegaaiduif
A total of 12 birds seen at Manupeu -Tanah Daru NP (S).

92.  * FLORES GREEN PIGEON, Treron floris, Florespapegaaiduif
4 birds seen at Pagal (F).

93.  BLACK-BACKED FRUIT-DOVE, Ptilinopus cinctus, Gordeljufferduif
Only one bird seen at Pagal (F).

94.  * RED-NAPED FRUIT-DOVE, Ptilinopus dohertyi, Roodnekjufferduif
3 at Langgiluru NP (S). Good scope views of this Sumba endemic.

95.  ROSE-CROWNED FRUIT-DOVE, Ptilinopus regina, Swainsons Jufferduif
Single ones at Camplong (T) and Bipolo Forest (T).

96.  BLACK-NAPED Fruit-Dove, Ptilinopus melanospila, Zwartnekjufferduif
Small numbers near Lewa and Langgiluru NP (S) and 2 at Kisol (F).

97.  GREEN IMPERIAL-PIGEON, Ducula aenea, Groene Muskaatduif
Quite often seen this widespread species in the Sumba, Flores and Komodo forests.

98.  PINK-HEADED IMPERIAL-PIGEON, Ducula rosacea, Roze Muskaatduif
Only one seen in the Bipolo Forest (T).

99.  DARK-BACKED IMPERIAL-PIGEON, Ducula lacernulata, Javaanse Muskaatduif
2 at the Bipolo Forest (T),1 at Langgiluru NP (S) and 1 at Golo Lusang (F).

100.       TIMOR IMPERIAL-PIGEON, Ducula cineracea, Timorese Muskaatduif
A splendid sighting at Mount Mutis NR (T).

101.       PIED IMPERIAL-PIGEON, Ducula bicolor, Bonte Muskaatduif
A single sighting at Komodo.

102.       Yellow-crested Cockatoo, Cacatua sulphurea, Kleine Geelkuifkaketoe
20+ at Komodo.

103.       * CITRON-CRESTED COCKATOO, Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata, Oranjekuifkaketoe
2 at Langgiluru NP (S) and 2 at Manupeu -Tanah Daru NP (S) with prolonged looks through the telescope at close range.

104.       * FLORES LORIKEET, Trichoglossus weberi, Floreslori
1 at Pagal (F) and 20+ en route Ruteng – Labuan Bajo.

105.       * MARIGOLD LORIKEET, Trichoglossus capistratus, Marigoldlori
50+ on Sumba and 2 at Bipolo Forest (T). This is a recent split in the Rainbow Lorikeet complex.

106.       * OLIVE-HEADED Lorikeet, Trichoglossus euteles, Geelkoplori
Common on Gunung Mutis in Mount Mutis NR (T).

107.       * IRIS Lorikeet, Psitteuteles iris, Irislori
2 on Gunung Mutis in Mount Mutis NR (T).

108.       RED-CHEEKED PARROT, Geoffroyus geoffroyi, Roodwangpapegaai
Small numbers at Langgiluru NP (S), 2 at Pagal (F) and 3 at Puarlolo (F).

109.       GREAT-BILLED PARROT, Tanygnathus megalorhynchos, Dikbekpapegaai
4 at Langgiluru NP (S) and 2 at Manupeu -Tanah Daru NP (S).

110.       * OLIVE-SHOULDERED PARROT, Aprosmictus jonquillaceus, Timorese Roodvleugelparkiet
4 on Gunung Mutis in Mount Mutis NR (T).

111.       YELLOW-THROATED HANGING-PARROT, Loriculus pusillus, Dwergvleermuisparkiet
2 at Bali Barat NP.

112.       * WALLACE’S HANGING-PARROT, Loriculus flosculus, Floresvleermuisparkiet
4 at Pagal (F). Great views in the scope.

113.       SUNDA CUCKOO, Cuculus lepidus, Soendakoekoek
2 at Camplong (T) and 1 at Komodo. A fairly recent split from Oriental Cuckoo.

114.       BRUSH CUCKOO, Cacomantis variolosus sepulcralis, Treurkoekoek
This form is sometimes considered a separate species: Rusty-breasted Cuckoo, Cacomantis sepulcralis.
Singles at Kisol (F) and at Puarlolo (F).

