Visit your favourite destinations
Western Europe
North America
Eastern Europe
South America
Middle East
East Indies

A Report from

Hala Bala, Southern Thailand, 21-23/4/03,

Peter Ericsson

Memories to live by!

blue-throated Bee-eater
Rhinocerous Hornbill
Black-thighed Falconet.

To visit Hala Bala has long been a desire of mine . Where else would one go to see plenty of Hornbills in a pristine and lush lowland rainforest in Thailand? Yes, Taman Negarah in Malaysia is a good option but for me being essentially a Thai birder, there is no real  choice.

The park has been open to the public for 7 years now. Prior to that, it was a stronghold for insurgents and not a very safe place to visit. Only problem these days is the parks remote location at the border of Malaysia in the province of Naratiwat. (Naratiwat does have a domestic airport).

It so worked out that Christopher Hines, a top birder from Namibia, was in the country and agreed to visit the park together. We met up in Phuket and drove for almost 9 hours till the little town of Sungai KohLok, a busy border town hosting many hotels.

We checked in late at night at Genting hotel (700 Baht) and rose early for the short drive to the wildlife sanctuary following morning. (Drive towards Waeng and take a left at the police station in town, keep driving and ask the locals for details, you will soon be there.)

We arrived early, (no park fee was required), went strait to the research center where a group of Thai birders were gathered along with  some folks involved with the Hornbill project here in Thailand. Upon our arrival we were immediately greeted by half a dussin Wrinkled Hornbills! What a welcome! (the birders said they hadn't seen these birds for 7 consecutive days). This Hornbill simply is not given true justice in any fieldguide. It needs to be seen!  The bird was previously thought to be gone from Thai forests but is proven to breed at Bala.  Go to www.indiabirds/com/obc for pictures of birds mentioned in this article.

We were told of a fruiting tree further on down the road and so went strait for it. A flock of perhaps 10 Helmeted Hornbills were feeding on figs high in the canopy along with another flock of Rhinoceros Hornbills! Within a few minutes of entering the park I had already claimed my two remaining Hornbills, Wrinkled and Helmeted! Wow! I particulary took an affinity to Helmeted with its enormous tail, outstanding call and mysterious looking facial figure.

We hung around there for some time and went along with the Thai birders to an old gold mine a couple of kilometers outside the park. Here was some fabulous birding in a serene setting. It started out with a pair of Black-Red Broadbills, always a treat. I had my first Black-bellied Malkoha, which is surprisingly similar to Green-billed (smaller and shorter tail ofcourse).  A Blue-banded Kingfisher was seen by many in the stream. I missed it as I was busy observing a Chestnut-naped Forktail and then later on a Scarlet Sunbird, a rare specie in Thailand. Then at exactly 13:03 I had my very first male Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker in full view. Gorgeous bird with an outstanding breast in bright scarlet. Another Thai birder was with me and we both 'jumped for joy'. This is a much sought after Flowerpecker in the country.  We enjoyed lunch at the stream and I took the opportunity to refresh myself in the cool waters.

Later in the afternoon we went to PooKhaoTong Temple (golden mountain temple) just outside the park. Here is supposedly a good place for Malaysian Rail Babbler. We didn't see the Babbler but many other things such as; Scaly-breasted Bulbul, Spotted Fantail (southern specialty), Silver-rumped Swifts, Brown Fulvettas, Grey-bellied Bulbul and many more.

We inquired about lodging in the park and were given a simple but clean room for 300 Baht. Dinner was cooked in good Thai fashion (not adapted to suit western taste) and the local rangers, their families and staff, treated us very warmly.

The Bat Hawk behind the research center was not seen perched by us but I did see it in flight one morning.

Next day we went down from the research center, where, by the way, Black-thighed Falconet is easy, to an area with two nature trails. The first one being only 500 meters long and more open vegetation. The second one further down to the left, crossing a huge fallen tree, is 2 km and takes you inside of just outstandingly beautiful tropical rainforest.

I entered this longer path, stayed focused on Babblers as I find them appealing.

Around noon I sat down for a little break at the first Sala (resting house) some 900 meters into the trail when something truly magical happened.  I was contemplating the beauty of the place, feeling the presence of the Almighty and full of awe of the wonder of Creation when I suddenly saw a large fern sway heavily. I figured it must be a heavier bird causing the movement so decided to get up from the bench. I walked 10 meters and the loud call from a Crested Jay bursted forth from up high. Then, as out of nowhere, a female GIANT PITTA, appeared on a sun drenched fern about a meter above ground. I almost couldn't believe my eyes as I previously only have dreamed of such an encounter. The bird perched for a few moments and then headed into the forest. It honestly took me many minutes to 'get back to normal' after this experience. I truly felt touched by God's mighty hand in a supernatural way!

What time was it? Yes, incredibly so, 13:03 PM over again. The magic minute!

Most of the birding was done on an individual basis so I am only relating what I personally saw in the park. However, Christopher had Finch's Bulbul twice in here and also a juvenile Black-White Bulbul. He also picked up several other species I never caught on to. The Babblers I positively saw in here were; Chestnut-winged, Short-tailed, Moustached, Rufous-crowned and Black-throated.

