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A Report from

Sabah, March-May 2001,

Phil and Charlotte Benstead, Norfolk, UK


We spent the period between 22nd March and 19th May 2001 birdwatching in Sabah. Sabah holds nearly all of the Bornean endemic birds and has some top quality Asian birding sites such as Kinabalu and Danum Valley. For anyone with an interest in Oriental birding it is a must. By regional standards it is rather expensive but not prohibitively so. We flew from Bangkok, via KL, with Malaysian Airlines (£180 return - booked in Bangkok). We used gen available on the internet for this part of the trip - there are so few sites involved you do not need a great deal of logistical information. This report is light on this kind of detail therefore, concentrating on the birds. The exception being details for accessing the Rafflesia Forest Reserve (see below) - a new and good site for Bornean barbet.

Thanks to all the birders we met in Sabah who kept us on the straight and narrow and kept us laughing; Joe Tobias and Nat Seddon, George and Moira Wallace, John Parr, Edward Vercruysse and Dominique Verbelen. Ooi Chin Hock gave us a few tips that were greatly appreciated.

Site details

23/3 - 2/4        Kinabalu National Park
We spent a long and rather frustrating period here that was greatly enlivened by the number of bird crews we met. Some days here were as dead as could be and some days were great. We struggled to see Whitehead's broadbill, finally getting one on the last day on a short walk out with Joe Tobias and Nat Seddon. We failed to see Everett's thrush and Whitehead's spiderhunter at this site. Working the area around the headquarters produced some excellent birds though including both partridges, Whitehead's trogon, eye-browed jungle-flycatcher, Bornean stubtail and mountain wren-babbler. John Parr found us a superb black-breasted fruit-hunter nest (apparently the first recorded nest) which we were able to watch on a number of occasions. Most of the many endemics were fairly easy to see. Spent an exhausting day climbing up to Laban Rata but it produced some class birds including Kinabalu friendly warbler, mountain black-eye and tawny-breasted parrotfinch.

Getting there, accommodation and birding the site
Easily accessed by a number of buses from Kota Kinabalu. The accommodation here has been privatised. It is important to book beforehand through the Kinabalu Nature Resorts office in Kota Kinabalu (email for information and booking). Hostel beds cost RM12 per night at the HQ (often noisy and overcrowded). A similar bed at Laban Rata (en route to the summit) costs RM24/night. There are restaurants at both the HQ and Laban Rata. We booked one night at Laban Rata because it was the only one available that night, so were committed to walking at least that far up the hill. We did not go to the top!

We spent most of our stay birding the area around the HQ below the gate to the summit. Concentrate on the Silau-Silau Trail and the Kiau View Trail. The Bukit Ular trail early in the morning produced Everett's thrush for some during our stay. The junction of these two trails with the road was good for partridges. We climbed up to Laban Rata one day picking up the important birds on the way and descending the next day. We saw tawny-breasted parrotfinch in the bamboo around the 3 km mark (near Pondok Tempanning). Even walking halfway up was exhausting - and we had been in the field for nearly six months by this time! How people get up there with so little preparation is a mystery to me. Kinabalu is not renowned for its spotlighting but I had an excellent spotted giant flying squirrel one night.

3/4 - 9/4          Poring Hot Springs
We found this site to be very hard work. Partly because the blue-banded pittas appeared not to be calling and we were therefore deprived of one of our biggest target birds in Sabah. We also failed to identify an Everett's spiderhunter here. We did finally connect with blue-banded kingfisher here though, but the quality of the birding was generally poor. Not much to show for a week here really.

Getting there, accommodation and birding the site
Easily reached by minibus/taxi from Ranau, near Kinabalu National Park. Book accommodation with Kinabalu Nature Resorts (see above) at the same time as you book your accommodation for the National Park. Hostel accommodation costs RM12/night. There is a good restaurant on site and do not forget to soak away the pain of birding in the tropics by taking a hot bath every night. Note that the canopy walkway is shut every April for maintenance. Bird around the clearing and along the hot, sweaty trail to the Langanan Falls.

11/4 - 12/4      Tambunan area (Kaingaran and Rafflesia Forest Reserve)
We decided to give this area a go after failing to connect with Bornean barbet at Kinabalu. Very little forest remains at Kaingaran and all we could find there was the distinctive flavocincta race of blue-winged leafbird. But the Rafflesia Forest Reserve was excellent and produced several views of Bornean barbet as well as bonus Whitehead's and Everett's spiderhunters. The site holds Bulwer's pheasant too and is worthy of more attention by visiting birders.