115.       ASIAN (COMMON) KOEL, Eudynamys scolopacea, Indische Koël
1 at Langgiluru NP (S) and 2 at Komodo.

116.       AUSTRALIAN KOEL, Eudynamys cyanocephala, Australische Koël
2 seen and a few heard at Langgiluru NP (S).

117.       CHANNEL-BILLED CUCKOO, Scythrops novaehollandiae, Reuzenkoekoek
A single one heard at Camplong (T).

118.       GREATER COUCAL, Centropus sinensis, Chinese Spoorkoekoek
A single one at Bali Barat NP.

119.       LESSER Coucal, Centropus bengalensis, Bengaalse Spoorkoekoek
A fairly common and widespread species.

120.       BARN OWL, Tyto alba, Kerkuil
A single sighting at Gunung Mutis in Mount Mutis NR (T).

121.       * WALLACE’S SCOPS-OWL, Otus silvicola, Wallace' Dwergooruil
A single one heard at Kisol (T).

122.       MOLUCCAN SCOPS-OWL, Otus magicus, Molukse Dwergooruil
A single one at Kisol.

123.       * SuMBA BOOBOOK, Ninox rudolfi, Soembavalkuil
Twice heard and the last day great views of one in a tree near Lewa (S).

124.       * STREAKED BOOBOOK, Ninox novaeseelandiae fusca, Gestreepte Valkuil
Amazing views of at least 6 birds at Mount Mutis NR (T). Clements have it lumped in the Southern Boobook.

125.       * LITTLE SUMBA HAWK-OWL, Ninox sumbaensis, Kleine Soemba-valkuil
A single one at Langgiluru NP (S).

126.       * MEES’S NIGHTJAR, Caprimulgus meesi, Mees' Nachtzwaluw
A single one near Lewa (S).

127.       SAVANNAH NIGHTJAR, Caprimulgus affinis, Savannenachtzwaluw
Daytime views of 3 birds at Kuta (B).

128.       GLOSSY SWIFTLET, Collocalia esculenta, Witbuikdwergsalangaan
Very common throughout the Lesser Sundas.

129.       EDIBLE-NEST SWIFTLET, Aerodramus fuciphaga, Eetbaar-nestsalangaan
Fairly common throughout the Lesser Sundas.

130.       Cave (LINCHI) Swiftlet, Collocalia linchi, Linchidwergsalangaan
Common on Bali.

131.       WHITE-THROATED NEEDLETAIL, Hirundapus caudacautus, Stekelstaartgierzwaluw
A single sighting above Bipolo Forest (T).

132.       FORK-TAILED SWIFT, Apus pacificus, Siberische Gierzwaluw
2 at Bipolo Forest (T) and 6 at Mount Mutis NR (T) and singles at Pagal (F) and Bali Barat NP.

133.       Common Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis, IJsvogel
A single one at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

134.       SMALL BLUE Kingfisher, Alcedo coerulescens, Turkooisijsvogel
2 in the mangroves at Bali Barat NP (Indonesian endemic).

135.       RUFOUS-BACKED Kingfisher, Ceyx rufidorsa, Roestrugijsvogel.
Splendid views of a pair at Manupeu -Tanah Daru NP (S). Coates & Bishop have this species lumped with Black-backed Kingfisher Ceyx arithaca, using the latter scientic name as Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, Ceyx erithacus for the enlarged species.

136.       Black-CAPPED Kingfisher, Halcyon pileata, Zwartkapijsvogel
A single one en route on Bali.

137.       Collared Kingfisher, Todirhamphus chloris, Witkraagijsvogel
Regular observations of the nominate race.

138.       * CINNAMON-BANDED KINGFISHER, Todirhamphus australasia, Timorijsvogel
3 birds seen at Langgiluru NP (S) and 2 Manupeu -Tanah Daru NP (S).

139.       * WHITE-RUMPED Kingfisher, Caridonax fulgidus, Blauw-witte IJsvogel
Splendid views of quite a few birds on Flores.

