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A Report from

Uganda, July 28th to August 17th 2004,

Geoff Dobbs and Alfred Twino-beku


The purpose of this trip was to see as many of the Albertine Rift endemics as possible, and also East African species missed on a previous 700-species trip to Kenya that had included Kakamega. The itinerary was planned to include a brief visit to Semliki Forest which would mean some West African species to swell the trip list, instead of travelling north to see Fox's Weaver. 598 species were recorded on this 3 week trip, with 170 new species for GD (and one, Dusky Babbler, for Alfred!). Time was mostly spent looking for the new species, and not maximising the trip list, but the final total was a pleasant surprise. Uganda was a very easy country to travel around. The people were friendly and helpful, arrangements were mostly smooth, and the birding with Alfred was excellent.


(Albertine endemic underlined): Rufous-bellied Heron, Cassin's Hawk-Eagle, Bat Hawk, Handsome Francolin, White-spotted Flufftail, African Finfoot, Brown-chested Plover, African Skimmer, eight species of Nightjar including Rwenzori Nightjar, Rwenzori Turaco, all three Long-tailed Cuckoos, Shining Blue Kingfisher, Black Bee-eater, Forest Wood-hoopoe, Red-faced Barbet, Dwarf Honeyguide, Grauer's Green Broadbill, Rufous-sided Broadbill, Green-breasted Pitta, Blue Swallow, Kivu Ground-Thrush, Red-throated Alethe, Collared Apalis, Mountain Masked Apalis, Grauer's Rush Warbler, Grauer's WarblerShort-tailed Warbler, Red-faced Woodland Warbler, Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher, Chapin's Flycatcher, Archer's Robin-Chat, Ituri Batis, Rwenzori Batis, Rwenzori Hill-Babbler*, Stripe-breasted Tit, Tit-Hylia, Purple-breasted Sunbird, Blue-headed Sunbird, Rwenzori Double-collared Sunbird, Regal Sunbird, Papyrus Gonolek, Strange Weaver, Dusky Crimson-wing, and of course, Shoebill.

All ticks except Bat Hawk and Finfoot which were good birds to see again.

* Rwenzori Hill-Babbler is a possible split from African Hill-Babbler.


Nahan's Francolin, White-naped Pigeon, Oberlaender's Ground Thrush, Shelley's Crimsonwing, Papyrus Yellow Warbler, Fox's Weaver, and no doubt a few more.


Looking through previous reports, one name stood out for his knowledge of bird calls in particular:  Alfred Twino-beku. Alfred was originally the Bwindi specialist, and he lives near Buhoma, but he has accompanied tours to all parts of Uganda. Alfred went to South Africa for additional training, and has recently visited Nigeria to train local guides.  He is exceptionally well-equipped with directional microphone, Mini-disc and cassette players and a full range of available discs including Chappuis, and Rossouw, supplemented with his own recordings. He also has an uncanny ability to mimic most species. His knowledge of calls was essential to identify the long-tailed cuckoos, greenbuls and honeyguides. Alfred was also good company, and was happy to bird dawn to dusk without lunch. He is not therefore the cheapest, charging $50 a day, and I booked him nearly a year in advance. Fortunately his work for Birdquest guiding the Bwindi part of their tour, followed immediately after my trip.

Alfred's e-mail is

Tel: mobile +25(6) 77869744   or 77457369

Alfred hopes to be setting up his own tours as ground agent from late 2004 and this would make for a more efficient trip. If a list of what you want to see is e-mailed in advance, Alfred will arrange the best itinerary.

I met Vincent, the Budongo specialist, and he was successful with another group with Nahan's Francolin when we were rained out.


These were made through Richard Tooro, MD of Kabarole Tours & Safaris Ltd, Plot 1, Moledina Street, PO Box 845, Fort Portal. Tel 256- (0)483-22183 mob 256-(0)483-22636

e-mail is

The company specialises in eco-tourism. Their quote like for like was cheaper than two others received. Richard was very helpful and flexible when I changed the itinerary both pre-trip and during the trip. The driver, William Kamanyire, was a reliable and safe driver and the 4WD Toyota Landcruiser, although a little old with worn tyres that may have contributed to three punctures, had no major technical problems. Rural Uganda is asleep by 10 pm, pitch black without electricity, and there is virtually no late night driving on to the next destination after a days birding.

COSTS, changing money etc

The total cost, including Alfred's fees, accommodation, transport, National Park entrance fees and all meals was $3300, or £1900. Drinks and tips for 3 weeks came to less than £75, not including the tips for Alfred and William. The exchange rate was 3150 Uganda shillings to £1,  3250 at the National Parks.

Money is best changed at the airport on arrival, or when passing through Kampala. Pounds Sterling were out-performing the dollar. Entrance to major National Parks ($20) can be paid in pounds or dollars at a very good exchange rate. The better hotels/game lodges also accept pounds/dollars.I paid for B&B at Travellers Rest, Kisoro in pounds and my entrance/accommodation in tent at Lake Mburo was £20. Changing money in other towns may be difficult: the rate offered at Kabale was only 2250 shillings for £1.

Accommodation costs were probably minimal. Clearly lodges at Paraa and Mweya are more expensive, and offer international standards. Buhoma is relatively expensive. I noted that the Bwindi View bandas, where most birders stay, were 45,000 shillings full-board inc. packed lunch .similar bandas elsewhere were 10,000 shillings plus meals. However, the luxury Gorilla View tented camp there was $205 for a single, all-inclusive. Travellers Rest at Kisoro, near Mgahinga, was very comfortable for $35 including breakfast. Dinners generally cost between 3000 to 10,000 shillings for up to 3 courses. Cokes and bottled water were 600 to 1000 shillings, beer (Bels or Nile Special 1000 to 1500).


Where possible, order food in advance, or as soon as checking in. Food is prepared in smaller places on simple stoves for one person/group at a time, either in order of arrival, or for an agreed time. Allow about one hour preparation time. Food is usually simple but usually served with generous portions of carbohydrate.chicken/beef/goat grilled or stewed, or fresh fish such as tilapia, with rice, chips, "Irish" boiled or mashed potatoes, matoke (maize flour dumplings) or green plantains, and sometimes vegetables, bean stew. There can be a good selection of fresh fruit - pineapple, banana, papaya, also avocado, sometimes puddings. Breakfast of tea/coffee/fruit juice, with jam and toast and eggs could always be provided before dawn for an early start, with buffet breakfast including cereals, and full English, available at the more expensive accommodation. Grilled meat or liver on wooden kebabs sold at road junctions for 500 shillings were both tasty and chewy.


I took Larium as the prescribed anti-malarial prophylactic, but was surprised at the almost total lack of mosquitoes. Despite rains at several sites, only 2 mosquitoes could be found in accommodation, with singles in toilets in Queen Elizabeth NP at Mweya. However, dawn at the Blue Swallow site on the last day saw a mass attack, and the repellent was finally used. Mosquito nets were provided at all accommodation where mosquitoes can occur (not Ruhizha as too high). Tsetse flies were a nuisance on the southern approach to Murchison Falls NP, before and after Masindi, and we all got a few bites when they invaded the car. All the necessary innoculations such as Yellow Fever, tetanus etc should be arranged.


The timing of my visit was determined by my available holiday time, not the birds. Overall, weather conditions were fine for birding. Temperatures were usually about 30 degrees Celsius, decreasing with altitude. There was more rain than expected, but rarely during the day. Some areas were very dry. Late July/August is usually a short dry season and not the best time as breeding of some species has finished, some birds are not calling, and some weavers are out of breeding plumage. It was dry enough to walk the main trail at Semliki, which sometimes can be waist-deep, but the rains had brought Brown-chested Plover to Queen Elizabeth NP (not Lake Mburo, which was bone dry). Alfred had Green Broadbill on the nest and recently fledged Congo Serpent Eagle at Bwindi in June. However, the September rains appeared to have arrived early, and some parts of west Uganda received serious flash flooding. Rain fell late afternoon or at night at Mabira, Semliki, Kibale and Ruhizha, all one afternoon at Budongo (costing Nahan's Francolin), locally at QE Park, and both afternoons at Buhoma, giving us a good soaking and reducing time in the field on two days. North Murchison, Lake Mburo and Mgahinga were extremely dry.



