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|A Report from birdtours.co.uk|
Java, Bali and East Sumatra (Way Kambas) 27 June - 21 July 2002,
This report is based on our first birding trip to the Indonesian archipelago. First of all we were interested to find as many of the region's endemics as possible. Of course we did not see all the endemics but then you have to be very lucky. W saw a good selection of Indonesian's birdlife with 237 species during 22 days of birding.
Outside the nature reserves the environmental is very damaged and degenerated. Especially Java is overpopulated. Habitat destruction, intensive birdtrapping and the use of pesticides made that there is nearly no birdlife outside the reserves. In some places we saw more birds in cages then in the wild nature. For example Chestnut-capped Thrush, we saw a lot of them in cages but never in the wild. In Carita three men were trapping Bar-winged Prinias. From a distance they showed us their capture.
Nearly 17% of the world's bird species have been recorded in Indonesia. The archipelago is especially known for its high level of endemic species. Nearly 340 birdspecies are endemic for the islands. Islands with high endemic level are Sulawesi - 96 endemics, Moluccas - 67 endemics, Lesser Sundas - 46 endemics, Java,Bali and Sumatra - 61 endemics.
What follows is a list of the endemic and special birds that occur on Java, Sumatra and Bali. Also the birds shared with Borneo and the Malay Peninsula are enumerated.
The status of the birds is also given following "Threatened Birds of the World" , Birdlife International 2000
EXT = extinct; CRI = critical endangered ; END = endangered ; VUL = vulnerable ; NT = near threatened ; species in italic = still new species for us
Java endemics (22)
Javan Hawk-eagle END
White-faced Hill-partridge VUL
Javan Lapwing EXT
Sunda Coucal VUL
Javan Scops-owl VUL
Volcano Swiftlet NT
White-breasted Babbler NT
Rufous-fronted Laughingthrush NT
Spotted Crocias NT
Javan Cochoa VUL
Bali endemics (1)
Bali Myna CRI
Java and Bali endemics (11)
Javan Plover NT
Yellow-throated Hanging-parrot NT
Black-banded Barbet NT
Malaysian (Java) Cuckoo-shrike (and Malay Peninsula)
Black-winged Starling (and Lombok)
Blood-breasted Flowerpecker (and Lesser Sundas)
Javan Grey-throated White-eye
Java Sparrow VUL
Sumatra endemics (24)
Salvadori's Pheasant VUL
Hoogerwerf's Pheasant VUL
Sumatran Ground-cuckoo CRI
Simeulue Scops-owl (Simeulue Islands off NW Sumatra) NT
Enggano Scops-owl (Enggano Island off SW Sumatra) NT
Mentawai Scops-owl (Mentawai Islands off W Sumatra) NT
Schneider's Pitta VUL
Gracefull Pitta VUL
Blue-masked Leafbird NT
Vanderbilt's Babbler (only known by one specimen) (probably a race of Horsfield's Babbler)
Sumatran Cochoa VUL
Rueck's Blue-flycatcher (known by 4 specimen) CRI
Enggano White-eye (Enggano Island off SW Sumatra)
Java and Sumatra endemics (6)
Sumatran Green-pigeon NT
Salvadori's Nightjar NT
Large Wren-babbler (and Malay Peninsula) NT
Sunda Blue Robin
Mountain Serin (and Philippines and Sulawesi)
Java, Bali and Sumatra endemics (4)
Small Blue Kingfisher (and Lombok and Sumbawa)
Horsfield's Thrush (and Lombok and Sumbawa)
Javan Munia (and Lombok)
White-headed Munia (and Malay Peninsula and Sulawesi)
Java and Borneo endemics (1)
Javan White-eye NT
Sumatra and Borneo endemics (6)
Silvery Wood-pigeon (and Riau archipelago) CRI
Short-tailed Frogmouth NT
Bonaparte's Nightjar VUL
Blue-wattled Bulbul (maybe a hybrid between Black-headed and Grey-bellied Bulbul)
Hook-billed Bulbul VUL
Large-billed Blue-flycatcher VUL
Sumatra, Java and Borneo endemics (4)
Mossy-nest Swiftlet (and Sulawesi)
Greater Sundas endemics (=Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali) (2)
Sunda Bush-warbler (and Lombok and Timor)
Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker (and Lombok)
Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo endemics (70)
Storm's Stork END
Wallace's Hawk -eagle VUL
Long-billed Partridge NT
Black Partridge NT
Ferruginous Partridge NT
Crested Partridge NT
Crestless Fireback NT
Crested Fireback NT
Great Argus NT
Cinnamon-headed Green-pigeon NT
Moustached Hawk-cuckoo NT
Black-bellied Malkoha NT
Chestnut-bellied Malkoha (and N Natunas) NT
Raffles's Malkoha (and Bangka and Batu)
Large Frogmouth (and Natuans) NT
Gould's Frogmouth (and N Natunas) NT
Red-naped Trogon NT
Diard's Trogon NT
Cinnamon-rumped Trogon NT
Scarlet-rumped Trogon NT
Rufous-collared Kingfisher NT
Bushy-crested Hornbill (and N Natuna)
Wrinkled Hornbill (and Batu Islands) NT
Asian Black Hornbill (and Lingga, Bangka and Belitung) NT
Helmeted Hornbill NT
Fire-tufted Barbet (not on Borneo)
Red-crowned Barbet NT
Red-throated Barbet (and Tana Islands) NT
Yellow-crowned Barbet NT
Malaysian Honeyguide NT
Olive-backed Woodpecker NT
Buff-necked Woodpecker (and N Natuna and Bangka) NT
Black-and-yellow Broadbill NT
Green Broadbill NT
Giant Pitta NT
Garnet Pitta NT
Fiery Minivet (and Palawan) NT
Green Iora NT
Lesser Green Leafbird NT
Black-and-white Bulbul NT
Grey-bellied Bulbul NT
Finsch's Bulbul NT
Buff-vented Bulbul NT
Streaked Bulbul NT
Black Magpie NT
White-chested Babbler NT
Short-tailed Babbler NT
Sooty-capped Babbler NT
Rufous-crowned Babbler (and Palawan) NT
Grey-breasted Babbler NT
Striped Wren-babbler NT
Marbled Wren-babbler (not on Borneo)
Chestnut-rumped Babbler NT
White-necked Babbler NT
Fluffy-backed Tit-babbler NT
Brown Fulvetta NT
Chestnut-naped Forktail NT
Malaysian Rail-babbler NT
