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A Report from

Philippines Report,

Geoff Dobbs

This report is based on three visits to the Philippines, 2009-2011.

19th July - 16th August 2009: Luzon (Mt Makiling), Palawan, Negros (Twin Lakes, Casa Roro and Talinas), Bohol, Cebu (Tabunan), Mindanao (Kitanglad and PICOP) with Andy Collins and Francesco Veronesi and finally Luzon again Mt Hamut.

16th - 19th August 2010    Subic only, with short trip to Bohol, after a Sulawesi trip.

28th July - 17th August 2011: with Chris Straw - Mindanao PICOP and Mt Pasian, Zamboanga, Palawan Chris only, Luzon Mt Makiling, Mt Polis and Subic, and Mindoro only vicinity of Puerto Galera.

When to go?  Weather

All my visits have been made during the British summer and the wet season in the Philippines, as it is when I can take my holidays. Most birders visit January-April, with Feb-March the driest months, but reading reports they still sometimes encounter heavy rain!

On my 2009 trip, Mindanao, Palawan and Bohol were dry, with no rain at all, but a big depression passed through Luzon and then dropped a lot of rain on me in Negros, and Hamut was wet about half the time. Mornings at Subic and Makiling were fine on every visit, but owling at night often proved impossible. In 2011 Mindanao at PICOP was dry most of the day, but rain sometimes started late afternoon, again preventing evening owling. Palawan was wet in 2011 and of course Manila, which seems to be particularly wet, although mornings and late afternoons at Makiling were fine. I had expected problems visiting Mt Polis in August, as there had been four weeks if rain in Manila in July, but the weather there was fine: the first day was very clear, the second had the usual fog up at the police post.


If you are staying 21 days or less, a visa is not required, but for longer stays you should apply at the Philippine Embassy in person. A 59 day visa costs about £44. To apply by post the application has to be signed by a notary, and in UK they charge £80-£120!   Visa extensions can be arranged in large cities like Manila or Cebu. I found out in 2009 that you can pay on exit just allow time for the embarrassment of being taken to one side, completing the paperwork and have the money ready in pesos!


Self-drive is not a realistic option in Philippines: how you travel depends on budget, time constraints and numbers in the group.  “Van” minibus and driver with internal flights are the usual, with maybe some jeepney a form of public bus although they are available for private hire too and motorbike with driver habel habel. Taxis in 2011 from Manila Airport to Ermita are 220 php or more on the meter, depending on time of day traffic delays will increase cost or 300 php fixed price. Insist on using the meter on other taxi journeys in the big cities: Manila, Cebu and Davao. Elsewhere in other cities I have visited, there were no taxis:  you can travel by motorised tricycle, pedicab or bus/jeepney. In Luzon, inter-city buses are fast and efficient. For instance, the Victory Liner bus between Manila EDSA and Olangapo for Subic takes just three hours and is cheap.  Manila bus stations are not in the centre however, so you will probably require a taxi to get to/from. Fixed route Jeepneys are OK for short/medium distances for those on a budget and can be hired by the hour or day: about 3500 php/day or maybe more, depending on the island. Hiring a motorbike and driver is a cheaper and more versatile option for shorter distances: I used these to get up mountains: e.g. part way up Mt Talinas on Negros, all the way up Mt Pasian on Mindanao, and part way to Oking’s house on Cebu, and a motorbike would be an option at Zamboanga. Self drive motorbikes are an option from Baloy Beach to Subic, and can be hired in Baloy Beach.


International from UK: in 2009 and 2011 I flew with Qatar Air from Heathrow. Return train fares from Hull are cheaper than going to Manchester, and Qatar generally came out as one of the cheaper carrier options. There is a change of plane in Doha usually taking about two hours. I got a free upgrade on the Manila Doha section in 2009 to a world of champagne and hand-made chocolates.

International Departure Tax from Manila Ninoy Aquino Airport is now 750 php

Domestic: flights within Philippines were mostly with Cebu Pacific.

This is a budget carrier similar to Air Asia or Ryannair.  Tickets can be bought online in UK with credit or debit cards, seats reserved, in-hold baggage paid up-front 15kg is 150 php, 20kg  is 250 php and seat reservation 100 php. Dates can be changed for no charge.  There are cheap promo fares, so it is best to wait until these come up: checking seats sold on planes suggested few flights are full so you can wait until a few weeks before if no promos are showing on the website. Promo sales come and go….just check regularly. Promo tickets cannot be refunded if cancelled. Cebu Pacific start a new flight to Tawi Tawi from Zamboanga on Oct 14th, 2011.

They also offer International Promo fares from time to time: e.g. Cebu to Hong Kong from 2450 php one way £35 so may be worth checking if you are including Philippines as part of a tour of Asia.

Philippine Airlines PAL also run planes on the same routes as Cebu pacific. These seemed to be more expensive, but sometimes run at more convenient times. PAL sometimes offers a good value “Fly Pinas” domestic airpass promotion for some of its routes, so the website may be worth checking. Currently 7070 php for unlimited travel valid for 7 weeks, plus fees, tax and some one-way surcharges.

Zest Air  run some routes also: e.g. Manila to Tablas and Mindoro San Jose. They are quite cheap, but the 10 kg luggage allowance means the surcharge to pay at the airport may be £10. They leave from the Domestic Terminal at Manila airport not the same terminal as Cebu Pacific or PAL, who go from Terminal 3. I would only use for particular flights such as Tablas, maybe also to Mindoro as leaves earlier. 

Comparison Manila-Zamboanga for 27 Oct 2011:
PAL 2995 php at 0450 or 1630
Cebu Pacific 1542 php incl 20kg + reserved seat at 0545, 1140 or 1430
Zest …no flight

Ferries and FastBoats

It can be cheaper, and sometimes convenient,  to take overnight ferries, such as Cebu to Cagayan de Oro, but for most short birding trips this would be time consuming. However, the Negros Dumaguete to Bohol Tagbilaran 650 php and Tagbilaran to Cebu 500php legs of a trip may best be done by the Oceanjet fastboat service. I did this in 2009 and it worked fine. May even be some promos. Online reservation:  or buy day before sailing. Don’t expect to do much birdwatching from these all enclosed boats!

Books and Resources

Robert S. Kennedy, Pedro C. Gonzales, Edward C. Dickinson, Hector C. Miranda, Jr. & Timothy H. Fisher. A Guide to the Birds of the Philippines. 528 pages. Oxford University Press 2000. 72 color plates.

Now out of date, as does not include recent splits, but the only book I take with me.

A Photographic Guide to Bird of the Philippines. Tim Fisher & Nigel Hicks. 214 species illustrated. New Holland 2000. Probably best left at home?

Birdwatching on the Philippines Vols 1 and 2, available free from the Department of Tourism, contains useful information on a number of sites. Best used in planning your visit. Both volumes are available to read online at the following web addresses.

It may also be useful to check the official website of the Wild Bird Club of the Philippines:   The e-mail addresses of some Philipino birders are on this website.

Trip Reports

See these websites to browse:

I used a number of reports including ones by Charles Davies, Jon Hornbuckle, Aiden Kelly and Paul Noakes. For useful maps/aerial photos of St Paul’s NP, Makiling, Kitanglad and Hamut see this 2007 report:

This report, by Marc Guijt, Leo Heemskerk and Jan van der Laan although old, has usful maps and covers Mt Pasian.

George Wagner’s Report covers in detail Pandan Island, Zamboanga, Subic, Calayan and Camiguin, the last two I have yet to visit.

Bird Calls

The main site is Xeno-canto asia

There are also downloadable calls for private use on Stijn De Win’s website


My first trip was organised by the late Tim Fisher, who accompanied me in Negros. The guides/drivers he arranged for me were really helpful. I don’t like using guides generally, preferring to find my own birds, but in the Philippines the guides show you the best sites: you usually then find the birds.  They also smooth over permissions to access land…sometimes you need permission from the village capitan who may insist someone else accompanies you. The guides’ contact details are listed after the sites. I would encourage you to use them. They need the money, and ecotourism may be the only way to save the birds.


The rates of exchange to buy Pesos in the UK are extremely poor. Don’t bother. You can change cash on arrival at better rates.

August 2011 in UK, 59 php=£1 was offered by the “no commission” Post Office Counters, 63 php = £1 at Thomas Cook and Travelex. The banks on arrival at Manila Airport varied a little, offering between 67 and 68 php to the £, and money changers in Manila between 68 and 69.5.

ATMs are in most cities, and I used BPI Bank of Philippine Islands machines wherever possible as they are more numerous, and more reliable. However a charge of 150 or 200php has been introduced by all Philippine banks per transaction.

The daily withdrawal limit seems to vary…..for my bank it was 4000 php.

I used my Visa Debit card and had a Visa Electron as a spare. A BDO bank ATM in Manila ate my Electron card on the last day …they are definitely less reliable. The exchange rate through ATMs was the bank rate of about 67.5 php=£1, with a £1.50 handling fee for each transaction charged by my bank. Remember to let your bank know in advance when and where you will be using your card. Also note that there is no ATM in Banaue and other more remote areas, but plenty in the bigger cities and Manila Airport.

Mobile Phone

Take an old phone unlocked and buy a Smart Sim card on arrival at Manila airport and use to call or text guides, drivers etc. 425 pesos will get a card plus 300 pesos of credit and it will be inserted and set up for you. Top-ups “load” available everywhere in units of 50 php.


I have had no problems in the Philippines, but you should exercise care, and it is helpful to have a guide in some areas to diffuse or avoid problems. Some backstreets in Manila are best avoided at night, as in most big cities in the world.  Palawan has no apparent problems. Some of the illegal loggers on road 42 at PICOP seemed suspicious, but responded to smiles and hellos, even though through gritted teeth.

There are many warnings about Mindanao. Some areas must be avoided due to the activities of groups wanting Muslim autonomy.  There are several terrorist groups active in the Philippines today responsible for 100 attacks since 2004, including the Moro National Liberation Front MNLF, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front  unfortunate acronym MILF ...2003 Davao airport bombing but currently a ceasefire, Jemaah Islamiyah and Abu Sayyaf most active in Zamboanga/Sulu areas, especially Basilan island and the New People's Army. The first three are Muslim terrorist groups based in Mindanao, and the communist NPA are mostly in the north.

Unfortunately in August 2011 Kitanglad seems to be off-limits due to the actions of Muslim terrorists from Carlito.

Zardo at PICOP knows where NPA people are. The NPA do not seem to present a threat to tourists, but Muslim groups have been responsible for kidnappings/bombs/shoot-outs with security forces in Mindanao and kidnapping tourists from Sipadan Island in Sabah, April 2000. The Sulu Archipelago is generally not safe, although there are now flights to Tawi Tawi, and the first brave birders will no doubt go there, and one should be careful when visiting the Zamboanga peninsula use the guides and only go to the watershed areas near the city and probably also parts of Davao province. The Muslim Autonomous Region of Mindanao is basically off-limits.


Falciparum malaria occurs on Palawan so you need to take anti-malarial prophylaxis for this. Tim’s guide Arding, who worked at Iwahig, died of Malaria.


Driver Edgardo Egay Goyenechea : 00639202519814

Tim’ s driver for Makiling specialising in the round trip Candaba Marsh/Banaue/Mt Polis/Subic. He knows all the sites, will book hotels at a discount through his employers, Ansett Holidays.

2011: Banaue, Mt. Polis & Subic 5days & 4 nights car rate = 53,213.00 less 35% discount = 34,588.00 + 4000.00 Jeepney in Mt. Polis custom and practice? = 38,588.00 php = 550.134 GBP total

Included 1. Driver 2. Toll fees  3. Gasoline  4. Driver's accommodation + food

Makiling: car rate for 2 days = 13,138.00 less 35% discount = 8,864.00 php = 126.341 GBP total Inclusions as above.

Egay also knows Zardo and Carlito on Mindanao, Aquilino Escobar at Hamut, and could probably arrange other parts of your tour.  Egay works for Ansett Holiday Tour Company who can arrange accommodation cheaper than Agoda or as they don’t pay the tax, and can change bookings more easily if your itinerary has to change due to weather/cancelled flights.

Telephone Numbers: 632-4006521 to 24
Fax Number 632-4006526
Email Address:
Contact Person: Mr. JOEY DEL ROSARIO Director of Operations

Mt Makiling   No guide needed, but Egay knows the areas to go. This site is within the University grounds and is a good introduction to Luzon forest birding. The buttonquail track opposite the Dairy building is the most reliable site for Spotted and Barred Buttonquails and Plain Bush-hen. The Bush-hens sometimes walk out on the first part of the track. The stream through the park is a reliable spot for Indigo-banded Kingfisher, with the bridge nearest the open field/park area the most favoured, and the tower area in the corner of the park is a good spot for Lowland White-eye. We stayed at Trees Lodge which was fine but does no food. A Jeepney up the track early morning might increase the chance of seeing Ashy Thrush and can be hired locally.

Candaba Marsh About one and a half hours from Manila on the way to Subic/Banaue, near Angeles.  A very good site for common waterbirds including Philippine Duck. As my visits have been in summer, Canadab was only seen as I drove by, though saw Oriental Pratincole, Pheasant-tailed Jacana, bitterns etc. In winter there are many more species including ducks, harriers, waders and a fair chance of the rare and difficult to find Streaked Reed-Warbler, otherwise only seen when trapped at Dalton Pass. Again, Egay knows the area.

Subic Bay This former US naval base about three hours  from Manila has some good forest and is the place to see Green Racquet-tail. It also holds White-fronted Tit, White-lored Oriole, Rufous Coucal and is good for owling.

Stijn De Win’s website  Birding2Asia has all the info and maps.

I would add to his report: Mountain Woods Resort is expensive but holds Chocolate Boobook in the grounds. The CrownPeak Tiara hotel, Subic Heights, has a roost of  40+ Blue-rumped Parrots in the street alongside, and Philippine Eagle Owl has been seen there we had Philippine Scops.

Mt Polis This montane site in Luzon has some species that may be missed or not available at Mt Hamut. Accommodation is about one hour away in Banaue. Luzon Scops is difficult although can be seen in the grounds of the Banaue Hotel, or at a spot on the way to Mt Polis that the Jeepney driver knows, or perhaps in the fog at the Radio Tower/Police Station!  Philippine Nightjar is found at the “bridge” over the col before the road climbs up to the Police Station area. Beyond the coffee and food stalls there is a trail to the left by the statue of the Virgin Mary erected to discourage anyone from blowing up the tower by the Police Station. This trail soon forks: we went right and down towards fields, and soon saw Philippine Bush-Warbler and Long-tailed Ground-warbler. A Flame-breasted Fruit-dove was glimpsed. Apparently they are attracted to and killed at the lights on the tower. The left trail was shrouded in fog but follows the ridge back round towards Banaue Unfortunately vegetable plots are replacing mossy forest as the population continues to expand. There is also a ridge trail on the other side of the road opposite the station, up towards radio masts. The friendly commander may assign someone to guide you: perhaps interesting to search for Whiskered Pittas in the dry season?  The main birding is by walking down the road away from Banaue, with your vehicle following, maybe getting below the cloud, then driving back up and walking down again. Species here include Chestnut-faced Babbler common, Green-backed Whistler, Flame-crowned Flowerpecker, White-cheeked Bullfinch.  When the vegetation becomes sterile grass and conifers, get in the vehicle and drive down to the village of Bay Yo: on the way we found Mountain Shrike in the first fields and Luzon Water Redstart at a small waterfall and pool on a sharp bend, so did not need to walk down to the bridge below the village, the traditional and most reliable site. However, the slope next to the Bay Yo bus shelter and the walk down is the best place to see Benguet Bush-Warbler. We tried walking back towards Banaue from the top, but the forest is much more degraded and largely this was a waste of time. We did spot Island Thrush and stopped to look at a flock of swiftlets that include Whitehead’s Swiftlet when driving down on the second day.