27th July to 17th August

27th Day 1:    Arrive Entebbe on Emirates flight from Dubai 10.20 pm. And overnight Central Inn.
28th Day 2:    Birding Lutembe swamp and Entebbe Botanic Gardens a.m. then via Kampala to Mabira, accomm. In Mabira Forest bandas
29th Day 3:    Mabira Forest all day:  Mabira bandas.
30th Day 4:    Mabira Forest a.m. birding, long drive to Masindi for lunch. p.m. Budongo forest. Accomm. Nyabyeya College.
31st Day 5     Royal Mile birding and Budongo.  Overnight Nyabyeya College.
1st   Day 6     Kaniyo Pabidi a.m. Transfer Murchison  Falls for p.m. birding. Overnight Sambiya River lodge.
2nd  Day 7     Birding whole day north Murchison, overnight Paraa rest camp.
3rd  Day  8     Transfer Fort Portal birding along Butiaba escarpment and forest near Fort Portal. Overnight Sebitoli Tourist centre.
4th  Day  9     Birding Kibale Forest National Park, and  Kihingami Wetland. Overnight Sebitoli Tourist centre.
5th  Day 10    Birding Kibale Forest National Park and the crater lakes area evening. Overnight Lake Nkuruba cottages
6th  Day 11    Transfer to Semliki, birding Hot Sprins. Overnight Rainbow Hotel Bundibugyo
7th  Day 12    Semliki  NP Kiriama Trail then transfer Fort Portal. Overnight Travellers Inn.
8th  Day 13    Transfer to Queen Elizabeth NP. Afternoon boat trip on Channel. Overnight Ecological Hostel at Mweya
9th  Day 14    Birding Queen Elizabeth Jacana Safari Lodge (Maramagambo Forest) Night at the Ishasha Bandas.
10th Day 15   am Q E Park  Drive to Ruhizha, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest N.P. birding The Gap en route and Ruhizha road p.m. Overnight Ruhizha.
11th Day 16   Mubwindi Swamp trail. Overnight Ruhizha.
12th Day 17   Mubwindi Swamp trail, then to Buhoma, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest.Overnight Bwindi View bandas.
13th Day 18    Bwindi Impenetrable Forest all day. Overnight Bwindi View bandas.
14th Day 19   Bwindi Impenetrable Forest a.m. then transfer to Mgahinga. Overnight Travellers Inn, Kisoro.
15th Day 20   Mgahinga a.m. then drive to Lake Mburo. Overnight tented Camp at Lake Mburo.
16th Day 21   Lake Mburo a.m. then to Masaka via Kaaku swamp. Overnight 40 km south of Masaka.  
17th Day 22   Birded grasslands near Lake Victoria a.m. Drive to Entebbe. Botanical Gardens, Evening flight

The itinerary was based originally on two weeks family holiday, then a week birding in the Bwindi area at the end, hence the anti-clockwise route. Accommodation probably needs to be booked in advance for most places as Uganda is becoming increasingly popular. A day was wasted at the start doing the Botanical gardens and Lutembe, and another day in the Kibale area. One of these days could have been spent at Mgahinga, as finding Shelley's Crimsonwing may take 2 days. Or the 2 days could be used to go for Fox's Weaver and overnight at Mt Elgon. Doing Ruhizha before Bwindi, then driving the long way round to Mgahinga, when it is only a bumpy 22 km. from Ruhizha to Kisoro, (with a Papyrus Yellow Warbler site possibly still on the way?), was also probably wrong, although it did take 2 days to get the Broadbill. A better idea may be to follow the reverse of this itinerary. The following 20 day itinerary could be extended by 2 days at the end to include Fox's Weaver

Day 1     Lake Victoria grasslands and Kaaku swamp, overnight Lake Mburo
Day 2     Lake Mburo until early p.m. then straight to Kisoro. Overnight Kisoro
Day 3     Mgahinga all day Overnight Kisoro/Mgahinga
Day 4     Mgahinga a.m.  Transfer Ruhizha. Overnight Ruhizha Bamboo zone in evening.
Day 5     Ruhizha Mubwindi Swamp trail all day. Overnight Ruhizha
Day 6     Bird via The Neck to Buhoma. Overnight Buhoma
Day 7     Buhoma - Bwindi Forest all day. Overnight Buhoma
Day 8     Buhoma - Bwindi Gorilla Trek. Overnight Buhoma
Day 9     Bwindi a.m. for anything missed, and then transfer to Q E Park Overnight Jacana Lodge.
Day 10   a.m. around lodge, then to Mweya for pm boat trip. Overnight Mweya
Day 11   a.m. game drive then transfer Fort Portal/ Sebitoli area for late pm birding
Day 12   Kibale Forest for Pitta a.m.  Bigodi Swamp pm
Day 13   Kibale forest a.m. or straight to Butiaba escarpment then to Budongo. Overnight Nyabyeya College
Day 14   Budongo Forest all day. Royal Mile. Overnight Nyabyeya College
Day 15   Budongo Forest all day. Overnight Nyabyeya College (this day may be necessary if any dips
Day 16   Kaniyo Pabide a.m. Murchison top of Falls pm until dusk. Overnight Paraa Rest camp
Day 17   Boat trip to Delta a.m. game drive north of river p.m. Overnight Paraa Rest camp
Day 18   a.m. game drive north of river (if required) then transfer to Mabira. Overnight Mabira bandas
Day 19   Mabira forest all day. Overnight Mabira bandas
Day 20   Mabira Forest a.m. Entebbe Botanical Gardens for 2 hours before transfer to airport.


Originally a proposed family holiday, the family decided to remain in 6-star luxury in Dubai and Rome, kindly allowing GD to concentrate on his preferred dawn to dusk birding. This resulted in travelling alone with just driver and guide, so to keep costs down, accommodation was adjusted from game lodges and hotels to usually simple bandas. Advantages were that the costs were minimised, birding was more often at the doorstep, and the simplicity of the lifestyle had a certain appeal. However, the occasional comfort of en-suite bathroom, electricity and hot water was certainly appreciated, and I would recommend up-grading at Queen Elizabeth NP at least.

Day by Day Account with highlights

27th July:  Late arrival at Entebbe from Dubai on Emirates Airways via Nairobi. Stayed at Central Inn.

28th July:  visited Lutembe Swamp in morning, just north of Entebbe. Good range of waterbirds seen and Blue-breasted Bee-eater, but no Shoebill. Hired a fisherman's canoe from the beach down the road to the left of the entrance gate for the Lutembe Paradise Beach Resort. (Mbamba swamp is a much better bet for Shoebill I believe, but so is the boat trip at Murchison.) Then back to Entebbe Botanical Gardens (opens 8 or 8.30 a.m.), essential for Orange Weaver and probably best site for Golden-backed Weaver, before driving via Kampala to Mabira, where birded in evening and stayed at simple bandas right in the forest. Ate at the NP centre on platform overlooking the forest.

29th July:   Whole day at Mabira working both sides of the road. Night in banda near NP Headquarters, eating at HQ.

Species seen at Mabira included  Crowned Eagle, White-spotted Flufftail taped in along stream across road from the centre, Brown and Grey Parrots at dawn/dusk, Black-billed Turaco, Sabine's and Mottled Spinetails, Forest Wood-hoopoe, White-thighed and African Pied Hornbills, Least Honeyguide and Cassin's Honeybird, White-shouldered Black Tit, Scaly-breasted and Brown Illadopsis, Green-tailed Bristlebill, Forest Robin, Fire-crested Alethe all around centre clearing and bandas, Black-throated Apalis, Yellow-browed Camaroptera, Grey and Yellow Longbills taped in, Tit Hylia and Green Hylia, Dusky Blue and Grey-throated and Lead-coloured Flycatchers, Black-throated Wattle-eye, Sooty Boubou, Purple-throated Cuckoo-shrike, Little Green Sunbird and Weyn's Weaver.

30th July:   Early morning birding at Mabira, then drove to Masindi for lunch, then on to Budongo forest pm but heavy rain from 2 pm put a stop to birding the Busingiro camp site trail where others saw Nahan's Francolin, and preventing visit to the pool there where Shining Blue Kingfisher seen. In the clearing next to the camp found Superb Sunbird. Checked in at Nyabyeya College where other birders also staying. Weather cleared in early evening for walk in nearby fields for White-thighed Hornbill, seed-eaters, and heard Black-shouldered Nightjar.