Getting there, accommodation and birding the site
We headed south from Poring Hot Springs and based ourselves at Tambunan (three hours from Poring and 1.5 hours from Kota Kinabalu). From Tambunan we visited the Rafflesia Forest Reserve which is about 20 km away along the Kota Kinabalu road. Access to the trail system is behind the Information Centre. We spent just 6 hours here but managed to see several Bornean barbets and many mountain barbets (both species are hard or near impossible at Kinabalu National Park). We also found a flowering tree that contained both Whitehead's and Bornean Spiderhunter. As a bonus you are likely to see one of the smaller Rafflesia species. All in all a site worth considering adding to your itinerary. We did the site on a tight budget by staying at Tambunan in the D'Roz Motel (on the Kaingaran Road 500m after the roundabout, over the river, 2nd dirt track on the right) and taking the first bus out of town on the KK road in the morning.

14/4 - 18/4      Kinabatangan River (Uncle Tan's Camp)
We decided to visit this site rather than the more expensive camps near Sukau. In hindsight it would probably have been better to spend less time at the more expensive location. Tan's is not the site it used to be sadly. I suffered from acute stomach problems along with about 50% of all the other visitors who passed through whilst we were there. The trail network seems to have disappeared and recent flooding had left the place a mess. But we enjoyed the Storm's storks and had some superb flocks of hornbills from the boat. Very peaceful when the place was empty.

Getting there, accommodation and birding the site
If you still want to go after reading the above, then check the Lonely Planet for the latest visiting details. Accommodation is very basic and the trail network is limited. Taking the canoe out is pleasant but you cannot get very far.

19/4 - 6/5        Danum Valley
Our visit here was marred by some very late and rather bad karaoke singing next door to the campsite on many nights. Towards the end of our stay we were evicted from the campsite by a large group of school children and picked up scabies from the mattress of one of the research workers who offered to put us up.  Charlotte also managed to bash her nose on the camping shelter, getting 5 stitches for her trouble! All this conspired to make it one of my least favourite sites visited during the trip. Very disappointing as I had wanted to visit this site for a long time!

It is very good birding though and we managed to see most of the good birds. Blue-banded pitta eluded us again but we did manage to see other resident pittas and a good selection of other birds. Highlights here included great-billed heron, white-fronted falconet, pygmy white-eye, brown-backed flowerpecker and Bornean bristlehead. As well as a sack-load of flycatchers and babblers.

Getting there, accommodation and birding the site
Take transport to Lahad Datu and get dropped off near the airport on the way into town at the Danum Valley Office. Book ahead at the Research Centre by emailing Peter Chong on . There are currently no restrictions on birders visiting the Research Centre. We however were not allowed to take part in activities taking place at the nearby, swanky Borneo Rainforest Lodge - so no night-drives for us. There is a certain amount of friction between the two establishments unfortunately. If you want to stay at the Lodge, details are no doubt on the web somewhere - it is very expensive. Staying at the Research Centre is not exactly cheap even if you camp, if you are on a budget take all your food in with you.

We birded the research grid, Nature Trail and the Trail to the Waterfall. Rubber boots are pretty useful here and do not forget your leech socks. Check the logbook at the Research Centre for the latest gen. There is a fantastic fig near the tree platform built by Phil Hurrell that fruits in April - it is amazing. You have to go to the Borneo Rainforest Lodge at least once to twitch the pygmy white-eyes that are found around the chalets on most days. If you can arrange to go on their night safaris do so, they are very good and seem to have a good hit rate with clouded leopard and frogmouths. Bonaparte's nightjar has been heard recently.

8/5       Pulau Sipadan
We lashed out a small fortune (£60) in an attempt to see Nicobar pigeon and grey imperial pigeon. We were disappointed with the latter but saw a few Nicobar pigeons which made it all worthwhile. The snorkelling here was superb, with plenty of green turtles to swim with, we even found one exhausted female stuck in the forest which we man-handled back to the sea with the help of the wardens on the island.

Getting there, accommodation and birding the site
We stayed in Semporna at Lee's Resthouse and Restaurant and they arranged a boatman for us. Very expensive for the day. Sipadan was the target of the recent, infamous raid by Abu Sayaf from the Philippines and has very high security these days as a result. We had to bribe the policeman on duty in order to land for a couple of hours. Get away from all the dive operations and tramp around in the darker bits of forest for the Nicobar pigeons and Tabon scrubfowl. The grey imperials are either there or not.

