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A Report from

Taiwan, April 2005,

Peter J. Shen

Wayne Hsu and I managed to see all 15 of Taiwan's endemic bird species in 4 days - a pair of Mikado Pheasants being the last of the endemics, which was seen by about 6 a.m. on the morning of the fourth day.  Special thanks goes to Wayne who was instrumental in making this trip wildly successful - his hospitality is deeply appreciated.  Needless to say, we had fantastic luck and, indeed, Wayne remarked that he had never seen all of Taiwan's endemics on a trip of less than 5 days.

Mid-April appears to be an opportune time to find Taiwan's endemics and its other specialties - especially the passerines which were singing in earnest.  As a bonus, a flock of 18 Black-faced Spoonbills remained at Tsengwen River Estuary, a traditional wintering site for this species.  Moreover, local birders reported that a few Fairy Pittas had already arrived at their breeding sites, though I'd imagine that later in the month would probably be a more optimal time for this species.  An extra day would be required to try for this species.

We saw or heard a total of 140 species during the 4 days - we could have seen more species if we hadn't (1) spent three mornings at the highest elevations looking for the Mikado Pheasant; (2) had rain for three of the four mornings; and (3) spent only two afternoons birding near sea level.  The Mikado Pheasant proved to be the toughest endemic species for us to find.  However, the Taiwan Partridge is far from guaranteed and skulkers such as the Taiwan Bush-Warbler may be tough to see (though playback should draw out the skulkers at this time of year).

The other endemics were easily found along the way and, therefore, I will not comment much on them.  Instead, reference is made to Gruff Dodd's excellent trip report of January 2005 ( and my notes below are intended only to supplement the extensive information contained in Gruff's report.


Tuesday, April 12:  out of Taipei airport at about 10:45 p.m. and drive to Anmashan arriving at our hotel at about 1 a.m.

Wednesday, April 13 (DAY 1):  Anmashan - Trail 210 (Taichung Co.), Huisun Forest (Nantou Co.), drive to Wushe (Nantou Co.) arriving at our hotel at about 10 p.m.

Thursday, April 14 (DAY 2):  Reiyenshi Reserve (Tsuifeng) (Nantou Co.), Hohuanshan (Nantou Co.), Taroko Gorge (Hualien Co.), returning to Wushe at about 11 p.m.

Friday, April 15 (DAY 3):  Peitungyenshan (Nantou Co.), Lushan (Nantou Co.), Chushan (Nantou Co.), drive to Alishan (Chiayi Co.) arriving at our hotel at about 9 p.m.

Saturday April 16 (DAY 4):  Tatachia (Yushan NP) (Nantou Co.), Tsengwen River Estuary (Tainan Co.), drive to Taipei in 4 hours

Sunday, April 17:  depart from Taipei airport at 8 a.m.

Tuesday, April 12, 2005

I arrived at 10 p.m. on Northwest Airlines and was greeted by Wayne as well as a representative of VIP Car Rental, who for a modest additional fee, brought the rental car to the terminal over an hour after the rental agency's closing hour of 9 p.m.  I strongly second Gruff's recommendation of this car rental agency to visiting birders.  We arrived at about 1 a.m. at our hotel in Anmashan after, 15 minutes earlier, spot-lighting a Collared Scops-Owl along the mountain road.

Wednesday, April 13, 2005

We started out in the rain on the 2.5 km stretch of (now pedestrian) road shortly after first light, arriving at Road 210 beyond the official park entrance.  The habitat appeared recently disturbed and we were puzzled by the apparent use of herbicide on the weedy edges that the Mikado Pheasants favor in the early mornings.  Perhaps as a result of this disturbance, we dipped on the Mikado Pheasant.  Birds of interest included Brown Bullfinch and Gray-headed Bullfinch, and a White-browed Shortwing that sang out in the open in response to playback - according to Wayne, the best views of the Shortwing that he's ever had.  Endemics included the first of many Steere's Liocichla, White-eared Sibia and Taiwan Yuhina.  On the walk back down, we briefly saw a male Swinhoe's Pheasant but driving back down the mountain, we were graced with extended views of another spectacular male Swinhoe's alongside the road.