31st July:   All day at Budongo, working the Royal Mile all morning. Species included Chocolate-backed and African Dwarf Kingfishers, Cassin's Spinetail, Cassin's Honeybird, Red-tailed Bristlebill, Icterine and Xavier's Greenbuls, Black-capped Apalis, Brown-crowned Erememola, elusive Ituri Batis, Uganda Woodland Warbler, Lemon-bellied Crombec, Forest and Chestnut-capped Flycatchers, Olive Sunbird, Crested and Red-headed Malimbes, Brown Twinspot, White-breasted Negro-finch and Black-bellied Seedcracker. Then birded the main road at Busingiro where added Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo, returning in evening to fields to try for Cabanis's Bunting, although dipped. Spectacular evening roosting flights of Black-and-White Casqued Hornbills and Grey Parrots.

1st August:   Early departure to via Masindi to Kaniyo Pabide (driver missed obvious turn on Gullu road, costing us one hour). This is the site for Puvel's Illadopsis, and despite damp, dripping conditions and its complete lack of response to the tape, two fairly easily seen next to trail. Searched in vain for Rufous-sided Broadbill, but Afep Pigeon flushed off road on drive-in. After 2 hours, left for Murchison proper, seeing Yellow-bellied Hyliota at the Park Gate, checked in to the almost empty Sambiya River Lodge, then drove to top of Murchison Falls, seeing only Heuglin's Francolin and Cabanis's Bunting of the trip at the first puddle outside the lodge, and good numbers of Rock Pratincoles on the semi-submerged islands. Searched below the Falls along a steep trail for Pel's Fishing Owl at the fairly regular stake-out, but dipped, the owl possibly disturbed by two tourists hiking ahead of us. Giant Kingfisher seen. Found Red-winged Grey Warbler at camp-site entrance, bur no expected ptylias. Drove down to Paraa Rest Camp, where we should have stayed, so that we could book the boat trip to the delta for the next morning, then returned after dark to "nightjar" back to Sambiya, seeing Pennant-winged, Square-tailed (Gabon) and White-tailed (Swamp) Nightjars, with Spotted Eagle Owls flushed off the road.

2nd August:   Murchison NP all day. Accidentally locked out of the vehicle, we lost an hour, then drove to Paraa Rest Camp, checked in, saw species like Silverbird before crossing the river Nile on the ferry and birded on foot, while William got a slow puncture fixed. Found Grey-headed Oliveback and Dusky Babbler in first bushes, (new site ?), then walked up to Paraa Lodge for drinks. The vehicle finally arrived, and we set off on the planned game drive in north Murchison down towards the delta. Alfred believed I didn't need Shoebill, and we missed it, not seeing any along the shore of Lake Albert. We should have seen more birds on this drive such as Ground Hornbill, Red-necked Falcon, Senegal Thick-knee etc, but our late start meant it was hot, and there were few if any ticks for me, so we didn't put in the extra effort. We did see species like Spotted Thick-knee, Nubian Woodpecker, Dark Chanting Goshawk and some other dry country specialities. Other birders saw 3 Shoebills from the morning boat trip that I should have been on! Re-crossing the river, White-rumped Seedeaters were found beyond the camp on the overgrown football field on the left beyond the Paraa camp. We then returned to the top of the falls, staying to dusk to watch the spectacle of Bat Hawk, Grey Kestrel and Wahlberg's Eagle taking bats that poured out of the caves, Bruce's Green Pigeon flying in to roost over falls. Then "nightjarred" back to Paraa Camp, immediately seeing Long-tailed in the first 100 metres, then Slender-tailed, together with species from night before. A few deserved beers.

3rd August: Left Paraa before dawn for the long drive to Kibale, stopping at the Butiaba escarpment We intended to spend 2 to 3 hours, but only spent one hour (hungover?) walking up the valley. Foxy Cisticola was quite easy, and Black-bellied Firefinch, but Red-winged Ptylia again eluded us. Also seen, Cliff Chat, Green-backed Erememola, Northern Crombec, Yellow-bellied Hyliota and Golden-breasted Bunting. Late afternoon checked in to simple but hospitable Sebitoli Tourist Camp by the main road through Kibale Forest. The shower arrangement was certainly interesting. Tiny Sunbird was in the clearing and next to main road... Walked back to the right along main road to a bridge/stream, where African Black Duck and Cassin's Flycatcher staked out, with Many-coloured and Luhder's Bush-shrikes in roadside vegetation and Uganda Spotted Woodpecker also seen. A possible White-naped Pigeon flew over, and the first Blue-throated Rollers performed at dusk.

4th August:    birded around Sebitoli on a forest trail, seeing little new apart from Black Bee-eater (later seen at Bwindi) then Kihingami wetland (little new seen) and around Sebitoli in evening. Stayed Sebitoli Tourist Camp again. In retrospect, this was a wasted day on the itinerary.

5th August:   Birded Kibale Forest from the Chimp tracking centre. One of the rangers here, Harriet, had seen a Pitta the day before, and after a frustrating wait to 8 a.m. for the park to open, she took us with two armed rangers straight to the spot, flushing Crested Guineafowl on route. Alfred soon found two birds that gave excellent close views. The birds were silent, and flew low when approached. Tipped Harriet and she will keep a look-out for the Pittas. Also seen: Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo, Hairy-breasted Barbet, Speckled Tinkerbird, Yellow-billed Barbet, Masked and Black-throated Apalis, Black-faced Rufous Warbler, White-browed Crombec, Pink-footed Puffback, Waller's and Narrow-tailed Starlings and Variable Sunbird.

Then to Bigodi Swamp where after some effort, saw Papyrus Gonolek, White-winged Warbler and White-collared Oliveback. Shining Blue Kingfisher dipped again. Then checked in the peaceful Lake Nkuruba Cottage in Crater Lakes country, notable for Bamboo Warblers at dusk on the approach road, and Little Grebe and Giant Kingfisher on the lake.

6th August:   early start to Semliki, stopping to bird grassy habitat just above main cultivation altitude, seeing Orange-cheeked Waxbill, then on to Hot Springs area for afternoon birding with the ranger, Rose. Chestnut-flanked Goshawk, Red-billed and Piping Hornbills, Western Bronze-naped Pigeon and Swamp Palm Bulbuls seen, but birding very quiet in palm forest. Checked in to Rainbow Hotel in Bundibugyo, but only place in town to eat was Vanilla Hotel, where should have stayed in first place, as slightly more up-market. Watched Spy Kids 2 on satellite TV at Rainbow Hotel, a strange contrast to the evident poverty and pitch darkness all around.

7th August:   early start for Kirumia trail, meeting Rose at the entrance. Flushed a Bates' Nightjar off the path at the entrance to the trail. The trail starts in good secondary growth, and then passes through a wet area with grassy clearings and abandoned banana plots. This can be flooded and slow going, but it was quite passable. We were following an Elephant, with dung still steaming and freshly broken grass: apparently they favour these clearings. The Elephant did not cross the bridged stream just before a short ascent into terra firme forest where Rufous-sided Broadbill was displaying. A second area of drier forest was later reached, with potential camping. At mid-day we were still about 5 km from the river when men carrying fish passed us, and we turned around.

Highlights included Western Bronze-naped Pigeon, Yellow-throated Cuckoo (taped in), Black-throated Coucal only heard, Shining-blue Kingfisher, Black-casqued Wattled Hornbill, all previous day's hornbills plus White-crested Hornbill (always near feeding monkeys), Red-rumped Tinkerbird, Rufous-sided Broadbill, Gabon Woodpecker, Red-tailed Ant-Thrush, Yellow-throated Nicator, Icterine and Xavier's Greenbuls, Dusky Crested Flycatcher, Chestnut-breasted and Pale-fronted Negrofinches and Red-fronted Ant-pecker. The main dip was African Piculet which is usually seen, but there were several other possibilities such as Lowland Akalat, Red-bellied and Blue-billed Malimbes, and one half-day did not do it justice. If more time was spent in the Semliki area, then another day on the trail, and the road north of the Hot Springs would be worth exploring, as the river is only about 2 km from the settlement there, with possibly a chance of White-throated Blue Swallow or Hartlaub's Duck. Of course, a trip to Cameroon would get these species.

