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A Report from

ANNOTATED SPECIES LIST, Taiwan, November 7 – 16, 2005,


Compiled by Jo Ann MacKenzie, International Taiwan Birding Association

Taxonomy, names and sequence follow Birds of the World, a Checklist, 5th edition, 2000, by James F. Clements, updated to July, 2005.  Where the name in Clements differs from that in Birds of Taiwan, 1991, the Clements name is given first, followed by the Birds of Taiwan name in brackets.  Species endemic to Taiwan are shown in bold all caps.  Some birds were not seen by every person.  Birds that were “heard only” or “leader only,” are indicated.

“Shan”, pronounced ”sahn”, = “mountain;”  “tan” = “lake.”

For itinerary, see TRIP REPORT: BIRDING IN TAIWAN, November 7–16, 2005.

Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis [Podiceps ruficollis] – many in wetland habitats – Aougo; Hambao, Tsengwen River estuary; Kwangtien jacana reserve.

Great Cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo – many in appropriate habitat.

Herons, Egrets and Bitterns
Grey Heron, Ardea cinerea – many in freshwater habitat.
Great Egret, Ardea alba [Egretta alba] – common in freshwater habitat.
Intermediate Egret, Egretta intermedia – fairly common in freshwater habitat.
Little Egret, Egretta garzetta – Abundant in both freshwater and saltwater habitats.
Chinese Pond HeronArdeola bacchus – 2, Huatan, Changhua County.
Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis – several in lowland habitat.
Black-crowned Night-Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax – associated with freshwater habitats; abundant at Puzih River.
Malayan Night-Heron [Tiger Bittern], Gorsachius melanolophus – 1, Wufeng area; 1, Chung Pu; 5, Taipei Botanical Gardens.
Yellow Bittern [Chinese Little Bittern], Ixobrychus sinensis – 1, Yenshui River area; 2, Aougo Wetland.
Cinnamon Bittern, Ixobrychus cinnamomeus – 1, Hambao; 1, Aougu Wetland; 1, Tsengwen River estuary.

Ibises and Spoonbills
Black-faced Spoonbill, Platalea minor – 9, Aougo wetland; 393 (official count on that day, Nov. 13), Tsengwen River estuary.  Globally threatened.

Ducks, Geese and Swans
Eurasian Wigeon, Anas penelope – many in wetland habitats.
Gadwall, Anas strepera – 2, Aougo Wetland.
Eurasian Teal [Green-winged Teal], Anas crecca – many in wetland habitat.
Spot-billed Duck, Anas poecilorhyncha zonorhyncha – 20, Aougo Wetland.
Northern Pintail [Pintail], Anas acuta – 50, Aougo Wetland; Tsengwen River estuary.
Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata – Many in wetland habitat.
Tufted Duck, Aythya fuligula – 25, Aougo Wetland.

Osprey, Pandion haliaetus – 2, Aougo Wetland.

Hawks, Eagles and Kites
Black-shouldered Kite, Elanus caeruleus – 1, Hambao
Oriental Honey-Buzzard [Honey Buzzard], Pernis ptilorhynchus [Pernis apivorus] – 1, Huisun Forest Station; 1 enroute to Aowanda.
Crested Serpent-Eagle, Spilornis cheela – 1, Wufeng area; 1, Aougo wetland..
Eastern Marsh Harrier [Marsh Harrier], Circus spilonotus [Circus aeruginosus] – 1, Aougo Wetland.
Crested Goshawk, Accipiter trivirgatus – 1, Huisun Forest Station; 1, on way to Aowanda; 1 A Li Shan.
Japanese Sparrowhawk [Japanese Lesser Sparrow Hawk], Accipiter gularis – 1, Wufeng area; 1, Huisun  Forest Station; 1, (Blue Gate Trail #1.
Black Eagle [Indian Black Eagle], Ictinaetus malayensis – 2, A Li Shan National Scenic Area.

Falcons and Caracaras
Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus – Seen on 5 out of 9 days; total 7 birds.