After a wacky, one-hour episode of "losing" the car keys in the cuff of my pants (don't ask), we continued on to Huisun Forest.  Along the way down the mountain, we had a perched flock of White-bellied Pigeons, several calling Chinese Bamboo-Partridges, and a few singing Striated Prinias.  At the beginning of Route 21, we also saw (albeit briefly) a calling Hwamei - our only sighting of this species on the trip.  The bird was exceedingly skulking, perhaps due to the Crested Goshawk perched not far away.

Once at Huisun Forest, we easily found a flock of Formosan Magpies.  Despite the inclement weather, we found several Varied Tits (the only spot where we found this species) and an incessantly calling Bronzed Drongo.  On the way out of park, a mixed flock in the rain produced a stunning (and our only) Maroon Oriole and our first of several sightings of Black-naped Monarch.  We drove on to Wushe arriving at our hotel at about 10 p.m.

Thursday, April 14, 2005

We started in the fog at the Reiyenshi Reserve before dawn.  A Brown Wood-Owl responded to tape but would not approach.  The fog gave way to rain.  We walked the trail and again dipped on the Mikado Pheasant.  I whistled in a Pygmy Wren-Babbler in the rain - the only one that I saw on the trip though we heard many others that we did not try finding.  Upon leaving the Reiyenshi Reserve, we came across a flock of Vinous-throated Parrotbills feeding on the roadside at Tsuifeng.

We continued up Hohuanshan without making too many stops because of the pea-soup fog.  At the summit, we easily found (even in the fog) Collared Bush-Robin, many White-whiskered Laughingthrushes, a few Alpine Accentors and several Vinaceous Rosefinches.  We pressed on, making several stops along the way downhill to Tienhsiang - the site of Styan's Bulbul.  On the far (eastern) side of the summit, we saw the first of several Flamecrests.  As we were winding our way down the mountain, Wayne heard Taiwan Bush-Warbler singing in a brushy, somewhat open area.  We stopped and found the skulker without too much difficulty - but the only one that we saw on the trip (though we heard many others singing).  On a roadside lunch stop at Pilu Shenmu, we found the first of several Yellow Tits.  Further downhill, Wayne heard Taiwan Barwing calling along the side of the road and then we saw the flock - our only sighting of this species on the trip.

At Tienhsiang, we quickly found Styan's Bulbuls in various degrees of hybridization.  I am not sure if this remains a "good" species here (see Gruff Dodd's report).  On the river, we found a Formosan Whistling-Thrush.  We took a drive along the spectacular Taroko Gorge, which produced few birds and plenty of tourists.  With some time remaining before dusk, we walked a trail on the far end of a long pedestrian tunnel - the Baiyang Trail which has its trailhead at the western end of Tienhsiang.  On the trail, a pair of Chinese Bamboo-Partridges was quite confiding.  After dinner in Tienhsiang, we made the long drive back to Wushe, stopping at the entrance to Reiyenshi Reserve only to have the Brown Wood-Owl tease us again.   Despite tape playback, the owl kept its distance and we finally gave up around 10 p.m.

Friday, April 15, 2005

This morning, we took a break from looking for the Mikado Pheasant and concentrated on finding the Taiwan Partridge at Peitungyenshan.  We started before dawn by trying unsuccessfully to lure in a calling Mountain Scops-Owl.  At first light, Large Hawk-Cuckoo, Collared Owlet and Taiwan Partridge were calling.  A flock of White-throated Laughingthrushes approached and made their way through the trees above our parked car, providing nice views despite the fog - our only sighting of this species on the trip.  Later, we saw the Rusty Laughingthrush, also our only sighting of this species on the trip.

We made our way uphill in the intermittent rain, playing the tape of Taiwan Partridge without luck, but were rewarded with incredible views of a singing Spot-breasted Scimitar-Babbler.  As we approached a clearing containing a university plantation and building, we came across a large mixed flock of birds among which were many Yellow Tits.  Just above the plantation, we finally lucked out as Wayne spotted a pair of Taiwan Partridges alongside the road.  The birds continued to forage for a couple of minutes in the roadside brush, then amazingly strolled across the road in plain sight - according to Wayne, the best views of the Taiwan Partridge that he's ever had!