140.       Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Merops philippinus, Blauwstaartbijeneter
Fairly common on Sumba, Flores, Timor and Bali.

141.       rainbow Bee-eater, Merops ornatus, Regenboogbijeneter
This Australian visitor was seen in good numbers at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

142.       CHESTNUT-HEADED BEE-EATER, Merops leschenaulti, Bruinkopbijeneter
Small numbers at Bali Barat NP.

143.       (COMMON) dollarbird, Eurystomus orientalis, Dollarvogel
2 at Bipolo Forest (T).

144.       wreathed Hornbill, Aceros undulatus, Gewone Jaarvogel
A single sighting near Kuta (B).

145.       * sumba Hornbill, Aceros everetti, Soembajaarvogel
4 birds were seen at Manupeu -Tanah Daru NP (S).

146.       LINEATED BARBET, Megalaima lineata, Gestreepte Baardvogel
A single one at Bali Barat NP.

147.       SUNDA PYGMY WOODPECKER, Dendrocopos moluccensis, Soendaspecht
1 at Langgiluru NP (S) and up to 4 day on Flores.

148.       Spot-breasted Pied Woodpecker, Dendrocopos analis, Vlekborstspecht
2 at Bali Barat NP.

149.       Elegant Pitta, Pitta elegans, Ornaatpitta
Heard on all islands, but great views of 2 perched birds near Lewa, while spotlighting.

150.       AUSTRALASIAN BUSHLARK, Mirafra javanica, Oosterse Struikleeuwerik
20+ on the Yumbu grasslands near Waingapu (S).

151.       BARN SWALLOW, Hirundo rustica, Boerenzwaluw
Small numbers on Sumba, Flores and Bali.

152.       PACIFIC SWALLOW, Hirundo tahitica, Zuidzeezwaluw
Small numbers near Labuan Bajo (F) and at Bali Barat NP.

153.       STRIaTED SWALLOW, Cecropis striolata, Soendazwaluw
Small numbers on Sumba, Komodo and Bali.

154.       tree martin, Petrochelidon nigricans, Australische Boomzwaluw
Small numbers on Sumba and Timor.

155.       eastern yellow wagtail, Motacilla tschutschensis, Oostelijke Gele Kwikstaart
A few en route on Sumba, 20+ at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

156.       grey Wagtail, Motacilla cinerea, Grote Gele Kwikstaart
Small numbers on Flores, almost daily.

157.       Javan Cuckoo-shrike, Coracina javensis, Javaanse Rupsvogel
2 at Bali Barat NP.

158.       wallacean Cuckoo-shrike, Coracina personata, Wallace' Rupsvogel
Singles at Langgiluru NP (S) and at Ruteng NRP.

159.       * SUMBA CUCKOO-SHRIKE (PALE-SHOULDERED CICADABIRD), Coracina dohertyi, Soembarupsvogel
3 at Langgiluru NP (S) and 2 at Danau Rana Mese (F).

160.       White-shouldered Triller, Lalage sueurii, Witvleugeltriller
1 at Lewa (S), 5 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T), 2 at Mount Mutis NR (T) and 4 at Bali Barat NP.

161.       SMALL MINIVET, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus, Kleine Menievogel
2 at Bali Barat NP.

162.       * FLORES MINIVET, Pericrocotus lansbergei, Floresmenievogel
Up to 5 a day on Flores.

163.       scarlet minivet, Pericrocotus flammeus, Scharlaken Menievogel
A single one en route on Bali.

164.       Sooty-headed Bulbul, Pycnonotus aurigaster, Roetkopbuulbuul
2 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T), 2 at Mount Mutis NR (T) and 2 at Bali Barat NP.

165.       Yellow-vented Bulbul, Pycnonotus goiavier, Wenkbrauwbuulbuul
Common on Bali.

166.       GREY-CHEEKED BULBUL, Alophoixus bres, Grijswangbaardbuulbuul
A single one en route at Bali.

167.       COMMON IORA, Aegithina tiphia, Gewone Iora
2 at Bali Barat NP.

168.       CHESTNUT-CAPPED Thrush, Zoothera interpres, Kastanjekoplijster
A single sighting at Puarlolo (F).

169.       * CHESTNUT-BACKED THRUSH, Zoothera dohertyi, Soembawalijster
2 at Langgiluru NP (S) and 1 at Manupeu -Tanah Daru NP (S).