Pheasants and Partridges
TAIWAN PARTRIDGE [TAIWAN HILL PARTRIDGE], Arborophila crudigularis – 1 seen by 1 Leader, Aowanda Forest Recreation Area; 1 heard only, Ruiyan River Trail (Blue Gate Trail #2), Meifeng        area.
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge [Bamboo Partridge], Bambusicola thoracica – Heard only, Huisun and Meifeng.
SWINHOE’S PHEASANT, Lophura swinhoii – 1 Huisun Forest Station, Nov. 8; a male was heard calling at   Huisun early on the morning of Nov. 9; 4, Beidongyan Shan; 3, Blue Gate Trail #1.

Rails, Gallinues and Coots
White-breasted Waterhen, Amaurornis phoenicurus – 2, Tsengwen River estuary.
Ruddy-breasted Crake, Porzana fusca – 1, Tsenweng River Estuary.
Common Moorhen [Moorhen], Gallinula chloropus – common in marsh habitat.
Eurasian Coot [Coot], Fulica atra – small numbers in suitable habitat.

Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Hydrophasianus chirurgus – 6, Pheasant-tailed Jacana Restoration Area, Kwangtien, Tainan County.  Very rare resident.

Greater Painted-Snipe, Rostratula benghalensis – 15, Huatan fields.

Stilts and Avocets
Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus – many at Aougo Wetland and Tsengwen River.

Plovers and Lapwings
Northern Lapwing, Vanellus vanellus – 2, Hambao Wetland.
Pacific Golden-Plover [American Golden Plover], Pluvialis fulva [Pluvialis dominica] – Many in mudflats of   Aougo and Tsengwen River estuary.
Black-bellied Plover, Pluvialis squatarola – 2, Yenshui River.
Little Ringed Plover, Charadrius dubius – Many in appropriate mudflat habitat.
Snowy Plover [Kentish Plover], Charadrius alexandrinus – many at Hambao and Aougo Wetland.
Lesser Sandplover [Mongolian Plover], Charadrius mongolus – 3, Tsengwen River estuary.

Sandpipers and Allies
Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago – 15, Aougo Wetland; 20, Tsengwen River estuary.
Asian Dowitcher, Limnodromus semipalmatus – 2, Yenshui River.  Rare.
Black-tailed Godwit, Limosa limosa – 60, Yenshui River.
Bar-tailed Godwit, Limosa lapponica – 27, Tsengwen River.
Eurasian Curlew, Numenius arquata – 5, Tsengwen River.
Spotted Redshank, Tringa erythropus –  1, Yenshui River.
Common Redshank, Tringa totanus – 2, Aougo Wetland; many, Tsengwen River.
Marsh Sandpiper, Tringa stagnatilis – 1, Hambao; 4, Aougo Wetland; 50 Tsengwen River.
Common Greenshank [Greenshank], Tringa nebularia – 1, Hambao; 6, Aougo Wetland; many, Tsengwen River.
Green Sandpiper, Tringa ochropus – 1, Kwangtien jacana reserve.
Wood Sandpiper, Tringa glareola – many in appropriate habitat.
Common Sandpiper, Actitis hypoleucos [Tringa hypoleucos] – 1, Hambao; 5, Auogo Wetland; 10, Tsengwen River; 2, Chukuo village, Chaiyi County.
Great Knot, Calidris tenuirostris – 1, Yenshui River.
Red-necked Stint [Rufous-necked Stint], Calidris rufficollis – 6, Tsengwen River.
Long-toed Stint, Calidris subminuta – 200, Hambao.
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Calidris acuminate – 80, Hambao; 2, Aougo; 3, Tsengwen River.
Dunlin, Calidris alpina – hundreds, Aougo Wetland, Tsengwen River.

Black-headed Gull, Larus ridibundus – 1,  Auogo Wetland; 2 Tsengwen River.
Saunders’ Gull, Larus saundersi – 1, Tsengwen River.

Caspian Tern, Sterna caspia – 40, Tsengwen River estuary.