At the top of the hill, we looked for raptors as the weather began to clear.  No luck on raptors, but we had great views of a pair of Large Cuckoo-shrikes.  On the way downhill, we heard a singing Snowy-browed Flycatcher which we failed to see.  Further along, we flushed a female Swinhoe's Pheasant that was foraging in the same area that we saw the Taiwan Partridges.  We also heard, but did not see, a Gray-faced Woodpecker - surprisingly, other than the Gray-capped, woodpeckers were noticeably absent during the entire trip.

After lunch at the hotel, we tried for Little Forktail and Brown Dipper in Lushan, dipped on both, but saw more Formosan Whistling-Thrushes.  We continued on to the Jhushan Tropical Botanical Garden in the lowlands where we easily found three Malayan Night-Herons (an adult and two immature birds).  This was a quite productive site where we also found Cinnamon Bittern, Bronzed Drongo along with the many Black Drongos, Yellow-bellied Prinia and Plain Prinia.  In contrast to the mountains, it was pretty warm here as the weather moderated and the mosquito pressure was noticeable.

With dusk approaching, we stopped at the Gukeng rest stop for dinner.  Behind the rest stop, the open fields held singing Oriental Skylarks, a large flock of White Wagtails, a flyover Oriental Pratincole, and a heard-only Savanna Nightjar.  Along Route 18 on the way to Alishan, we stopped upon hearing a Mountain Scops-Owl.  After some time of tape playback and spot-lighting, Wayne's perseverance ultimately paid off as he spotted a bird that flew in closely and showed itself beautifully.  We drove on to Alishan and arrived at our hotel at about 9 p.m.

Saturday, April 16, 2005

We started on the road up to Yushan National Park before dawn, in a final attempt for the Mikado Pheasant.  It was our first clear, partly sunny morning.  At dawn, a Collared Owlet called close to the road but we pressed on for the Mikado Pheasant.  Collared Bush-Robin, White-whiskered Laughingthrush, Steere's Liocichla, and Vinaceous Rosefinch were common along the road.  In our first sweep of Route 21, at about 6 a.m., Wayne spotted a pair of Mikado Pheasants alongside of the road near kilometer marker 141.  We viewed the pair for a couple of minutes from the car at about 50 feet.

Afterwards, we walked a steep trail (really a paved road from Santungpu to Lu-Lin Villa) that was popular with weekend hikers.  Taiwan Bush-Warblers were commonly heard near the start of the trail where Gray-headed Bullfinches also were seen at close range.  Further uphill, we found Eurasian Nutcracker, Fork-tailed Swift, Flamecrest and Golden Parrotbill.  Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warblers were particularly common.  We believe that we heard singing White-browed Bush-Robin but unfortunately had no luck with locating it.

We tried again for White-browed Bush-Robin along the nearby Shenmu Forestry Road, which appeared more like a dis-used jeep trail.  Aside from more Collared Bush-Robins, calling Taiwan Bush-Warblers, and a lingering Red-flanked Bluetail, we didn't see much else of note.

Proceeding downhill from Alishan, we checked various villages along the way for Russet Sparrow (a lifebird for Wayne), and eventually came upon several on telephone poles and wires in the small town of Siding.  We continued our way to Tsengwen River Estuary, a wonderful birding place that I wish we could have birded for a couple of days, not just a mere couple of hours.  We readily saw a flock of Black-faced Spoonbills from a blind that was maintained by the local bird club (Wild Bird Society of Tainan County).  A couple of the Black-faced Spoonbills sported their breeding colors.  We also saw at least 15 shorebird species - many in breeding plumage - and another couple of Oriental Pratincoles.  After the end to a great birding trip and a dinner of fresh oysters, we made the four-hour drive back to Taipei.

Sunday, April 17, 2005

Flight out first thing in the morning.