Yellow-breasted Warbler (and Palawan, Flores and Timor)
Rufous-tailed Tailorbird (and Palawan)
Grey-chested Flycatcher NT
Rufous-vented Niltava (not on Borneo)
Malaysian Blue-flycatcher NT
Red-throated Sunbird (and Palawan)
Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker NT
Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo and Java endemics (26)
Large Green-pigeon VUL
Jambu Fruit-dove NT
Reddisch Scops-owl NT
Giant Swiftlet NT
Blue-banded Kingfisher VUL
Crimson-winged Woodpecker (and Nias and Bangka)
Checker-throated Woodpecker (and Bangka)
Banded Woodpecker (and Bangka, Belitung and Nias)
Straw-headed Bulbul VUL
Scaly-breasted Bulbul NT
Olive-winged Bulbul (and Palawan)
Crested Jay NT
Ashy Tailorbird (and Palawan)
Rufous-chested Flycatcher NT
Maroon-breasted Philentoma NT
Malay Peninsula and Greater Sundas endemics (7)
Barred Eagle-owl (and Bangka)
Cave-swiftlet (and Lombok)
Grey-rumped Tree-swift (and Sulawesi)
Greater Green Leafbird
Grey-cheeked Bulbul (and Palawan)
Mountain Leaf-warbler (and Palawan)
Other restricted ranged species in the region are :
Sunda Teal - Andamans, Sulawesi and Sundas
Spotted Kestrel - Java, Sulawesi, Moluccas and Lesser Sundas
Chestnut-necklaced Partridge (NT) - Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo and N Vietnam
Green Junglefowl - Java and Lesser Sundas
Dusky Woodcock - Sumatra-Java and New Guinea (recently treated as two separated species)
Grey-cheeked Green-pigeon - Java, Bali and Sulawesi
Black-naped Fruit-dove - S Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas and Sundas
Black-backed Fruit-dove - Bali and Lesser Sundas to Timor
Dark-backed Imperial-pigeon - Java, Bali, Lombok and Flores
Pink-headed Imperial-pigeon (NT) - small islands in Java Sea, S Sulawesi, Moluccas and Lesser Sundas
Ruddy Cuckoo-dove - Greater Sundas, Lombok, Sumbawa and Flores
Island Collared-dove - Philippines, Java, Bali and Lesser Sundas
Long-tailed Parakeet (NT) - Andamans, Nicobars, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Riau, Natunas and Borneo
Blue-rumped Parrot (NT) - Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Riau, Lingga, Bangka, Simeulue, Mentawai and Borneo
White-shouldered Triller - Java, Bali, Lesser Sundas and Sulawesi
Blue Nuthatch - Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Java
Long-billed Wren-babbler - Sumatra and Himalayas
Sunda Thrush - Philippines, Sumatra, Java, Bali and Lesser Sundas
Golden-bellied Gerygone - Philippines, Sulawesi, Greater Sundas and Malay Peninsula
Indonesian Honeyeater - Bali and Lesser Sundas
The unit of currency in Indonesia is the rupiah (rp). Exchange rate at the airport : 1$ = 8.400 rp. In Kuta the rate was 8.600 rp at the same day. Getting money with a bankcard (Maestro) is also very easy. We did it in Bogor and Muare Angke
None of us had any healthy problems during our stay. Indonesia requires no vaccinations to enter the country but a few vaccinations are highly recommended. Get vaccinations against polio, tetanus, dipheria, typhoid and hepatitis A. Vaccination against yellow fever is just necessary when you are arriving from a yellow fever infected area within six days (more info : Lonely Planet travel survival kit). Taking malaria prevention medication is advisable. We used Lariam.
Time and weather
During our summer season the time difference between Belgium and Bali is 6 hours, between Belgium and Java and Sumatra the difference is 5 hours.
In Bali and east-Java it was always very hot and very dry. It was months ago that it rained in this part of the islands. In west-Java it was raining nearly every day, especially during the afternoon and the evening. Temperature was also very high in west-Java. In east-Sumatra we only had very little rainfall during one day.
We took a flight with EVA, this is one of the Taiwanese National Air Companies. Flight from Paris to Taipei (Taiwan) and from Taipei to Denpasar (Bali). Our flight back was from Jakarta (Java) via Taipei to Paris. The price of our ticket was 703 euro without taxes and assurance.
We used different kind of transport e.g. bus, mini-bus, taxi, ferry and motorcycle. The conditions of the buses are very different. Some are air-conditioned and clean, others are very hot, dirty and overcrowded. The price of the buses also depends on their conditions. The bus network is very well developed in the country. Daily there are a lot of buses between the cities and villages.
Denpasar International Airport - Kuta : taxi - 35.000 rp/3pp
Kuta - Uluwatu - Benoa-harbour - Gilimanuk : taxi - 430.000 rp/3pp
Gilimanuk - Labuan Lalang : taxi - ?? rp
Labuhan Lalang - Teluk Telor : boat - 250.000rp/3pp
Gilimanuk (Bali) - Katapang (Java) : ferry - 2.000 rp/pp
Katapang - Baluran National Park-Bekol : mini-bus - 100.000 rp/3pp
Bekol - Wolorejo (= entrance Baluran NP) : taxi - 50.000 rp/3pp
Wolorejo - Probolinggo : bus - 10.000 rp/pp
Probolinggo - Camoro Lawang (Mt Bromo) : mini-bus - 7.000 rp/pp
Camoro Lawang - Probolinggo : mini-bus - 7.500 rp/pp
Probolinggo - Surabaya : air-conditioned bus - 12.000 rp/pp
Surabaya (Pasar Turi train station) - Jakarta (Gandir train station) : nighttrain - 220.000 rp/pp. Very comfortable way for travelling long distances. Departure time in Surabaya at 21.00h, arriving time in Jakarta at 6.30h. Very comfortable chairs and food served during the journey. We did not make a reservation in advance but this is probably advisable. There were not so many seats open on the train.