Pigeons and Doves
Rock Pigeon [Rock Dove], Columba livia – many in varied habitats.
Ashy Wood-Pigeon, Columba pulchricollis – Small numbers in mountain habitat.
Oriental Turtle-Dove [Rufous Turtle-Dove], Streptopelia orientalis – 1, on the way to A Li Shan.
Red Collared-Dove [Red Turtle Dove], Streptopelia tranquebarica – seen almost every day, in various habitats.
Spotted Dove, Streptopelia chinensis – common in lowlands.
Emerald Dove, Chalcophaps indica – 1, by single observer, Huisun Forest Station.
White-bellied Pigeon [Japanese Green Pigeon], Treron sieboldii [Sphenurus sieboldi] – 1, Huisun Forest Station; 22 on 2 days, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng.

Lesser Coucal, Centropus bengalensis – 2, Aougo Wetland.

Typical Owls
Mountain Scops-Owl [Scops Owl], Otus spilocephalus – 1, Huisun Forest Station, after dark; heard only.
Collared Owlet [Collared Pygmy Owlet], Claucidium brodiei – 1, Huisun Forest Station, after dark; heard only.
Northern Boobook [Brown Hawk-Owl], Ninox japonica [Ninox scutulata] – 1, Huisun Forest Station, at     dawn; heard only.

House Swift, Apus nipalensis [Alpus affinis] – large numbers in open areas.

Common Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis – Several in wetland habitats.

Dollarbird [Broad-billed Roller], Eurystomus orientalis – 1, Yufeng area; 1, on the way to Huisun Forest   Station.

Black-browed Barbet [Muller’s Barbet], Megalaima oorti – Daily, Huisun Forest Station to Meifeng; 4, A LI   Shan.

Gray-capped Woodpecker [Gray-headed Pygmy Woodpecker], Dendrocopos canicapillus – 1, Huisun Forest Station; 3, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng; 4 A Li Shan.  
White-backed Woodpecker, Dendrocopos leucotos2, Huisun Forest Station.

Oriental Skylark, Alauda gulgula – 1, Kwantien; 5, Anping Harbor area, Tainan; 1 at highway rest area on   the way from A Li Shan to Taipei, Nov. 15.

Plain Martin [Brown-throated Sand Martin], Riparia paludicola – several at low elevation.
Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica – common in lowlands.
Pacific Swallow, Hirundo tahitica – very common in lowlands.
Striated Swallow, Hirundo striolata – common in lowlands.  (See footnote 1.)

Wagtails and Pipits
White Wagtail, Motacilla alba – 1, on the way to Huisun Forest Station
Black-backed Wagtail, Motacilla lugens – 2, Tonglin village area, Yufeng; 2, Chung Pu area; 1, Chukuo area.
Yellow Wagtail, Motacilla flava – Abundant at Hambao and Huatan. (N.B:  It is possible that some may have been Eastern Yellow Wagtail, Motacilla tschutschensi, but gray-and-white first winter birds are not identifiable as to species.)
Gray Wagtail, Motacilla cinerea – 1, Huisun Forest Station; others in appropriate lower elevation habitat.
Richard’s Pipit, Anthus richardi [Anthus novaeseelandiae] – 4, Hambao..
Red-throated Pipit, Anthus rubescens – 3, Hambao; 1, Aougo Wetland.
American Pipit [Water Pipit], Anathus rubescens [Anthus spinoletta] – 3, Hambao; 1, Aougo Wetland.

Gray-chinned Minivet [Yellow-throated Minivet], Pericrocotus solaris – fairly common in appropriate habitat; mostly mid-elevation.

Collared Finchbill, Spizixos semitorques – 5, Chukuo village, Chiayi County.
Light-vented Bulbul [Chinese Bulbul], Pycnonotus sinensis – abundant almost everywhere.
Black Bulbul, Hypsipetes leucocephalus [H. madagascariensis] – common in wooded habitats.

FLAMECREST [TAIWAN FIRECREST], Regulus goodfellowi – 4, A Li Shan (1, Tataka Recreation area; 3    Chaoping Park).

Alpine Accentor, Prunella collaris – 8, Hehuan Shan, Taroko National Park; 3, Tataka Recreation Area,Yushan National Park.

Blue Rock-Thrush, Monticola solitarius – 1, Chingjing.
FORMOSAN WHISTLING-THRUSH [Taiwan Whistling-thrush], Myophonus insularis – 1, Aowanda.
Scaly Thrush [White’s Ground Thrush], Zoothera dauma [Turdus dauma] – 1, Beidongyan Shan.
White-browed Shortwing [Blue Shortwing], Brachypteryx montana – 1, Blue Gate Trail #2, Meifeng. Heard by all, but seen by 1 person.