Key:     (h) = heard only
            (E) = endemic
            (I) = introduced
            bold = lifebird
Following the scientific name in parenthesis is the alternate name, if any, per the 1991 edition of the Taiwan field guide (Chinese language - ISBN 957-9578-00-1).

HERONS, EGRETS AND BITTERNS   Ciconiiformes Ardeidae
   Great Egret    Ardea alba    (DAY 4)
   Little Egret    Egretta garzetta    (DAY 3,4)
   Cattle Egret    Bubulcus ibis    (DAY 3,4)
   Striated Heron    Butorides striatus    (DAY 2)
   Black-crowned Night-Heron    Nycticorax nycticorax    (DAY 3,4)
   Malayan Night-Heron    Gorsachius melanolophus    (Tiger Bittern)    (DAY 3)
   Cinnamon Bittern    Ixobrychus cinnamomeus    (DAY 3)

IBIS AND SPOONBILLS   Ciconiiformes Threskiornithidae
   Black-faced Spoonbill    Platalea minor    (DAY 4)

HAWKS, EAGLES AND KITES   Falconiformes Accipitridae
   Crested Serpent-Eagle    Spilornis cheela    (DAY 3,4)
   Crested Goshawk    Accipiter trivirgatus    (DAY 1)

PHEASANTS AND PARTRIDGES   Galliformes Phasianidae
   (E) Taiwan Partridge    Arborophila crudigularis    (Taiwan Hill Partridge)    (DAY h1,h2,3)
   Chinese Bamboo-Partridge    Bambusicola thoracica    (Bamboo Partridge)    (DAY 1,2, h3)
   (E) Swinhoe's Pheasant    Lophura swinhoii    (DAY 1,3)
   (E) Mikado Pheasant    Syrmaticus mikado    (DAY 4)

   Common Moorhen    Gallinula chloropus    (Moorhen)    (DAY 3,4)

AVOCETS AND STILTS   Charadriiformes Recurvirostridae
   Black-winged Stilt    Himantopus himantopus (ssp leucocephalus)    (DAY 4)

PRATINCOLES AND COURSERS   Charadriiformes Glareolidae
   Oriental Pratincole    Glareola maldivarum    (Large Indian Pratincole)    (DAY 3,4)

PLOVERS AND LAPWINGS   Charadriiformes Charadriidae
   Pacific Golden-Plover    Pluvialis fulva    (American Golden Plover)    (DAY 4)
   Black-bellied Plover    Pluvialis squatarola    (DAY 4)
   Snowy Plover    Charadrius alexandrinus    (Kentish Plover)    (DAY 4)
   Lesser Sandplover    Charadrius mongolus    (Mongolian Plover)    (DAY 4)
   Greater Sandplover    Charadrius leschenaultia    (DAY 4)

SANDPIPERS   Charadriiformes Scolopacidae
   Bar-tailed Godwit    Limosa lapponica    (DAY 4)
   Whimbrel    Numenius phaeopus    (DAY 4)
   Far Eastern Curlew    Numenius madagascariensis    (DAY 4)
   Marsh Sandpiper    Tringa stagnatilis    (DAY 4)
   Common Greenshank    Tringa nebularia    (Greenshank)    (DAY 4)
   Wood Sandpiper    Tringa glareola    (DAY 4)
   Terek Sandpiper    Xenus cinereus    (DAY 4)
   Common Sandpiper    Actitis hypoleucos    (DAY 3)
   Great Knot    Calidris tenuirostris    (DAY 4)
   Red Knot    Calidris canutus    (DAY 4)
   Red-necked Stint    Calidris ruficollis    (Rufous-necked Stint)    (DAY 4)
   Long-toed Stint    Calidris subminuta    (DAY 4)
   Sharp-tailed Sandpiper    Calidris acuminata    (DAY 4)

TERNS   Charadriiformes Sternidae
   Little Tern    Sterna albifrons    (DAY 4)