170.       * ORANGE-BANDED THRUSH, Zoothera peronii, Timorlijster
A single bird at Camplong (T).

171.       ISLAND THRUSH, Turdus poliocephalus, Eilandmerel
2 at Bipolo Forest (T) and 4 at Mount Mutis NR (T).

172.       ZITTING CISTICOLA, Cisticola juncidis, Graszanger
Fairly common at Sumba, Timor and Flores.

173.       GOLDEN-HEADED CISTICOLA, Cisticola exilis, Goudkopgraszanger
2 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

174.       BAR-WINGED PRINIA, Prinia familiaris, Javaanse Prinia
2 en route on Bali and 4 at Bali Barat NP.

175.       * Russet-capped Tesia, Tesia everetti, Roodkaptesia
3 at Golo Lusang (F) and 2 at Puarlolo (F).

176.       SUNDA BUSH-WARBLER, Cettia vulcania, Soendastruikzanger
A single one at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T)..

177.       aUSTRALIAN REED-Warbler, Acrocephalus australis, Australische Karekiet
1 at Menggitimbe (S) and 2 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

178.       Mountain Tailorbird, Phyllergates cuculatus, Bergsnijdervogel
Singles at Golo Lusang (F) and en route Ruteng – Labuan Bajo (F).

179.       aRCTIC Warbler, Phylloscopus borealis, Noordse Boszanger
4 at Langgiluru NP (S), 1 at Puarlolo (F), 4 at Rinca and 2 at Komodo.

180.       * TIMOR LEAF-WARBLER, Phylloscopus presbytes, Timorese Boszanger
4 at Bipolo Forest (T) and 1 at Camplong (T).

181.       * FLORES LEAF-WARBLER, Phylloscopus floris, Floresboszanger
4 at Ruteng NRP (F), 2 at Golo Lusang (F) and 1 at Puarlolo (F). A recent split from Timor Leaf-Warbler.

182.       YELLOW-BREASTED WARBLER, Seicercus montis, Geelborstboszanger
2 at Ruteng NRP (F) and 1 at Golo Lusang (F).

183.       * BUFF-BANDED BUSHBIRD (THICKET-WARBLER), Buettikoferella bivittata, Büttikofers Zanger
A splendid observation of this Timor endemic at Bipolo Forest (T).

184.       * FLORES jungle-flycatcher, Rhinomyias oscillans, Soembajunglevliegenvanger
Singles at at Langgiluru NP (S), Ruteng NRP (F) and Puarlolo (F).

185.       * SUMBA BROWN FLYCATCHER, Muscicapa segregate, Soembavliegenvanger
One was seen and scoped near Lewa (S).

186.       Snowy-browed Flycatcher, Ficedula hyperythra, Witbrauwvliegenvanger
One was seen on the lowers slopes of Gunung Mutis (F).

187.       * SUMBA FLYCATCHER, Ficedula harterti, Harterts Vliegenvanger
A single bird at Langgiluru NP (S).

188.       Little Pied Flycatcher, Ficedula westermanni, Ekstervliegenvanger
1 at Mount Mutis NR (T), 2 at Ruteng NRP (F),2 at Golo Luseng (F) and 1 at Puarlolo (F).

189.       * BLACK-BANDED FLYCATCHER, Ficedula timorensis, Timorvliegenvanger
A female seen at Camplong Forest (T).

190.       * TIMOR BLUE-FLYCATCHER, Cyornis hyacinthinus, Hyancintniltava
Frequent encounters with this species on Timor.

191.       GREY-HEADED CANARY-Flycatcher, Culicicapa ceylonensis, Grijskopvliegenvanger
4 seen near Lewa (S).

192.       Pied Bushchat (Pied Bushchat), Saxicola caprata, Zwarte Roodborsttapuit
A common and widespread species on the Lesser Sundas.