Hamut  This site is in north-east Luzon in the Sierra Madre Mountains, and the star attraction is Whiskered Pitta. You can fly in to Tuguegarao, or drive for half a day from Banaue to get there.  It involves a long hike which can be physically demanding, especially the first section, three hours or more through open fields to Camp One, as it is steep and hot, usually setting off mid-afternoon. The second day up to Camp Two is long but through forest and I found it less demanding, and birding was possible. Coming down if muddy can be hazardous.  The camping and food is pretty basic. Cream-bellied and Flame-breasted Fruit-doves, Luzon Bleeding-heart, Grand Rhabdornis, Blue-breasted and Ashy-breasted Flycatcher, Rufous Hornbill, Furtive Flycatcher, Rabor’s Wren-babbler are other attractions, and Philippine Eagle is quite possible, as is Luzon Scops-Owl. The bamboo near the village Palay can hold Green-faced Parrotfinch.

Guide: Aqilino Escobar: tel 00639093355644

Visits to Hamut are organised by Aquilino, who will meet you at Tuguegarao airport in his battered jeepney, buy the food needed, take you for lunch the to his house in Baliuag, arrange horses, porters, cook, tents etc. You can leave gear at his house and showere when you get back. You walk from his house. He is pretty good spotting birds, knows the sites, but has no tapes. Mostly you find your own birds, but he helps with some key species like Whiskered Pitta, Fruit Doves, pointing out the Long-billed Grand Rhabdornis tree etc. The food is pretty basic….corned beef, garlic, chilli and rice, corned beef and pasta, corned beef and…..rice?….if vegetarian, make sure you let him know or do a bit of shopping yourself!

N.B. Aqilino now has an alternative site to Hamut, called Sawa. This is mentioned in Jon Hornbuckle’s 2010 report. It has the same range of species.


Palawan is quite different from the other places that we visited in that there is far less environmental degradation than elsewhere and less people. All the birds can be seen at, or on route to, three sites: St Pauls NP near Sabang, Iwahig Penal Colony and Pandan Island. The most important site is St Paul’s Subterranean National Park near Sabang. Virtually all the endemics can be seen here apart from Palawan Flycatcher and Melodious Babbler, including the famous habituated Palawan Peacock-pheasant. On the way to Sabang, stops should be made at forest at Tagabenet where the road starts to drop steeply down, and a trail near Buena Vista into the mangroves if you need Copper-throated Sunbird. Then make further stops nearer to Sabang for Palawan Hornbill and nightbirds.  Iwahig Penal colony is the main site for these other two species, but is very birdy also, and Falcated Ground-Babbler can be found if missed at St. Paul’s. Although Rasa Island in the south, off Narra is the traditional site to see Philippine Cockatoo, this species is now seen at St Paul’s. Pandan Island off Puerto Princesa in Honda Bay is now the best location to find Mantanani Scops-owl, and it also has Grey Imperial-pigeon. Palawan is a very important area for wintering Chinese Egrets which can be seen on the reefs at Garceliano Beach not far from the airport.

There is one other endemic, Palawan Striped Babbler, which can only be seen by climbing peaks like Mt Victoria further south of the island: a major expedition involving a number of river crossings and not included in most tours.

Driver: Romy Sabroso  00659087535919

Romy was Tim’s driver and knows all the sites. He is good company. He is not a bird guide. In my opinion you do not need a guide for Palawan, although Romy knows a guide and can arrange one. Sadly Tim’s guide Arding died of Malaria. I didn’t use a guide and cleaned up. Chris used a guide Romy found and although the extra pair of eyes helped, he did not find much.

Mylene de Rico guides on Palawan for some groups/tour companies and may use Romy as her driver. She lives near Puerto Galera on Mindoro so may include cost of getting to Palawan in her fee. We used her on Mindoro, but she failed to arrange the Sablayan visit, asked for $1100 for two days, and really didn’t know the birds on her own island well at all. I have her number. You can find her on Facebook. I won’t recommend her although others appear to find her OK on Palawan.


This forested karst limestone areas of Rajah Sikhatuna Protected Landscape were recognized and declared a National Park under Proclamationin 1987 and it holds good well-protected forest.


Ryan Sugala  00639208276374   Guide. Ryan is a good lad and needs support and encouragement. He knows where birds roost, and nest sites, and is sharp-eyed.  His tape recorder was on the blink however:  1800php/day. Ryan can also drive, so it may be cheaper to use him as guide/driver if three or less?

Chito de Lage  00639208096990 Good driver  8000 php for 2.5 days, picking up at the ferry or airport, one hour to the Sikhatuna NP and commuting between the NP and the Chocolate Hills Hotel.


I visited Tabunan, about one hour along the central highway over the mountains from Cebu City. Oking lives there and tries to protect the forest for a small population of Cebu Flowerpecker and Black Shama. Streak-breasted Bulbul also occurs.

During migration, particularly July to November, a visit to The Olango Island Wildlife Sanctuary for waders including Asiatic Dowitcher, and Chinese Egrets would be worthwhile if time permits.

Guide: Oking Son

In 2009 I used DENR via Tim Fisher to arrange a DENR 4WD and driver to get me to the turn-off to Oking’s house, then the local habel habel or chartered motorbike, and Oking then guided me. DENR have an office at the airport and may be able to arrange transport. It would be possible to hire a jeepney or motorbike to get to his house yourself, or his daughter, Lushela, may be able to arrange more cheaply.

Driver in Cebu: Roy 00639176232601

Lucresio "OKING" Son

Lushela Son

DENR Regional Office: Greenplains Subd., Mandaue City, Cebu, Philippines
Tel No: 006332 346-9612, 346-0661, 346-2225  Email:


See Charles Davies Trip report:

I visited the Twin Lakes of Balinsasayao and Danao in Sibulan for Tarictic Hornbill, White-winged Cuckoo-shrike, White-vented Whistler, Visayan race of White-browed Shama; Casa Roro Waterfall above Valencia for Flame-templed Babbler, and Mount Talinas for Negros Striped-Babbler, with Rene Vendiola as my guide. The trek in the rain up to the ridge at Talinas was, I thought, tougher than Hamut! Canaway Forest is another option with Rene, with the possibility of Negros Bleeding-heart. Mt Kanlaon about one hour from Bacolod, holds some of the endemics, including Flame-templed Babbler. Charles Davies mentions a site near Bayan as a possibility for Negros Bleeding-heart, about 125 km west around the coast of Negros from Dumaguete, but he only heard birds there.

Guide for Dumaguete area: Rene Vendiola 0063 9193 962633

Rene is a very good birder, knowing the calls well. A farmer and former hunter he is also an expert on trees, and is the co-owner of Liptong Woodlands conservation project. He can organise transport and get you to the key sites.


I have not yet visited north-west Panay. To see Panay Striped-babbler you will probably need to climb Mount Maja-as. Walden’s Hornbill is also found there. Charles Davies mentions sites near Pandan for both Walden’s Hornbill and Negros Bleeding-heart. Will be visited on my next trip. Birdtour Asia visit this area.


Mt Kitanglad. This famous site contains almost all the Mindanao montane endemics. It is also the site to see the iconic Philippine Eagle which breeds every other year, the nest often located in an area not far from the Del Monte lodge. Birds seen here include Budiknon Woodcock, Giant Scops-owl, Philippine Frogmouth, Mindanao Racquet-tail, Blue-capped Kingfisher, Cinnamon Ibon, Goodfellow’s Jungle-flycatcher, Bagobo Babbler if you’re extremely lucky, Mountain Shrike, Grey-throated Sunbird, Red-eared Parrotfinch, White-cheeked Bullfinch, Apo Mynah.  Climbing higher, you can see Apo Sunbird and have a chance of Mindanao Lorikeet.

Driver in Cagayan: Along   0063927 3804072
Carlito Gayramara    00639107453779  or 00639309241289
Emilia Gayramara    00639058888713

Mount Kitanglad is situated about 8-9 kms west from the village of Dalwangan. This village is next to the main Cagayan de Oro - Malaybalay - Davao road, about 2.5-3 hrs by bus or taxi (around 2000 pesos from Cagayan, which takes about 2 hours).

In the village of Dalwangan, the best option is to rent a guy with motorbike to take you as close as half an hour walking from the lodge. A motorbike costs 200 pesos (one way).  

You need to call DENR for permit, and to contact Carlito and Emelia (owners of the Del Monte lodge), for availability of accomodation.

Call DENR (+639053857298). They speak English, and they will give you the  permit accessing the mountain. Carlito can do this if necessary. You then don´t have to go to the office in Malaybalay to arrange the permit (which will cost some hours birding time).

Just call, SMS your name + nationality and pay the permit to Carlito (525 pesos/person). At the same time, call Carlito and Amelia to arrange the motorbikes down in Dalwangan. Also arrange with Carlito for him to buy food.

Carlito or family members will organise horses to carry rucksacks and food for the one hour or so hot uphill slog to the Del Monte Lodge. His family stay in the hut alongside the usually empty “Lodge” or glorified wooden shack upstairs, mattresses and sheets are placed on the floor, downstairs there is a toilet and shower and al fresco dining…perfectly adequate and his wife cooks surprisingly tasty food. Carlito is enthusiastic and knows where the birds are, his family bring out packed lunches to wherever you are on the mountain and may check known eagle perches to help you see the bird, climbing trees if necessary to scout.

PICOP. You have to use the services of Zardo here see below. This site typifies the Philippines. The forest is being chopped down and burned around you and birds are steadily getting more difficult to see. It is a vast tract of land previously managed by the Paper Company of the Philippines. They used to control and prevent access but a few years ago the area was invaded by squatters and now it is a free for all. In 2011 illegal loggers had started on the trail at Road 42 and the future is, if possible, even more bleak than all the previous trip reports have stated….but amazingly most of the birds are all still there, even on the degraded Quarry Trail.  Birding involves a long jeepney drive from the only accommodation, The Paper Country Inn in Bislig. Owling is good near the quarry. It can be exhausting getting up at 3 a.m. to get to the forest before dawn for owls and Philippine Frogmouth, then staying out late, and midday siestas may be both necessary and unavoidable!

Mount Pasian

About two hours from Bislig, on the road back to Davao, is the turn to the radio masts on Mount Pasian. From here it is 47 km on motorbikes. Key species are Lina’s Sunbird and Cryptic Flycatcher and a White-browed Shortwing this form/species is undescribed?. We found the sunbird to be common as soon as we got to mossy forest, and the Shortwing was present here too. The flycatcher was found in bamboo about 3 km before the top, which you don’t really need to go all the way up to, although there is a forested but windy ridge trail.

Trip Report

Guide: Zardo Goring 00639109352436

I don’t think it would be sensible to visit PICOP without him. Zardo is probably the best guide in the Philippines, as he has the MP3/calls, has a pointer and knows the birds and the sites very well, what is left of them! He can organise transport to Kitanglad and may be able to arrange that part of your trip for you.  Prices in 2011:

1.  Hired Van Davao-PICOP and vice versa–P5,000 per journey
2. Jeepney PICOP forested area P3,500/day
3. Zardo’s Guiding Fee - P2,000/day
4. Hotel Paper Country Inn P900/rm
5. Motorbike up Mt Pasian P1500php/bike plus one for Zardo

Sitio Siete

Near Lake Sebu, south of Davao.  About half an hour’s motorbike ride from the hotel at lake Sebu, the forest around the village of Sitio Siete seems to be the best place to see Miniature Tit-babbler, and Cryptic Flycatcher is regularly seen.


The sites are described in George Wagner’s Report. I visited two areas: Baluno Research Station and the Water Catchment at Canucutan.  In retrospect, I would spend longer at Canucutan to look for Miniature Tit-babbler and Philippine Dwarf-Kingfisher, as we found White-eared Tailorbird and Zamboanga Bulbul at both sites.

Superintendent of Forests Mike de la Cruz 00639208979430 Mike will organise hotel, transport, accommodation and someone to accompany you. This was Joel Baeza, his Assistant who organised the ground arrangements and accompanied us in the field.

Joel Baeza 00639399146792

I found Mike answered e-mails, Joel answered the phone.

Entrance fee is 100 pesos per head per day; guide fee is 500.00 pesos per day while vehicle is either 4-wheeled aircon vehicle @ 4000.00 php/day or non-aircon jeep for 3500 php/day. We used the jeep…the breeze was refreshing.


A visit to Siburan Penal Colony Sablayan near the town of Sablayan should get you four or five Mindoro endemics:  the Hawk-owl, Hornbill, Black-hooded Coucal and Scarlet-collared Flowerpecker.  Mindoro Bleeding Heart is very difficult though. The montane Mindoro Imperial Pigeon and Mindoro Scops-owl are not supposed to occur although pictures of the former are on the information board, and a trek up Mont Halcon and overnight camp will be needed, certainly for the Scops-Owl.

Fly Manila-San Jose, and hire a van or jeepney, possibly via the Sikhatuna Beach Hotel, about 2 to three hours to the colony. Accommodation is available but you will Driver:  try texting driver for San Jose Boy Bernales 00639204692927 or e-mail Alma at Sikhatuna Beach resort and ask her to organise? see below under accommodation.

In Birdwatching Philippines the following e-mail address is given for Sablayan: I never received any replies.


This varies according to the standard you want and where you are. In most smaller towns there are probably adequate hotels for £10-£15/night, but accommodation in larger cities is relatively expensive compared to the cost of living. 



Hotels in Makati are very expensive, up to £200/night. Most birders stay in Ermita/Malate as there are some interesting bars etc. Expect to pay about £30 -£40 for a double: e.g.

Best Western La Corona was the favourite as ranked 2/72 by Tripadvisor, but after refurbishment, standard doubles are now 3300 php/night £47 incl tax and breakfast £42 with Agoda

Lotus Garden Suites 1227 A. Mabini corner Padre Faura Sts, Ermita Manila, Philippines Telephone: 632 522-1515 , £31+  incl breakfast

City Garden Suites 158 A. Mabini St., Ermita Manila, Philippines, Telephone: 632 536-1451 to 59 £33+ incl breakfast

Manila Airport Hotel   from £35/night with Agoda, is convenient and adequate if you have a fast turnaround of flights. £44 walk-in.

Subic: see Birding2Asia.  Baloy Beach is the furthest away but near Barrio Barretto nightlife and rooms are £15-25 depending on season : much cheaper in rainy season.

Blue Rock Resort and Dive Centre

Has restaurant overlooking sea and motorbike hire nearby

Harley’s Pub   Room 1100 Rainy Season special +63-47-224-6922 +63-920-945 2525

Mountainwoods Resort is out of town but has Chocolate Boobook and is used by tour groups like Birdtour Asia.  Room is 3200php/night about £48 - 047 252-1985; +63906-270-3658; 047 252-7455

Tiara Hotel part of Crownpeak Gardens complex Hotels in the base cannot be reached without own transport, but have owling: chance of Philippine Eagle Owl and Parrot roost on the street    About 1350 php or £20 room for two with full breakfast

Banaue: Banaue Hotel and Youth Hostel State-run. Tel. 632 8121984/8103655/8103703 6374. Price for a standard big room is 2300 php £33 including a packed breakfast collected at 4 a.m. but 2100 php if booked through Egay/Ansett Holidays. There are cheaper places to stay such as Greenview Lodge, but the pool and gardens at the Banaue Hotel were nice! Also you can try for Luzon Scops-owl in the big conifers.