Jakarta - Bogor : train - 8.000 rp/pp. Contrary to the many overcrowded trains we have seen before, there were just a few people on this train. To our opinion, taking the train is the best way to travel from Jakarta to Bogor. Travel time nearly half an hour.
Bogor - Cipanas : bus - 15.000 rp/pp. Take the bus to Bandung and ask the driver to let you out at Cipanas-Cibodas.
Cipanas - Cibodas : mini-bus - 5.000 rp/3pp
Cibodas - Cipanas : mini-bus - 1.000 rp/pp
Cipanas - Bogor : bus - 7.000 rp/pp
Bogor - Purungkuda : mini-bus - 30.000 rp/3pp
Purungkuda - Cipenteng (HQ Halimun National Park) : taxi - 53.000 rp/3pp
Cipenteng - Cikaniki (Halimun NP visitor centre) : motorcycle - 35.000 rp/motorcycle
Cikaniki - Purungkuda : taxi - 100.000 rp/3pp
Purungkuda - Bogor : bus - 10.000 rp/pp
Bogor - Pandegelang/Pandegelang - Labuhan : 2 buses - 20.000 rp/pp
Labuhan - Carita : mini-bus - 20.000 rp/3pp
Carita - Cilegon : mini-bus - 45.000 rp/3pp
Cilegon - Merak : mini-bus - 10.000 rp/3pp
Merak (Java) - Bakauheni (Sumatra) : speedboat - 20.000 rp/pp. Fast way for crossing the Sunda Strait between the two islands. Boats are leaving every half hour and it takes 45 minutes to cross. We took the speedboat in both directions. Contrary to other birdwatchers we had no problems at all by taking a boat for reaching Sumatra. Others suggest to take an aeroplane because they lost a lot of time by taking a ferry but in our opinion this is not necessary. Taking the speedboat is a very fast and accurate way to cross.
Bakauheni - Way Kambas - Way Kanan : taxi - 350.000 rp/3pp
Way Kanan - Bakauheni : taxi - 350.000 rp/3pp
Merak - Jakarta : bus - 28.000 rp/3pp
Muare Angke - Jakarta International Airport : taxi - 30.000 rp/3pp
Accommodation and food
Kuta Beach (nearby Bali National Airport) : Hotel Puspa Ayu Beach Bungalows - 165.000 rp/3pp/night, breakfast included.
Gilimanuk : Hotel Sari - 120.000 rp/3pp/night
Baluran National Park : We stayed in one of the three guesthouse inside the park at Bekol. The price is 30.000 rp/pp/night. There is just accomodation in the park. You must bring your own food. You can cook in the kitchen of the rangers or they can cook for you. Water and softdrinks are available but expensive, so you can better take it with you.
Gunung Bromo : Hotel Camara Inch - 60.000 rp/2 rooms. Very small, basic room. There are also more comfortable rooms available here but none of them was free at our arrival. Also here they had stolen a part of our money in the hotel room. The money was inside a locked backpacker and they took the money away even without breaking the zip-fastener.
Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park/ Cibodas Botanical Gardens : Freddy's Homestay. This is the most famous place to stay in Cibodas. All birdwatchers visiting Gunung Gede stay at this guesthouse. Freddy was one of the assistants of Hoogerwerf. He is speaking Dutch and one of the Indonesian languages of course. Freddy's Homestay is a few hundred metres before the entrance of the Botanical Gardens at your right side. There is a sign near the road directing you to his house. We stayed 6 days in the homestay. We paid 1.000.000 rp/3pp for the 6 days. This included all our food and drinks and two rooms (70.000 rp/ 2pp-room; 30.000 rp/1pp-room). Freddy's wife prepares lunchboxes which you can take with you.
Gunung Halimun National Park : We stayed in a homestay in Citalahab, a small village near the park. 70.000 rp/2pp-room.
Bogor : Pensione Firmin - 75.000 rp/3pp-room incl. breakfast. This pension is close near the main entrance of the Botanical Gardens. It is also closeby the banks at road Jalan Ir H Juanda.
Carita : Black Rhino - 75.000 rp/3pp-room. This hotel is just hundred metres from the entrance to the waterfall.
Way Kambas : We stayed in a guesthouse at Way Kanan. 50.000 rp/2pp-room. 60.000 rp/3pp-room. There is just accomodation in the park. You had to bring your own food and drinks. You can cook in the kitchen of the rangers or they can cook for you.
Muare Angke : Sanno Airport Hotel - 200.000 rp/2pp-room. 35.000 rp for and extra bed. This hotel is not exactly in Muare Angke but just at a 5 minutes driving-distance.
Bird trip reports, guides, maps and tapes
A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java
and Bali ; J. Mc Kinnon and K. Phillipps
A field guide to the birds of south-east Asia ; C. Robson
Birding Indonesia, a birdwatcher's guide to the world's largest archipelago ; P. Jepson
Where to watch birds in Asia ; N. Wheatley
Lonely Planet Indonesia ; P. Turner, B. Delahunty, P. Greenway, J. Lyon, C. Mc Asey, D. Willett
West Indonesia 1989 - Sumatra, Java and Bali ; A.
Lewis, P. Morris, N. Higgings
Sumatra and Java 1991 ; R. Ottvall, J. Nilsson
Indonesia 2001 ; P. and C. Benstead
Greater Sundas 1991 - Sumatra, Java and Bali ; P. Heath
Java and Bali 1988 ; G. and L. Richards
West Java and southern Sumatra 1984 ; A. Long , J. Bonler , J. Howes
Birding in Indonesia ; T. Andrews
Birding in Sumatra Oct 1992 - Oct 1995 - Aug-Sept 1997 and July-Aug 1998 ; F. Verbelen
Site description : Gunung Gede Pangrango NP, 1999 - 2000 ; T. Allwood. www.crosswinds.net/~birdtrips/GunungGede.html
Report on a birding trip to Indonesia, July 2000 ; A.G. Kelly www.birdtours.co.uk/tripreports/indonesia
Bali, Indonesia 3 - 1:180000 ; Nelles Verlag Maps
Java + Bali, Indonesia 5 - 1:650000 : Nelles Verlag Maps
We used no-commercial tapes made by other birdwatchers. They taped the sounds on their visits to the islands.