14/5     Gomontong Caves
Quick visit here to tick off a few swiftlets on their nests. Most of the edible-nest swiftlet nests had been taken but mossy-nest and black-nest still could be found. A single rufous-bellied eagle was the only other bird of note.

Getting there, accommodation and birding the site
If you book a tour to Sukau through an agent in Sandakan, it is possible to arrange to go to this site en route. We took a bus and hitched/walked in.

19/5     Pulau Mamutik
One of the small islands off KK where we relaxed for a couple of days. Nothing out of the ordinary bird-wise but some half-decent snorkelling.

Getting there, accommodation and birding the site
Easily accessed from the waterfront by the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Kota Kinabalu. The boat touts will find you do not worry. Not many birds here.

Birds recorded in Sabah from 22nd March to 19th May

Sites visited: Kinabalu National Park (KNP) 23/3 - 2/4, Poring Hot Springs (PHS) 3/4 - 9/4, Kaingaran (K) 11/4, Rafflesia Forest Reserve (RFR) 12/4, Kinabatangan River (KR) 14/4 - 18/4, Danum Valley (DV) 19/4 - 6/5, Sipadan (PS) 8/5, Gomontong Caves (GC) 14/5, Mamutik (PM) 19/5. KK = Kota Kinabalu. Species in square brackets were heard only.