Mount Makiling:  Trees Hostel 700 php for a double room with aircon: excellent value but no food email at the T.R.E.E.S hostels Tel: 49-536-2639

A more luxurious alternative would be to stay somewhere like the City of Springs Resort in Los Banos, and commute.


Bislig: Paper Country Inn: Telephone: +63 086 853-3079  900 php/night easily booked for you by Zardo

Davao: Big Apple Hotel, comfortable and new, close to airport £25/double with Agoda Mamay Road, Brgy. Angliongto, Lanang, Davao, Philippines 8000  083 234-1339/234-1399


Lantaka by the seafront is rated the nicest, Garden Orchid the most expensive, at about £40 a room: we stayed at the nearby

Marcian Garden was adequate at about £25 and nice and handy for the airport. Tel: 63629917808   Mike de la Cruz booked it for us.

CEBU there are expensive hotels downtown such as the Marriott, and on Mactan Island where the airport is located e.g. Hilton Beach Resort, but reasonable hotels can be found in all areas from £20 e.g. Diplomat or Mango Park near the centre of the nightlife. 


Dumaguete:  La Residencia Al Mar Tim Fisher’s choice…has old colonial charm, though a little pricey 1900-2400 php/night. Rizal Ave. Dumaguete City Tel #: 035 225-7100,
7101/422-8449. There are cheaper places…Niconor Hotel or Hotel Palwa  are adequate , or maybe the cheap and cheerful Honeycomb Tourist Inn, all on Rizal Boulevard, near the ex-pat eateries and bars.

Bacolod: Easy to stay in town as Mount Canloan only one hour away

Mambukal Mountain Resort, Brgy. Minoyan, Murcia. Negros Tel.: +6334 710 0800
Fax: +6334 710 0801 would be pleasant for a longer stay as on the mountain.


San Jose:  Sikhatuna Beach Resort Airport Road San Jose Mindoro Occidental Phone: +63434911656.  e-mail Alma

Convenient stopover before flying back to Manila next morning.


Siburan: basic accommodation can be arranged in the penal colony: bring food, probably a mosquito-net or repellents.    


Chocolate Hills Hotel   1200 php/night

It is possible to stay in primitive accommodation in Magsaysay Park in Sikhatuna NP but you would need cooking facilities and food and it may be hard to arrange. Check with Ryan. There are cheaper hotels towards Carmen if the Chocolate Hills Hotel is full. The Butterfly Garden in nearby Bilar is an excellent lunch spot. Big tours maybe commute from Tagbilaran about 1 to ½ hours away.

Summary Itinerary 2009:

19th July: arrive Manila 3 p.m. transfer to Mt. Makiling Trees Hostel
20th July: Mt Makiling
21st July: Mt Makiling
22nd July: Makiling-Manila – Puerto Princesa – Sabang, Palawan
23rd July: St Paul’s National Park all day.
24th July: St Paul’s and Sabang area all day– Puerto Princesa
25th July: a.m. Iwahig Penal Colony - Narra – Raza island in evening
26th July: Narra via Zigzag road to Puerto Princesa –Manila –Dumuaguete, Negros
27th July:  Lake Balinsasayo, acomm. Dumuaguete Negros
28th July: Mt Talinas, accomm. Dumuaguete, Negros
29th July: a.m. Casa Roro: p.m.Oceanjet to Tagbilaran, Bohol, transfer to hotel near to Rajah Sikhatuna NP.
30th July: Rajah Sikhatuna all day. .
31st July: a.m.Rajah Sikhatuna NP, p.m. Oceanjet ferry to Cebu.
1st  August: Tabunan, Cebu.
2nd August: Cebu Pacific - Cagayan de Oro – Dalwangan - Mt Kitanglad. 3rd August:  Mt Kitanglad all day:
4th August: Mt Kitanglad all day
5th August: early a.m. van via Butuan  - Bislig.
6th August: PICOP all day:
7th August: PICOP all day:
8th August: PICOP all day:
9th August: PICOP all day:
10th August: Bislig – Davao – Manila
11th August: Manila – Tuguegarao – Hamut Camp 1
12th August: Hamut Camp1 to Camp 2
13th August: Hamut Camp 2 area all day
14th August: Hamut Camp 2 to Camp 1  
15th August: Hamut Camp1 – Tuguegarao – Manila
16th August: Manila - London

Detailed Itineraries/Log


19th July: Mt. Makiling: arrived in Manila at 3 p.m. and met by Tim Fisher who drove me to TREES hostel above the university town of Los Banos, on Mount Makiling. Late afternoon birding outside the hostel included Colassisi, Luzon Tarictic Hornbill, Black-and-White Triller and four calling Philippine Hawk-owls.

20th July: Mt Makiling: walked up to the food stalls at dawn and wondered where all the birds were…birds very skulking. They gradually appeared, with Guiabero, Philippine Falconet, Island Swiftlet, Philippine Trogon, Philippine Pygmy Woodpecker, Red-bellied Pitta, Stripe-headed Rhabdornis, Yellow-wattled and Philippine Bulbul, White-browed Shama, Lemon-throated Warbler, Grey-Backed Tailorbird on Mud Springs trail on right 200m after the foodstalls, Flaming Sunbird, Striped and Bicolored Fowerpeckers all seen. Rain midday but went nevertheless to Botanical Gardens and all the bridges across the river between 2 and 4 p.m. for Indigo-banded Kingfisher but not found, then the Tower area for Lowland White-eye where six seen almost immediately in trees going up the hill, and finally the Bush Hen track opposite the Dairy unit from 4.30 to 5.30 before more rain. Barred and Spotted Buttonquail, Barred and Slaty-breasted Rails and Philippine Coucal, but no Bush Hens.

21st July: Mt Makiling: Walked up the track before dawn in vain attempt to see Ashy Thrush and Spotted Wood-Kingfisher calling…I now know they come straight in to tape!  Mid-day I went to the Botanical Gardens and quickly found Indigo-banded Kingfisher on the river. And did a final walk up the track at dusk.  Added Philippine Serpent-eagle, White-eared Brown Dove, Yellow-breasted Fruit-Dove, Black-chinned Fruit-Dove, Luzon Bleeding-Heart one on Mud Springs Trail, Scale-feathered and Red-crested Malkohas, Pygmy Swiftlet, Yellow-bellied Whistler, Coleto and Buzzing Flowerpecker.

22nd July: Palawan: Tim arrived very early and took me straight to the airport for the flight to Palawan. This was touch and go in heavy traffic, with a big queue just to get into the airport: allow time for this! Once inside, was very efficient. Romy met me at Puerto Princesa airport and we went to Garceliano Beach, the traditional site for wintering Chinese Egret.  After lunch so important to Filipinos we set off for Sabang, stopping at the top of the ridge at Tagabenet, which was surprisingly birdy. Sulphur-bellied Bulbul, White-vented Shama, Blue Paradise-flycatcher, Palawan Flowerpecker were soon found. We then stopped at some mangroves at Buena Vista, that is a stake out for Copper-throated Sunbird…not a species I needed, but there were Mangrove Whistlers there and Pygmy Flowerpeckers on route. We then made other roadside stops at sites Romy knew, for Palawan Hornbill: two flew across late afternoon after a long wait, Palawan Frogmouth, and Palawan Scops Owl heard only at the caves. On arrival at Sabang, the planned accommodation was flooded, so I stopped in a nice thatched hut on stilts next to the beach: simple but clean.

23rd July: St Paul’s National Park all day. Romy had organised a boat that left as early as possible: but frustratingly not as early as I would have liked in order to arrive at dawn, but at least before all the other tourists.  We landed at the ranger station for the habituated Palawan Peacock-Pheasant. It wasn’t showing and a tense one and a half hours passed, with a few Tabon Scrubfowls causing the occasional panic, the sun coming up and the monkeys emerging to dominate the swept little back yard the Pheasant favours. Eventually one of the lads took pity on me and walked into the forest with some rice and, with a combination of cooing noises and a trail of rice, poking away the monkeys, he led the bird out to me. Still a fantastic bird, despite this performance!

I then walked a circular route, along the beach, up the mangrove trail and round the hills back to the ranger station, then reversed this and crossed the river by canoe to walk back at dusk to Sabang. I managed to see another Palawan Peacock-Pheasant on the mangrove trail, and new birds for me were Blue-headed Raquet-tail, Palawan Swiftlet and Yellow-throated Leafbird, with a good range of species I have previously seen in Sabah, including Hooded Pitta. In the evening we went owling above the town along the main road, with five Palawan Frogmouths seen or heard, one Palawan Scops Owl seen and Spotted Wood Owl heard.

24th July: Sabang: in the morning Romy recommended I walk up the trails on the other side of town, up towards the Lion Cave then above the Last Frontier Resort, as Palawan Tit is often seen in this more open countryside. One was duly found, with more Hooded Pittas, and Blue-naped Parrot.

I then walked back to St Paul’s, crossed the river and walked right along the Mangrove Trail, Just where it starts to rise on Tim’s advice over the phone I played the tape for Falcated Wren-babbler and one came in extremely close and gave excellent views. Palawan Blue-flycatcher was also seen.  In the evening we drove to Puerto Princesa and booked into a hotel.

25th July: Iwahig Penal Colony: an early start saw us driving through muddy rice paddies and parking up to do the walk through the colony. An Island Collared Dove was seem on the way. Melodious Babbler was heard and quickly taped out near the start of the walk. Palawan Flycatcher was found on the way back where the vegetation and bamboo forms an arch or tunnel this is before the first river crossing. There was a good range of species here. After some birding on the way out we drove to La Vista Beach Resort in Narra, near Raza Island.  A boat was arranged for late afternoon, and at dusk, 45 Philippine Cockatoos came in to roost. Unfortunately, walking the island for Mantanani Scops Owl was no longer possible. It is now no longer necessary to go to Raza….the Cockatoo is staked out near Sabang, and Pandan island off Puerto Princesa is easily accessible for Mantanani Scops Owl and Grey Imperial-Pigeon.

26th July:  Narra: early departure via ZigZag Road to the airport. 10.20 PAL flight to Manila, then 2.45 PAL flight to Dumuaguete.

27th July:  Lake Balinsasayo:  4.30 a.m. start and pick up in car to Lake Balinsasayo.  Rain set in shortly after dawn and continued to 11.30 a.m.

28th July: Mt Talinas: 4.30 a.m. pick up on motorbike with Rene to foot of Mt Talinas to look for Negros Striped-Babbler.  We stopped to register with the police, and were also met by the local captain, who accompanied us with one of the drivers up the mountain. Although the motorbikes got us quite high, the climb over numerous grassy ridges was both steep, and in constant rain.   Amazingly when we reached the strip of forest along the ridge on the summit, the rain stopped briefly, and we immediately found the birds in the mist. The rain then started again, and shivering with cold, we negotiated the slippery trail down. I fell over a couple of times, once getting stuck upside down, exhausted, in a bush and having to be extracted by the others much to their amusement.

29th July: Casa Roro: 5 a.m. start via Valencia breakfast stop to Casa Roro to look for Flame-templed Babbler.  Returned to hotel to check out, then driven to the nearby pier to catch the 2.20 p.m. Oceanjet to Tagbilaran, Bohol.  Met by Cito De Lage, van driver, and straight to hotel near to Rajah Sikhatuna NP.

30th July: Rajah Sikhatuna: 4 a.m. pick-up to Rajah Sikhatuna where met by Ryan Sugalo.

31st July: checked out of hotel and 4 a.m. pick-up again, and back to Rajah Sikhatuna NP.  Left late morning and took lunch on a touristy but cheap Loboc River buffet/cruise, where I managed to see a Silvery Kingfisher. We then made a short visit in the afternoon rain to a Tarsier Sanctuary before making the 5.50 p.m. Oceanjet ferry to Cebu. On arrival, took a taxi to hotel……..

1st August: Pick up at 4.30 a.m. by DENR driver Roy in a plush 4WD, driving along the central highway to a small track turn-off on the right, then by habel habel to Oking’s house in Tabunan. Crossing muddy fields we soon managed to find Black Shama in a thicket, and proceeded to some scrubby woodland amongst 10 metre + limestomes pinnacles. Climbing one of these we perched precariously on the top, under a large bees nest “keep still” Oking advised and waited for a Cebu Flowerpecker to appear. After three hours, a number of false alarm Red-keeleds and a light shower, Oking picked up the call and a male dropped in briefly.  We returned to Oking’s house coffee while waiting for the habel habel, and I gave him some extra money on top of that recommended by Tim. Roy was still there waiting, and we returned to Cebu City and the hotel.

2nd August: 3.30 a.m. start for 5.30 Cebu Pacific flight to Cagayan de Oro, where met by driver Along and his mate, and shortly after, Andy Collins, and after stopping for breakfast and ice, we soon arrived at Dalwangan in Budiknon, proceeding onto Damitan without paying the expected respects etc. Carlito and his family soon had horses sorted for the food and rucksacks, and on a hot afternoon we climbed up to the Del Monte Lodge at 1350 metres. It only took 1 and half hours and was not too steep, but we still were glad the horses took the weight. The lodge was surprisingly better than I expected. Rain was due, and indeed came, so we concentrated on the area close to the Lodge. A great evening meal was served.

3rd August:  Mt Kitanglad all day:

4th August: Mt Kitanglad all day:  climbed up to 1800 metres for Apo Sunbird and Apo Mynah

Tim Fisher arrived with Francesco Veronesi, who was to catch up with us later at PICOP.

5th August: Departed about 6.30 a.m. after breakfast, Andy and I walked down to Damitan. The van then took us on the long drive to Bislig, stopping in Butuan for lunch, a journey of about 10 hours. Checked into the Paper Country Inn and met Zardo.

6th August: PICOP all day:

7th August: PICOP all day:

8th August: PICOP all day:

9th August: PICOP all day:

10th August: Bislig a.m: decided not to bother with a half day in PICOP as would have disrupted Francesco’s day. Francesco gripped me by seeing the Mindanao Wattled Broadbill at around 1 p.m. …I would still have missed it! Loitered around town, before leaving at 12 for Davao. Just one puncture on route, but it was touch and go in heavy traffic to make the 6.55 p.m. PAL flight to Manila, arriving at 8.45 p.m. and checking into the nearby Airport Hotel.

11th August: Hamut: a relatively late start at 0830, to catch the 1100 PAL express to Tuguegarao, arriving 12 noon. I was met by Aquilino, accompanied by his wife and two of his daughters, in his dilapidated jeepney. We had lunch in the restaurant where another daughter worked, buying extra food on the way to his house in Baliuag about an hour away.  After sorting out the kit I was leaving in his house, and waiting for later afternoon, when the temperature hopefully dropped a little, we set off about 3 p.m. in still scorching heat under blue skies for the climb through open grassland up to Camp 1. It soon got very steep, hot and sweaty, and those hours in the gym finally paid off, but I still had to make a few stops to get my breath and suck oranges that Aquilino thoughtfully provided.  It took about 3 hours to get to Camp 1 by dusk by a stream just below the forest line, with porters and horses arriving in advance to put up camp and cook dinner.