This old monastery is at the south-west point of Bali. It is +/- 45 min driving from Kuta. The monastery is build on the cliffs near the sea and from there you can observe the seabirds.
Birding highlights: White-tailed Tropicbird (2), Brown Booby (2), Bridled Tern, Great-crested Tern, Bar-winged Prinia
Benoa is located in south east Bali. It is less then a half hour driving from Kuta. The mudflats in the harbour are good for waders. Autumn migration was just starting at the moment that we were there and the amount of waders was low. We stayed just one hour in the harbour.
Birding highlight: none
Bali Barat National Park / Gilimanuk Bay and mangroves
This park is situated at the north west tip of Bali near the village of Gilimanuk. The main habitat exist of dry savannah-like vegetation. This is the last site for the critically endangered Bali Myna.
The visitor centre is in Cecik, 3 km from Gilimanuk. The entrance of the park is in Labuhan Lalang, 13 km from Cecik. The entrance fee is $20/pp. The personal in our hotel contacted a guide. He met us in the hotel. He arranged transport to Labuhan Lalang for the next morning and an expensive fishermen boat from Labuhan Lalang to Teluk Telor. This is the most north western point of Bali Barat National Park. Here is a large aviary where the Bali Mynas are kept before they are released. The last remaining wild birds are also hanging around here. We were very successful and saw 5 Bali Mynas. Three of them were ringed, the others were unringed. Near the watchtower we saw Javan Sparrow, Black-winged Starling and Lemon-bellied White-eye.
Also the mangroves near Gilimanuk are good for birdwatching. Here you can find another selection of birds. The mangroves and open grass area around a large electricity station were very productive. The ferries to Java are leaving in Gilimanuk to.
Birding highlights: see map
Baluran National Park
This park is located in the north east corner of Java. The 25.000 ha of the park are around Gunung Baluran. Most of the vegetation in the park exist of savannah. At Bama, along the sea, you will find rainforest. Also along the entrance road there are patches of rainforest. When we were there it was months ago that there was any rainfall.
The entrance to the park is in Wolerejo. Here you find also the headquarters were you can get entry permits and you can arrange accommodation for Bekol. Food must be brought in and Wolerejo is a very small village so buy your food in advance.
Birding highlights: see map
This is a well-known tourist spot in east Java. People are coming here to see the sunrise. The bird to see here is the endemic subspecies of Russet Bush-warbler. Maybe it is better regarded it as a species. This species is very common but very skulking and we failed to see it. As other bush-warblers it respond very well to a tape but we had no tape with us.
Birding highlights: Barred Cuckoo-dove, Grey Bushchat, Sunda Bush-warbler, Mountain White-eye
Bogor Botanical Gardens
The Botanical Gardens are located in the centre of Bogor and include an area of 111 ha. The gardens are open from 8.00h to 18.00h. It is not really essential to visit this place. Avoid the park in the weekend because then there are a lot of visitors from Jakarta and Bogor.
The tall trees along the road between the main entrance and the palace are the favourite place of Black-naped Fruit-doves and Grey-cheeked Green-pigeons. Unluckily we missed the last species. Further on the south-east part of the Botanical Gardens is the best part for birdwatching. Spending here a few hours is more then enough.
Birding highlights: Black-crowned Night-heron, Blue-eared Kingfisher, Banded Bay Cuckoo, Black-naped Fruit-dove, Yellow-throated Hanging-parrot
Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park/ Cibodas Botanical Gardens
This park is centred around the twin peaks of Gunung Gede (2.958 m) and Gunung Pangrango (3.019m) and covered an area of 15.000ha. It is situated south east of Bogor at a distance of 41 km. The slopes of those volcanoes are overgrown with tall montane rainforest. At the base of the park are the Cibodas Botanical Gardens and a golf course, both are also good for birdwatching. This park holds nearly all the Javan mountainous endemic bird species except White-faced Hill-partridge. It seems that in recent years also White-bellied Fantail no longer lives on these volcanoes.
Permits to enter the park are available at the headquarters at the right side of the road +/- 100 metres before the entrance of the Botanical Gardens.
Try to avoid the park in the weekend and during holidays when it can be very busy even at the higher parts of the steep trail to the top of Gunung Gede. Also when we were here it was school holiday and hundreds of students were in the park. A lot of them are staying on Gunung Gede during the night. They are making a lot of noise and birdwatching was really hard at some times. Despite the constant stream of descending and ascending people, birdwatching was very productive. Except for thrushes and partridges, they were not so easy to see under these circumstances.
To enter the trail to the top of Gunung Gede go to the entrance of the Botanical Gardens. At the gate go to the right on the path near the golf course. After 200m you will see a small bridge on your left side. Cross this and you are at the start of the 10 km long trail to the crater of Gunung Gede.
Birding highlights: see maps
Gunung Halimun National Park
This park has an area of 40.000 ha and is located south west of Bogor. From Bogor take the Sukabumi road to the south until Purungkuda. Here you will find a sign to the park on your right side. Follow this sign until you reached the village of Cipenteng/Kabandungan. Distance Bogor-Kabandungan is 67 km. Here you will find the park headquarters (PHPA-office) where you can get the permits to enter the park. From here it is another 23 km along a dirt track to the park. The visitor centre, also named Cikaniki Research Station, is located in Cikaniki in the eastern part of the park. From the visitor centre there are a few trails going into the forest. Staying in the visitor centre is expensive. In Citalahab, less then two kilometres from the visitor centre, there are cheaper losmen available. You can also hire one of the villagers as a guide. It is even not allowed to go into the forest without a guide. There is a trail starting behind the lodges and lead to the visitor centre. We birded along this trail and also along the loop and the waterfall trail. There were a lot of researchers working at the moment of our visit and most of the trails were closed due to research work. Also the Gunung Kentang trail was closed. Others birded along this trail and they found it one of the best trails in the park.