193.       * TIMOR BUSHCHAT (WHITE-BELLIED CHAT), Saxicola gutturalis, Timorpaapje
Excellent views of 3 birds at Bipolo Forest (T) and 1 at Camplong (T).

194.       NORTHERN Fantail, Rhipidura rufiventris, Streepborstwaaierstaart
Regularly seen in the Timor forests.

195.       PIED FANTAIL, Rhipidura javanica, Maleise Waaierstaart
2 at Bali Barat NP.

196.       * BROWN-CAPPED FANTAIL, Rhipidura diluta, Floreswaaierstaart
This bird was rather common in the Flores highlands.

197.       ARAFURA FANTAIL, Rhipidura dryas, Ararfurawaaierstaart
Up to 4 a day at Bipolo and Camplong forest (T). A recent split from Rufous Fantail.

198.       BLACK-NAPED MONARCH, Hypothymis azurea, Zwartnekmonarch
2 were seen on Komodo.

199.       Asian Paradise-Flycatcher, Monarcha cinerascens, Aziatische Paradijsmonarch
Regularly seen on Sumba, 4 at Kisol (F) and 2 at Puarlolo (F).

200.       Island Monarch, Hylocitrea bonensis, Mangrovemonarch
2 at Camplong forest (T).

201.       SPECTACLED MONARCH, Monarcha trivirgatus, Brilmonarch
Singles at Bipolo (T) and Camplong (T).

202.       * Flores Monarch, Monarcha sacerdotum, Mees' Monarch
It took quite a while before we saw our first one at Puarlolo (F). Hereafter we saw 2 more birds.

203.       BROAD-BILLED FLYCATCHER, Myiagra ruficollis, Kaneelborstmonarch
3 at Manupeu -Tanah Daru NP (S).

204.       * FAWN-BREASTED WHISTLER, Pachycephala orpheus, Orpheusfluiter
Fairly common on Timor. Its song is more distinctive than its plumage.

205.       (COMMON) GOLDEN WHISTLER, Pachycephala pectoralis, Gouden Fluiter
Highly variable forms on all three islands. 3 at Langgiluru NP (S) 1 at Mount Mutis NR (T), 1 at Danau Rana Mese (F), 1 at Kisol (F), 1 at Rinca and 1 at Komodo.

206.       * BARE-THROATED WHISTLER, Pachycephala nudigula, Naaktkeelfluiter
Several good sightings in the Flores highlands of this bird with its magnificent song.

207.       PYGMY WREN-BABBLER, Pnoepyga pusilla, Mossluiptimalia
A single one heard at Muti NR (T).

208.       GOLDEN-BELLIED GERYGONE (FLYEATER), Gerygone sulphurea, Goudbuikmangrovezanger
Fairly common on Flores and 1 at Bali Barat NP.

209.       Plain Gerygone (FAIRY-WARBLER), Gerygone inornata, Timormangrovezanger
2 at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T) and 1 at Camplong (T).

210.       GREAT TIT, Parus major, Koolmees
Regularly seen on Flores and also on Bali. Some authors consider this a separate species Grey Tit, Parus cinereus.

211.       Plain-throated (BROWN-THROATED) Sunbird, Anthreptes malacensis, Bruinkeelhoningzuiger
2 near Lewa (S), 1 at Puarlolo (F) and 1 near Bali Barat NP.

212.       Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnirys jugularis, Staalborsthoningzuiger
2 near Lewa (S) and fairly common on Bali.

213.       * APRICOT-BREASTED Sunbird, Cinnirys buettikoferi, Soembahoningzuiger
Up to 4 a day on Sumba along forest edges.

214.       Flame-breasted Sunbird, Cinnirys solaris, Zonnehoningzuiger
Fairly common on Flores and 1 on Rinca.

215.       * GOLDEN-RUMPED FLOWERPECKER, Dicaeum annae, Baardhoningvogel
Singles at Danau Rana Mese (F) and Puarlolo (F).

216.       THICK-BILLED FLOWERPECKER, Dicaeum agile, Dikbekhoningvogel
2 at Langgiluru NP (S), 1 at Bipolo forest (T) and 1 en route Ruteng – Labuan Bajo (F).