Then drove to Fort Portal and stayed in the comfortable Travellers Inn, but unfortunately it was Saturday night, and an all-night disco some distance away was clearly audible from my room, and after the quiet of the forest, prevented sleep.

8th August:   after getting a tyre fixed, we drove to the Mweya entrance to Queen Elizabeth NP, and birded the opposite side of the main road towards Kasenyi, a crater lake where salt is extracted Near here the burned ground had a first flush of green grass shoots from local rain. This was the habitat of Brown-chested (and Senegal) Plovers, and after a short search, at least 20 of the former were found by the roadside. This was fortunate, as the favoured Lake Mburo site was later found to be very dry, and no birds were seen there. After a game/bird drive, checked in to the rather basic Ecological Hostel, (a small and dismal room with no power point, but friendly Warthogs and Mongoose), and booked the afternoon Kazinga Channel cruise. Another unproductive game/bird drive followed, looking for the Skimmers that sometimes roost to the left of the jetty, viewable from the camp site loop. However they had gone down the channel to the right, as we found when we took the boat trip. This was pleasant and relaxing, with close views of Hippo and Buffalo, with Giant Forest Hogs coming to drink, and photo opportunities for a good range of waterbirds. African Crake was seen running between bushes and the Skimmers were at the mouth of the channel on the beach with Grey-headed Gulls and pelicans. Later we drove out about 8 km along the channel and parked up waiting for dusk. Verreaux's Eagle Owl perched above the car, and a Black-shouldered Nightjar was torched on a branch before we set off back in the dark, encountering a family of Spotted Hyena on the way. Night game drives are prohibited. Looking for nightjars did not seem to be a problem if you leave the lodge for a late afternoon game drive but delay coming back until after dark (as at Murchison). Dinner in Mweya staff canteen.

9th August:   left at dawn and drove to the virtually empty Jacana River Lodge, where just one family of tourists who had been on the same cruise were staying. Lovely location and facilities, and pleasant buffet breakfast. A little surprised we weren't really birding the Maramagambo forest, but maybe there was little we needed. It then became clear when Alfred called to show me a Shining Blue Kingfisher by the swimming pool..a stake-out. The grass was much longer here, and we flushed a Blue Quail on the drive out. Then a bumpy drive with a puncture to Ishasha, with Red-headed Lovebird and White-winged Black Tit on the way.  We booked in at the primitive hostel (the banda was full) and ordered dinner.  A game drive to the Lake Edward flats found huge herds of elephants, and Red-capped Lark, while in a dry area we found Temminck's Coursers and Collared Pratincoles. After a siesta another drive and we found two lions, one in a tree and one ill, but no new birds, although we checked the small papyrus swamp where Shoebill can occur, and grass for Harlequin Quail. Collared Palm Thrush has been seen here (once?). Three species of nightjar were seen around the camp in the evening.

10th August:   left early to get tyre fixed again, and buy food for next two nights, then drove via The Gap to Ruhizha, a long drive. Birded before the Gap in open farmland just after the Buhoma turn. Alfred immediately found Red-throated Wryneck, Levaillant's Cuckoo, Scaly-throated Honeyguide and Black-throated Seed-eater. At The Neck, Black Bee-eaters were perched above the road; Cassin's Flycatcher and White-bellied Robin-Chat were seen at the bridge stake-out. As rain threatened to fall, the highest area of forest along the right side of the road held Dusky Tit, Chestnut-throated Apalis, McKinnon's Fiscal, Blue-headed, Purple-breasted and Regal Sunbirds. The last slow 15 km of boulder road was painfully slow. In the evening as the rain cleared we birded along the road near the centre and after checking in at NP HQ to collect a guard, drove about 10 km up into the bamboo zone. New birds came thick and fast.

Highlights were: Handsome Francolin on road after rain, Western Green Tinkerbird, Stripe-breasted Tit, Grey-chested and Mountain Illadopsis, Mountain Greenbul, Red-throated Alethe, Archer's Robin-Chat (only heard today), White-starred Forest Robin, Cinnamon Bracken, Mountain Yellow and Red-faced Woodland Warblers, Rwenzori Batis, Bocage's Bush-shrike, Petit's Cuckoo-shrike, Narrow-tailed Starling and Dusky Crimsonwing. 

Stayed in the large hostel which we had to ourselves, and the cook we had hired from NP HQ prepared the food we had brought with us. During the night, Red-chested Owlets were heard.

11th August:   while the driver mended a slow puncture with superglue, we checked in at the NP HQ to collect our armed ranger, and then set off on the steep Mubwindi Swamp trail, that takes about 2 hours mostly downhill, the site for Grauer's Green Broadbill. It had nested using moss very near to the swamp two month's earlier, but had now departed It feeds in the brown-leaved trees on the steep slopes above the swamp. Despite searching until after mid-day, we didn't see any, and left before the afternoon rains arrived. Lagden's Bush-Shrike was heard above the swamp, but did not show. Otherwise the birding was good, especially the bottom of the hill just above the swamp, where most of the birds were seen. Birds seen on the higher part of the trail followed by (u).

Highlights:  Scarce Swift, Black-billed Turaco (u), Dwarf Honeyguide, Fine-banded Woodpecker (u), Rwenzori Hill-Babbler*, Kivu Ground Thrush, Archer's Robin-Chat, Black-throated, Black-faced and Collared Apalis, Black-faced Rufous, Evergreen Forest, Grauer's Rush (easy), Grauer's Warblers, White-browed Crombec. Yellow-eyed, White-eyed Slaty, White-tailed Blue and White-tailed Crested Flycatchers, Montane Sooty Boubou, Doherty's Bush-Shrike (u) (second clearing on way down), Montane Oriole (u), Waller's and Stuhlmann's Starlings (u), Strange and Brown-capped Weavers.

Torching in the evening, had excellent views of two African Wood Owls, and brief views of a Rwenzori Nightjar that would not respond to the tape.

12th August:   changed our plans and instead of leisurely birding The Neck on the way to Buhoma, we did the Mubwindi Swamp trail again for Green Broadbill, walking faster to get there earlier. Saw nearly all the previous day's birds except Kivu Ground Thrush and Doherty's Bush-shrike, and Lagden's were not even calling, but added Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo (u) and Bar-tailed Trogon near the swamp. For at least three hours, there was no sign, and so we reluctantly set off back, but about 300 metres back up the slope, Alfred heard the thin sip flight call some way off to the right, and we clambered off-trail until the bird was in front of us. Decision justified, we got back in time for the afternoon rain that persisted all the way to Buhoma where it was pouring down. Checked in to the simple but comfortable Bwindi View bandas, ordered a three-course dinner, and birded the entrance road after the rains, alive with secondary growth species. Magpie Mannikin was roosting in the tree in front of the restaurant, (and later others seen in the tree outside the NP entrance where the guards sit).

13th August:   spent the morning with three armed rangers walking the wide main Bwindi trail, until we got a thorough soaking from a mid-day downpour, and beat a retreat. Birding was slow at first, partly because there were few new ones, but these did gradually accumulate. Some proved elusive.Red-chested Owlets were not responding, Yellow-footed Flycatcher was not on its usual snag or Willcock's Honeyguide calling from the top of its usual tree. Buff-spotted Flufftail called right next to the path, and movement seen in the dark undergrowth caused a flutter of excitement until we could discern that we were looking at a mouse. The rangers kept out of the way for the most part, but did choose that moment to clump up to us, and the Flufftail stopped calling.

Highlights were: Western Bronze-naped Pigeon, Olive-Long-tailed Cuckoo (after playing tapes all morning to no avail), Scarce Swift, Bar-tailed Trogon, Blue-throated Roller, African Broadbill, Ansorge's Greenbul, Red-throated Alethe, Equatorial Akalat, White-bellied Robin-Chat, Grauer's Warbler, Short-tailed Warbler, Chapin's Flycatcher, Red-faced Antpecker, Oriole Finch.