PIGEONS AND DOVES   Columbiformes Columbidae
   (I) Rock Pigeon    Columba livia    (Rock Dove)    (DAY 3,4)
   Ashy Wood-Pigeon    Columba pulchricollis    (DAY 1,h2,3)
   Oriental Turtle-Dove    Streptopelia orientalis    (Rufous Turtle Dove)    (DAY h2,3,4)
   Red Collared-Dove    Streptopelia tranquebarica    (Red Turtle Dove)    (DAY 1,3,4)
   Spotted Dove    Streptopelia chinensis    (DAY 1,3,4)
   White-bellied Pigeon    Treron sieboldii    (Japanese Green Pigeon)    (DAY 1,3)

CUCKOOS   Cuculiformes Cuculidae
   (h) Large Hawk-Cuckoo    Cuculus sparverioides    (DAY h3)
   Oriental Cuckoo    Cuculus saturatus    (DAY 2,3,h4)

OWLS   Strigiformes Strigidae
   Mountain Scops-Owl    Otus spilocephalus    (Spotted Scops Owl)    (DAY h1,h2,3)
   Collared Scops-Owl    Otus lettia    (DAY 1)
   (h) Brown Wood-Owl    Strix leptogrammica    (DAY h2)
   (h) Collared Owlet    Glaucidium brodiei    (Common Pigmy Owlet)    (DAY h1,h3,h4)

NIGHTJARS   Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae
   (h) Savanna Nightjar    Caprimulgus affinis    (Allied Nightjar)    (DAY h3)

SWIFTS   Apodiformes Apodidae
   Silver-backed Needletail    Hirundapus cochinchinensis    (not illus.)    (DAY 1,2)
   Fork-tailed Swift    Apus pacificus    (Northern White-rumped Swift)    (DAY 4)
   House Swift    Apus nipalensis    (DAY 1,2,3,4)

KINGFISHERS   Coraciiformes Alcedinidae
   Common Kingfisher    Alcedo atthis    (DAY 3)

BARBETS   Piciformes Capitonidae
   Black-browed Barbet    Megalaima oorti    (Muller's Barbet)    (DAY 1,2,3)

WOODPECKERS   Piciformes Picidae
   Gray-capped Woodpecker    Dendrocopos canicapillus    (Gray-headed Pygmy WP)    (DAY 1,2,3)
   (h) Gray-faced Woodpecker    Picus canus    (Gray-headed Green Woodpecker)    (DAY h3)

LARKS   Passeriformes Alaudidae
   Oriental Skylark    Alauda gulgula    (DAY 3)

SWALLOWS   Passeriformes Hirundinidae
   Plain Martin    Riparia paludicola    (Brown-throated Sand Martin)    (DAY 4)
   Barn Swallow    Hirundo rustica    (DAY 1,4)
   Pacific Swallow    Hirundo tahitica    (DAY 1,2,3,4)
   Striated Swallow    Cecropis striolata    (Red-rumped Swallow)    (DAY 1,4)
   Asian Martin    Delichon dasypus    (House Martin)    (DAY 1)

WAGTAILS AND PIPITS   Passeriformes Motacillidae
   White Wagtail    Motacilla alba    (DAY 2,3)
   Richard's Pipit    Anthus richardi    (DAY 4)
   Olive-backed Pipit    Anthus hodgsoni    (Oriental Tree-Pipit)    (DAY 1)

CUCKOO-SHRIKES   Passeriformes Campephagidae
   Large Cuckoo-shrike    Coracina macei    (DAY 3)
   Gray-chinned Minivet    Pericrocotus solaris    (Yellow-throated Minivet)    (DAY 1,2,3)

BULBULS   Passeriformes Pycnonotidae
   Collared Finchbill    Spizixos semitorques    (DAY 1,h2,3,4)
   (E) Styan's Bulbul    Pycnonotus taivanus    (Taiwan Bulbul)    (DAY 2)
   Light-vented Bulbul    Pycnonotus sinensis    (Chinese Bulbul)    (DAY 1,2,3,4)
   Black Bulbul    Hypsipetes leucocephalus    (DAY 1,2,3,4)

KINGLETS   Passeriformes Regulidae
   (E) Flamecrest    Regulus goodfellowi    (Taiwan Firecrest)    (DAY 2,4)

WRENS   Passeriformes Troglodytidae
   Winter Wren    Troglodytes troglodytes    (Wren)    (DAY h2,4)