12th August: Hamut: after breakfast I set off for Camp 2, with the porters and Aquilino following later after breaking camp. The horses remained behind because of leeches higher up the mountain. The pace was steady by fairly leisurely, with time for birding on the way, as forest started almost immediately, and although it took me all day I found it OK, and was out birding around the camp.

13th August: Hamut:  Camp 2 area all day. Increasingly wet and muddy. The intention was to climb up the ridge above the col, but the weather was too bad for this.

14th August: Hamut: morning birding around Hamut Camp 2, still looking for Whiskered Pitta, then after lunch we walked down to a different Camp 1, set in forest by a stream. This Camp would be worth staying in for longer.

15th August: Hamut: we had to leave Camp about 7 a.m. to walk back down to Baliuag in clear weather again, discussing religion - Aquilino is a Jehovah’s Witness -and took a welcome shower in his house and a change of clothing. We stopped for lunch again in Tuguegarao, and made the 2 pm. Cebu Pacific flight to Manila, then transferred to international flight home.

Summary Itinerary 2011:

26th July: dept Heathrow 1505
27th July: arrive Manila 1610, stay Manila
28th July: dept Manila 0755 to Davao, van to Bislig, evening airfield ,
29th July: PICOP
30th July: PICOP
31st July: Mt Pasian
1st  August: a.m. PICOP, then van to Davao
2nd August: 0800 Cebu Pacific to Zamboanga then on to Baluno Station
4th August: Baluno Station a.m., Intake p.m., staying Zamboanga
5th August: Zamboanga – Manila-Puerto Princesa - Sabang
6th August: Sabang/St Paul’s
7th August: Sabang –Pandan Island
8th August: Iwahig
9th August: Puerto Princesa – Manila, transfer to Los Banos - TREES
10th August: Mt Makiling a.m., van to Batangas p.m.
11th August: boat to Puerto Galera, local birding
12th August: above Puerto Galera, boat to Batangas, bus to Manila
13th August: Manila to Banaue
14th August: Mt Polis 
15th August: Mt Polis a.m., p.m. to Subic (Barreto)
16th August: Subic
17th August: Subic to Manila for 1820 flight to London

Checklist based on Clements 6.6 and Avibase

Wandering Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna arcuata arcuata
06/08/09, three, Bislig airport, 28-29/07/11, six, Bislig airfield

Philippine Duck Anas luzonica   Endemic. Vulnerable
06/08/09, one, Bislig airfield, 28-29/07/11, three, Bislig airfield, 13/08/11, four Candaba marshes, 17/08/11 c.20, Subic

Tabon Scrubfowl Megapodius cumingii cumingii
23/07/09, six by the ranger station, St Paul’s NP

Blue-breasted Quail Coturnix chinensis lineate
06/08/09, three running across runway, Bislig airfield, 12/08/09, one by Camp One, Mt Hamut, 28/07/11, seven on runway at Bislig airfield, 09/08/11, two by daiy husbandry, Los Banos

Palawan Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron napoleonis  Endemic. Vulnerable
23/07/09, the habituated male plus a second bird along the Mangrove Trail, St Paul’s NP

Great Frigatebird Fregata minor palmerstoni
03/08/11, three flew over Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
16/08/10, one, Baloy Beach, 28-29/07/11, three, Bislig airfield, 16/08/11 one near Bambang and two near Clark, Luzon

Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
04/08/09, one near Davao, 06/08/09, four, Bislig airfield, 28/07/11, two, Bislig airfield, 11/08/11, one Batangas

Black Bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis flavicollis
06/08/09, one, Bislig airfield, 28/07/11, two, Bislig airfield

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea jouyi
25/07/09, one near Iwahig, Palawan, 06/08/09, one, Bislig airfield

Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana sumatrana

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea manilensis
06/08/09, four, Bislig airfield, 28-29/07/11, six, Bislig airfield, 2010/11, 2-3 seen in the Clark/Candaba areas.

Great Egret Ardea alba modesta
25/07/09, six near Iwahig, Palawan, 26/07/09, one at White Sand Beach, Puerto Princesa, 28/07/09, a few near Dumuaguete, Negros, 2010/11, c. 5 seen in the Clark/Candaba areas,

Eastern Reef-Egret  Egretta sacra
23/07/09, six at Sabang, Palawan

Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia intermedia
22/07/09, one near Garceliano Beach, 25/07/09, four, Iwahig, Palawan, 16/08/11, c. 50 in the Clark area

Little Egret Egretta garzetta nigripes
24/07/09, 10 near Puerto Princesa, 25/07/09, 10+ in fields near Iwahig, Palawan, 16/08/11, c. 20 in the Clark area

Pacific Reef-Heron Egrettasacra sacra
26/07/09, two at White Sand Beach near Puerto Princesa,

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis coromandus
[Sometimes split as Eastern Cattle Egret B. coromandus]

22/07/09 and 26/07/09, 50, near Garceliano Beach, 24/07/09, c.20 near Puerto Princesa, 25/07/09, ten near Iwahig, Palawan, 06/08/09, three, Bislig airfield, 02/08/11, four near Baluno Station, Zamboanga, 16/08/11, 40+ in the Clark-Subic area

Javan Pond-Heron Ardeola speciosa
06/08/09, five +, Bislig airfield

Striated Heron Butorides striata carcinophila
25/07/09, two Rasa Island, Palawan, 13/08/11, 7 on river rocks on river at Lagawe, before Banaue

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax
19/07/09: eight Los Banos. 20/07/09: one on river at Los Banos, 23/07/09, two at St Paul’s NP, 16/08/11, six near Clark

Rufous Night-Heron  Nycticorax caledonicus manillensis
23/07/09, one at St Paul’s NP,

Osprey Pandion haliaetus
18/08/11, one Baloy Beach, not identified to form
[Both Eurasian haliaetus and Australasian cristatus or leucocephalus Ospreys should occur, the latter split by some authorities as Eastern Osprey.]

Barred Honey-buzzard Pernis celebensis  steerei Endemic ssp.
[Now split as Steere’s  Honey-buzzard P. steerei by many]
09/08/09, one Quarry Trail, PICOP, 12/08/11, two above Puerto Galera, Mindoro

Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus endemic ssp
palawanensis Palawan
philippensis 03/08/09, one, Kitanglad,  12/08/11, two, above Puerto Galera,      Mindoro

Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus intermedius
02/08/09, 3, Kitanglad, 31/07/11, one, Mt Pasian, Mindanao, 02-03/08/11, four, Baluno Station, Zamboanga, 16/08/11, three, Subic

White-bellied Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
23/07/09, one at St Paul’s NP, 25/07/09, one Rasa Island

Crested Serpent-Eagle Spilornis cheela palawanensis Endemic ssp.

Philippine Serpent-Eagle Spilornis holospilus Endemic
20/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 01/08/09, one, Tabunan, Cebu, 07/08/09, one, PICOP, 16/08/10, one, Subic, 29/07/11, one, PICOP, 14/08/11, two below Mt Polis, 17/08/11, one, Subic

Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus 2 endemic ssp.
 palawanus 25/07/09, one, Iwahig, Palawan
 extimus 05-08/08/09, two, PICOP , 30/07/11, one, PICOP,

Besra Accipiter virgatus Endemic ssp.
quagga 29/07/11, one, PICOP, Mindanao

Great Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi Endemic. Critically endangered
03/08/09, ad and juv, Mt Kitanglad, and 04/08/09, one adult seen

Philippine Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus philippensis Endemic. Vulnerable
12/08/11, two above Puerto Galera, Mindoro

Pinsker’s Hawk-Eagle   Nisaetus pinskeri Endemic. Vulnerable
[Recent split: Negros, Samar, Mindanao, Bohol, Biliran, Basilan, and Siquijor]
07/08/09, two, PICOP, 30/07/11, two, PICOP

Philippine Falconet Microhierax erythrogenys Endemic
erythrogenys 20/07/09, one by TREES Hostel, Mt Makiling, 21/07/09, two, Botanical Gardens, Los Banos, 05/08/09, one, PICOP, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros and Bohol
meridionalis  Samar, Leyte and Cebu, Mindanao

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus ernesti
03/08/09, one, Kitanglad, 14/08/09, one, Mt Hamut, 31/07/11, one, Mt Pasian, Mindanao, 12/08/11, one above Puerto Galera, Mindoro

Slaty-legged Crake  Rallina eurizonoides eurizonoides Endemic ssp.
27/07/09, one near Balinsasayao, Negros, 11/08/09, one, Hamut lower slopes

Buff-banded Rail  Gallirallus philippensis philippensis Endemic ssp.
15/08/09, one near Tugueguarao, 17/08/11, one Subic

Barred Rail Gallirallus torquatus torquatus Endemic ssp.
20/07/09, two, dairy husbandry fields, 21/07/09, one, Los Banos, 01/08/09, one, Tabunan, Cebu, 31/07/11, one, Mt Pasian, 09/08/11, one opposite dairy husbandry, Los Banos, 17/08/11, two Subic, hill 394, 11/08/09, two, Hamut lower slopes,

Slaty-breasted Rail Gallirallus striatus striatus
20/07/09, one Los Banos, dairy husbandry fields, 09/08/11, two at same site

Plain Bush-hen Amaurornis olivaceus Endemic
30-31/07/09, one each day, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 29/07/11, several calling at start of Quarry Trail, PICOP

White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus
27/07/09, one, Balinsasayao, Negros.

Spotless Crake Porzana tabuensis tabuensis

White-browed Crake Porzana cinerea  [Endemic ssp. ocularis in BoP]
06/08/09, four adults and four young, Bislig airfield, 28/07/11, three, Bislig airfield

Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio pulverulentus Endemic ssp.
[A paper in Dutch Birding recommended this to be split]
28/07/11, one, Bislig airfield

Eurasian Moorhen Gallinula chloropus orientalis
06/08/09, six, Bislig airfield, 28/07/11, four, Bislig airfield

Malaysian Plover Charadrius peronii Near-threatened
23/07/09, one on the beach at Sabang, Palawan.

Pied Stilt Himantopus leucocephalus
16/08/11, six in fields between Clark and Subic

Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
13/08/11, five seen from van passing Candaba marshes

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
25/07/09, one near Iwahig, Palawan, 13/08/11, two on river at Lagawe

Grey-tailed Tattler Heterosceles brevipes
25/07/09, one, Rasa Island, Palawan

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
25/07/09, ten in ricefields near Iwahig, 06/08/09, one, Bislig airfield, 28/07/11, 36, Bislig airfield

Bukidnon Woodcock Scolopax bukidnonensis Endemic
02-03/08/09, 1 each evening around Del Monte Lodge, Kitanglad

Small Buttonquail  Turnix sylvaticus 3 ssp.
whiteheadi 09/08/11, one flushed in cut canefield, Los Banos, Luzon

Spotted Buttonquail Turnix ocellatus Endemic, 2 ssp.
ocellatus 20/07/09, two Los Banos dairy husbandry fields, 09/08/11, four on track opposite daity husbandry, Los Banos, 17/08/11 two, Subic on hill 394 road

Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator 3 endemic ssp.
fasciatus 20/07/09, one, Los Banos dairy fields, 11/08/09, one, Hamut lower slope, 09/08/11, three on track opposite dairy husbandry, Los Banos

Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum
16/08/11, ten seen flying over fields near Clark

Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis
06/08/09, six, Bislig airfield, 28/07/11, one, Bislig airfield

Island Collared Dove Streptopelia bitorquata dusumieri
25/07/09, one near Iwahig, Palawan, 12/08/11, one by terminal near Puerto Galera

Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis tigrina
22/07/09, one, near Puerto Princesa, 25/07/09, ten, Iwahig to Rasa Island, 26/07/09, several near White Sand Beach, Puerto Princesa, 06/08/09, two on Bislig airfield, 11/08/09, common on lower slopes, Hamut, 28/07/11, three, Bislig airfield,

Philippine Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia tenuirostris Near Endemic
23/07/09, one, St Paul’s NP, 27/07/09, two, Balinsasayao, Negros, 02/08/09, one Mt Kitanglad, 04/08/09, two, Mt Kitanglad, 05/08/09, one, PICOP, 28/07/11, two, Bislig airfield, 31/07/11, two, Mt Pasian, 02-03/08/11, 10+, Baluno Station, Zamboanga, 11/08/11, three, Puerto Galera, Mindoro, 17/08/11, three, Subic,

Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica indica
20/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 08/08/09, one, PICOP, 29/07/11, two, PICOP, 12/08/11, three above Puerto Galera, Mindoro, 17/08/11, one, Subic

Zebra Dove Geopelia striata
22/07/09, four, Palawan, 26/07/09, c.10 near Puerto Princessa airfield, 27/07/09, one, Dumuaguete, Negros, 11/08/09, common, lower slopes, Hamut, 16/08/10, Baloy Beach, 13/08/11, three near Tarlac

Luzon Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba luzonica Endemic. 3 ssp. Near-threatened
griseolateralis 12/09/09, two, Mt Hamut, 14/08/09, one, Mt Hamut
luzonica 21/07/09, one, Mt Makiling on mud springs trail, 10/08/11, one at same site.

Mindanao Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba crinigera Endemic. 3 ssp. Vulnerable
crinigera 08/08/09, one on trail at road 42, PICOP, 31/07/11, one, Mt Pasian, Mindanao

Mindoro Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba platenae   Endemic. Critically endangered
12/08/11, one heard along the golf club trail above Puerto Galera

White-eared Brown Dove Phapitreron leucotis Endemic. 4 ssp.
leucotis  21/07/09, one, Mt Makiling,  Mindoro, 16/08/10, one, Subic, 10/08/11, two, Mt Makiling, 17/08/11, two, Subic
nigrorum, 27/07/09, one, Balinsasayao, Negros
brevirostris 30/07/09, four, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 05-09/08/09, 2-3 daily at PICOP, Mindanao, 29/07/11, six, PICOP,

Amethyst Brown Dove Phapitreron amethystinus Endemic. 4 ssp.
amethystinus  09/08/09, two, PICOP, Mindanao, 11-12 and 14/08/09, one each day, Hamut, Luzon, 29/07/11, two seen, PICOP,

Pink-necked Pigeon Treron vernans
29/07/11, one, PICOP, Mindanao

Pompadour Green-Pigeon Treron [pompadora] axillaris Endemic, 4 ssp.
[Likely split as Philippine Green-Pigeon Treron axillaris.]
axilllaris 16/08/10, one Subic Hill 394
canescens 06/08/09, six, Bislig airfield, 29/07/11, two, PICOP, 30/07/11, one, PICOP

Thick-billed Pigeon Treron curvirostra
11/08/11, two, Puerto Galera, Mindoro

Yellow-breasted Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus occipitalis Endemic
occipitalis 21/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 27/07/09, one, Balinsasayao, Negros, 30/07/09, one, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol,     Mindoro, north Luzon
incognitus 03-04/08/09, two, Mt Kitanglad, 05-09/08/09, and 29-30/07/11, heard most days at PICOP, Mindanao

Flame-breasted Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus marchei Endemic. Vulnerable
12/08/09, one seen and two heard, Mt Hamut,14/08/09, one heard, Mt Hamut, 14/08/11, a large noisy dove in fog by the radio mast at Mt Polis was almost certainly this species

Cream-breasted Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus merrilli Endemic. 2 ssp. Near-threatened
faustinoi 12/08/09, three heard, Mt Hamut, 13/08/09, two, Mt Hamut Camp,14/08/09, two, Mt Hamut

Black-chinned Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus leclancheri Near Endemic
leclancheri  21/07/09, two, Mt Makiling, 16/08/10, one, Subic, 29/07/11, one heard, PICOP, 31/07/11, one, Mt Pasian
gironieri 22/07/09, one, near Sabang, Palawan, 23/07/09, one St Paul’s NP, 25/07/09, one, Rasa Island

Pink-bellied Imperial-pigeon Ducula poliocephala Endemic. Near-threatened
09/08/09, one heard, Quarry trail, PICOP, and one seen well 01/08/11 on Quarry trail, PICOP

Spotted Imperial-pigeon Ducula carola Endemic. 3 ssp. Vulnerable
mindanensis 29/07/11, one, PICOP, 01/08/11, 12 on Quarry trail, PICOP

Green Imperial-pigeon Ducula aenea 4 ssp., 2 endemic
aenea 30/07/09, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 15-09/08/09, heard most days, PICOP, 12/08/09, two heard, Mt Hamut, 29/07/11, 20, PICOP, 17/08/11, two at Subic
palawanensis 22/07/09, two, Tagabenet, 23/07/09, four, St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, two, Sabang, 25/07/09, four, Iwahig, 26/07/09, two at Zigzag Rd, Palawan.