Gunung Halimun is nowadays the easiest place to the endemic White-bellied Fantail. This fantail is no longer occurring or is at least very hard to see at Gunung Gede. But in this park it is very easy to see and we found a lot of them during our one and a half day stay. Also there are a few pairs of Javan Hawk-eagles in this park but we failed to see them. A few hawk-eagles were seen by the researchers while we were there. The best place is along the road from Cikaniki to Citalahab. From here you have a viewpoint over the forest.
Birding highlights: see map
Carita is a fast expanding beach resort on the west coast of Java. When the weather conditions are good you can see the famous volcano Krakatoa. In Carita there is just one important trail to the Waterfall and this is the best place for birding. Nowadays the forest is very much degraded. Most of the trees are cutting down and this is still going on. The area around the waterfall is still the best place to see the endemic White-breasted Babbler and other lowland species. One of them is the Black-banded Barbet, also easy to see here. Try to be there early in the day because around noon people arriving here for swimming in the river and the waterfall. Staying here one and a half day is enough. The only species we dipped was Javan Frogmouth.
Birding highlights: see map
This national park is located on the south-east side of Sumatra. It has an area of 130.000 ha and it has a variety of lowland rainforest and open grasslands. Before Way Kambas was protected as a national park in 1972 approximately 80% of the original rainforest was selectively logged and converted to grassland and secondary forest. Nowadays the forest is slowly regenerating but it holds an amazing wildlife. This park is one of the best places on earth to see the White-winged Duck and Storm's Stork. Also it is famous for it's owls, nightjars and frogmouths and it holds many mammals like Elephant, Tiger, Clouded Leopard, Sumatran Rhino and Tapir.
We took the road along the eastern coast to go to Way Kambas from Bakauheni (92 km). We did not take the longer road via Bandar Lampung (old name Tanjungkarang) and Metro. Food is not available in the park. Buy it in advance in Bakauheni because along the road to Way Kambas there are just small shops with basis food. You can get your entry permit at the park entrance. The entrance road to the park is in Rajabasalama. This village is situated between Jepara (15 km before Rajabasalama) and Metro. In Rajabasalama turn right to the park entrance (post 1) (7 km). From the entrance it is 13 km to Way Kanan. This small clearing is on the banks of the Way Kambas river and accommodation is available here. Way Kanan is a good place for birdwatching and there is a trail upstream and downstream the river. Also along the main track birdwatching can be very productive. Way Kanan and the main trail are very good for nightbirds. Be aware for the mammals during the night. We stayed every evening and morning along the main trail and we had no problems with Elephants. You will find small pools along the main trail which can be good for the duck and Storm's Stork. We did not found one of them on the pools but others did. The smaller trails starting at the main trail were no longer present.
On the other side of the river there is a marshy area named Rawa Gajah. This is the best place to see the White-winged Duck. We saw 2 birds within a few hours. You need a guide and a boat to go there. The price for the boat is 150.000 rp, for the guide you will pay 40.000 rp.
Birding highlights: see map
Muara Anke and Ancol
This 27 ha nature reserve is close near the new housing estate of Pantai Indah Kapuk. This is west of Jakarta close by the road from Jakarta to the International Airport. The site is hardly hit by developers in recent years and only a fraction remains nowadays. The reserve holds marshy areas and pools. Disturbance is very high and a lot of fishing ponds are made in the part of the reserve near the sea. There were a lot of people fishing here and there were also a few houses build in this part of the reserve. The dikes of the fishing ponds are made by rubbish. Some parts of the reserve look more like a rubbish dump. On the beach you find no sand anymore but a one metre high plastic waste. The best part of the reserve is around the watchtower. This is the best place for the Sunda Coucal. We saw the coucal within a few minutes. There is also a boardwalk through the reserve, starting at the watchtower, but this was in bad condition and broken on a few places. It was not possible to walk the whole boardwalk.
Ancol is also near the sea but more in the direction of Jakarta. Here we hoped to find some sandy beaches. We found a river mouth nearby a military school or basis and there was also a little harbour. It was very busy here and a lot of people were hanging around. We had to pay a entrance fee and it was not allowed to take photographs at this place. But we were lucky and found 4 Javan Plovers just before high tide on a small beach and just before some local fishermen disturbed the birds. Possibly this was the only beach in the surrounding and the birds disappeared above the sea.
Birding highlights: Little Black Cormorant, Oriental Darter, Little Egret (endemic subspecies nigripes), Sunda Teal (+/- 10), Ruddy-breasted Crake, White-browed Crake, Javan Plover (4), Sunda Coucal, Small Blue Kingfisher, Sacred Kingfisher, Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Pied Triller, Racket-tailed Treepie (+/-8), Golden-bellied Gerygone, Bar-winged Prinia, Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker, Javan Munia
At 7.45h we took the Thalyss from Brussels to Paris - Charles de Gaulle. Travel time nearly 1 hour. At 12.30h we had our flight from Paris to Taipei. Arrival time in Taipei was on 28 June at 7.30h in the morning.
We had our flight from Taipei to Denpasar at 10.20h. Arrival time in Denpasar at 15.10h. After arriving in Denpasar we took a taxi to Kuta and searched an hotel. After that it was already dark and no time left today for birding.
At 6.00h we drove to the Uluwatu-temple. At 8.00h we left this place and had a short visit at the mudflats around Benoa-harbour. At 10.00h we drove to Gilimanuk, at the western side of Bali. Arrival time at 13.30h. We checked in at hotel Sari and arranged a guide for the next day for Bali Barat NP. Late afternoon until dark we did some birdwatching in the mangroves at Gilimanuk.