ACCENTORS   Passeriformes Prunellidae
   Alpine Accentor    Prunella collaris    (DAY 2,4)

THRUSHES   Passeriformes Turdidae
   Blue Rock-Thrush    Monticola solitarius    (DAY 3)
   (E) Formosan Whistling-Thrush    Myophonus insularis    (Taiwan Whistling Thrush)    (DAY h1,2,3)
   Scaly Thrush    Zoothera dauma    (White's Ground Thrush)    (DAY 1,4)
   Eyebrowed Thrush    Turdus obscurus    (DAY 1)
   White-browed Shortwing    Brachypteryx Montana    (Blue Shortwing)    (DAY 1,2,h4)

CISTICOLAS AND ALLIES   Passeriformes Cisticolidae
   Zitting Cisticola    Cisticola juncidis    (Fan-tailed Warbler)    (DAY 4)
   Striated Prinia    Prinia criniger    (Brown Hill Warbler)    (DAY 1,h3,4)
   Yellow-bellied Prinia    Prinia flaviventris    (DAY 3)
   Plain Prinia    Prinia inornata    (Tawny-flanked Prinia)    (DAY 3)

OLD WORLD WARBLERS   Passeriformes Sylviidae
   Brownish-flanked Bush-Warbler    Cettia fortipes    (Strong-footed Bush Warbler)    (DAY h1,h2,3,h4)
   Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler    Cettia acanthizoides    (Verreaux's Bush Warbler)    (DAY 2,3,4)
   (E) Taiwan Bush-Warbler    Bradypterus alishanensis    (Mountain Scrub Warbler)    (DAY h1,2,h4)
   Rufous-faced Warbler    Abroscopus albogularis    (White-throated Flycatcher-Warbler)    (DAY 1,2,3,h4)

OLD WORLD FLYCATCHERS   Passeriformes Muscicapidae
   Ferruginous Flycatcher    Muscicapa ferruginea    (DAY 1,2)
   (h) Snowy-browed Flycatcher    Ficedula hyperythra    (Thicket Flycatcher)    (DAY h1,h3)
   Vivid Niltava    Niltava vivida    (DAY 1,2,3,4)
   Red-flanked Bluetail    Tarsiger cyanurus    (DAY 4)
   (h) White-browed Bush-Robin    Tarsiger indicus    (DAY h4)
   (E) Collared Bush-Robin    Tarsiger johnstoniae    (DAY 2,4)
   Plumbeous Redstart    Rhyacornis fuliginosus    (Plumbeous Water Redstart)    (DAY 2,3)
   White-tailed Robin    Cinclidium leucurum    (White-tailed Blue Robin)    (DAY 1,2,3,4)

MONARCH FLYCATCHERS   Passeriformes Monarchidea
   Black-naped Monarch    Hypothymis azurea    (Black-naped Blue Monarch)    (DAY 1,3)

BABBLERS   Passeriformes Timaliidae
   White-throated Laughingthrush    Garrulax albogularis    (DAY h1,3)
   Rusty Laughingthrush    Garrulax poecilorhynchus    (Gray-sided Laughing Thrush)    (DAY h1,h2,3)
   Hwamei    Garrulax canorus    (DAY 1)
   (E) White-whiskered Laughingthrush    Garrulax morrisonianus    (Taiwan Laughing Thrush)    (DAY 2,4)
   (E) Steere's Liocichla    Liocichla steerii    (DAY 1,2,3,4)
   Spot-breasted Scimitar-Babbler    Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis    (Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler)    (DAY h1,h2,3)
   Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler    Pomatorhinus ruficollis    (DAY h1,2,3,h4)
   Pygmy Wren-Babbler    Pnoepyga pusilla    (DAY h1,2,h3,h4)
   Rufous-capped Babbler    Stachyris ruficeps    (Red-headed Tree Babbler)    (DAY 1,h2,h3,4)
   (E) Taiwan Barwing    Actinodura morrisoniana    (DAY h1,2)
   Streak-throated Fulvetta    Alcippe cinereiceps    (DAY 2,4)
   (h) Dusky Fulvetta    Alcippe brunnea    (Gould's Fulvetta)    (DAY h1,h3)
   Gray-cheeked Fulvetta    Alcippe morrisonia    (DAY 1,2,3,h4)
   (E) White-eared Sibia    Heterophasia auricularis    (Taiwan Sibia)    (DAY 1,2,3)
   (E) Taiwan Yuhina    Yuhina brunneiceps    (DAY 1,2,3,4)
   White-bellied Yuhina    Yuhina zantholeuca    (DAY h1,2,3)