217.       * BLACK-FRONTED Flowerpecker, Dicaeum igniferum, Roodkeelhoningvogel
10+ en route Ruteng – Labuan Bajo (F).

218.       * RED-CHESTED FLOWERPECKER, Dicaeum maugei, Blauwwanghoningvogel
8 at Bipolo and Camplong forest (T).

219.       * BLOOD-BREASTED FLOWERPECKER, Dicaeum sanguinolentum,
Fairly common on Sumba.

220.       SCARLET-HEADED FLOWERPECKER, Dicaeum trochileum, Roodkophoningvogel
A male near Bali Barat NP.

221.       ORIENTAL WHITE-EYE, Zosterops palpebrosus, Indische Brilvogel
Common in the Flores highlands with the yellow-bellied unicus.

222.       Mountain White-eye, Zosterops montanus, Bergbrilvogel
Fairly common in the Timor and Flores highlands.

223.       YELLOW-BELLIED WHITE-EYE, Zosterops chloris, Molukse Brilvogel
A few on Komodo.

224.       ASHY-BELLIED WHITE-EYE, Zosterops citrinellus, Citroenbrilvogel
Fairly common on Sumba and Timor.

225.       * Yellow-spectacled White-eye, Zosterops wallacei, Geelringbrilvogel
Rather common in the Sumba forests and 4 at Puarlolo (F).

226.       * White(YELLOW-)-browed White-eye, Lophozosterops superciliaris, Floresbergbrilvogel
Fairly common in the Flores highlands.

227.       * Dark-crowned White-eye (CRESTED DARK-EYE), Lophozosterops dohertyi, Doherty's Bergbrilvogel
Up to 6 a day in the submontane forests on Flores.

228.       * Flores White-eye (THICK-BILLED DARK-EYE), Heleia crassirostris, Floresbrilvogel
2 at Kisol (F) and also 2 at Golo Lusang (F).

229.       * TIMOR White-eye (SPOT-BREASTED DARK-EYE), Heleia muelleri, Timorbrilvogel
Only 2 seen in the Camplong forest (T).

230.       * Sunda (SCALY-CROWNED) Honeyeater, Lichmera lombokia, Lombokhoningeter
Fairly common in the Flores highlands.

231.       * Indonesian Honeyeater, Lichmera limbata, Indonesische Honingeter
3 near Lewa (S) and 3 at Bipolo forest (T).

232.       * Yellow-eared Honeyeater, Lichmera flavicans, Timorhoningeter
1 at Camplong forest (T) and abundant at Mount Mutis NR (T).

233.       * Sumba Myzomela (SUMBA RED-HEADED HONEYEATER), Myzomela dammermani, Soembadwerghoningeter
2 seen at Langgiluru NP (S) and 2 at Manupeu -Tanah Daru NP (S).

234.       * Black-breasted Myzomela (BLACK-CHESTED HONEYEATER), Myzomela vulnerata, Timordwerghoningeter
Only 3 seen at Bipolo forest (T).

235.       * Streak-breasted Honeyeater, Meliphaga reticulata, Streepborsthoningeter
Rather common on Timor.

236.       * TIMOR FRIARBIRD, Philemon inornatus, Timorlederkop
Only 3 seen at Mount Mutis NR (T).

237.       HELMETED FRIARBIRD, Philemon buceroides, Timorese Helmlederkop
A very common and widespread species on the Lesser Sundas.

238.       * Timor (OLIVE-BROWN) Oriole, Oriolus melanotis, Olijfbruine Wielewaal
A single bird at Camplong forest (T).

239.       Black-naped Oriole, Oriolus chinensis, Chinese Wielewaal
A common and widespread species. Seen on Sumba, Timor , Flores, Komodo and Bali.

240.       * TIMOR FIGBIRD, Sphecotheres viridis, Groene Vijgvogel
Rather common in the lowland forests on Timor.