Zitting Cisticola [Fan-tailed Warbler], Cisticola juncidis – 6, Huatan; 1, Chukuo, Chaiyi County.
Yellow-bellied Prinia, Prinia flaviventris fairly common in low wetland habitat.
Plain Prinia [Tawny-flanked Prinia], Prinia inornata [Prinia subflava] – fairly common in low wetland  habitat.

Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler [Verreaux’s Bush Warbler], Cettia acanthizoides – 6, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng; 3, A Li Shan.
TAIWAN BUSH-WARBLER, Bradypterus alishanensis – 1, Tataka Recreation Area, Yushan National Park, heard only, by 1 leader.
Dusky Warbler, Phylloscoopus fuscatus – 1, Yufeng area.
Oriental Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus orientalis – 1, Yenshui River.
Rufous-faced Warbler [White-throated Flycatcher Warbler], Abroscopus albogularis – 8, Blue Gate      Trails, Meifeng.

Snowy-browed Flycatcher [Thicket Flycatcher], Ficedula hyperythra – 4, single observer, Blue Gate Trail   #1, Meifeng, Nov. 11.
Blue-and-white Flycatcher, Cyanoptila cyanomelana – 1, single observer, Huisun Forest Station.
White-browed Bush-Robin, Tarsiger indicus [Erithacus indicus] – 1, Hehuan Shan, Nov. 10.
COLLARED BUSH-ROBIN, Tarsiger johnstoniae [Erithacus johnstoniae] – 5, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng; 9, A Li Shan.
Daurian Redstart, Phoenicurus auroreus – 3, Huisun Forest Station; 2, Aowanda; 4, Chingching; 1, Hambao; 3, A Li Shan.
Plumbeous Redstart [Plumbeous Water Redstart], Rhyacornis fuliginosus [Phoenicurus fulginosus] – 4, Auwanda National Forest Recreation Area.

Black-naped Monarch [Black-naped Blue Monarch], Hypothymis azurea – 10, Yufeng area; 1, Chung Pu area.

WHITE-WHISKERED LAUGHINGTHRUSH [TAIWAN LAUGHING THRUSH], Garrulax morrisonianus – 1,    Hehuan Shan; 8, A Li Shan.
STEERE’S LIOCICHLA, Liocichla steerii – 29, Meifeng area (some in scrubby growth beside our hotel, (Chingjing Resort); 17, A Li Shan.
Spot-breasted Scimitar-Babbler [Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler], Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis  [Pomatorhinus erythrogenys] – 1 seen when surprised and flushed at Huisun; several others heard  only, in mountain habitat.
Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler, Pomatorhinus ruficollis – 7, Yufeng area; 1 heard, Huisun.
Pygmy Wren-Babbler, Pnoepyga pusilla – 1, heard only at the “Couple Trees”, Yushan Highway, A Li Shan.
Rufous-capped Babbler [Red-headed Tree Babbler], Stachyris ruficeps – 1 seen, Yufeng; 2 seen, A Li Shan; 3 others, heard only.
TAIWAN BARWING, Actinodura morrisoniana – 9, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng.
Streak-throated Fulvetta, Alcippe cinereiceps – 9, A Li Shan.
Gray-cheeked Fulvetta, Alcippe morrisonia – Fairly common, mid- to high elevation.
WHITE-EARED SIBIA [TAIWAN SIBIA], Heterophasia auricularis – many, Meifeng area.
TAIWAN YUHINA, Yuhina brunneiceps – many, Blue Gate Trails and A Li Shan.
White-bellied Yuhina, Yuhina zantholeuca – 1, Yufeng area; 10 Huisun Forest Station.

Golden Parrotbill [Blythe’s Parrotbill], Paradoxornis verreauxi [Paradoxornis nipalensis] – a rapidly moving feeding flock of at least 60, Tataka Recreation Area, Yushan National Park.