At 5.00h we went to Labuhan Lalang and took the boat to Bali Barat NP. We entered the park via the Teluk Telor entrance. First we went to the watchtower nearby the aviary where captive-bred birds are released. After this we went to the area around the aviary. At 10.30h we returned by boat to Labuhan Lalang and did some birding along a dry river in the forest near the village. At 14.00h we took the ferry to Katapang (Java). In Katapang we took a mini-bus and drove to Baluran National Park. We hired a guesthouse at Bekol, inside the NP. After we entered the park, there was just a little time left for some birdwatching around Bekol.
From 5.00h untill 7.00h we birdwatched around Bekol. From 7.00h untill 15.00h we went to the mangroves around Bama. In the afternoon the temperature was very high and bird activity very low. From 16.00h untill 18.00h we birded along the road from Bekol to the entrance of the park.
From 5.30h untill 10.15h we did some birding around Bekol and along the entrance road. The rest of the day, we travelled to Gunung Bromo. We arrived at Gunung Bromo around 19.00h.
From 5.20h untill 10.15h we birded in the crater of Gunung Bromo. Birding was disappointing here. Around noon we left for Surabaya. Here we took the nighttrain to Jakarta. Departure time was 21.00h.
We arrived in Jakarta at 6.30h. Immediately we bought a trainticket to Bogor. In Bogor we took a bus to Cipanas. We left Bogor at 10.20h and arrived in Cipanas at 12.30h. Around 14.00h we arrived at Freddy's homestay in Cibodas. After lunch we went to the golfcourse and we did some birdwatching untill dark.
At 6.00h we were at the start of the trail leading to the top of Gunung Gede. Today we stayed on the volcano until 18.00h and we walked as far as km 4.
From 6.00h until 8.00h we went to the Cibodas Botanical Gardens. From 8.00h untill 18.00h we stayed on the trail at Gunung Gede. From 16.00h it started raining and it became foggy. We stayed at km 6 until dark in the hope to see Dusky Woodcock, but we had no luck. Getting down in the dark and in the rain was a dangerous adventure. At 21.00h we arrived at Freddy's.
From 6.00h until 13.15h we stayed on Gunung Gede. Between 15.00h and 16.00h it rained very hard. Luckily we were at Freddy's. We went very early to bed.
We woke up at 2.00h in the morning. At 2.30h we left for the 11 kilometres (one kilometre from Freddy's to the start of the trail, ten kilometres from the start of the train to the top) climbing to the top of Gunung Gede. Around 6.00h, at sunrise, we were at the Hot Springs. The sky was completely cloudless. We realised that we choose a good day for walking to the top because the other days it was always cloudy and foggy at the top of the volcano. At 8.00h we were at the crater of Gunung Gede. Some parts of the trail are very steep and so the climbing was very hard but all the three of us reached the top without big problems. The scenery was fantastic and we had a great view on Cibodas. Also we went to the alpine meadows at the other side of the crater. This was an extra kilometre descending and climbing. Around 11.00h it became cloudy and foggy at the top and we decided to go back down. Starting from 13.30h until the evening it rained. It the evening we went to the waterfalls and here we found Salvadori's Nightjar.
At 6.00h we were again at the trail on the flanks of Gunung Gede. Today we concentrated ourselves on the trail between the waterfalls and the Hot Springs. We had some rain before noon and at 14.30h it started raining again.
At 4.30h we tried for owls but without success. At 6.00h we had breakfast and after that we left Cibodas by bemo to Cipanas. In Cipanas we took a bus back to Bogor. We arrived in Bogor at 9.15h. From 11.30h until 16.00h we did some birdwatching in the Bogor Botanical Gardens. Birdwatching was disappointing and later it have to been proved to be a waste of time. All the species we saw were also observed later during our trip. During the evening and night there were heavy thunderstorms and heavy rainfall.
At 6.30h we left Bogor and drove to Purungkuda by mini-bus. In Purungkuda we took a taxi to Cipenteng. Here you will find the headquarter of Halimun National Park. Because of the heavy rainfall from last night, there was a landslide a few hundred metres before the headquarter. The road was completely blocked and a few houses were completely destroyed. So we had to walk the last few 100 metres. From the headquarter we took motorcycles for the last 20 km to the visitor centre in Halimun NP. This place is known as Cikaniki. There is accommodation at the visitor centre but it is very expensive. It is better to stay in Citalahab, a small village a few kilometres from the visitor centre. We arrived in Citalahab around noon. From 12.45h until 18.15 we were birding in the forest between Citalahab and the visitor centre. Later we heard that is was not allowed to go into the forest without a local guide. Also a few trails were closed because they were studying animals along this trails with automatic cameras.
Together with a local guide we were birding along the loop- and the waterfall trail before noon. We saw a lot of White-bellied Fantails. So we saw are 2 target species here, e.g. Javan Trogon and the fantail and we decided to leave this place in the afternoon. Leaving Halimum was not so easy. We waited the whole afternoon at the visitor centre for transport but without success. Although the day before we saw a few cars and trucks leaving the mountain. While we were waiting we did some birdwatching around the visitor centre. We saw a Javan Kingfisher near a pool behind the centre but one of the rangers told us that he released the bird. He bought it at a local birdmarket. Because we found no transport we stayed in the visitor centre during the night. We could stay here for free and got some food from the researchers who were working here. One of the rangers arranged transport to Purungkuda for the next morning.
At 7.00h we departured to Purungkuda. There we took a bus to Bogor and in Bogor we took another bus to Labuhan. On our way we had to change bus in Pandegelang. When we arrived in Labuhan there was heavy rainfall. We took a mini-bus to Carita. We stayed in The Black Rhino Hotel where we arrived at 15.45h. In the few hours before sunset we were birdwatching along the trail to the waterfall. In the evening we tried to find some nightbirds but without success.
From 6.30h until 15.30h we were birdwatching along the trail to the Waterfall. Much of the forest here is very degenerated. Unless this fact we found all our target species during this day birding. In the evening we tried again for the nocturnal species but again without success.