As we were about to leave before lunch on our 3rd day, a flock of 6 White-crowned Hornbills came to bid us farewell at the research center. This is another very interesting looking bird! These birds came down much lower then the Helmeted and Rhinoceros Hornbills and apparently come down to feed on the forest floor at times.

The park has another part called Hala but is not easily reached from Bala (half a day by 4 wheel drive). Better reached from Yala province. Bala is mainly real lowland forest with a maximum altitude of 500 meters. Hala on the other hand has more montane avi fauna with its tallest peak at 1500 meters.

Many birds were heard throughout and the must intriguing call must go to Helmeted Hornbill with its long calls of hoops going into  ke-hoop and finally bursting into a hysterical laughter.

We drove all the way to Morakot resort at Bahn Tiew, Klong Tom, Krabi for a try at the Gurney's site in the morning. I decide to do some general birding along B,C and D trails since I have seen the bird a couple of years back but still want to see Banded Pitta.

The forest here was it usual self, very quiet. I then thought I'd give it a try at the famous U trail and entered here at 9:45. I walked at a brisk speed until I heard a male Gurney's Pitta call around Q60. I realized I was getting very close to the bird and so stood very still. The bird kept calling but a bit further away from me. Then the female started answering with it's more churring call from somewhere behind me. I had only been in the trail for 20 minutes but figured 'why not, miracles do happen so why not now?'. I shot up a little prayer and shortly after that the male was turning around coming back towards me, still calling. Then it hopped in to full view and for the next 3-4 minutes I enjoyed seeing this incredibly handsome and colorful male filling its lungs with air and letting out its call to his mate. Not only was the blue very brightly blue, the yellow shining golden but even the black on the belly was intensely black. Simply gorgeous!

If it weren't for this bird I'd give the park a miss though. Compared to Bala it just doesn't hold forth water. My only new bird for the day was a Black Magpie.

We then drove towards Phuket airport and managed a stop at the Mangrove National Park at Pangnga between 2-3 pm. Immediately the Mangrove Pitta was calling. After some search a bird flew in right in front of me and gave me my 3rd Pitta for the trip. Other good birds here was White-bellied Sea Eagle, Black-Red Broadbill and Streak-breasted Woodpecker.

Peter Ericsson

Following is a list of what I could positively identify at Hala Bala

Japanese Sparrowhawk
Crested Serpent Eagle
Blyth's Hawk Eagle
Black-thighed Falconet
Bat Hawk Lifer
Thick-billed Pigeon
Emerald Dove
Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot
Plaintive Cuckoo
Banded Bay Cuckoo   Heard
Drongo Cuckoo
Black-bellied Malkoha  Lifer
Chestnut-breasted Malkoha
Greater Coucal
Blue-throated Bee-eater
Red-beared Bee-eater  Heard
White-crowned Hornbill
Wreathed Hornbill
Wrinkled Hornbill  Lifer
Helmeted Hornbill Lifer
Rhinoceros Hornbill
Great Hornbill
Gold-whiskered Barbet  Heard
Blue-eared Barbet
Brown Barbet
Red-throated Barbet
Rufous Piculet  Lifer
Crimson-winged Woodpecker
Buff-rumped Woodpecker Lifer
Buff-necked Woodpecker
Black-red Broadbill
Black-Yellow Broadbill  Heard
Giant Pitta  Lifer
Edible-nest Swiftlet
White-bellied Swiftlet  Lifer
Silver-rumped Swiftlet
Brown Needletail
Grey-rumped Treeswift
Whiskered Treeswift
Barn Swallow
Scarlet Minivet
Lesser Green Leafbird
Blue-winged Leafbird
Black-headed Bulbul
Black-crested Bulbul
Scaly-breasted Bulbul
Grey-bellied Bulbul
Stripe-throated Bulbul
Yellow-vented Bulbul
Cream-vented Bulbul
Red-eyed Bulbul
Spectacled Bulbul
Ochraceous Bulbul
Yellow-bellied Bulbul
Hairy-backed Bulbul
Buff-vented Bulbul
Streaked Bulbul
Ashy Bulbul
Crow-billed Drongo
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo
Dark-throated Oriole
Asian Fairy Bluebird
Crested Jay  Heard
Sultan Tit (southern race with a black crest)
Short-tailed Babbler
Moustached Babbler
Rufous-crowned Babbler
Black-throated Babbler  Lifer
Chestnut-winged Babbler
Striped Tit Babbler
Brown Fulvetta  Lifer
Arctic Warbler
Rufescent Prinia
Dark-necked Tailorbird
Rufous-tailed Tailorbird
White-rumped Shama
Chestnut-naped Forktail
Grey-headed Flycatcher
Spotted Fantail  Lifer
Asian Paradise Flycatcher
Tiger Shrike
Purple-naped Sunbird
Scarlet Sunbird
Thick-billed Spiderhunter
Little Spiderhunter
Long-billed Spiderhunter  Lifer
Grey-breasted Spiderhunter
Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker  Lifer
Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker
Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker
Yellow-vented Flowerpecker
Orange-bellied Flowerpecker


Why not send us a report, or an update to one of your current reports?