14th August:   repeated yesterday's walk along the Bwindi main trail to find the few missed yesterday, but turned left to do a loop along the stream. After playing tapes for some time, had two frustratingly brief views of Red-chested Owlets: perhaps they are getting tired of responding. We decided to leave early for the fairly straightforward but long drive to Kisoro and Mgahinga, getting a new inner tube on the way. On one of the higher passes, stopped by a weedy field for Dusky Twinspot and these ridges were good for raptors, with Cassin's Hawk Eagle finally being seen. There ought to be Short-tailed Pipit here? One of the papyrus swamps on route, a previous stake-out for Papyrus Yellow Warbler, was now 100% Irish potatoes, although Grey Crowned Cranes clearly liked the habitat. Overnight at the Traveller's Rest, ("Dianne Fossey's second home"), $35 B&B and very comfortable.

15th August: about 40 minutes very bumpy drive to the Mgahinga NP entrance, where admission is 8 a.m. Augur Buzzards, Streaky Seed-eaters and Golden-breasted Bunting in the car park. Accompanied by four armed rangers, set off in search of remaining higher altitude endemics. Almost immediately identified the larger and fairly common Rwenzori Double-collared Sunbird (Stuhlmann's), and Rwenzori Turaco seen in the first trees among the bamboo. Then spent a frustrating few hours searching for Crimsonwings, with Red-faced Crimsonwing heard, but Mgahinga was extremely dry, and the grasses and short bamboo around 2000 to 2200 metres favoured by Shelley's Crimsonwing were not flowering or seeding. Additions to the list included Mountain Buzzard and Cape Robin Chat, with Western Green Tinkerbird only the second of the trip. By early afternoon we were on our way but a one hour stop in Kisoro for yet another tyre change meant we arrived in pitch black at 8 p.m. As we had changed the itinerary, our booking had not arrived, but there was a spare tent and the lakeside restaurant was still serving fish and chips. The 20 metre trip to the toilet behind the tent was an adventure, with both Hippo and Buffalo encountered by torchlight. A real African night in the bush, and good night's sleep.

16th August:   awoken by the dawn chorus, and birded around the Lake Mburo campsite on foot until the NP office opened at 8 a.m. to pay for permits. If facing towards the lake, looking to the right from the office scanning treetops in a hollow, we picked out two Red-faced Barbets that then flew right over us, the buildings and out of sight. Target species seen, we headed down for breakfast. A quick scan with the scope under the overhanging vegetation to the left of the restaurant, before the first launch reached and scared them, found two African Finfoot. Lake Mburo was extremely dry, and already it was getting hot. We drove round, and walked about, for several hours seeing very little of note except a snared Zebra that keeled over in front of our eyes. Other birds included Coqui Francolin (heard), Emerald-spotted Wood Dove (only site in Uganda?), Red-headed Lovebird, White-winged Black Tit, Long-tailed (Tabora) Cisticola, White-tailed Crested Flycatcher and Marico Sunbird. We looked in vain for Miombo Wren-Warbler (Stierling's Barred Warbler) that has been recorded here. On the way out back to the main road we finally flushed a Harlequin Quail from an area of short dry grass also favoured by Wattled Plovers.

After a short stop at a roadside swamp, we then spent until nearly dusk at Kaaku Swamp. This area ought to be made a reserve, with bird hides, compensation to local villagers etc. Almost immediately we got out the car, Alfred picked up a distant bird gradually descending from the sky. It was a Shoebill.what a strange flight silhouette. It slowly descended and dropped into the papyrus and out of sight. What a relief, but also what now to do tomorrow instead of Mbamba Swamp? Anyway, back to birding: working towards the left end of the swamp, despite reed-cutters and cattle grazers, the number of birds increased. Kaaku is separately listed in the day by day account so a fuller list is there, but highlights included:

Rufous-bellied Heron (4), African Pygmy-goose, Knob-billed Duck, Lesser Jacana, Lilac-breasted Roller.

We then drove on to Masaka, where a quick scan of the swamp revealed two Sitatunga. We turned right towards Tanzania, and stayed in the next large town.

17th August:  early start heading south for about 20 km, then turned left onto dirt towards Lake Victoria, and stopped after 15 km? after crossing a river, then some forest and dead trees on the right, birding damp grassland before a ridge to the right. (This site should be in Rossouw?). Once the sun came up, the target Blue Swallows were found hawking around cattle with a few Barn Swallows and Banded Martins. Red-winged Francolin, Afep Pigeon, Red-headed Lovebird, Yellow-crested Woodpecker, Yellow-throated Leaflove, Broad-tailed and African Moustached Warblers and White-collared Oliveback was present, but we had to leave before we had time to search for Red-billed Quailfinch, in order for Alfred to meet up with the Birdquest group. I returned to Entebbe Botanical Gardens for Jackson's Golden-backed Weaver, also adding African Water Rail and Lesser Moorhen along the shoreline of Lake Victoria.


African Lion (2 at Ishasha)
Chimpanzee (3 along Royal Mile)
Olive Baboon
Grey-cheeked Mangabey
Guereza Colobus
Central African Red Colobus
Vervet Monkey
Red-tailed Monkey
Gentle (Blue) Monkey
Gentle (Golden) Monkey
De Brazza's Monkey
L'Hoest's Monkey
Yellow-winged Bat
Checkered Elephant-Shrew
Western Tree Hyrax
African Elephant
Common Warthog
Giant Hog
(Kazinga and Ishasha)
Jameson's Hartebeeste
Rwenzori Red Duiker
Common Zebra
African Buffalo
Banded Mongoose
Spot-necked Otter
 (river near Sebitoli)
African Clawless Otter
(below Falls at Murchison)
Uganda Grass-Hare
Scrub Hare
Striped Ground Squirrel  
Alexander's Dwarf Squirrel
Boehm's Squirrel


I used just the one bird book:
Field Guide to the Birds of East Africa, 2001, by Terry Stevenson and John Fanshawe. Poyser £29.95

Also had access to:
The Kingdom Field Guide to African Mammals, 1997, by Jonathan Kingdom. Natural World  £29.95
African Bird Sounds, Volume 2, by C Chappuis. 11 CD set, includes nearly all Albertine endemics.

Other books larger groups would take are:

Birds of Kenya and Northern Tanzania, 1996, by Dale Zimmerman, Don Turner, et al. Helm  £50
This gives more detail for most species encountered in Uganda, and could be carried by someone in a larger group.

Where to watch birds in Uganda, 1998, by Jonathan Rossouw and Marco Sacchi. This site guide would be essential if birding without a guide, and useful in planning the itinerary.


Uganda Birding plus Gorillas in Rwanda. J Hornbuckle  25th July - 17th August  2001  Worldtwitch
Uganda July 2002  Jan Vermuelen.
Uganda  5th-26th August 2002. Sam Woods

Daily log: Nomenclature as in Stephenson and Fanshawe: sequence down-loaded from a web-site to save time, and contained some errors. One on Avibase is more comprehensive, with Latin names. Appeared to be loosely based on  Clements.