Oriental darter  Anhinga melanogaster          KR, DV
Frigatebird sp.  Fregata sp.  PS
Great-billed heron  Ardea sumatrana   DV
Purple heron  Ardea purpurea      KK, PHS
Great egret  Casmerodius albus    KR
Intermediate egret  Mesophoyx intermedia           KR
Striated heron  Butorides striatus    KR, DV
Cattle egret  Bubulcus ibis    around KK
Pacific reef egret  Egretta sacra    PS, PM
Little egret  Egretta garzetta          widespread
Rufous night heron  Nycticorax caledonicus PS Single bird recorded roosting in trees on the island (8/5).
Cinnamon bittern  Ixobrychus cinnamomeus          K
Storm´s stork  Ciconia stormi        KR
Jerdon´s baza  Aviceda jerdoni     KR, DV
Oriental honey buzzard  Pernis ptilorhyncus       DV, PM
Bat hawk  Macheiramphus alcinus             DV
Black-winged kite  Elanus caeruleus    en route to Kota Belud
Brahminy kite  Haliastur indus       KR
White-bellied fish-eagle  Haliaeetus leucogaster       KK, KR, PM
Lesser fish eagle  Ichthyophaga humilis KR, DV
Grey-headed fish eagle  Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus  KR
Crested serpent eagle  Spilornis cheela         PHS, [K], KR, DV
Mountain serpent eagle  Spilornis kinabaluensis     KNP
Crested goshawk  Accipiter trivirgatus         PHS, KR, DV
Black eagle  Ictinaetus malayensis   Tambunan
Changeable hawk eagle  Spizaetus cirrhatus       KNP
Rufous-bellied eagle  Hieraaetus kieneri           PHS, DV, GC
Blyth's hawk eagle  Spizaetus alboniger PHS
White-fronted falconet  Microhierax latifrons       DV
Tabon scrubfowl  Megapodius cummingi     PS
Red-breasted partridge  Arborophila hyperythra     KNP
[Chestnut-necklaced partridge]  Tropicoperdix charltonii     [KR], [DV]
Crimson-headed partridge  Haematortyx sanguiniceps          KNP
Crested partridge  Rollulus roulroul              DV
Crested fireback  Lophura ignita    DV
Great argus  Argusianus argus     DV
[White-breasted waterhen]  Amaurornis phoenicurus   [K]
Common sandpiper  Actitis hypoleucos        Tambunan, KR, DV
Common tern  Sterna hirundo      KK
Whiskered tern  Chlidonias hybridus  KK, PM
White-winged tern  Chlidonias leucopterus  PS
Thick-billed green pigeon  Treron curvirostra      DV
Little green pigeon  Treron olax  K, KR
Pink-necked green pigeon  Treron vernans Tambunan, PM
Large green pigeon  Treron capellei     DV
Black-naped fruit-dove  Ptilinopus melanospila       PS
Green imperial pigeon  Ducula aenea           KR, DV, PM
Rock pigeon  Columba livia          KK
Ruddy cuckoo-dove  Macropygia emilianae PHS, RFR
Little cuckoo-dove  Macropygia ruficeps KNP, PHS
Spotted dove  Streptopelia chinensis     widespread
Emerald dove  Chalcophaps indica       PS, PM
Nicobar pigeon  Caloenas nicobarica    PS
Blue-crowned hanging-parrot  Loriculus galgulus  PHS, KR, DV
[Large hawk cuckoo]  Hierococcyx crassirostris               [RFR]
Moustached hawk cuckoo  Cuculus vagans          DV
[Hodgson´s hawk cuckoo]  Cuculus fugax   [PHS], [DV]
Indian cuckoo  Cuculus micropterus     PHS, KR, [DV]
Oriental cuckoo  Cuculus saturatus      KNP
Plaintive cuckoo  Cacomantis merulinus        DV
[Rusty-breasted cuckoo]  Cacomantis sepulcralis            [DV]
Violet cuckoo  Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus        PHS, KR, DV
Little bronze cuckoo  Chrysococcyx minutillus               DV
Drongo cuckoo  Surniculus lugubris     PHS, [KR], [DV]
Black-bellied malkoha  Rhopodytes diardi  DV
Chestnut-bellied malkoha  Rhopodytes sumatranus     PHS, RFR, DV
Raffle´s malkoha  Rhinorthia chlorophaea        PHS, DV
Chestnut-breasted malkoha  Rhamphococcyx curvirostris    DV
Short-toed coucal  Centropus rectunguis        DV
Greater coucal  Centropus sinensis        widespread
Lesser coucal  Centropus bengalensis    K, DV
[Mountain scopsowl]  Otus spilocephalus         [KNP]
[Buffy fish owl]  Ketupa ketupu   [KR]
[Brown wood owl]  Strix leptogrammica       [KR]
[Brown hawk owl]  Ninox scutulata               [PHS]
[Large-tailed nightjar]  Caprimulgus macrurus     [DV]
Black-nest swiftlet  Aerodramus maximus        GC
Mossy-nest swiftlet  Aerodramus salangana GC
Glossy swiftlet  Collocalia esculenta     KK, KR