Grey Imperial-pigeon Ducula pickeringii  pickeringii Near Endemic. Vulnerable
Pandan Island [CS]

Pied Imperial-pigeon  Ducula bicolour bicolour
Pandan Island [CS]

Philippine Cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia Endemic. Critically endangered
25/07/09, 45+, Rasa Island, Palawan

Guaiabero Bolbopsittacus lunulatus Endemic. 4 ssp
lunulatus 20/07/09, two, Mt Makiling, 21/07/09, ten, Mt Makiling, 16/08/10, two, Subic, 28/07/11, one, Bislig airfield, 10/08/11, two, Mt Makiling, 17/08/11  ten, Subic
mindanensis 05-09/08/09, up to four, PICOP, Mindanao, 29/07/11, two, PICOP, 02-03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Luzon Racquet-tail Prioniturus montanus  Endemic. Near-threatened
14/08/11, two below summit of Mt Polis, 15/08/11, four, Mt Polis

Mindanao Racquet-tail Prioniturus waterstradti  Endemic. Near-threatened
03-04/08/09, ten, upper slopes at Kitanglad,

Blue-headed Racquet-tail Prioniturus platenae  Endemic. Vulnerable
23/07/09, three, St Paul’s NP, Sabang

Green Racquet-tail Prioniturus luconensis  Endemic. Vulnerable
20/07/09, two, Mt Makiling, 16/08/10, four over hill 394, Subic

Blue-crowned Racquet-tail Prioniturus discurus Endemic
mindorensis 12/08/11, two above Puerto Galera, Mindoro  
whiteheadi  27/07/09, four, Negros
discurus 03/08/09, six, Kitanglad, 07/08/09, one heard, PICOP,Mindanao, 29/07/11, seven, PICOP.

Blue-naped Parrot Tanygnathus lucionensis Near Endemic. Near-threatened
lucionensis 16/08/10, six, hill 394, Subic, 17/08/11 at lest 40 roosting by Tiara Hotel, Subic Heights
salvadorii  24/07/09, four above Last Frontier Resort, Sabang, 25/07/09, 16, Iwahig, Palawan, 26/07/09, heard, Zigzag Rd,

Azure-rumped [Blue-backed] Parrot Tanygnathus sumatranus 4 ssp.
everetti 29/07/11, one, PICOP, Mindanao

Philippine Hanging-Parrot [Colassisi] Loriculus philippensis Endemic. 8 ssp.
philippensis 19/07/09: six at TREES Hostel, Mt Makiling, 21/07/09, four+, Mt Makiling, 12-13/08/09, several, Mt Hamut, 16/08/10  6, Subic, 17/08/11 10+, Subic
mindorensis apicalis 03/08/09, ten, Kitanglad, 08/08/09, two, PICOP, Mindanao

Philippine Hawk-Cuckoo Cuculus pectoralis Endemic
13/08/09, one, Mt Hamut Camp Two

Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus micropterus
[According to BoP the birds in the Philippines may be a new race, or possibly even a separate species, Philippine Cuckoo]
16/08/10 one, Subic

Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii schlegeli
25/07/09, one, Iwahig, Palawan. 28/07/09, one, Mt Talinas, Negros.

Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus merulinus Endemic ssp.
23/07/09, one, St Paul’s NP, 26/07/09, one, White Sand Beach,  28/07/11, one, Bislig airfield,

Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus sepulcralis
25/07/09, two, Iwahig, 26/07/09, three, White Sand Beach, Puerto Princesa,

Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus amethystinus Endemic ssp.
30/07/11, one female, PICOP

Philippine Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus velutinus Endemic
08/08/09, two, PICOP, Mindanao, 29/07/11, three, PICOP, 02/08/11, one heard, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea mindanensis
29/07/11, two, PICOP, 17/08/11, one, Subic

Chestnut-breasted Malkoha Phaenicophaeus curvirostris harringtoni Endemic ssp.
23/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, 25/07/09, two, Iwahig

Red-crested Malkoha Phaenicophaeus superciliosus Endemic. 2 ssp.
superciliosus 21/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 16/08/10, one, Subic, 10/08/11, one, Mt Makiling, 17/08/11, two, Subic

Scale-feathered Malkoha Phaenicophaeus cumingi Endemic
21/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 12/08/09, two, Mt Hamut, 16/08/10, oe, Subic, 10/08/11, five, Mt Makiling

Rufous Coucal Centropus unirufus Endemic. Near-threatened
16/08/10, four +, Subic, 17/08/11, seven + seen in two parties at Subic

Black-faced Coucal Centropus melanops Endemic
banken 30/07/09, two, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol
melanops 08/08/09, two, PICOP, Mindanao, 29/07/11, four, PICOP.

Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis bubutus

Philippine Coucal Centropus viridis Endemic. 4 ssp.
mindorensis 12/08/11, two above Puerto Galera, Mindoro
viridis 20/07/09, two, dairy fields, Los Banos, 28/07/09, four, Mt Talinas, Negros, 02/08/09, one, Mt Kitanglad, and 04/08/09, two, Mt Kitanglad, Mindanao, 06/08/09, one, Bislig airfield, 12/08/09, one heard, Mt Hamut, 29/07/11, two, PICOP, 09/08/11, one, Los Banos, 17/08/11, five, Subic

Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis javanensis
25/07/09, one, Iwahig, Palawan, 26/07/09, two, White Sand Beach, Puerto Princesa, 29-30/07/11, four, PICOP, 17/08/11, five, Subic

Australasian Grass-Owl Tyto longimembris amauronota Endemic ssp.
30/07/09, one near Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol.

Palawan Scops-Owl Otus fuliginosus Endemic. Near-threatened
23/07/09, one above Sabang, Palawan

Philippine Scops-Owl Otus megalotis Endemic. 4 ssp
megalotis  17/08/11, one seen well on Subic Heights near the Tiara Hotel
everetti 03-04/08/09, one heard, Kitanglad, 08/08/09, one heard, PICOP, Mindanao
nigrorum  29/07/09, one heard, near Dumuaguete, Negros
boholensis 31/07/09, one heard, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol

Mindanao Scops Owl Otus mirus  Endemic. Near-threatened
02-03/08/09, one heard dusk and dawn, Baluno Station,Zamboanga

Luzon Scops-Owl Otus longicornis Endemic. Near-threatened
14 and 15/08/11, one heard both mornings on way to Mt Polis: non-responsive individuals

Mantanani Scops-Owl Otus mantananensis 3 ssp. Near-threatened
mantananensis  two, Pandan Island, Palawan [CS]

Mindanao Eagle-Owl [Giant] Scops-Owl Mimizuku gurneyi Endemic. Vulnerable
02-04/08/09, one or two heard around Del Monte Lodge, Kitanglad, 09/08/0, one seen well at dusk along the road above the quarry, PICOP, Mindanao, 03/08/09, one heard at dawn, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Spotted Wood-Owl Strix seloputo wiepkeni Endemic ssp.
23/07/09, one heard above Sabang, Palawan

Brown Hawk-Owl   Ninox scutulata palawanensis Endemic ssp.
22/07/09, one heard near Sabang, Palawan

Chocolate Boobook Ninox randi Endemic
29/07/11, one heard at dawn, PICOP,

Philippine Hawk-Owl Ninox philippensis Endemic. 7 ssp. Two split here
philippensis 19/07/09, four + calling by TREES Hostel, Mt Makiling, two heard on 20/07/09, 12/08/09 and 15/08/09, singles heard, Mt Hamut, 09/08/11, two heard, 10/08/11, one seen at dawn close to TREES, Mt Makiling

*Mindoro Hawk-Owl, Ninox  mindorensis  Endemic
[not yet split by Clements: totally different call]
10/08/11, one near Puerto Galera hung mantling in the lower canopy

Philippine Frogmouth Batrachostomus septimus Endemic. 3 ssp
septimus 31/07/09, one heard,  Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 03-04/08/09, one heard in bamboo behind Del Monte Lodge, Kitanglad, 06/08/09, one seen well at dawn on way into PICOP, 29/07/11, one briefly at dawn, PICOP, 01/08/11, one seen well on way in to PICOP at dawn

Javan Frogmouth Batrachostomus javensis affinis
[The proposed subspecies/species Palawan Frogmouth Batrachostomus chaseni considered synonymous to affinis by some, but a separate species by others]
22/07/09, three near Sabang, Palawan, 23/07/09, two plus three more heard, Sabang

Great Eared-Nightjar Eurostopodus macrotis macrotis Endemic ssp.
20/07/09, one Los Banos, Luzon, 04/08/09, one, Mt Kitanglad, Mindanao

Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus johnsoni Endemic ssp.
26/07/09, three, White Sand Beach, Puerto Princesa,

Philippine Nightjar Caprimulgus manillensis Endemic
30/07/09, one at dusk, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 08/08/09, two at dusk above the quarry, PICOP, 15/08/11, one by the bridge over col between Banuae and Mt Polis

Philippine Needletail Mearnsia picina Endemic. Near-threatened
07-08/08/09, six seen at PICOP, 30/07/11, one, PICOP, 31/07/11, one, Mt Pasian, 02-03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Brown-backed Needletail Hirundapus giganteus giganteus
25/07/09, ten over Rasa Island, Palawan

Purple Needletail Hirundapus celebensis
07/08/09, two, PICOP, 12/08/09, eight, Mt Hamut, 14/08/09, one, Mt Hamut, 30/07/11, 20+ PICOP, 12/08/11, ten above Puerto Galera

Glossy Swiftlet  Collocalia esculenta
isonota  13-15/08/11  50 in Lagawe/Banaue area
marginata 20/07/09, 20+ Mt Makiling, 21/07/09, 22/07/09, many, Palawan, 27-29/07/09, common, Negros, 16/08/10 Subic,  50+, Mt Makiling,  30-31/07/09, common,  Bohol, 11/08/11, ten, Puerto Galera, Mindoro
bagobo 02-04/08/09, Damitan and Mt Kitanglad,and 06-09/08/09, four at PICOP, Mindanao, 31/07/11, 30+ breeding near summit, Mt Pasian,  02-03/08/11, 40 nesting at Baluno Station, Zamboanga, Mindoro
[Previously split as Grey-rumped Swiftlet  Collocalia marginata  Endemic. All 4 ssp. in Clements now lumped under Glossy, also HBW, but split by Sibley]

Pygmy Swiftlet Collocalia troglodytes Endemic
21/07/09, four, Mt Makiling, 23/07/09, two at St Paul’s NP, 30/07/09, ten, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 06-09/08/09, ten, PICOP, 12/08/09, 10, Mt Hamut, 27/08/11, ten near Bislig, 29/07/11, 30, PICOP, 13/08/11, 20 along way to Banaue

Philippine Swiftlet Aerodramus mearnsi  Endemic
27-29/07/09, Twin Lakes and Talinas, Negros, 03-04/08/09, 30, Mt Kitanglad, 10-13-14/08/09, common on slopes of Mt Hamut, 02-03/08/11, five, Baluno Station, Zamboanga, 13/08/11, 50 at Dalton Pass, 15/08/11, 20 on Mt Polis

Whitehead’s  Swiftlet Aerodromus whiteheadi
15/08/11, two  seen on Banaue side of Mt Polis with Philippine Swiftlets.

Palawan Swiftlet Aerodramus palawanensis Endemic
23/07/09, 50, St Paul’s NP, 25/07/09, ten, Iwahig

Uniform Swiftlet Aerodramus vanikornensis amelis Endemic ssp.
[Previously split, now lumped in Clements. HBW: still split by some as  *Grey Island Swiftlet Aerodramus amelis Endemic]
19/07/09, four Mt Makiling, 21/07/09, 30, Mt Makiling, 30-31/07/09, several, Rajah Sikhatuna NP and Chocolate Hills, Bohol, 06-09/08/09, common at PICOP, Mindanao, 10-11/08/09, common, Mt Hamut lower slopes, 29/07/11, two, PICOP, 02-03/08/11, ten, Baluno Station, Zamboanga, 12/08/11, 60 above Puerto Galera, Mindoro

German's Swiftlet Aerodramus germani germani
25/07/09, ten+, Narra, Palawan

Asian Palm-Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis pallidor Endemic ssp.
28/07/11, one, near Bislig

House Swift Apus nipalensis subfurcatus
12/08/11, ten near Puerto Galera, Mindoro by Tamarra Falls

Whiskered Treeswift   Hemiprocne comata major Endemic ssp.
17/08/11, four at Subic

Philippine Trogon Harpactes ardens Endemic. 5 ssp.
herberti 12/08/09, one female, Mt Hamut
luzoniensis 20/07/09, one seen and two heard, Mt Makiling, 21/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 16/08/10, one, Subic, 10/08/11, one heard, Mt Makiling
linae 30/07/09, one female, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol
ardens 04/08/09, one on Mt Kitanglad, 08/08/09, two, PICOP, Mindanao, 29/07/11, two, PICOP,

Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis bengalensis
23/07/09, one by beach in St Paul’s NP

Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting verreauxii/amadoni
25/07/09, one, Rasa Island, Palawan

Indigo-banded Kingfisher Alcedo cyanopecta Endemic. 2 ssp.
cyanopecta 21/07/09, one, Botanical Gardenss, Los Banos, 09/08/11, one by the bridge at Los Banos, 13/08/11, one on river at Lagawe before Banaue

Silvery Kingfisher Alcedo argentatus Endemic. 2 ssp. Vulnerable
flumenicolus 31/07/09, one, Loboc River, Bohol
argentatus 09/08/09, one, PICOP, Mindanao, 29/07/11, one, PICOP

Philippine Kingfisher Ceyx melanurus Endemic. 3 ssp.
melanurus 14/08/09, one left nest hole, Mt Hamut, Luzon

Rufous-backed Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca motleyi
[Most likely only a colour morph of Black-backed Kingfisher, not a valid species according to recent research, see HBW vol. 6].

Variable Kingfisher Ceyx lepidus margarithae Endemic ssp.
06/08/09, one, PICOP

Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis Endemic ssp.
gouldi 24/07/09, one, Puerto Princesa, 25/07/09, one, Narra,Palawan

Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda linae Endemic ssp.