Species List Uganda July 28th to August 17th 2004

Little Grebe  Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great White Pelican  Pelecanus onocrotalus
Pink-backed Pelican  Pelecanus rufescens
Long-tailed Cormorant  Phalacrocorax africanus
Pink-backed Pelican  Pelecanus rufescens
African Darter  Anhinga rufa
Little Bittern  Ixobrychus minutus
Grey Heron  Ardea cinerea
Goliath Heron  Ardea goliath
Black-headed Heron  Ardea melanocephala
Purple Heron  Ardea purpurea
Squacco Heron  Ardeola ralloides
Rufous-bellied Heron  Ardeola rufiventris
Cattle Egret  Bubulcus ibis
Green-backed Heron  Butorides striatus
Great Egret  Casmerodius albus
Little Egret  Egretta garzetta
Yellow-billed Egret  Mesophoyx intermedia
Black-crowned Night Heron  Nycticorax nycticorax
Shoebill  Balaeniceps rex
Hamerkop  Scopus umbretta
African Open-billed Stork  Anastomus lamelligerus
Woolly-necked Stork  Ciconia episcopus
Saddle-billed Stork  Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis
Marabou Stork  Leptoptilos crumeniferus
Yellow-billed Stork  Mycteria ibis
Hadada Ibis  Bostrychia hagedash
Glossy Ibis  Plegadis falcinellus
Sacred Ibis  Threskiornis aethiopicus
African Spoonbill  Platalea alba
White-faced Whistling Duck  Dendrocygna viduata
Egyptian Goose  Alapochen aegyptiacus
Hottentot Teal  Anas hottentota
African Black Duck  Anas sparsa
Yellow-billed Duck  Anas undulata
African Pygmy-goose  Nettapus auritus
Spur-winged Goose  Plectropterus gambensis
Knob-billed Duck  Sarkidiornis melanotus
Palm-nut Vulture  Gypohierax angolensis
African White-backed Vulture  Gyps africanus
Ruppell's Vulture  Gyps ruepellii
Hooded Vulture  Necrosyrtes monachus
White-headed Vulture  Trigonoceps occipitalis
African Marsh Harrier  Circus ranivorus
African Harrier-Hawk  Polyboroides typus
Banded Snake Eagle  Circaetus cinerascens
Brown Snake Eagle  Circaetus cinereus
Beaudouin's Snake Eagle  Circaetus beaudouni
Black-chested Snake Eagle  Circaetus pectoralis
Bateleur  Terathopius ecaudatus
Shikra  Accipiter badius
Chestnut-flanked Goshawk   Accipiter castanilius
Great Sparrowhawk  Accipiter melanoleucus
Little Sparrowhawk  Accipiter minullus
Ovambo Sparrowhawk  Accipiter ovampensis
African Goshawk  Accipiter tachiro
Tawny Eagle  Aquila rapax
Wahlberg's Eagle  Aquila wahlbergi
Augur Buzzard  Buteo augur
Mountain Buzzard  Buteo oreophilus
Cassin's Hawk Eagle  Hieraaetus africanus
Ayres's Hawk Eagle  Hieraaetus ayresii
African Hawk Eagle  Hieraaetus spilogaster
Lizard Buzzard  Kaupifalco monogrammicus
Long-crested Eagle  Lophaetus occipitalis
Gabar Goshawk   Micronisus gabar
Dark Chanting Goshawk  Melierax metabates
Martial Eagle  Polemaetus bellicosus
African Crowned Eagle  Stephanoaetus coronatus
African Fish Eagle  Haliaeetus vocifer
Black Kite  Milvus migrans
Yellow-billed Kite  Milvus parasiticus
Black-shouldered Kite  Elanus caeruleus
Bat Hawk  Macheiramphus alcinus
Grey Kestrel  Falco ardosiaceus
Lanner Falcon  Falco biarmicus
Common Kestrel  Falco tinnunculus
Blue Quail  Coturnix adansonii
Harlequin Quail Coturnix delegorguei
Red-necked Spurfowl  Francolinus afer
Coqui Francolin  Francolinus coqui
Heuglin's Francolin  Francolinus icterorhynchus
Red-winged Francolin  Francolinus levaillantii
Handsome Francolin  Francolinus nobilis
Crested Francolin  Francolinus sephaena
Scaly Francolin  Francolinus squamatus
Crested Guineafowl  Guttera pucherani
Helmeted Guineafowl  Numida meleagris
Grey Crowned Crane  Balearica regulorum
African Crake  Crex egregia
Lesser Moorhen  Gallinula angulata
Common Moorhen  Gallinula chloropus
Black Crake  Amaurornis flavirostris
Purple Swamphen  Porphyrio porphyrio
African Water Rail  Rallus caerulescens
Buff-spotted Flufftail  Sarothrura elegans
White-spotted Flufftail  Sarothrura pulchra
African Finfoot  Podica senegalensis
Black-bellied Bustard  Eupodotis melanogaster
African Jacana  Actophilornis africanus
Lesser Jacana  Microparra capensis
Kittlitz's Plover  Charadrius pecuarius
Three-banded Plover  Charadrius tricollaris
Crowned Plover  Vanellus coronatus
Long-toed Plover  Vanellus crassirostris
Senegal Plover  Vanellus lugubris
African Wattled Plover  Vanellus senegallus
Spur-winged Plover  Vanellus spinosus
Brown-chested Plover  Vanellus superciliosus
Common Sandpiper  Actitis hypoleucos
Wood Sandpiper  Tringa glareola
Common Greenshank  Tringa nebularia
Black-winged Stilt  Himantopus himantopus
Spotted Thick-knee  Burhinus capensis
Water Thick-knee  Burhinus vermiculatus
Temminck's Courser  Cursorius temminckii
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola
Rock Pratincole Glareola nuchalis
Grey-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
Gull-billed Tern  Sterna nilotica
African Skimmer  Rynchops flavirostris
Olive Pigeon  Columba arquatrix
Speckled Pigeon  Columba guinea
Feral Pigeon  Columba livia
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta
Ring-necked Dove Streptopelia capicola
African Mourning Dove Streptopelia decipiens
Dusky Turtle Dove  Streptopelia lugens
Red-eyed Dove  Streptopelia semitorquata
Laughing Dove  Streptopelia senegalensis
Vinaceous Dove  Streptopelia vinacea
Black-billed Wood Dove  Turtur abyssinicus
Blue-spotted Wood Dove  Turtur afer
Emerald-spotted Wood Dove  Turtur chalcospilos
Tambourine Dove  Turtur tympanistria
African Green Pigeon  Treron calva
Bruce's Green Pigeon  Treron waalia
Red-headed Lovebird  Agapornis pullarius
Brown Parrot  Poicephalus meyeri
Grey Parrot  Psittacus erithacus
Great Blue Turaco Corythaeola cristata
Bare-faced Go-away Bird  Corythaixoides personata
Eastern Grey Plantain-eater  Crinifer zonurus
Ross's Turaco  Musophaga rossae
Ruwenzori Turaco Tauraco johnstoni
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus
Black-billed Turaco Tauraco schuettii
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi
Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx montanus
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus
Diederik Cuckoo Chrysococcyx caprius
African Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx cupreus
Yellow-throated Green Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavogularis
Klaas's Cuckoo Chrysococcyx klaas
Levaillant's Cuckoo Oxylophus levaillantii
African Cuckoo Cuculus gularis
Red-chested Cuckoo Cuculus solitarius
Yellowbill Ceuthmochares aereus
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster
Blue-headed Coucal Centropus monachus
Senegal Coucal Centropus senegalensis
White-browed Coucal Centropus superciliosus
Spotted Eagle Owl Bubo africanus
Verreaux's Eagle-Owl Bubo lacteus
African Wood Owl Ciccaba woodfordii
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum
African Scops Owl Otus senegalensis
Bate's Nightjar Caprimulgus batesi
Slender-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus clarus
Long-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus climacurus
Gabon Nightjar Caprimulgus fossii
African White-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus natalensis
Pennant-winged Nightjar Macrodipteryx vexillarius
Black-shouldered Nightjar Caprimulgus nigriscapularis
Ruwenzori Nightjar Caprimulgus ruwenzorii
Little Swift  Apus affinis
Eurasian Swift  Apus apus
African Black Swift  Apus barbatus
White-rumped Swift  Apus caffer
Alpine Swift  Apus melba
African Palm Swift  Cypsiurus parvus
Scarce Swift  Schoutedenapus myoptilus
Cassin's Spinetail  Neafrapus cassini
Sabine's Spinetail  Rhaphidura sabini
Mottled Spinetail  Telacanthura ussheri
Speckled Mousebird  Colius striatus
Blue-naped Mousebird Urocolius macrourus
Narina Trogon  Apaloderma narina
Bar-tailed Trogon  Apaloderma vittatum
Giant Kingfisher Megaceryle maxima
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
Malachite Kingfisher  Alcedo cristata
Shining-blue Kingfisher  Alcedo quadribrachys
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher  Halcyon badia
Striped Kingfisher  Halcyon chelicuti
Blue-breasted Kingfisher  Halcyon malimbica
Grey-headed Kingfisher  Halcyon leucocephala
Woodland Kingfisher  Halcyon senegalensis
African Dwarf Kingfisher  Ispidina lecontei
African Pygmy Kingfisher  Ispidina picta
White-throated Bee-eater  Merops albicollis
Red-throated Bee-eater  Merops bulocki
Black Bee-eater  Merops gularis
Swallow-tailed Bee-eater  Merops hirundineus
Northern Carmine Bee-eater  Merops nubicus
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater  Merops oreobates
Little Bee-eater  Merops pusillus