Black-throated Tit, Aegithalos concinnus – 40, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng; 10, A Li Shan.
Coal Tit, Periparus ater [Parus ater]5, A Li Shan, at Tataka Recreation Area and Chaoping Park.
Green-backed Tit, Parus monticolus – 21, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng; 1, A Li Shan.
YELLOW TIT [TAIWAN TIT], Macholophys holsti [Parus holsti] – 4, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng.
Varied Tit, Sittiparus varius [Parus varius] – 2, Huisun Forest Station; 3, A Li Shan.

Eurasian Nuthatch, Sitta europaea – 12, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng.

Plain Flowerpecker, Dicaeum concolor – 2, Aowanda.
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker, Dicaeum ignipectus – Several, Huisun, Auwanda, and Blue Gate Trails.

Japanese White-eye, Zosterops japonicus – very common everywhere except highest elevation.

Maroon Oriole, Oriolus trailii – 1, Huisun Forest Station, Leader only.

Brown Shrike, Lanius cristatus – 1, Yufeng area; 3, Huatan; 2, Chiku area.
Long-tailed Shrike [Black-headed Shrike], Lanius schach – 11, lowland habitast.

Black Drongo, Dicrurus macrocercus – common at low elevation.

Eurasian Jay [Jay], Garrulus glandarius – 2, Aowanda; 9, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng.
FORMOSAN MAGPIE [TAIWAN BLUE MAGPIE], Urocissa caerulea – 1, Yufeng area; 11, Huisun Forest    Station.
Gray Treepie [Himalayan Tree Pie], Dendrocitta formosae – 4, Yufeng area; 18, Huisun Forest Station; 2,  A Li Shan.
Eurasian Magpie [Magpie], Pica pica – 10, Yufeng area; 2, Aougo Wetlands; 5, Chiku area.
Eurasian Nutcracker [Nutcracker}, Nucifraga caryocatactes – 5, Auwanda; 1 Blue Gate Trail #1, Meifeng.
Large-billed Crow [Jungle Crow}, Corvus macrorhynchos – fairly common at mid- to high elevation.
Crested Myna, Acridotheres cristatellus – fairly common in open habitats at low elevation.
White-rumped Munia, Lonchura striata – 10, Huatan.
Nutmeg Mannikin, Lonchura punctulata – common in grassy, scrubby habitats at low elevation.
Yellow Bunting [Japanese Yellow Bunting], Emberiza sulphurata – 2, Huatan. 
Black-faced BuntingEmberiza spodocephala – 20, Huatan. 

Vinaceous Rosefinch, Carpodacus vinaceus – 1, Hehuan Shan; 3, A LI Shan
Oriental Greenfinch, Carduelis sinica – 5, Huatan. 
Brown Bullfinch, Pyrrhula nipalensis – 15, single Observer, Blue Gate Trail, Meifeng.
Eurasian Tree Sparrow [Tree Sparrow], Passer montanus – abundant in towns.

Total species:  161 (including 2 escaped Common Myna);  148 seen by two or more participants, 6       heard only, 5 seen by only one participant, 2 seen only by a Leader .

Endemic species: 11 (of 15) seen, plus 1 seen by a Leader only, 1 heard by a Leader only.

Missed:  Mikado Pheasant, Styan’s Bulbul


Taiwan Macaque Macacca cyclopis Nov. 8 - one, Nov. 15 - ten
Formosan Striped Squirrel Tamions maritimus formosanus Nov. 14 - one
Rice Field Frog Rano limnocharis Nov. 12 – one, Nov. 13 - one
Black-spectacled Toad Bufo melanostictus Nov. 13 - one
Cross-striped Human-faced Spider Nephila clavata Nov. 8 – 100, Nov. 9 – fifty
Mudskipper sp. Unidentified Nov. 11 - one
Chipmunk Unidentified Nov. 10 - one
Red-bellied Squirrel Callosciurus erythacus Nov. 10 - one

NOTES:   Striated and Red-rumped Swallows are very similar in appearance.  Red-rumped appears in Taiwan only in migration, whereas Striated is a resident species

For more information, contact Simon Liao, in Taiwan, at:, or Jo Ann MacKenzie, in Canada, at:


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