White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis gularis Endemic ssp.
20/07/09 and 21/07/09, one each day, Los Banos, 27-29/07/09, daily, Dumuaguete, Negros, 30/07/09, one, near Tagbilaran, Bohol, 11/08/09, two, Hamut, 28/07/11, one, Bislig airfield, 29/07/11, two, PICOP, 03/08/11, one, Baluno Station, Zamboanga, 09/08/11, one, Los Banos, 17/08/11, at least six in the Subic area

Rufous-lored Kingfisher Todirhamphus winchelli Endemic. Vulnerable/Near-threatened
nigrorum  30/07/09, one seen and three heard, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol
mindanensis 06/08/09, one, PICOP, 03/08/09, two heard, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Collared Kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris collaris
23/07/09, one, St Paul’s NP, 25/07/09, four +, Rasa Island, 26/07/09, five, White Sand Beach, Puerto Princesa, 27-19/07/09, Dumuaguete, Negros, 06/08/09, two, Bislig, 18/08/10 Panglao Beach, Bohol, 01/08/11, one, Bislig, 12/08/11, four near Puerto Galera, Mindoro, 13/08/11, four seen between Angeles and Tarlac on way to Banaue

Spotted Wood Kingfisher Actenoides lindsayi Endemic. 2 ssp
lindsayi 21/07/09, heard, Los Banos, 12/08/09, one heard, Mt Hamut, 13/08/09, one heard, Camp Two at Mt Hamut, 14/08/09, one seen by Camp 1, Mt Hamut, 10/08/11, five seen, Mt Makiling

Blue-capped Kingfisher Actenoides hombroni Endemic. Vulnerable
04/08/09, one at regular stake-out, Mt Kitanglad, 08/08/09, heard at PICOP, Mindanao

Blue-throated Bee-eater Merops viridis americanus Endemic ssp.
10/08/11, 30, Batangas, 11/08/11, four Puerto Galera, Mindoro, 17/08/11, six at Subic

Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
11/08/09, four, Hamut,

Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis
06/08/09, one, PICOP, 29/07/11, three, PICOP, 09/08/11, one, Los Banos, 17/08/11, one at Subic

Palawan Hornbill Anthracoceros marchei Endemic. Vulnerable
22/07/09, two above Sabang

Rufous Hornbill Buceros hydrocorax Endemic. Near-threatened 3 ssp.
hydrocorax 12-13/08/09, 10+, mostly heard, Mt Hamut, 14/08/09, ten seen, Mt Hamut
mindanensis 08/08/09, one, PICOP

Luzon Hornbill Penelopides manillae Endemic
19/07/09 and 20/07/09, two, TREES Hostel, Mt Makiling, 21/07/09, four, Mt Makiling, 12 and 14/08/09, two heard, Mt Hamut, 16/08/10, one, Subic, 10/08/11, ten, Mt Makiling

Tarictic Hornbill Penelopides panini Endemic. 2 ssp status?
panini 27/07/09, one, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao, Negros

Samar Hornbill Penelopides samarensis Endemic
30/07/09, two, 31/07/09, one, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol,

Mindanao Hornbill Penelopides affinis Endemic. 2 ssp.
affinis 03-04/08/09, four, Kitanglad, 06-09/08/09, six sightings, PICOP, Mindanao, 29/07/11, three, PICOP, 03/08/11, heard at Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Writhed Hornbill Aceros leucocephalus Endemic. Near-threatened
08/08/09, six, PICOP, 29/07/11, two, one bringing food to isolated nest tree in clearing, 31/07/11, 12 flying across slopes of Mt Pasian,

Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala 3 endemic ssp.
haemacephala fairly common Luzon (Makiling, Subic, Mt Hamut), Mindoro
mindanensis 06-09/08/09, ten+ seen/heard, PICOP, Mindanao, 28/07/11, one, near Bislig, 29/07/11, two, PICOP, 02-03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Philippine Woodpecker Dendrocopos maculatus Endemic. 4 ssp.
validirostris 20/07/09, two, Mt Makiling, 21/07/09, four, Mt Makiling, 12/08/09, one, Mt Hamut
fulvifasciatus 03/08/09, four, Kitanglad, 06-08/08/09, two sightings, PICOP, Mindanao, 29/07/11, one, PICOP,

White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis 7 endemic ssp.
confusus 16/08/10, two seen Subic, and 17/08/11, two again at Subic
multilunatus 08/08/09, three, PICOP, Mindanao

Common [Spot-throated] Flameback Dinopium javanense everetti Endemic ssp. [Possible split]. 22/07/09, two near Sabang, Palawan,

Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus 6 endemic ssp.
haematribon 21/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 14/08/09, two, Mt Hamut, 16/08/10, two seen Subic,  10/08/11, one heard, Mt Makiling, 17/08/11, one, Subic
erythrocephalus 25/07/09, one, Iwahig,Palawan
lucidus 02-03/08/11, one, Baluno Station, Zamboanga
montanus 03-04/08/09, one each day, Kitanglad, 30/07/11, two, PICOP

Sooty Woodpecker Mulleripicus funebris Endemic. 4 ssp.
funebris 16/08/10, four seen Subic, and 17/08/11, two seen Subic
mayri  12/08/09, one heard, Mt Hamut

Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus pulverulentus

Wattled Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii  Endemic. Vulnerable. 2 ssp
mayri 30/07/11, two on highest trail, PICOP

Visayan Broadbill Eurylaimus samarensis Endemic. Vulnerable
31/07/09, two, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol

Azure-breasted [Steere’s] Pitta Pitta steerii Endemic. Vulnerable. 2 ssp.
coelestis 30/07/09, one, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol
steerii 08/08/09, one, PICOP, 30/07/11, one seen and one heard, PICOP

Hooded Pitta Pitta sordida 2 endemic ssp.
palawanensis 22/07/09, one heard above Sabang, 23/07/09, two seen in St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, one,trail above Last Frontier, Sabang, 25/07/09, two, Iwahig, 26/07/09, one, White Sand Beach, Puerto Princesa,

Whiskered Pitta Pitta kochi Endemic. Vulnerable
12/08/09, two flushed from trail, Mt Hamut, 13/08/09, two heard and one seen briefly at Camp Two, Mt Hamut, 14/08/09, a juvenile seen well below the col, Mt Hamut

Red-bellied Pitta Pitta erythrogaster erythrogaster 2 endemic ssp.
erythrogaster 20/07/09, one seen and four heard, Mt Makiling, 21/07/09, two, Mt Makiling, 29/07/11, one, PICOP, 03/08/11, one, Baluno Station, two, Intake, Zamboanga, 10/08/11, two, Mt Makiling

White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus leucorynchus
21/07/09, four, Mt Makiling, 25/07/09, three, Iwahig, Palawan, 30/07/09, two, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 06-09/08/09, 20, PICOP, 11/08/09, two, Mt Hamut, 28/07/11, 20 near Bislig, 29/07/11, 40, PICOP, 03/08/11, four, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Common Iora Aegithina tiphia aequanimis
23/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, Palawan

Bar-bellied Cuckoo-shrike Coracina striata 8 endemic ssp.
cebuensis 01/08/09, two, Tabunan, Cebu
difficilis 23/07/09, two in St Paul’s NP, Palawan
striata 21/07/09, two, Mt Makiling, 16/08/10 three, Subic and 17/08/11, 20+, Subic
kochii 07/08/09, three, PICOP, 30/07/11, 20+, PICOP, 03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga
panayensis 28/07/09, six, Mt Talinas, Negros

Blackish Cuckoo-shrike Coracina coerulescens coerulescens Endemic
12/08/09, two, Mt Hamut, 13/08/09, three, Mt Hamut, 16/08/10, one, Subic and 17/08/11, ten at Subic

Black-bibbed Cuckoo-shrike Coracina mindanensis elusa Endemic. Near-threatened
07/08/09, one, PICOP, 30/07/11, 10+, PICOP, Mindanao

McGregor's Cuckoo-shrike Coracina mcgregori Endemic. Near-threatened
04/08/09, four, Mt Kitanglad, Mindanao

White-winged Cuckoo-shrike Coracina ostenta Endemic. Vulnerable
27/07/09, two, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao, 28/07/09 two, Mt Talinas, Negros

Black-and-white Triller Lalage melanoleuca Endemic
melanoleuca 19/07/09, one at TREES Hostel, Mt Makiling, 10/08/11, four, Los Banos
minor  30/07/11, two, PICOP

Pied Triller Lalage nigra nigra
29/07/11, one, PICOP

Fiery Minivet Pericrocotus igneus igneus Near-threatened
23/07/09, six, St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, 20, Sabang, Palawan

Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus gonzalesi Endemic ssp.
[sometimes split as Philippine Minivet Pericrocotus leytensis, 3 ssp. found on Mindanao]
06/08/09, one, PICOP, Mindanao, 29/07/11, four, PICOP, 03/08/11, three, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Mangrove Whistler Pachycephala grisola plateni Endemic ssp.
22/07/09, four, Tagabenet, Palawan, 23/07/ and 24/07/09, one, St Paul’s NP, 25/07/09, one, Iwahig

Green-backed Whistler Pachycephala albiventris albiventris Endemic
12/08/09, two, Mt Hamut, 14-15/08/11, two seen each day, Mt Polis. Responded to playback.

White-vented Whistler Pachycephala homeyeri Near Endemic. 2 endemic ssp.
winchelli 27/07/09, two, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao, Negros

Yellow-bellied Whistler Pachycephala philippinensis Endemic
apoensis 03-04/08/09, two daily, Mt Kitanglad, 06-08/08/09, six, PICOP, 29/07/09, two, PICOP, 03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga, Mindanao
boholensis 30/07/09, two, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol
philippensis  21/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 12/08/09, six, and 14/08/09, six, Mt Hamut, 10/08/11, four, Mt Makiling

Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach nasutus Endemic ssp.
19/07/09 and 20/07/09, one, Los Banos dairy fields, 27-19/07/09, Dumuaguete area, Negros, 02/08/09, two on walk up to Del Monte Lodge, Kitanglad, 04/08/09, two, Mt Kitanglad, 11/08/09, six, Mt Hamut

Grey-capped [Mountain] Shrike Lanius validirostris Endemic. Near-threatened. 3 ssp.
validirostris 14/08/11, one, Mt Polis
hachisuka 04/08/09, one, Mt Kitanglad

Dark-throated Oriole Oriolus xanthonotus persuasus Near-threatened
22/07/09, two above Sabang, 24/07/09, two, Sabang, Palawan,

White-lored Oriole Oriolus albiloris Endemic
16/08/10, two, Subic Hill 394

Philippine Oriole Oriolus steerii Endemic. 6 ssp.
samarensis  30/07/09, one, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol,   29/07/11, two, PICOP,
nigrostiatus  27/07/09, two, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao, Negros.

Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis chinensis Endemic ssp.
28/07/09, one, Mt Talinas, Negros, 31/07/09, two, Loboc River, Bohol, 06/08/09, two, PICOP, 16/08/10 six, Subic, 11/08/09, four, lower slopes, Mt Hamut, 28/07/11, one near Bislig, 29/07/11, one, PICOP, 11/08/11, six near Puerto Galera, Mindoro, 17/08/11, six, Subic

Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus leucophaeus Endemic ssp.
22/07/09, four, Tagabenet, Palawan, 23/07/09, four, St Paul’s NP

Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentotus 5 endemic ssp.
samarensis 30/07/09, six +, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol
palawensis 22/07/09, two, near Sabang, 23/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, 25/07/09, six, Iwahig
striatus 03-04/08/09, two-five, Kitanglad, 06-09/08/09, six sightings, PICOP, 28/07/11, two near Bislig, 29/07/11, common, PICOP, 03/08/11, four, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Balicassiao Dicrurus balicassius Endemic. 3 ssp.
balicassius 19/07/09, one and 20/07/09, four, Mt Makiling, 16/08/10, two, Subic,  12/08/11, ten above Puerto Galera, Mindoro, 10/08/11, four, Mt Makiling, 17/08/11, ten, Subic
mirabilis 27-29/07/09, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao and Casa Roro, Negros,

Blue Fantail Rhipidura superciliaris Endemic. 3 ssp.
superciliaris 03/08/11, two, Baluno, Zamboanga
apo 06-08/08/09, six, PICOP, 29/07/11, four, PICOP
samarensis 30/07/09, four +, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol

Blue-headed Fantail Rhipidura cyaniceps Endemic. 4 ssp.
pinicola 14-15/08/11, at least 10, Mt Polis
cyaniceps 12/08/09, ten +, 13/08/09, 20, and 14/08/09, 20, Mt Hamut
albiventris 27/07/09, four, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao, Negros

Black-and-cinnamon Fantail Rhipidura nigrocinnamomea Endemic. 2 ssp.
hutchinsoni 03-04/08/09, ten daily, Mt Kitanglad

Pied Fantail Rhipidura javanica nigritorquis Endemic ssp.
29/07/09, four, Casa Roro, Negros, 30/07/09, two, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, BOHOL, 03/08/11, one, Intake, Zamboanga

Short-crested Monarch Hypothymis helenae Endemic. Near-threatened. 3 ssp.
agusanae  08/08/09, two, PICOP, 30/07/11, two, upper trail, PICOP

Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea 2 endemic ssp.
azurea 22/07/09, two above Sabang, 26/07/09, two, Zigzag Road, Palawan, 06-08/08/09, four, PICOP, 12/08/09, two, and 14/08/09, two, Mt Hamut, 31/07/11, one, Mt Pasian, 03/08/11, three, Baluno Station, Zamboanga, 10/08/11, four, Mtt Makiling, 15/08/11, one Mt Polis

Celestial Monarch Hypothymis coelestis Endemic. Vulnerable
18/08/09, two, PICOP, 30/07/11, one, upper trail, PICOP

Blue Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone cyanescens Endemic. Near-threatened
22/07/09, two, Tagabenet, 24/07/09, four, Sabang area, 25/07/09, three, Iwahig, 26/07/09, two, Zigzag Road, Palawan.

Rufous Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone cinnamomea 2 endemic ssp.
cinnamomea 06-08/08/09, six, PICOP, 29/07/11, one, PICOP, 03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Slender-billed Crow Corvus enca 3 endemic ssp.
pusillus 22/07/09, two above Sabang, Palawan, 23/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, two, Sabang, 25/07/09, 20, Iwahig, 26/07/09, four, Zigzag Road,
[possible split as Palawan Crow C. pusillus]

Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos philippinus Endemic ssp.
28/07/09, four, Mt Talinas, Negros, 06/08/09, three, PICOP, 28/07/11, ten near Bislig. 29/07/11, six, PICOP, 03/08/11, four, Baluno Station, Zamboanga. Large numbers at Subic in 2010 and 2011.

Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula wattersi Endemic ssp.
31/07/09, one, Chocolate Hills, Bohol

Grey-throated Martin Riparia chinensis tantilla Endemic ssp.
20/07/09, two, Los Banos over dairy fields

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica gutturalis
11/08/09, one, Mt Hamut, 03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica javanica
Fairly common on Luzon: thousands were roosting in the city centre of Batangas 11/08/11.  26/07/09, two, White Sand Beach, Puerto Princesa, 03/08/09, common over fields on lower slopes of Mt Kitanglad, and 06-09/08/09 at least 30 at PICOP, Mindanao, 11/08/09, two, and 14/08/09, six, Mt Hamut, 16/08/10 ad 17/08/11, common at Subic, 28/07/11, 20, Bislig airfield, 29/07/11, 40+. PICOP, 03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga, 12/08/11, Puerto Galera, Mindoro, 09-10-08/11, common Los Banos, 13-15/08/11, 50+ on way to and at Mt Polis

Striated Swallow Cecropis striolata striolata
20/07/09, 20 Los Banos, 09/08/11, two, Los Banos, 14/08/11, four, Mt Polis

Citrine Canary-flycatcher Culicicapa helianthea 4 endemic ssp.
zimmeri 12/08/09, two, and 14/08/09, two, Mt Hamut, Luzon
panayaensis 31/07/11, one, Mt Pasian, Mindanao

Elegant Tit Pardaliparus elegans Endemic
edithae 12-14/08/09, up to ten each day, Mt Hamut
montigenus 14/08/11, two, Mt Polis
elegans  10/08/11, four, Mt Makiling, 12/08/11, 30 above Puerto Galera, Mindoro
albescens 27/07/09, ten, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao, 28/07/09, two, Mt Talinas, 29/07/09, two, Mt Talinas, Negros
mindanensis 03/08/09, ten, and 04/08/09, four, Mt Kitanglad, 31/07/11, two, Mt Pasian, 03/08/11, ten +, Baluno Station, Zamboanga.

Palawan Tit Pardaliparus amabilis Endemic
24/07/09, one on Lion Cave Trail, Sabang

White-fronted Tit Sittiparus semilarvatus Endemic.3 ssp.
snowi 13/08/09, one, Mt Hamut
semilarvatus 16/08/10, one, Subic Hill 394

Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis palawana Endemic ssp.
25/07/09, one, Iwahig, Palawan

Sulphur-billed Nuthatch Sitta oenochlamys Endemic. 6 ssp.
isarog 12/08/09, four, Mt Hamut, 13-14/08/09, two, Mt Hamut, 10/08/11, four, Mt Makiling
oenochlamys  27/07/09, four, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao, Negros
apo 03-4/08/09, six each day, Kitanglad,07-8/08/09, 6+, PICOP

Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps atriceps
24/07/09, one, Sabang, Palawan

Yellow-wattled Bulbul Pycnonotus urostictus Endemic. 5 ssp.
urostictus 20/07/09, ten, and 21/07/09, six, Mt Makiling, 10/08/11, ten+ Mt Makiling
philippensis 06-09/08/09, and 29-30/07/11, common, PICOP
basilinicus 03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier 3 endemic ssp.
goiavier 20/07/09 and 10/08/11, 20, Los Banos and Mt Makiling, 12/08/11, 20, Puerto Galera, Mindoro, 17/08/11, common around forest edge and suburbs of Subic
samarensis 30/07/09, two, Cocolate Hills, Bohol
suluensis 02-03/08/09, common on lower slopes, Kitanglad, 06-09/08/09, common, PICOP, 11/08/09, common, lower slopes, Mt Hamut, 28/07/11, ten, Bislig, 29/07/11, common in PICOP,

Ashy-fronted Bulbul Pycnonotus cinereifrons Endemic
[Recent split from Olive-winged Pycnonotus plumosus]
22/07/09, four above Sabang, 23/07/09, four, St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, four, Sabang, Palawan.

Grey-throated Bulbul Alophoixus frater Endemic
[Recent split from Grey-cheeked Alophoixus bres]
22/07/09, four above Sabang, Palawan, 23/07/09, four, St Paul’s NP, Palawan.

Sulphur-bellied Bulbul Ixos palawanensis Endemic
22/07/09, two above Sabang, 23/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, Palawan.

Visayan Bulbul Hypsipetes guimarasensis  Endemic
27-29/07/09, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao, Casa Roro, Valencia, Negros

Zamboanga Bulbul Hypsipetes rufigularis Endemic
03/08/11, six +, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Yellowish Bulbul Ixos everetti Endemic
everetti 06-09/08/09, 10+, PICOP, Mindanao

Mindoro Bulbul Hypsipetes mindorensis Endemic
12/08/11, ten above Puerto Galera, Mindoro

Streak-breasted Bulbul Ixos siquijorensis Endemic. 3 ssp. Endangered
monticola 01/08/09, one, Tabunan, Cebu

Philippine Bulbul  Hypsipetes philippinus Endemic
philippinus 20/07/09, four, Los Banos, 21/07/09, four, Mt Makiling, 12-14/08/09, 40+, Mt Hamut, 16/08/10, six, Subic, 10/08/11, common Mt Makiling, and 17/08/11, common at Subic
saturatior 30/07/09, common, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 02/-04/08/09, common, Mt Kitanglad, 06-08/09, and 29-30/07/11, common, PICOP, Mindanao

Mountain Tailorbird Phyllergates cuculatus 2 endemic ssp.
philippinus 03-04/08/09, two each day, Mt Kitanglad, 12/08/09, five, Mt Hamut, 13/08/09, two, Mt Hamut, 14/08/11, two, plus others heard, Mt Polis

Rufous-headed Tailorbird Phyllergates heterolaemus Endemic

Philippine Bush-Warbler Cettia seebohmi Endemic
14-15/08/11, 20+ seen and many more heard, Mt Polis

Lemon-throated Warbler Phylloscopus cebuensis Endemic. 3 ssp.
luzonensis 20/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 12/08/09, four and 14/08/09, three, Mt Hamut
cebuensis 27/07/09, six, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao Negros,       Cebu

Mountain Warbler Phylloscopus trivirgatus 6 endemic ssp.
benguetensis 12/08/09, six, Mt Hamut, 13/08/09, two, Mt Hamut, 14-15/08/11, 20+ at Mt Polis
flavostriatus 03/08/09, four, Mt Kitanglad, 04/08/09, common on upper slopes, Mt Kitanglad
nigrorum 28/07/09, two, Mt Talinas, Negros

Philippine Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus olivaceus Endemic
30/07/09, two, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 06-09/08/09, 10-15, PICOP, 30/07/11, two, PICOP, 03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga,

Clamorous Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus harterti
29/07/11, two, Bislig airfield

Benguet Bush-Warbler Bradypterus seebohmi Endemic
[Recent split from Russet Bradypterus mandelli]
14-15/08/11 One seen on 14th and at least 4 heard on slopes above Bay-yo

Long-tailed Bush-Warbler Bradypterus caudatus Endemic. 3 ssp.
[Two species may be involved]
caudatus 14/08/11, four seen, and others heard, in field edges by the radio mast at Mt Polis and the upper section of the road. Responds early a.m. to playback, hopping along the ground
unicolor  03-04/08/09, one heard and eventually seen opposite Del Monte Lodge, Mt Kitanglad 

Tawny Grassbird Megalurus timoriensis 4 endemic ssp.
tweeddalei 20/07/09, two, Los Banos, 11/08/09, common, lower slope, Mt Hamut,
alopex 01/08/09, c. 10, Tambuan area, Cebu
crex 04/08/09, ten, Mt Kitanglad, Mindanao, 28-29/07/11, six, Bislig airfield.

Striated Grassbird Megalurus palustris forbesi Endemic ssp.
20/07/09, three, Los Banos, 28/07/09, two, Mt Talinas, Negros, 06/08/09, six, Bislig airfield, 09/08/11, three, Los Banos, 11/08/11, two near Puerto Galera, Mindoro

Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2 endemic ssp.
tinnabulans 06/08/09, one, Bislig airfield, 28-29/07/11, two, Bislig airfield
nigrostriatus 25/07/09, two in ricefields near Iwahig, Palawan

Golden-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis semirufa  Endemic ssp.
06/08/09, four, Bislig airfield, 09/08/11, one, Los Banos

Dark-necked Tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis chloronotos  Endemic ssp.

Philippine Tailorbird Orthotomus castaneiceps  Endemic. 3 ssp.
rabori 27/07/09, four, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao, 28/07/09, two, Mt Talinas, Negros, chloronotus green-backed birds seen 12/08/09, two, and 14/08/09, four, Mt Hamut, presumed to be this form, as recognised in HBW, (omitted Clements) and also at Subic 17/08/11 .

Rufous-fronted Tailorbird Orthotomus frontalis  Endemic. 2 ssp
frontalis 30/07/09, one, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 06-09/08/09, six+, PICOP, 29/07/11, one, PICOP, Mindanao

Grey-backed Tailorbird Orthotomus derbianus  Endemic. 2 ssp.
derbianus 20/07/09, one seen three heard, Mt Makiling, 10/08/11, one seen, Mt Makiling.

Rufous-tailed Tailorbird Orthotomus sericeus nuntius  Endemic ssp.
22/07/09, two above Sabang, 23/07/09, four, St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, four, Sabang, 25/07/09, six+, Iwahig, 26/07/09, four, Zigzag Road, Palawan,

Yellow-breasted Tailorbird Orthotomus samarensis Endemic. Near-threatened
30/07/09, one, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol

White-browed [Black-headed] Tailorbird Orthotomus nigriceps Endemic
06-09/08/09, six, (two seen well) PICOP, 29/07/11, four glimpsed, and 01/08/11, one seen, PICOP

White-eared Tailorbird Orthotomus cinereiceps   Endemic. 2 ssp.
obscurior 03/08/11, three, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Chestnut-faced Babbler Zosterornis whiteheadi  Endemic. 2 ssp
whiteheadi 14-15/08/11  30+ daily at Mt Polis

Luzon Striped-Babbler Zosterornis striatus  Endemic. Near-threatened
12/08/09, three, 13/08/09, four, 14/08/09, two, Mt Hamut

Negros Striped-Babbler Zosterornis nigrorum  Endemic. Near-threatened
28/07/09, two, Mt Talinas, Negros

Mindanao [Black-masked] White-eye Lophozosterops goodfellowi Endemic.3 ssp
goodfellowi 03/08/09, three, Mt Kitanglad

Mindanao Pygmy Babbler Stachyris plateni Endemic. Near-threatened
06-09/08/09, six sightings, PICOP

Golden-crowned Babbler Stachyris dennistouni Endemic. Near-threatened
12/08/09, ten, 14/08/09, four, Mt Hamut

Black-crowned Babbler Stachyris nigrocapitata Endemic. 3 ssp.
boholensis 30/07/09, two, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol

Rusty-crowned Babbler Stachyris capitalis Endemic. 3 ssp.
euroaustralis 06-09/08/09, 10-15, PICOP, 29-30/07/11, two, PICOP,
isabelae 03/08/11, one, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Flame-templed Babbler Stachyris speciosa Endemic. Endangered
29/07/09, one, Casa Roro, Negros

Lowland White-eye Zosterops meyeni meyeni Endemic. 2 ssp.
20/07/09, six, Los Banos, 17/08/10, ten seen Baloy Beach, Bario Baretto, 10/08/11, two, Los Banos, 17/08/11, six, Bario Baretto.  11/08/11, 20 seen at sea level at Puerto Galera were thought to be this species and not Mountain White-eye, but not previously recorded from Mindoro.

Everett's White-eye Zosterops everetti  5 endemic ssp.
everetti 01/08/09, two, Tabunan, Cebu
basilanicus 06-08/08/09, four and 29/07/11, one, PICOP, 03/08/11, common, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Yellowish White-eye Zosterops nigrorum Endemic. 8 ssp.
aureiloris  14/08/11, two on lower slopes, Mt Polis
sierramadrensis 12/08/09, 20, and 14/08/09, six, Mt Hamut
luzonicus 19/07/09, two presumed this race, Mt Makiling

Mountain White-eye Zosterops montanus 7 endemic ssp.
whiteheadi 14-15/08/11 20 + daily, Mt Polis
vulcani 02-04/08/09, 100+, Mt Kitanglad, 31/07/11, 20, Mt Pasian

Ashy-headed Babbler Malacocincla cinereiceps Endemic
23/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, 25/07/09, one, Iwahig, Palawan

Bagobo Babbler Trichastoma woodi  Endemic
03/08/09, one responded to tape at the Kingfisher site, Kitanglad, but remained invisible

Palawan Babbler Malacopteron palawanense Endemic.Near-threatened
Also called Melodious Babbler
25/07/09, one seen, Iwahig

Striated Wren-Babbler Ptilocichla mindanensis Endemic. 4 ssp.
fortichi  30/07/09, one, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol
mindanensis 06/08/09, one, PICOP

Falcated Wren-Babbler Ptilocichla falcata Endemic. Vulnerable
24/07/09, one responded well to playback at the inland end of the Mangrove Trail, St Paul’s NP, and another heard

Rusty-faced Wren-babbler Napothera rabori  Endemic. Near-threatened
[HBW now splits Rabor’s Wren-babbler into two species, the northern Rusty-headed Babbler N.rabori (Rusty-faced in Clements) and southern Grey-banded]
12/08/09, two heard, Mt Hamut, 14/08/09, two seen, Mt Hamut

Pin-striped Tit-Babbler Macronous gularis woodi Endemic ssp.
23/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, 25/07/09, six, Iwahig, 26/07/09, two, Zigzag Road, Palawan

Brown Tit-Babbler Macronous striaticeps Endemic. 4 ssp.
mindanensis 30/07/09, four +, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 03/08/09, four, Kitanglad, 06-09/08/09, 10-15, PICOP, 29-30/07/11, four, PICOP, 31/07/11, two, Mt Pasian, 03/08/11, ten+, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Asian Fairy-bluebird Irena puella tweeddalei Endemic ssp.
25/07/09, two, Iwahig, Palawan

Philippine Fairy-bluebird Irena cyanogaster Endemic. 4 ssp.
cyanogaster 12/08/09, two, and 13-14/08/09, two each day, Mt Hamut
ellae 30/07/09, one, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol
hoogstraali 06/08/09, and 09/08/09, one, PICOP, 29/07/11, four, PICOP, 03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Ash-breasted Flycatcher Muscicapa randi Endemic. Vulnerable
13/08.09, one Camp 2, Mt Hamut

Philippine Magpie-Robin Copsychus mindanensis  Endemic
Recent split from Oriental Copsychus saularis and now monotypic
30/07/09, one, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 01/08/09, two, Tabunan, Cebu, 01/08/09, three, PICOP

White-browed Shama Copsychus luzoniensis Endemic. 4 ssp.
luzoniensis 21/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 12/08/09, one and 14/08/09, two, Mt Hamut, 20/07/11, one  seen, three more heard, 10/08/11, several heard, Mt Makiling, 17/08/11, three plus others heard, Subic
superciliaris 29/07/09, one, Casa Roro, Negros

White-vented Shama Copsychus niger Endemic
22/07/09, two above Sabang, 23/07/09, one, St Paul’s NP, 24/7/09, two, Sabang, 25/07/09, two, Iwahig, 26/07/09, one, Zigzag Road, Palawan,

Black Shama Copsychus cebuensis Endemic. Endangered
01/08/09, two seen and two others heard, responding well to tape, Tabunan, Cebu

Blue-breasted Flycatcher Cyornis herioti Endemic. 2 ssp.
herioti 12/08/09, two, 13/08/09, one and 14/08/09, one, Mt Hamut

Palawan Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis lemprieri Endemic. Near-threatened
24/07/09, two, Sabang, 26/07/09, Palawan.