We left Carita at 7.45h by mini-bus and drove to Cilegan. Here we took another mini-bus to Merak. In Merak we took the speedboat to Bakauheni (Sumatra). For the trip to Way Kambas we took a taxi. At 14.30h we arrived in Way Kanan. So we had a few hours left for birdwatching along the main trail. During dark we tried for nightbirds.
Early morning we tried again for owls, nightjars and frogmouths. Before noon we birded along the main trail. In the afternoon we birded along the river downstream. In the evening we tried again for nightbirds around Way Kanan.
At 6.00h we left with Teddy ,one of the rangers, by boat to the marshes on the other side of the river. This is a good place for White-winged Duck. We saw 2 birds on a pool. The waterlevel was not very high at this moment. Walking in this part of Way Kambas was not difficult but there were a lot of leeches in Way Kambas, also in the other parts of the park. In the afternoon we birded upstream Way Kanan along an old and not so easy to find trail. In the evening nightbirds again.
We woke up very early, at 3.30h and searched along the main trail for nightbirds. The rest of the day we stayed along the maintrail and walked until the Sumatra Rhinoceros Research Station. This is 5.5 km from Way Kanan. In the evening we searched for nightbirds again.
This was our last half day in Way Kambas. We woke up at 5.30h and tried for nightbirds along the main trail. We birded here until 9.00h. After that we packed our luggage and at 10.00h we left the park. We arrived at the speedboat at 13.30h and left for Merak. Once we were in Java back we took a bus to Jakarta. It was already dark when we reached Jakarta at 17.30h. We stayed in a more comfortable hotel nearby Muare Angke.
At 7.00h we went to Muare Angke Reserve and birded there until noon. It was very hot there and birdwatching was not so easy. We had lunch in the Muare Angke village near the fish market. In the afternoon we went back to the hotel and took a taxi to Ancol. This is east of Muare Angke and also along the beach. We stayed here until dark.
At 10.00h we went to the airport. We had our flight to Taipei at 14.10h. In Taipei we left around 23.00h.
At 7.40h we arrived in Paris. We had to wait there a few hours for our train, the Thalyss, to Brussels. In Brussels finally we took another train back home.
 just heard
1. White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus
2. Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
3. Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
4. Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
5. Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
6. Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
7. Striated Heron Butorides striatus
8. Javan Pond-heron Ardeola bacchus
9. Great White Egret Casmerodius albus
10. Little Egret Egretta garzetta
11. Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax
12. Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus
13. White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata
14. Sunda Teal Anas gibberifrons
15. White-bellied Sea-eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
16. Crested Serpent-eagle Spilornis cheela
17. Besra Accipiter virgatus
18. Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis
19. Javan Hawk-eagle Spizaetus bartelsi
20. Wallace's Hawk-eagle Spizaetus nanus
21. Black-tighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius
22. Spotted Kestrel Falco moluccensis
23. Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
24. Chestnut-bellied Partridge Arborophila javanica
25. Crested Partridge Rollulus rouloul
26. Crested Fireback Lophura ignita
27. Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
28. Green Junglefowl Gallus varius
29. Green Peafowl Pavo muticus
30. Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator
31. Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca
32. White-browed Crake Porzana cinerea
33. White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
34. Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
35. Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
36. Javan Plover Charadrius javanicus
37. Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
38. Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
39. Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
40. Beach Thick-knee Burhinus giganteus
41. Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
42. Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana
43. Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus
44. Great Crested Tern Sterna bergii
45. Little Green-pigeon Treron olax
46. Orange-breasted Green-pigeon Treron bicincta
47. [Pink-headed Fruit-dove Ptilinopus porphyreus]
48. Black-naped Fruit-dove Ptilinopus melanospila
49. Green Imperial-pigeon Ducula aenea
50. Barred Cuckoo-dove Macropygia unchall
51. [Little Cuckoo-dove Macropygia ruficeps]
52. Island Collared Dove Streptopelia bitorquata
53. Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
54. Zebra Dove Geopelia striata
55. Blue-rumped Parrot Psittinus cyanurus
56. Blue-crowned Hanging-parrot Loriculus galgulus
57. Yellow-throated Hanging-parrot Loriculus pusillus
58. [Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus]
59. Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii
60. Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
61. Horsfield's Bronze-cuckoo Chrysococcyx basalis
62. Black-bellied Malkoha Phaenicophaeus diardi
63. Raffles's Malkoha Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
64. Red-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus javanicus
65. Chestnut-breasted Malkoha Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
66. Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
67. Sunda Coucal Centropus nigrorufus
68. Reddisch Scops-owl Otus rufescens
69. Large Frogmouth Batrachostomus auritus
70. [Gould's Frogmouth Batrachostomus stellatus]
71. Malaysian Eared-nightjar Eurostopodus temminckii
72. Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis
73. [Bonaparte's Nightjar Caprimulgus concretus]
74. Salvadori's Nightjar Caprimulgus pulchellus
75. Edible-nest Swiftlet Collocalia fuciphaga
76. Volcano Swiftlet Collocalia vulcanorum
77. Cave Swiftlet Collocalia linchii
78. Brown-back Needletail Hirundapus giganteus
79. Grey-rumped Tree-swift Hemiprocne longipennis
80. Whiskered Tree-swift Hemiprocne comata
81. Javan Trogon Harpactes reinwardtii
82. Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo euryzona
83. Small Blue Kingfisher Alcedo coerulescens
84. Rufous-backed Kingfisher Ceyx erithacus
85. Stork-billed Kingfisher Halcyon capensis
86. Banded Kingfisher Lacedo pulchella
87. Javan Kingfisher Halcyon cyanoventris
88. Collared Kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris
89. Sacred Kingfisher Todirhamphus sanctus
90. Chestnuet-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti
91. Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
92. Red-beared Bee-eater Nyctyornis amictus
93. Wrinkled Hornbill Aceros corrugatus
94. Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
95. Brown-throated Barbet Megalaima corvina
96. Black-banded Barbet Megalaima javensis
97. Flame-fronted Barbet Megalaima armillaris
98. Blue-eared Barbet Megalaima australis
99. Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala
100. Brown Barbet Calorhamphus fuliginosus