Cave swiftlet  Collocalia linchi         KNP Birds seen perched at KNP appeared to be this species.
Brown-backed needletail  Hirundapus giganteus    KR
Silver-rumped swift  Rhaphidura leucopygialis        PHS, DV
Common palm swift  Cypsiurus balasiensis           PHS
Fork-tailed swift  Apus pacificus               PHS
Little swift  Apus affinis           KK
Grey-rumped treeswift  Hemiprocne longipennis     PHS, K
Whiskered treeswift  Hemiprocne comata         DV
Red-naped trogon  Harpactes kasumba          DV
Diard's trogon  Harpactes diardii    [PHS], DV
Whitehead´s trogon  Harpactes whiteheadi       KNP
Cinnamon-rumped trogon  Harpactes orrhophaeus DV
Scarlet-rumped trogon  Harpactes duvaucellii       PHS, DV
Orange-breasted trogon  Harpactes oreskios          DV
Blue-eared kingfisher  Alcedo meninting         KR
Blue-banded kingfisher  Alcedo euryzona       PHS, DV
Black-backed kingfisher  Ceyx erithacus         DV
Stork-billed kingfisher  Pelargopsis capensis        KR, DV
Collared kingfisher  Halcyon chloris   widespread
Blue-throated bee-eater  Merops viridis DV
Red-bearded bee-eater  Nyctiornis amictus PHS, DV
Dollarbird  Eurystomus orientalis    KR, DV
Bushy-crested hornbill  Annorhinus galeritus       DV
White-crowned hornbill  Berenicornis comatus     DV
Wrinkled hornbill  Rhyticeros corrugatus         KR
Wreathed hornbill  Rhyticeros undulatus         KNP, PHS, K, DV
Asian black hornbill  Anthracoceros malayanus    KR, DV
Oriental pied hornbill  Anthracoceros albirostris      KR
Rhinoceros hornbill  Buceros rhinoceros        KR, DV
Helmeted hornbill  Rhinoplax vigil              DV
Gold-whiskered barbet  Megalaima chrysopogon    [PHS], K, [RFR]
[Red-crowned barbet]  Megalaima rafflesii  [DV]
Red-throated barbet  Megalaima mystacophanus      PHS, [KR]
Mountain barbet  Megalaima monticola        KNP, RFR
Yellow-crowned barbet  Megalaima henricii         [PHS], DV
Golden-naped barbet  Megalaima pulcherrima    KNP
Blue-eared barbet  Megalaima australis  PHS, [KR], DV
Bornean barbet  Megalaima eximia      RFR
Brown barbet  Calorhamphus fuliginosus         PHS, K, DV
Rufous piculet  Sasia abnormis    K, DV
Rufous woodpecker  Celeus brachyurus       DV
Banded woodpecker  Picus miniaceus          PHS
Crimson-winged woodpecker  Picus puniceus               DV
Checker-throated woodpecker  Picus mentalis    KNP
Buff-rumped woodpecker  Meiglyptes tristis       PHS, DV
Buff-necked woodpecker  Meiglyptes tukki         PHS, DV
Great slaty woodpecker  Mulleripicus pulverulentus    [KR], DV
[White-bellied woodpecker]  Dryocopus javensis    [DV]
Grey-and-buff woodpecker  Hemicircus concretus  PHS
Maroon woodpecker  Blythipicus rubiginosus      KNP, DV
Orange-backed woodpecker  Reinwardtipicus validus          PHS, DV
[Dusky broadbill]  Corydon sumatranus       [DV]
Black-and-red broadbill  Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos      KR, DV
Banded broadbill  Eurylaimus javanicus          DV
Black-and-yellow broadbill  Eurylaimus ochromalus   PHS, K, RFR, [KR], DV
Green broadbill  Calyptomena viridis [PHS], DV
Whitehead´s broadbill  Calyptomena whiteheadi     KNP
Giant pitta  Pitta caerulea         DV
Blue-headed pitta  Pitta baudii       DV
Black-and-crimson pitta  Pitta usherii          DV Nest found on 2/5 with two eggs.
[Hooded pitta]  Pitta sordida        [KR]
Barn swallow  Hirundo rustica    PHS
Pacific swallow  Hirundo tahitica   widespread
Grey wagtail  Motacilla cinerea        KNP, PHS
Bar-winged flycatcher-shrike  Hemipus picatus      PHS
Black-winged flycatcher-shrike  Hemipus hirundinaceus     KR
Large woodshrike  Tephrodornis gularis          DV
Sunda cuckooshrike  Coracina larvata          KNP
Lesser cuckooshrike  Coracina fimbriata          DV
Pied triller  Lalage nigra PM
Fiery minivet  Pericrocotus igneus   DV
Grey-chinned minivet  Pericrocotus solaris  KNP
Green iora  Aegithina viridissima    PHS, DV
Common iora  Aegithina tiphia        KR, DV
Lesser green leafbird  Chloropsis cyanopogon      DV
Greater green leafbird  Chloropsis sonnerati         PHS, K, DV
Blue-winged leafbird  Chloropsis cochinchinensis   K, RFR Birds of the flavocincta subspecies endemic to the mountains of N. Borneo.