241.       Long-tailed SHRIKE, Lanius schach, Langstaartklauwier
Small numbers on Timor and 2 at Bali Barat NP.

242.       Black Drongo, Dicrurus macrocercus, Koningsdrongo
6 at Bali Barat NP.

243.       Ashy Drongo, Dicrurus leucophaeus, Grijze Drongo
4 at Bali Barat NP.

244.       * LESSER WALLACEAN DRONGO, Dicrurus bimaensis, Kleine Wallace' Drongo
Rather common on Sumba, Flores and Komodo.

245.       Greater Wallacean Drongo, Dicrurus densus, Grote Wallace' Drongo
2 seen at Bipolo forest (T).

246.       White-breasted Woodswallow, Artamus leucorhynchus, Witborstspitsvogel
3 at Bipolo forest (T), 2 near Ruteng (F) and 3 at Komodo.

247.       BLACK-FACED WOODSWALLOW, Artamus cinereus, Zwartteugelspitsvogel
A single sighting at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).

248.       * Flores Crow, Corvus florensis, Floreskraai
1 at Puarlolo (F) and 2 near Labuan Bajo (F).

249.       LARGE-BILLED CROW, Corvus macrorhynchos, Dikbekkraai
A fairly common and widespread species on Sumba and Flores.

250.       Short-tailed Starling, Aplonis minor, Kleine Purperspreeuw
A common and widespread species on the Lesser Sundas.

251.       Common Hill Myna, Gracula religiosa, Grote Beo
A single sighting at Mount Mutis NR (T).

252.       JAVAN MYNA, Acridotheres javanicus, Javaanse Maina
6 were seen on Sumba and Timor (introduced) and 5 on Bali.

253.       Black-winged Starling, Sturnus melanopterus, Zwartvleugelspreeuw
6 at Bali Barat NP.

254.       BALI MYNA, Leucopsar rothschildi, Balispreeuw
3 at Bali Barat NP. Endemic to Bali.

255.       EURASIAN TREE SPARROW, Passer montanus, Ringmus
Abundant on all islands.

256.       RED AVADAVAT, Amandava amandava, Tijgervink
75+ at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T),.

257.       * ZEBRA FINCH, Taeniopygia guttata, Zebravink
Common on Sumba and Timor, 20+ at Rinca.

258.       JAVAN MUNIA, Lonchura leucogastroides, Javaans Bronzemannetje
8 at Kuta (B).

259.       BLACK-FACED MUNIA, Lonchura molucca, Moluks Bronzemannetje
Regularly seen on Timor, Sumba and Flores.

260.       Nutmeg Mannikin (SCALY-BREASTED MUNIA), Lonchura punctulata, Muskaatvink
Common on Timor.

261.       * TIMOR SPARROW, Padda fuscata, Bruine Rijstvogel
50+ at Pan Muti near Bipolo (T).


This list follows the taxonomy, names and sequence of the Mammal Data by BirdBase & BirdArea by Andrew Duff and Ann Lawson. Numbers quoted are estimates of the minimum numbers seen.

1.     SPOTTED (WHITE) CUSCUS, Spilocuscus maculatus
A splendid observation at Bipolo Forest(T).

2.     FLYING FOX, Pteropus sp.
1000+ on Komodo.

3.     JAVAN LANGUR, Presbytis aurata
4 in Bali Barat NP.

4.     LONG-TAILED MACAQUE, Macaca fascicularis
A rather common and widespread species on the Lesser Sundas.

10+ during boat trip from Labuan Bajo – Komodo.

6.     PILOT WHALE, Globicephala melas/macrorhynchos
5 during boat trip from Labuan Bajo – Komodo.

7.     WILD BOAR, Sus scrofa
3 on Rinca and 2 on Komodo.

8.     TIMOR DEER, Cervus timorensis
Common on Rinca and Komodo, a few at Bali Barat NP.


1.      WHITE-LIPPED ISLAND VIPER, Trimeresurus albolabris insularis
A single one near Lewa (S).

2.      KOMODO DRAGON, Varanus komodoensis
15+ at Rinca and 5 at Komodo.

3.      TOCKAY GECKO, Gekko gecko
Regularly heard thoughout and seen at Lewa.

4.      GREEN SEA TURTLE, Chledonia boschmai
A few during boat trip to Komodo.


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