101. Rufous Piculet Sasia abnormis
102. Crimson-winged Woodpecker Picus puniceus
103. Common Flameback Dinopium javanense
104. Buff-rumped Woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis
105. White-bellied Woodpecker Dryicopus javensis
106. Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopus macei
107. Sunda Woodpecker Dendrocopus moluccensis
108. Grey-and-buff Woodpecker Hemicircus concretus
109. Maroon Woodpecker Blythipicus rubiginosus
110. Orange-backed Woodpecker Reinwardtipicus validus
111. Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus
112. Dusky Broadbill Corydon sumatranus
113. Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus
114. Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus
115. Banded Pitta Pitta guajana
116. Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica
117. Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus
118. Javan Cuckoo-shrike Coracina javensis
119. Bar-bellied Cuckoo-shrike Coracina striata
120. Lesser Cuckoo-shrike Coracina fimbriata
121. Pied Triller Lalage nigra
122. White-shouldered Triller Lalage sueurii
123. Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
124. Fiery Minivet Pericrocotus igneus
125. Sunda Minivet Pericrocotus miniatus
126. Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
127. Green Iora Aegithina viridissima
128. Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
129. Greater Green Leafbird Chloropsis sonnerati
130. Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis
131. Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps
132. Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster
133. Puff-backed Bulbul Pycnonotus eutilotus
134. Orange-spotted Bulbul Pycnonotus bimaculatus
135. Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier
136. Olive-winged Bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus
137. Cream-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus simplex
138. Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus
139. Grey-cheeked Bulbul Alophoixus bres
140. Yellow-bellied Bulbul Alophoixus phaeocephalus
141. Hairy-backed Bulbul Setornis criniger
142. Sunda Bulbul Iole virescens
143. Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
144. Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus
145. Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus
146. Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer
147. Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
148. Dark-throated Oriole Oriolus xanthonotus
149. Asian Fairy Bluebird Irena puella
150. Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temai
151. Black Magpie Platysmurus leucopterus
152. Pygmy Tit Psaltria exilis
153. Great Tit Parus major
154. Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis
155. Blue Nuthatch Sitta azurea
156. Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum
157. [White-chested Babbler Trichastoma rostratum]
158. Ferruginous Babbler Trichastoma bicolor
159. Horsfield's Babbler Malacocincla sepiarium
160. Sooty-capped Babbler Malacopteron affine
161. Rufous-crowned Babbler Malacopteron magnum
162. Chestnut-backed Scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus montanus
163. Eye-browed Wren-babbler Napothera epilepidola
164. Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla
165. White-breasted Babbler Stachyris grammiceps
166. Chestnut-rumped Babbler Stachyris maculata
167. White-bibbed Babbler Stachyris thoracica
168. Chestnut-winged Babbler Stachyris erythroptera
169. Crescent-chested Babbler Stachyris melanothorax
170. Grey-cheeked Tit-babbler Macronous flavicollis
171. Fluffy-backed Tit-babbler Macronous ptilosus
172. Rufous-fronted Laughingthrush Garrulax rufifrons
173. Chestnut-fronted Shrike-babbler Pteruthius aenobarbus
174. White-browed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius flaviscapis
175. Javan Fulvetta Alcippe pyrrhoptera
176. Spotted Crocias Crocias albonotatus
177. Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys
178. White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana
179. Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis
180. White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus
181. Sunda Blue Robin Cinclidium diana
182. Lesser Forktail Enicurus velatus
183. White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti
184. Javan Cochoa Cochoa azurea
185. Pied Bushchat Saxicola capatra
186. Sunda Whistling-thrush Myiophoneus glaucinus
187. Blue Whistling-thrush Myiophoneus caeruleus flavirostris
188. Horsfield's Thrush Zoothera horsfieldi
189. Golden-bellied Gerygone Gerygone sulphurea
190. Sunda Warbler Seicercus grammiceps
191. Mountain Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus trivirgatus
192. Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
193. Olive-backed Tailorbird Orthotomus sepium
194. Rufous-tailed Tailorbird Orthotomus sericeus
195. Mountain Tailorbird Orthotomus cuculatus
196. Plain Prinia Prinia inornata
197. Bar-winged Prinia Prinia familiaris
198. Javan Tesia Tesia superciliaris
199. Sunda Bush-warbler Cettia vulcania
200. Fulvous-chested Flycatcher Rhinomyias olivacea
201. Indigo Flycatcher Eumyias indigo
202. Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
203. Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
204. Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher Culicapa ceylonensis
205. Rufous-tailed Fantail Rhipidura phaenicura
206. White-bellied Fantail Rhipidura euryura
207. Pied Fantail Rhipidura javanica
208. Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
209. Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma velatum
210. Mangrove Whistler Pachycephala grisola
211. White-breasted Wood-swallow Artamus leucorhynchus
212. Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
213. Black-winged Starling Sturnus melanopterus
214. Bali Myna Leucopsar rothschildi
215. Hill Myna Gracula religiosa
216. Plain Sunbird Anthreptes simplex
217. Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Anthreptes singalensis
218. Purple-throated Sunbird Nectarinia sperata
219. Olive-backed Sunbird Nectarinia jugularis
220. White-flanked Sunbird Aethopyga eximia
221. Javan Sunbird Aethopyga mystacalis
222. Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra
223. Streaky-breasted Spiderhunter Arachnothera affinis
224. Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus percussus
225. Yellow-vented Flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum
226. Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma
227. Blood-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum sanguinolentum
228. Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker Dicaeum trochileum
229. Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
230. Lemon-bellied White-eye Zosterops chloris
231. Mountain White-eye Zosterops montanus
232. Javan Grey-throated White-eye Lophozosterops javanicus
233. Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
234. Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch Erythrura hyperythra
235. Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora
236. Javan Munia Lonchura leucogastroides
237. Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
Maps of the Main birding areas
Map of Bali BaratMap of BaluranRough map of Gunung Gede/Cibodas Botanical Gardens/Golf courseDetail map of Gunung GedeMap of Gunung HalimunMap of CaritaMap of Way Kambas