Straw-headed bulbul  Pycnonotus zeylanicus       DV
Black-headed bulbul  Pycnonotus atriceps       PHS, DV
Scaly-breasted bulbul  Pycnonotus squamatus      DV
Grey-bellied bulbul  Pycnonotus cyaniventris       DV
Puff-backed bulbul  Pycnonotus eutilotus        PHS, DV
Flavescent bulbul  Pycnonotus flavescens         KNP
Yellow-vented bulbul  Pycnonotus goavier  PHS, DV, PM
Olive-winged bulbul  Pycnonotus plumosus          PHS, DV
Cream-vented bulbul  Pycnonotus simplex  DV
Red-eyed bulbul  Pycnonotus brunneus         PHS, KR, DV
Spectacled bulbul  Pycnonotus erythropthalmos   DV
Ochraceous bulbul  Criniger ochraceos         KNP
Grey-cheeked bulbul  Criniger bres    DV
Yellow-bellied bulbul  Criniger pheaocephalus    PHS, DV
Buff-vented bulbul  Iole olivacea              PHS, DV
Hairy-backed bulbul  Hypsipetes criniger        PHS, DV
Ashy bulbul  Hypsipetes flavala      PHS
Ashy drongo  Dicrurus leucophaeus                RFR, DV
Bronzed drongo  Dicrurus aeneus         PHS, DV
Hair-crested drongo  Dicrurus hottentottus            KNP, PHS
Greater racquet-tailed drongo  Dicrurus paradiseus     PHS, DV
Dark-throated oriole  Oriolus xanthornus        PHS, K, DV
Black-hooded oriole  Oriolus xanthornus         DV
Black-and-crimson oriole  Oriolus cruentus          KNP
Asian fairy bluebird  Irena puella             PHS, K, KR, DV
Crested jay  Platylophus galericulatus            PHS, RFR, DV
Short-tailed magpie  Cissa thalassina            KNP
Bornean treepie  Dendrocitta cinerascens          KNP, PHS
Black magpie  Platysmurus leucopterus         DV
Slender-billed crow  Corvus enca             KR, DV
Bornean bristlehead  Pityriasis gymnocephala               DV
Velvet-fronted nuthatch  Sitta frontalis  KNP, RFR, DV
Black-capped babbler  Pellorneum capistratum    PHS, DV
Temminck´s babbler  Trichastoma tickelli       KNP
White-chested babbler  Trichastoma rostratum              DV
Ferruginous babbler  Trichastoma bicolor        DV
Short-tailed babbler  Trichastoma malaccense        DV
Horsfield´s babbler  Trichastoma sepiarium          KR, DV
Moustached babbler  Malacopteron magnirostre  DV
Sooty-capped babbler  Malacopteron affine PHS, KR, DV
Scaly-crowned babbler  Malacopteron cinereum   PHS, DV
Rufous-crowned babbler  Malacopteron magnum         DV
Chestnut-backed scimitar-babbler  Pomatorhinus montanus     DV
Bornean wren-babbler  Ptilocichla leucogrammica        DV
Striped wren-babbler  Kenopia striata          DV
Black-throated wren-babbler  Napothera atrogularis   DV
Mountain wren-babbler  Napothera crassa  KNP
Grey-throated babbler  Stachyris nigriceps KNP
Grey-headed babbler  Stachyris poliocephala       PHS, DV
Chestnut-rumped babbler  Stachyris maculata              DV
Chestnut-winged babbler  Stachyris erythroptera   PHS, KR, DV
Striped tit-babbler  Macronous gularis          PHS, K, [KR], DV
Fluffy-backed tit-babbler  Macronous ptilinosus            PHS, DV
Sunda laughingthrush  Garrulax palliates       KNP, RFR
Bare-headed laughingthrush  Garrulax calvus    KNP, RFR
Chestnut-capped laughingthrush  Garrulax mitratus  KNP, RFR
White-browed shrike-babbler  Pteruthius flaviscapis  KNP, RFR
Brown fulvetta  Alcippe brunneicauda            PHS, DV
Chestnut-crested yuhina  Yuhina everetti        KNP, PHS, RFR Several nests with eggs at KNP.
White-bellied yuhina  Yuhina zantholeuca            PHS, RFR
White-browed shortwing  Brachypteryx montana    KNP
Magpie robin  Copsychus saularis   widespread
White-crowned shama  Copsychus stricklandi      PHS, KR, DV Nest with eggs at KR.
Rufous-tailed shama  Copsychus pyrropygus       DV
Chestnut-naped forktail  Enicrurus ruficapillus   DV
White-crowned forktail  Enicrurus leschenaulti    KNP, PHS, DV
Black-breasted fruithunter  Chlamydochaera jeffreyi   KNP Nest found at KNP.
Bornean whistling thrush  Myophonus        KNP
Orange-headed thrush  Zoothera citrina          KNP
Eye-browed thrush  Turdus obscurus             KNP, PHS
Island thrush  Turdus poliocephalus     KNP
[Golden-bellied gerygone]  Gerygone sulphurea            [PS]
Yellow-breasted warbler  Seicercus montis  KNP