Mangrove Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis rufigastra 4 endemic ssp.
mindorensis 11/08/11, one near Puerto Galera, Mindoro
philippensis 24/07/09, one, Mangrove Trail, St Paul’s NP, Palawan, 27/07/09, one, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao, Negros, 01/08/09, one, Tabunan, Cebu,                      Mt Kitanglad,

Chestnut-tailed Jungle-Flycatcher Rhinomyias ruficauda 5 endemic ssp.
samarensis 07/08/09, one, PICOP, 29/07/11, one, PICOP
boholensis 30/07/09, two, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol

Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana cumatilis

Island Flycatcher Eumyias panayensis 3 endemic ssp.
[Also called Mountain Verditer Flycatcher]
nigrimentalis 14-15/08/11, at least ten, Mt Polis
nigriloris 03-04/08/09, six + daily,, Mt Kitanglad

Negros Jungle-Flycatcher Vauriella albigularis Endemic. Vulnerable
29/07/09, one, Casa Roro, Negros

Mindanao Jungle-flycatcher Rhinomyias goodfellowi Endemic. Vulnerable
03/08/09, one photographed at same spot as Bagobo Babbler

White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana 7 endemic ssp.
[Based on differences in vocalizations, there may be two sympatric, very similar species in the Philippines among the 7 ssp.]
poliogyna 12/08/09, one, Mt Hamut, 14/08/11 one at Mt Polis and others heard
mindanensis  03/08/09, two, Mt Kitanglad, 04/08/09, heard, Mt Kitanglad, 31/07/11, one, Mt Pasian, Mindanao: [not yet described or assigned to race]

Little Slaty Flycatcher Ficedula basilanica Endemic. 2 ssp. Vulnerable
basilanica 09/08/09, one responded to playback, Quarry Trail, PICOP

Palawan Flycatcher Ficedula platenae Endemic. Vulnerable
25/07/09, one, Iwahig

Russet-tailed [Cryptic] Flycatcher Ficedula crypta Endemic
31/07/11, two in bamboo, Mt Pasian

Furtive Flycatcher Ficedula disposita Endemic. Vulnerable
12/08/09, one, Mt Hamut

Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
westermanni 03/08/09, four, Mt Kitanglad, 31/07/11, one, summit of Mt Pasian
rabori Negros  15/08/11, one, Mt Polis

Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra montigena 8 endemic ssp.
03/09/09, one, Mt Kitanglad, 13/08/09, one  and 14/08/09, one, Mt Hamut

Luzon Redstart  Rhyacornis bicolor Endemic. Vulnerable
14/08/11  a female was seen by the 2nd stream down from the summit at Mt Polis
Looked for at the river before Lagawe before Banaue but no luck.

Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata 3 endemic ssp.
caprata 11/08/09, 10+, lower slopes, Mt Hamut, 14/08/11, one at Mt Polis
anderseni 28/07/11, one Bislig airfield, Mindanao

Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus 7 endemic ssp.
thomassoni  14/08/11, one flushed by jeepney, Mt Polis

Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis panayensis
19/07/09, six, Los Banos, 25/07/09, five, Iwahig, 26/07/09, 20, White Sand Beach, Puerto Princesa, 27-19/07/09, Dumuaguete, Negros, 30/07/09, ten, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 06-08/08/09, 100+, PICOP, 28/07/11, ten, Bislig airfield

Short-tailed Starling Aplonis minor
03/08/09, 40, Mt Kitanglad, 04/08/09, 12, Mt Kitanglad

Apo Myna Basilornis mirandus Endemic. Near-threatened
03/08/09, two, and 11/08/09, four on upper slopes, Mt Kitanglad

Coleto Sarcops calvus  Endemic. 3 ssp.
calvus 21/07/09, two, Mt Makiling, 16/08/10, two, Subic Mindoro
melanotus 30/07/09, two, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol,  28/07/11, two near Bislig, 29/07/11, two, PICOP, 03/08/11, six, Baluno Station, Zamboanga,

Common Hill Myna Gracula religiosa palawanensis Endemic ssp.
25/07/09, two, Iwahig, Palawan

Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus cristatellus Introduced
11/08/09, six, lower slopes, Mt Hamut, 28/07/11, four near Bislig

Stripe-sided Rhabdornis Rhabdornis mysticalis Endemic. 2 ssp.
mystacalis 20/07/09, four, Mt Makiling, 21/07/09, four, Mt Makiling, 12/08/09, six, Mt Hamut 16/08/10, two, Subic, 10/08/11, four Mt Makiling, 17/08/11, one, Subic
minor 08/08/09, two, PICOP, Mindanao

Long-billed Rhabdornis Rhabdornis grandis Endemic
12/08/09, one, Mt Hamut

Stripe-breasted Rhabdornis Rhabdornis inornatus Endemic. 4 ssp.
alaris 02/08/09, one on walk up to Del Monte Lodge, 03/08/09, five, Mt Kitanglad, and 04/08/09, two at Kitanglad

Philippine Leafbird Chloropsis flavipennis Endemic. Vulnerable
29/07/11, four, PICOP

Yellow-throated Leafbird Chloropsis palawanensis Endemic
24/07/09, four, Lion Cave Trail, Sabang, 25/07/09, four, Iwahig, 26/07/09, two, Zigzag Road, Palawan

Olive-backed Flowerpecker Prionochilus olivaceus Endemic. 3 ssp.
olivaceus 03/08/09, three, Mt Kitanglad, 07/08/09, one, PICOP

Palawan Flowerpecker Prionochilus plateni Endemic. 2 ssp.
plateni 22/07/09, two at Buena Vista, 23/07/09, four, St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, ten, Sabang area, 25/07/09, ten, Iwahig, Palawan

Thick-billed Flowerpecker, Dicaeum agile 3 endemic ssp.
The first two ssp are sometimes split as Striped Flowerpecker
striatissimum 20/07/09, six, and 21/07/09, 20, Mt Makiling, 10/08/11, ten, Mt Makiling
aeruginosum 03/08/11, one, Baluno Station, Zamboanga
affine 23/07/09, one, St Paul’s NP,

Whiskered Flowerpecker Dicaeum proprium Endemic
04/08/09, one, upper slopes of Mt Kitanglad

Olive-capped Flowerpecker Dicaeum nigrilore Endemic. 2 ssp.
nigrilore 04/08/09, two, Mt Kitanglad

Flame-crowned Flowerpecker Dicaeum anthonyi Endemic. 3 ssp. Near-threatened
anthonyi 12/08/09, one, Mt Hamut,
kampalili 04/08/09, two on upper slopes, Mt Kitanglad

Bicolored Flowerpecker Dicaeum bicolor Endemic. 3 ssp.
inexpectatum 20/07/09, 10, Mt Makiling, 21/07/09, two, Mt Makiling, 12/08/09, one, Mt Hamut,       Mindoro

Cebu Flowerpecker Dicaeum quadricolor Endemic. Critical
01/08/09, a male called and was seen briefly at Tabunan, Cebu

Red-striped Flowerpecker Dicaeum australe Endemic
[Often called Red-keeled Flowerpecker]
01/08/09, six seen at the Flowerpecker watchpoint, Tabunan, Cebu, 06-09/08/09, four, PICOP, 29/07/11, ten, PICOP, 03/08/11, six, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Red-keeled Flowerpecker Dicaeum haematostictum Endemic. Vulnerable
[Also called Visayan Flowerpecker, found on Negros and Panay]
27/07/09, one, Twin Lakes at Balinsasayao, Negros

Scarlet-collared Flowerpecker Dicaeum retrocinctum Endemic. Vulnerable
12/08/11, two adultd plus four young above Puerto Galera at Tamarra Falls

Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma 11 endemic ssp.
xanthopygium Hamut, Mt Polis
cinereigulare 06-09/08/09, 10+, PICOP, 29/07/11, four, PICOP, 03/08/11, four, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

White-bellied [Buzzing] Flowerpecker Dicaeum hypoleucum Endemic. 5 ssp
obscurum 21/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 10/08/11, ten, Mt Makiling, 14/08/11, one at Banaue,
pontifex 30/07/11, two, PICOP
mindanense 04/08/09, two, Mt Kitanglad,  03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Pygmy Flowerpecker Dicaeum pygmaeum Endemic. 5 ssp.
pygmaeum /08/09, one, Mt Hamut, 16/08/10, one, Subic
davao 06-09/08/09, six+, PICOP, 29/07/11, two, PICOP, Mindanao
palawanorum 22/07/09, two at Tagabenet, Palawan, 23/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP,

Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus 3 endemic ssp.
luzoniense 15/08/11, two above Bay Yo, Mt Polis
apo 03/08/09, two, and 04/08/09, one, Mt Kitanglad

Plain-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis 2 endemic ssp.
Now split as a separate species Grey-throated Sunbird, Endemic by some.
griseigularis 30/07/11, two, PICOP 

Plain-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis 6 endemic ssp.
chlorigaster 18/08/10  two at Bohol Beach Club, Panglao, Bohol presumed to be this form (Bohol not listed in Clements)
heliolusius Zamboanga
paraguae 22/07/09, four above Sabang, 23/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, two, Sabang, 25/07/09, one, Iwahig, Palawan

Purple-throated Sunbird Leptocoma sperata Endemic. 3/4 ssp.
sperata Mt Makiling
juliae 03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga
trochilus 24/07/09, four, Sabang area, Palawan, 06-08/08/09, four, PICOP, 29/07/11, one, PICOP, and 30/07/11, four, PICOP, Mindanao

Copper-throated Sunbird Leptocoma calcostetha
22/07/09, two, Buena Vista, 25/07/09, one, Iwahig, Palawan

Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis 3/4 endemic ssp.
obscurior 20/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 15/08/11, two at Banaue Hotel,
jugularis 30/07/09, Rajah Sikhatuna NP, Bohol, 01/08/09, six plus, Tabunan, Cebu 06-08/08/09, eight, PICOP, Mindanao, 28/07/11, four near Bislig, 03/08/11, four, Baluno Station, Zamboanga
aurora 22/07/09, one near Sabang, 24/07/09, six, Sabang area, Palawan
[The form on Palawan is sometimes split and called Orange-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris aurora]

Grey-hooded Sunbird Aethopyga primigenia  Endemic. 2 ssp. Near-threatened
primigenia 03/08/09, four,  and 04/08/09, two, Mt Kitanglad

Mount Apo Sunbird Aethopyga boltoni  Endemic. 3 ssp. Near-threatened
malindangensis Presumed this ssp. Mt Kitanglad

Lina's Sunbird Aethopyga linaraborae Endemic
31/07/11, 20+, Mt Pasian, males singing as soon as reached mossy forest,

Flaming Sunbird Aethopyga flagrans Endemic. 4 ssp.
decolor 12/08/09, one, and 13/08/09, six, Mt Hamut
flagrans 20/07/09 and 21/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 10/08/09, two, Mt Makiling

Metallic-winged Sunbird Aethopyga pulcherrima Endemic. 3 ssp.
jefferyi 21/07/09, two presumed this race, Mt Makiling, Hamut, 14-15/08/11, six at Mt Polis
pulcherrima 06-08/08/09, five, PICOP, 29/07/11, two, PICOP

Lovely Sunbird Aethopyga shelleyi Endemic
23/07/09, two, St Paul’s NP, 24/07/09, two, Sabang, Palawan

Handsome Sunbird Aethopyga bella Endemic. 6 ssp.
flavipectus Hamut, 15/08/11, one in gardens of Banaue Hotel presumed this form
minuta Mt Makiling

Eastern Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja magnifica Endemic ssp.
01/08/09, one, Tabunan, Cebu

Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra 3 endemic ssp.
flammifera PICOP
dilutior St Paul’s SNP

Naked-faced Spiderhunter Arachnothera clarae Endemic. 4 ssp
luzonensis 20/07/09, one, Mt Makiling, 10/08/11, one, Mt Makiling
clarae 06-08/08/09, three, PICOP, 29/07/11, two, PICOP, Mt Pasian
malindangensis 03/08/11, two, Baluno Station, Zamboanga

Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea cinerea
[possible race robusta not separated from nominate cinerea in Clements]
14/08/11, one by stream below Mt Polis

Oriental Pipit Anthus rufulus lugubris Endemic ssp.
28/07/09, three, Mt Talinas, Negros, 01/08/09. Tabunan, Cebu, 03/08/09, one, Mt Kitanglad, 04/08/09, four, Mt Kitanglad, 11/08/09, two, lower slopes, Mt Hamut, 09/08/11, one, Los Banos

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra luzonienis Endemic ssp.
14/08/11, at least two heard flying over pines above Bay Yo

White-cheeked Bullfinch Pyrrhula leucogenis Endemic. 2 ssp.
leucogenis 14/18/11, two, Mt Polis, 15/08/11 one, Mt Polis
Missed seeing the form at Kitanglad

Cinnamon Ibon Hypocryptadius cinnamomeus Endemic
03/08/09, six, and 04/08/09, four, Mt Kitanglad

Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus Introduced
Los Banos, Luzon, Puerto Princesa and Iwahig, Palawan, Bislig, Zamboanga, Mindanao

Red-eared Parrotfinch Erythrura coloria Endemic. Near-threatened
02-03-04/08/09, two seen each morning just up trail from Del Monte Lodge, Mt Kitanglad

Nutmeg [Scaly-breasted] Mannikin Lonchura punctulata cabanisi Endemic ssp.
06/08/09, 20, Bislig Airfield, 11/08/09, common, lower slopes, Mt Hamut, 09/08/11, 20+ Los Banos

White-bellied Munia Lonchura leucogastra 3 endemic ssp.
everetti 21/07/09, one, Los Banos,Luzon,  Mindoro
manueli 06/08/09, 20-30, Bislig Airfield,
palawana 22/07/09, several in fields on way to Sabang, Palawan, 23/07/09, two St Paul’s NP, 25/07/09, common, Iwahig

Chestnut Munia Lonchura atricapilla jagori Endemic ssp.
22/07/09, several in fields on way to Sabang, 25/07/09, common, Iwahig approach road, and 26/07/09, several White Sand Beach, Palawan. 02-04/08/09, 40+, Kitanglad, 06-09/08/09, common, PICOP, 11/08/09, common, lower slopes, Mt Hamut, 28/07/11, 300, Bislig airfield

Java Sparrow  Lonchura oryzivora  Introduced
18/08/10: two at Bohol Beach Club Hote, Panglao Beach, Bohol, 03/08/11, one below Baluno Station, Zamboanga


Calayan Rail
Luzon Rail
Luzon Worcester’s Buttonquail
Mindoro Bleeding-heart
Negros Bleeding-heart
Sulu Bleeding-heart
Dark-eared Dove
Mindoro Imperial-Pigeon
Mindanao Lorikeet
Blue-winged Racquet-tail
Camiguin Hanging-Parrot
Black-hooded Coucal
Mindanao Scops-Owl
Luzon Scops-Owl
Mindoro Scops-Owl
Philippine Eagle-Owl
Mindanao Hawk-Owl [not yet split by Clements]
Chocolate Boobook
Mindoro Hornbill
Writhe-billed Hornbill
Isabela Oriole
Tablas Drongo
Sierra Madre Crow ssp.
Streaked Reed-Warbler
Grey-banded Babbler
Panay Striped-Babbler
Palawan Striped-Babbler
Visayan Pygmy-Babbler
Bagobo Babbler
Visayan Miniature-Babbler
Mindanao Miniature-Babbler
Rusty-flanked (Luzon) Jungle-Flycatcher
Ashy Thrush
Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch
Green-faced Parrotfinch


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