PARROTBILLS   Passeriformes Paradoxornithidae
   Vinous-throated Parrotbill    Paradoxornis webbianus    (DAY 2)
   Golden Parrotbill    Paradoxornis verreauxi    (Blyth's Parrotbill)    (DAY 4)

LONG-TAILED TITS   Passeriformes Aegithalidae
   Black-throated Tit    Aegithalos concinnus    (Red-headed Tit)    (DAY 1,2,3,4)

CHICKADEES AND TITS   Passeriformes Paridae
   Coal Tit    Periparus ater    (DAY 1,2,4)
   Green-backed Tit    Parus monticolus    (DAY 1,2,3,h4)
   (E) Yellow Tit    Macholophus holsti    (Taiwan Tit)    (DAY 2,3,h4)
   Varied Tit    Sittiparus varius    (DAY 1)

NUTHATCHES   Passeriformes Sittidae
   Eurasian Nuthatch    Sitta europaea    (DAY 1,2,3)

FLOWERPECKERS   Passeriformes Dicaeidae
   Fire-breasted Flowerpecker    Dicaeum ignipectus    (DAY 2,3)

WHITE-EYES   Passeriformes Zosteropidae
   Japanese White-eye    Zosterops japonicus    (DAY 1,3)

ORIOLES   Passeriformes Oriolidae
   Maroon Oriole    Oriolus traillii    (DAY 1)

SHRIKES   Passeriformes Laniidae
   Brown Shrike    Lanius cristatus    (DAY 3)
   Long-tailed Shrike    Lanius schach    (Black-headed Shrike)    (DAY 4)

DRONGOS   Passeriformes Dicruridae
   Black Drongo    Dicrurus macrocercus    (DAY 1,3,4)
   Bronzed Drongo    Dicrurus aeneus    (DAY 1,2,3)

CROWS AND JAYS   Passeriformes Corvidae
   Eurasian Jay    Garrulus glandarius    (Jay)    (DAY 1,3,h4)
   (E) Formosan Magpie    Urocissa caerulea    (Taiwan Blue Magpie)    (DAY 1)
   Gray Treepie    Dendrocitta formosae    (Himalayan Tree Pie)    (DAY 1,3)
   Eurasian Nutcracker    Nucifraga caryocatactes    (Nutcracker)    (DAY 4)
   Large-billed Crow    Corvus macrorhynchos    (Jungle Crow)    (DAY 1,2,3,4)

STARLINGS   Passeriformes Sturnidae
   (I) White-vented Myna    Acridotheres grandis    (DAY 4)

WAXBILLS AND ALLIES   Passeriformes Estrildidae
   Nutmeg Mannikin    Lonchura punctulata    (DAY 1,3)

BUNTINGS, SEEDEATERS, ALLIES   Passeriformes Emberizidae
   Black-faced Bunting    Emberiza spodocephala    (DAY 2)

FINCHES, SISKINS, CROSSBILLS   Passeriformes Fringillidae
   Vinaceous Rosefinch    Carpodacus vinaceus    (DAY 2,4)
   Brown Bullfinch    Pyrrhula nipalensis    (DAY 1,2)
   Gray-headed Bullfinch    Pyrrhula erythaca    (Beaven's Bullfinch)    (DAY 1,4)

OLD WORLD SPARROWS   Passeriformes Passeridae
   Russet Sparrow    Passer rutilans    (Cinnamon Sparrow)    (DAY 4)
   Eurasian Tree Sparrow    Passer montanus    (Tree Sparrow)    (DAY 1,3,4)

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