Yellow-bellied warbler  Abroscopus superciliaris     PHS
Arctic warbler  Phylloscopus borealis             KNP, DV
Mountain leaf warbler  Phylloscopus trivirgatus     KNP
Dark-necked tailorbird  Orthotomus atrogularis      K, KR, DV
Ashy tailorbird  Orthotomus ruficeps    PHS, KR, DV
Rufous-tailed tailorbird  Orthotomus sericeus       PHS, DV
Mountain tailorbird  Orthotomus cuculatus  KNP, RFR
Yellow-bellied prinia  Prinia flaviventris         K, KR, DV
Bornean stubtail  Urosphena whiteheadi           KNP
Sunda bush warbler  Cettia vulcania            KNP
Friendly bush warbler  Bradypterus accentor        KNP
Grey-chested jungle flycatcher  Rhinomyias umbratilis        DV
Eye-browed jungle flycatcher  Rhinomyias gularis      KNP
Brown-streaked flycatcher  Muscicapa williamsoni      PHS
Ferruginous flycatcher  Muscicapa ferruginea       KNP
Mugimaki flycatcher  Ficedula mugimaki       KNP, PHS
Verditer flycatcher  Eumyias thalassina            PHS
Indigo flycatcher  Eumyias indigo        KNP Observed feeding fledged young.
Snowy-browed flycatcher  Ficedula hypererythra    KNP
Little pied flycatcher  Ficedula westermanni           KNP
Blue-and-white flycatcher  Cyanoptila cyanomelana    KNP
White-tailed blue flycatcher  Cyornis concretus       DV
Large-billed blue flycatcher  Cyornis caerulatus      DV
Bornean blue flycatcher  Cyornis superbus DV
Malaysian blue flycatcher  Cyornis turcosus        KR, DV Nest with two eggs found at KR.
Pygmy blue flycatcher  Muscicapella hodgsoni               KNP
Grey-headed flycatcher  Culicicapa ceylonensis       PHS, DV
White-throated fantail  Rhipidura albicollis          KNP, RFR
Spotted fantail  Rhipidura perlata             PHS, DV
Pied fantail  Rhipidura javanica                K, KR, DV, PM
Black-naped monarch  Hypothymis azurea           PHS, DV
Maroon-breasted philentoma  Philentoma velatum      DV
Rufous-winged philentoma  Philentoma pyrropterum DV
Asian paradise flycatcher  Terpsiphone paradisi      DV
Bornean whistler  Pachycephala hypoxantha         KNP
Mangrove whistler  Pachycephala grisola         PM
White-breasted woodswallow  Artamus leucorynchus common in open country
Asian glossy starling  Aplonis panayensis        ubiquitous
Crested myna  Acridotheres cristatellus              around KK
Hill myna  Gracula religiosa          KR, DV
Plain sunbird  Anthreptes simplex             PHS, DV
Plain-throated sunbird  Anthreptes malacensis                common in open country
Ruby-cheeked sunbird  Anthreptes singalensis              PHS, DV
Purple-naped sunbird  Hypogramma hypogrammicum          PHS, DV
Purple-throated sunbird  Nectarina sperata           KR
Olive-backed sunbird  Nectarinia jugularis          common in open country
Crimson sunbird  Aethopyga siparaja            PHS, K, DV
Temminck's sunbird  Aethopyga temminckii        KNP, RFR
Little spiderhunter  Arachnothera longirostra        PHS, DV
Thick-billed spiderhunter  Arachnothera crassirostris  PHS
Long-billed spiderhunter  Arachnothera robusta      PHS
Spectacled spiderhunter  Arachnothera flavigaster PHS, DV
Yellow-eared spiderhunter  Arachnothera chrysogenys         PHS, DV
Grey-breasted spiderhunter  Arachnothera affinis  PHS, DV
Bornean spiderhunter  Arachnothera everetti        RFR
Whitehead's spiderhunter  Arachnothera juliae       RFR
Scarlet-breasted flowerpecker  Prionochilus thoracicus        DV
Yellow-breasted flowerpecker  Prionochilus maculatus        DV
Yellow-rumped flowerpecker  Dicaeum xanthopygias          DV
Brown-backed flowerpecker  Dicaeum everetti   DV
Yellow-vented flowerpecker  Dicaeum chrysorrheum  DV
Orange-bellied flowerpecker  Dicaeum trigonostigma          PHS, DV
Black-sided flowerpecker  Dicaeum monticola               KNP
Black-capped white-eye  Zosterops atricapilla         KNP
Pygmy white-eye  Oculocincta squamifrons            DV
Mountain black-eye  Chlorocharis emiliae       KNP
Eurasian tree sparrow  Passer montanus       ubiquitous
Tawny-breasted parrotfinch  Erythura hyperythra KNP
Dusky munia  Lonchura fuscans  PHS, KR
Black-headed munia  Lonchura malacca           common


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