Madagascar Bee-eater  Merops superciliosus
Blue-breasted Bee-eater  Merops variegatus
Lilac-breasted Roller  Coracias caudata
Broad-billed Roller  Eurystomus glaucurus
Blue-throated Roller  Eurystomus gularis
White-headed Wood-Hoopoe  Phoeniculus bollei
Forest Wood-Hoopoe  Phoeniculus castaneiceps
Common Scimitarbill  Rhinopomastus cyanomelas
Green Wood-Hoopoe  Phoeniculus purpureus
White-thighed Hornbill  Bycanistes albotibialis
Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill  Bycanistes subcylindricus
Black-casqued Wattled Hombill  Ceratogymna atrata
Crowned Hornbill  Tockus alboterminatus
Red-billed Dwarf Hombill  Tockus camurus
Piping Hornbill  Bycanistes fistulator
African Pied Hornbill  Tockus fasciatus
African Grey Hornbill  Tockus nasutus
White-crested Hornbill  Tropicranus albocristatus
Yellow-spotted Barbet  Buccanodon duchaillui
Grey-throated Barbet Gymnobucco bonapartei
Double-toothed Barbet  Lybius bidentatus
Black-billed Barbet  Lybius guifsobalito
Hairy-breasted Barbet  Tricholaema hirsuta
Spot-flanked Barbet  Tricholaema lachrymosa
Red-faced Barbet  Lybius rubrifacies
Red-rumped Tinkerbird  Pogonilius atroflavus
Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird  Pogoniulus bilineatus
Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird  Pogoniulus chrysoconus
Western Green Tinkerbird  Pogoniulus coryphaeus
Speckled Tinkerbird  Pogoniulus scolopaceus
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird  Pogoniulus subsulphureus
Yellow-billed Barbet  Trachylaemus purpuratus
Least Honeyguide  Indicator exilis
Lesser Honeyguide  Indicator minor
Dwarf Honeyguide  Indicator pumilio
Scaly-throated Honeyguide  Indicator variegatus
Willcocks' Honeyguide  Indicator willcocksii
Cassin's Honeybird  Prodotiscus insignis
African Green Broadbill  Pseudocalyptomena graueri
African Broadbill  Smithornis capensis
Rufous-sided Broadbill  Smithornis rufolateralis
Green-breasted Pitta  Pitta reichenowi
Red-throated Wryneck  Jynx ruficollis
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa
Nubian Woodpecker  Campethera nubica
Fine-banded Woodpecker Campethera tullbergi
Cardinal Woodpecker  Dendropicos fuscescens
Gabon Woodpecker  Dendropicos gabonensis
Uganda Spotted Woodpecker  Dendropicos poecilolaemus
Elliot's Woodpecker  Dendropicos elliotii
Grey Woodpecker  Dendropicos goertae
Olive Woodpecker  Dendropicos griseocephalus
Yellow-crested Woodpecker  Dendropicos xantholophus
Brown-backed Woodpecker  Picoides obsoletus
Bearded Woodpecker  Dendropicos namaquus
Red-capped Lark  Calandrella cinerea
Rufous-naped Lark  Mirafra africana
White-tailed Lark  Mirafra albicauda
Flappet Lark  Mirafra rufocinnamomea
Plain-backed Pipit Anthus leucophrys
Grassland Pipit Anthus cinnamomeus
Yellow-throated Longclaw Macronyx croceus
African Pied Wagtail Motacilla aguimp
Cape Wagtail Motacilla capensis
Mountain Wagtail Motacilla clara
Lesser Striped Swallow Hirundo abyssinica
Angola Swallow Hirundo angolensis
Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea
Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica
Rock Martin Hirundo fuligula
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Rufous-chested Swallow Hirundo semirufa
Mosque Swallow Hirundo senegalensis
Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii
White-headed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne albiceps
Black Saw-wing Psalidoprocne holomelas
Banded Martin Riparia cincta
Plain Martin Riparia paludicola
Stripe-breasted Tit Parus fasciiventer
Dusky Tit Parus funereus
White-winged Black Tit Parus leucomelas
White-shouldered Black Tit Parus guineensis
African Penduline Tit Anthoscopus caroli
Ruwenzori Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe atriceps ***
Grey-chested Illadopsis Kagamega poliothorax
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens
Puvel's Illadopsis Illadopsis puveli
Mountain Illadopsis Illadopsis pyrrhoptera
Pale-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis rufipennis
Arrow-marked Babbler Turdoides jardineii
Black-lored Babbler Turdoides sharpei
Brown Babbler Turdoides plebejus
Dusky Babbler Turdoides tenebrosus
Cameroon Sombre Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris
Slender-billed Greenbul Andropadus gracilirostris
Little Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei
Yellow-whiskered Greenbul Andropadus latirostris
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis
Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps
Little Greenbul Andropadus virens
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator
Green-tailed Bristlebill Bleda eximia
Red-tailed Bristlebill Bleda syndactyla
Yellow-throated Leaf-love Chlorocichla flavicollis
Joyful Greenbul Chlorocichla laetissima
Red-tailed Greenbul Criniger calurus
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus
Western Nicator Nicator chloris
Yellow-throated Nicator Nicator vireo
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis
Toro Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus hypochloris
Yellow-streaked Greenbul Phyllastrephus flavostriatus
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus
Cabanis's Greenbul Phyllastrephus cabanisi
Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri
Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus
Swamp Palm Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura
Fire-crested Alethe Alethe diademata
Brown-chested Alethe Alethe poliocephala
Red-throated Alethe Alethe poliophrys
Brown-backed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas hartlaubi
White-browed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas leucophrys
Spotted Morning Thrush Cichladusa guttata
Cape Robin-Chat Cossypha caffra
Blue-shouldered Robin-Chat Cossypha cyanocampter
White-browed Robin-Chat Cossypha heuglini
Red-capped Robin Chat Cossypha natalensis
Snowy-headed Robin-Chat Cossypha niveicapilla
White-bellied Robin-Chat Cossyphicula roberti
Archer's Robin-Chat Cossypha archeri
Grey-winged Ground Robin Cossypha polioptera
Sooty Chat Myrmecocichla nigra
White-tailed Ant Thrush Neocossyphus poensis
Red-tailed Ant Thrush Neocossyphus rufus
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata
African Stonechat Saxicola torquata **
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax
Rufous Thrush Stizorhina fraseri
Cliff Chat Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris
African Thrush Turdus pelios
Olive Thrush Turdus olivaceus
Kivu Ground Thrush Zoothera tanganjicae
African Reed Warbler Acrocephalus baedicatus
Lesser Swamp Warbler Acrocephalus gracilirostris
Masked Apalis Apalis binotata
Yellow-breasted Apalis Apalis flavida
Black-throated Apalis Apalis jacksoni
Black-capped Apalis Apalis nigriceps
Black-faced Apalis Apalis personata
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema
Buff-throated Apalis Apalis rufogularis
Collared Apalis Apalis ruwenzori
Black-faced Rufous Warbler Bathmocercus rufus
Bamboo Warbler Bradypterus alfredi
Evergreen Forest Warbler Bradypyerus lopezi
White-winged Warbler Bradypterus carpalis
Cinnamon Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus
Grauer's Rush Warbler Bradypterus graueri
Grauer's Warbler Graueria vittata
Grey-backed Camaroptera Camaroptera brachyura
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris
Brown-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps
Green-backed Eremomela Eremomela pusilla
Dark-capped Yellow Warbler Chloropeta natalensis
Mountain Yellow Warbler Chloropeta similis
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Croaking Cisticola Cisticola natalensis
Siffling Cisticola Cisticola brachypterus
Singing Cisticola Cisticola cantans
Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi
Rattling Cisticola Cisticola chiniana
Trilling Cisticola Cisticola woosnami
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi
Red-faced Cisticola Cisticola erythrops
Whistling Cisticola Cisticola lateralis
Long-tailed Cisticola Cisticola angusticaudus
Winding Cisticola Cisticola galactotes
Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes
Yellow-bellied Hyliota Hyliota flavigaster
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans
Tit Hylia Pholidornis rushiae
Buff-bellied Warbler Phyllolais pulchella
Uganda Woodland Warbler Phylloscopus budongoensis
Red-faced Woodland Warbler Phylloscopus laetus
Green Hylia Hylia prasina
Short-tailed Warbler Hemitesia neumanni
Brown Woodland Warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens
Banded Prinia Prinia bairdii
White-chinned Prinia Prinia leucopogon
Tawny-flanked Prinia Prinia subflava
Grey-capped Warbler Eminia lepida
Broad-tailed Warbler Schoenicola brevirostris
African Moustached Warbler Melocichla mentalis
Red-winged Grey Warbler Drymocichla incana
Northern Crombec Sylvietta brachyura
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens
Red-faced Crombec Sylvietta whytii
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata
Pale Flycatcher Bradornis pallidus
Silverbird Empidornis semipartitus
Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata
Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher Melaenornis ardesiacus
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Melaenornis fischeri
Northern Black Flycatcher Melaenornis edolioides
African Dusky Flycatcher Muscicapa adusta
Swamp Flycatcher Muscicapa aquatica
Ashy Flycatcher Muscicapa caerulescens
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini
Dusky Blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata
Grey-throated Flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis
Chapin's Flycatcher Muscicapa lendu
Lead-coloured Flycatcher Myioparus plumbeus
Ruwenzori Batis Batis diops
Ituri Batis Batis ituriensis
Black-headed Batis Batis minor
Chin-spot Batis Batis molitor
African Shrike-Flycatcher Bias flammulatus
Black-and-white Flycatcher Bias musicus
Common Wattle-eye Platysteira cyanea
Black-throated Wattle-eye  Platysteira peltata
Jameson's Wattle-eye  Dyaphorophyia jamesoni
Chestnut Wattle-eye  Dyaphorophyia castanea
White-tailed Blue Flycatcher  Elminia albicauda
African Blue Flycatcher  Elminia longicauda
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii
Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher  Terpsiphone rufiventer
African Paradise Flycatcher  Terpsiphone viridis
White-bellied Crested Flycatcher  Trochocercus albiventris
White-tailed Crested Flycatcher Trococercus albonotatus
Dusky Crested Flycatcher Trochocercus nigromitratus
Pink-footed Puffback Dryoscopus angolensis
Northern Puffback Dryoscopus gambensis
Black-headed Gonolek Laniarius erythrogaster
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri
Tropical Boubou Laniarius aethiopicus
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus
Montane Sooty Boubou Laniarius poensis
Lühder's Bush Shrike Laniarius luehderi
Grey-headed Bush Shrike Malaconotus blanchoti
Bocage's Bush Shrike Malaconotus bocagei
Doherty's Bush Shrike Malaconotus dohertyi
Many-coloured Bush Shrike Malaconotus multicolor
Sulphur-breasted Bush Shrike Malaconotus sulfureopectus
Brubru Nilaus afer
Brown-crowned Tchagra Tchagra australis
Marsh Tchagra Tchagra minuta
Black-crowned Tchagra Tchagra senegala
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina
Common Fiscal Lanius collaris
Grey-backed Fiscal Lanius excubitoroides
Mackinnon's Fiscal Lanius mackinnoni
Black Cuckoo-Shrike Campephaga flava
Petit's Cuckoo-Shrike Campephaga petiti
Red-shouldered Cuckoo-Shrike Campephaga phoenicea
Purple-throated Cuckoo-Shrike Campephaga quiscalina
Grey Cuckoo-Shrike Coracina caesia
Common Drongo Dicrurus adsimilis
Velvet-mantled Drongo Dicrurus modestus
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus
Montane Oriole Oriolus percivali
Black-headed Oriole Oriolus larvatus
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer
White-naped Raven Corvus albicollis
Pied Crow Corvus albus
Violet-backed Starling Cinnyricinclus leucogaster
Wattled Starling Creatophora cinerea
Blue-eared Starling Lamprotornis chalybaeus
Lesser Blue-eared Starling Lamprotornis chloropterus
Purple-headed Starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps
Rüppell's Long-tailed Starling Lamprotornis purpuropterus
Splendid Starling Lamprotornis splendidus
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni
Yellow-billed Oxpecker Buphagus africanus
Collared Sunbird Anthreptes collaris
Grey-headed Sunbird Anthreptes axillaris
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris
Blue-headed Sunbird Nectarinia alinae
Purple-banded Sunbird Nectarinia bifasciata
Olive-bellied Sunbird Nectarinia chloropygia
Copper Sunbird Nectarinia cuprea
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema
Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis
Marico Sunbird Nectarinia mariquensis
Tiny Sunbird Nectarinia minulla
Olive Sunbird Nectarinia olivacea
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi
Ruwenzori Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia stuhlmanni
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris
Regal Sunbird Nectarinia regia
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi
Scarlet-chested Sunbird Nectarinia senegalensis
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba
Variable Sunbird Nectarinia venusta
Green-headed Sunbird Nectarinia verticalis
Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensis
Grosbeak-Weaver Amblyospiza albifrons
Red-headed Weaver Anaplectes rubriceps
Red-collared Widowbird Euplectes ardens
Fan-tailed Widowbird Euplectes axillaris
Yellow Bishop Euplectes capensis
Southern Red Bishop Euplectes orix
Northern Red Bishop Euplectes franciscanus
Black-winged Red Bishop Euplectes hordeaceus
Black Bishop Euplectes gierowii
Yellow-mantled Widowbird Euplectes macrourus
Hartlaub's Marsh Widowbird Euplectes hartlaubi
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis
Strange Weaver Ploceus alienus
Orange Weaver Ploceus aurantius
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht
Dark-backed Weaver Ploceus bicolor
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops
Black-headed Weaver Ploceus cucullatus
Lesser Masked Weaver Ploceus intermedius
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis
Jackson's Golden-backed Weaver Ploceus jacksoni
Little Weaver Ploceus luteolus
Yellow-backed Weaver Ploceus melanocephalus
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus
Black-necked Weaver Ploceus nigricollis
Spectacled Weaver Ploceus ocularis
Slender-billed Weaver Ploceus pelzelni
Compact Weaver Ploceus superciliosus
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor
Vitelline Masked Weaver Ploceus velatus
Weyn's Weaver Ploceus weynsi
Holub's Golden Weaver Ploceus xanthops
Cardinal Quelea Quelea cardinalis
Red-headed Quelea Quelea erythrops
Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-Weaver Plocepasser superciliosus
Chestnut Sparrow Passer eminebey
Grey-headed Sparrow Passer griseus
Speckle-fronted Weaver Sporopipes frontalis
Pin-tailed Whydah Vidua macroura
Dusky Twinspot Euschistopiza cinereovinacea
Green-backed Twinspot Mandingoa nitidula
Brown Twinspot Clytospiza monteiri
Dusky Crimson-wing Cryptospiza jacksoni
Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild
Black-headed Waxbill Estrilda atricapilla
Yellow-bellied Waxbill Estrilda quartinia
Black-crowned Waxbill Estrilda nonnula
Fawn-breasted Waxbill Estrilda paludicola
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes
Orange-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda melpoda
African Firefinch Lagonosticta rubricata
African Firefinch Lagonosticta rubricata
Red-billed Firefinch Lagonosticta senegala
Village Indigobird Vidua chalybeata
White-collared Olive-back Nesocharis ansorgei
Grey-headed Olive-back Nesocharis capistrata
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Negrita bicolor
Grey-headed Negrofinch Nigrita canicapilla
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconota
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons
Red-fronted Ant-pecker Parmoptila rubifrons
Black-bellied Seed-cracker Pyrenestes ostrinus
Green-winged Pytilia Pytilia melba
Red-headed Bluebill Spermophaga ruficapilla
Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu Uraeginthus bengalus
Black-and-white Mannikin Lonchura bicolor
Bronze Mannikin Lonchura cucullata
Magpie Mannikin Lonchura fringilloides
Cabanis's Bunting Emberiza cabanisi
Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza flaviventris
Oriole-finch Linurgus olivaceus
Thick-billed Seed-eater Serinus burtoni
Yellow-crowned Canary Serinus canicollis
African Citril Serinus citrinelloides
White-rumped Seed-eater Serinus leucopygius
Yellow-fronted Canary Serinus mozambicus
Black-throated Seed-eater Serinus atrogularis
Streaky Seed-eater Serinus striolatus
Brimstone Canary Serinus sulphuratus



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